bridgeport type milling machine from china

tips for buying your first milling machine | hackaday

If youre interested in making things (and since youre reading this, were going to assume you are), youve almost certainly felt a desire to make metal parts. 3D printers are great, but have a lot of drawbacks: limited material options, lack of precision, and long printing times. If you want metal parts that adhere to even moderately tight tolerances, a milling machine is your only practical option. There is, after all, a very good reason that theyre essential to manufacturing.

However, it can be difficult to know where to start for the hobbyist who doesnt have machining experience. What kind of milling machine should you get? Should you buy new or used? What the heck is 3-phase power, and can you get it? These questions, among many others, can be positively overwhelming to the uninitiated. Luckily, we your friends at Hackaday are here to help give you some direction. So, if youre ready to learn, then read on! Already an expert? Leave some tips of your own in the comments!

Before we get into the details of what configuration of milling machine youll most likely want to buy, let us first point out that were only going to be talking aboutmanualmilling machines in this guide. CNC mills are a whole other beast, and theyre going to get a guide all to themselves. Manual and CNC mills share a lot in common (CNC mills are often just converted manual mills), but CNC mills have additional requirements that would over-complicate this article. So, were just covering manual machines in this post.

Modern milling machines are divided into two basic types: horizontal and vertical. This determines whether the machines spindle axis runs up and down, or side to side. Both types of machine will often have heads, columns, and tables that tilt or swivel, which means both kinds can be used for a lot of the same tasks. However, certain jobs will be easier on one machine than the other.

The difference between the machines, in practice, is more pronounced than just which way theyre oriented. A vertical machine will have the table mounted perpendicular to the spindles zero-tilt position, while a horizontal machine will have the spindle mounted parallel to the plane of the table. This introduces a fundamental difference in what kinds of jobs are practical on each type of machine.

A horizontal milling machines primary strength is the over arm, which constrains the rotating arbor on two sides. This gives it incredible rigidity, and allows the machinist to take very heavy cuts that would introduce more side load then a vertical machine could handle. The strength is so high that its entirely possible (and common) to stack multiple cutters on the arbor in order to cut, for example, a flat table with slots all in a single pass. This makes it well suited to surfacing jobs, cutting grooves and slots, and similar tasks where the part is flat in one axis.

The downside, of course, is that its much more cumbersome (and sometimes impossible) to makeparts that have cuts in all axes. This is where a vertical milling machine excels: in versatility. Youd be hard pressed to find a job that a vertical mill cant do though its sometimes a lot more time-consuming than a horizontal mill, depending on the part geometry.

Now that you know the difference, you probably already know which one you want. But, just in case, well say that you almost certainly want a vertical mill. Horizontal mills are great for a small portion of tasks, but those are also tasks that most hobbyists wont often perform. The versatility of a vertical mill lends itself well to the varied and diverse tasks that hobbyists lean towards, in contrast to the specialty production work horizontal mills are generally used for.

Hopefully, youve decided that a vertical mill is the best choice for you, otherwise this section isnt going to be very useful. Assuming you have decided on a vertical mill, youre probably curious about which features to look for, and are wondering what actually matters. Covering every detail on the subject would take an entire book, but were going to go over some of the most important things to consider.

This is a question that drives a lot of purchasing decisions, and milling machines are no different. So, does it matter? Yes and no. Milling machines have been around for alongtime, and there really arent any trade secrets when it comes to their construction. Its well-known what makes a good machine, and what doesnt. Theoretically then, any manufacturer can follow these designprinciples and make a high quality machine.

Reality, unfortunately, doesnt live up to that promise. There are two reasons for this: manufacturing quality and cost. In order to keeps costs down, many manufacturers will cut corners. They might use poor quality materials, under-powered motors, and so on. Even if the manufacturer isnt purposefully cutting corners, its entirely possible that they might just be incapable of high-quality manufacturing. Poorly made lead screws, imprecise machining, and loose tolerances can all leave you with a mill that is frustrating to use and which cant hold tolerable precision.

