Iron ore is primarily found as the oxides of iron, notably hematite and magnetite and as hydroxides like goethite and limonite. Small amounts are found as the carbonates in siderite, as sulphides in pyrites and as silicates in chamosite and greenalite. Indian economy is growing steel demand and supply will grow in the same way. As good quality iron ore deposits are depleting very fast beneficiation technologies have to be adopted to meet iron ore demand.. Agglomeration technologies such as Pelletization / Sintering have to be added to Steel Plant so that concentrates can be used as feed material. This paper will give an insight about the potential of pelletization technology of iron ore. Also focus on the present status of iron ore reserves in India, inventory of iron ore pelletization plant, primary data collection by conducting field monitoring for air, water and solid waste Compilation of primary data and assessment of compliance to stipulated norms, Preparation of best practices in Pelletization process for sound environmental management in eastern region of India.
The presence of appreciable quantity of clay mineral in Indian hematite ore needs an attrition technique using screw scrubber in the beneficiation circuit to remove the ultrafine clays and avoid downstream operational problems. Spectroscopic analysis revealed that iron ore samples obtained from the Barbil region of Odisha contain a high amount of silica and alumina in the form of clay minerals (e.g., kaolinite) contributed as a loss on ignition (LOI) in the iron-making process. Iron ore fines of below 10 mm size were subjected to a laboratory-scale screw scrubber, and the effectiveness of scrubbing as well as the pelletization of the scrubbed product was investigated. The screw scrubber in the beneficiation circuit helps to remove the clay minerals, causes an increase in iron values from 63.65% Fe(T) to 66.18% Fe(T), with improved physical (CCS of 325 kg/pellet) and metallurgical (RDI of 2.24%) pellet properties.
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The authors thank the Director, CSIR-IMMT, Bhubaneswar, for permitting to publish this paper. The authors are also thankful to the scientists and technical staffs of CSIR-IMMT,Bhubaneswarwho helped in preparing the manuscript directly or indirectly.
Sahoo, S., Sahu, S.N., Sahoo, R.K. et al. A Study on Removal of Clay Minerals from Barbil Region Iron Ore; Effect of Scrubbing Followed by Pelletization. Mining, Metallurgy & Exploration 38, 105116 (2021). https://doi.org/10.1007/s42461-020-00292-9
The iron ore industries of India are expected to bring new technologies to cater to the need of the tremendous increase in demand for quality ores for steel making. With the high-grade ores depleting very fast, the focus is on the beneficiation of low-grade resources. However, most of these ores do not respond well to the conventional beneficiation techniquesused to achieve a suitable concentrate for steel and other metallurgical industries. The present communication discusses the beneficiation practices in the Indian context and the recent developments in alternative processing technologies such as reduction roasting, microwave-assisted heating, magnetic carrier technology and bio-beneficiation. Besides, the use of new collectors in iron ore flotation is also highlighted.