Therefore, its a good idea to buy a proven machine. Usually, that means going with a respectedbrand. But, some less expensive brands still produce quality machines (often clones of more expensive models). They may have fewer features, or less robust motors, but could be enough for your needs. Just be sure to read some reviews from people doing real work with them.

Small desktop milling machines can be tempting, but its best to avoid them if youre planning to mill metal. Think about the last time you had to drill a hole in steel, or had to cut off a piece with a hacksaw. Its difficult work, and takes a lot of force. Your milling machine needs to be able to apply that kind of force without flexing at all even a little bit of flex with ruin any chances of milling a part with respectable tolerances.

For that reason, the frame of the mill needs to be as heavy and rigid as possible. A small desktop machine will almost certainly be unable to mill anything harder than aluminum, and even then itll be imprecise. The wisest choice, if you want even moderate precision, is to buy a mill thats as large and heavy as you have space for.

A DRO (digital readout) is a module that can be added to each axis of a milling machine. Some machines come with them, others have them available as upgrade packages. Kits are often available to retrofit mills that didnt originally have them as an option as well. A DRO gives you a display that tells you how far youve moved the table (or quill), which makes pretty much every operation much easier.

Using a DRO isnt strictly necessary, as all mills have dials for measuring movement. However, reading them can be cumbersome and time-consuming. This is especially true when you consider backlash (slop in the screws), which is easy to compensate for when you have a DRO, since it only tells you how much the table has actually moved, as opposed to how much the handle has moved.

Like a DRO, power feed is something that can be added to each axis, and which many mills come with from the factory. It allows you to toggle a small motor which moves the table for you, so that you dont have to crank the handle yourself. This can dramatically lower fatigue, but can also give you a better surface finish on your cut as the speed stays consistent throughout the cut.

Like car enthusiasts, machinists make a big deal about horsepower. And, this isnt completely unwarranted the last thing you want is the motor stalling in the middle of a cut. That said, virtually all mills will have some way to gear down the motor to gain torque at the cost of speed. Milling steel requires high torque and low-speed, while aluminum needs the opposite.

So, you can certainly compensate for a motor without a ton of power. That may be a good idea, as motor horsepower makes a huge difference when it comes to cost. That said, you should probably avoid a mill that has any less than 1HP. Its also difficult to find high horsepower electric motors that arent 3-phase.

We dont have the room to get into how multi-phase power works, and what its advantages and disadvantages are. But, suffice it to say that you almost certainly dont have 3-phase power at home. If youve got an industrial space, you may have 3-phase power available, but even then you may not. The point is, many industrial-grade tools have 3-phase motors, which cannot be run on standard household single-phase power on their own.

That means that most of you will be limited to mills with single-phase motors. However, that often makes it possible to find 3-phase machineryfor significantly cheaper than single-phase machinery. If you find such a machine that strikes your fancy, it is possible to replace the spindle motor with a single-phase unit, or to buy or build a phase converter.

A mill/drill machine is basically a drill press that has had a 2-axis table strapped onto it. Theyre significantly cheaper than true milling machines, but thats for a reason. They really dont have the rigidity necessary for real milling, and are really only good for precise hole drilling and very light milling. Other than saving a little cash, there is no reason to buy one, as an actual milling machine can certainly drill too.

You should seriously consider buying used. Quality mills are machines that are designed to stand up to serious abuse for decades, and you can save a lot by buying used. Local industrial auctions and Craigslist are good places to look. Inspecting used machinery is kind of like inspecting a used car: make sure everything is working, that there isnt excessive wear, and that you can see its been taken care of.

Dirt and grime are okay, that can be cleaned, as long as the important bits are clean, lubricated, and not too worn. Make sure the spindle spins smoothly, has no play (measure run out if possible), and sounds good. Grab the table and jiggle it as hard as you can, and make sure you cant feel any play. Take a look at the screws to see if theyre clean and unmarred. Make sure the ways (the smooth metal that the table slides on) are clean, lubricated, and dont have gouges. If all of those things are good, and you dont notice any other red flags like cracked castings, the machine is probably solid and entirely usable. Age isnt generally considered a problem as long as its been maintained and serviced.

Milling machines are heavy; they can be anywhere from several hundred pounds on the light side, to several thousand pounds on the hefty side. Getting one back to your home or shop isnt a trivial task. If youre transporting it yourself, make sure your truck or trailer can handle the load, and that its securely strapped down. Youll also need a forklift of some kind of both sides of the delivery (to load and unload the machine).

If, like most hobbyists, you dont have a heavy flatbed truck and your own forklift, you can hire riggers to move the machine for you. Expect to pay at least a few hundred dollars (and sometimes a lot more) to have it moved, even over a short distance. If you know anyone who has this kind of equipment, its definitely worth calling in some favors youll need that money for tooling.

Once youve got your milling machine home, there are a number of purchases still to make. First and foremost, youre going to need a decent machinists vise. You dont necessarily need to spend hundreds of dollars on a Kurt vise, but youll want something that is well machined and which isnt going to loosen. A swivel mount is nice to have, but isnt a necessity.

Next, youll need a way to hold your end mills. For this, youll need collets or end millholders that match the arbor on your mill (this information should be readily available in the specs). Youll probably want to start with two or three of them in various sizes, so that you can use end mills with different shank sizes.

Speaking of end mills, youll want to order a bunch. You can buy them in bulk cheaply via eBay, which is a good idea when you first get started. Buy carbide, and a handful in a few different sizes. Make sure the shank sizes match the collets/end mill holders you bought. Generally, 2 flutes are recommended for aluminum and 4 flutes are recommended for steel. If youre not sure what youll be cutting, you can get some of each, or get some 3 flute end mills as a compromise. Expect to pay $10 and up per end mill (yes, tooling gets expensive).

Finally, you may want to consider a coolant system. These come in a few different variations, but flood coolant is usually the easiest to get setup. Despite the name, coolant does a lot more than just cool; it also lubricates and flushes away chips. Coolant systems can fairly easily be added to any milling machine, and many come with them from the factory.

Now the fun finally starts! Youre going to want to do a lot of experimenting in the beginning. Do research on feeds and speeds (and get a decent calculator for them), what different end mills are good for, and how to perform specific kinds of operations. Dont get discouraged if you break an end mill, thats why you bought extras. Practice, practice, practice, and soon youll be coming up with excuses to make precision metal parts for all of your projects.

Dont look down your nose at a mill drill. I have a unit almost identical to the Grizzly G1006 (now the G0705 I think). This sells for $1400 I got mine like new for around $500 from a friend who was leaving the country. It runs fine on 110V power and I dont know how I lived without it. Just avoid heavy cuts and climb milling. Track down the Rong Fu RF-30 which is the same thing yet again. Sure it would be nice to have a bridgeport, but consider the price, weight, size, and need to rewire your shop. If you arent doing production work where you need speed and the ability to do heavy cuts, is it worth it? A mill in the hand is worth two in the bush.

Agreed. My round column mill/drill RF-30 equivalent is working great for any purpose Ive thrown at it. The 4 Z axis travel is annoying, however, especially when switching from drill chuck to mill collets. Hasnt been a critical issue though.

Also a lot of people are afraid of dials, dont be, they are perfectly good for 99% of work once you get in the habit of keeping the backlash on one side of the dial and make sure to always back up and go forward again so your dial reads true. The only time I can think of it being a possible issue is when hogging out the inside of a pocket, but there are tricks to get around it.

When the limited Z-travel is an issue then its pretty easy to overcome by putting a dial indicator to the side of the milling head when adjusting. On the other hand, Ive used the vertical round column several times to compensate for the limited 500mm X- travel and a few times for odd pieces which I had to clamp next to the machine.

I have a few screw machine drills that are quite short. They can sometimes bypass the need to have to raise the head when you have to change to the drill chuck. I should get a full set of them some fine day.

A good set of screw machine length drill bits often costs more than a set of the same sizes, of the same quality, in the longer jobber length. Half the tool, twice the money. :P But they sure are nice when you have to get up close to the work with a mill head or lathe tailstock, plus they are usually straighter and deflect less than the jobber length bits.

This is a great mill for light duty stuff, aluminum, and even steel if you go light on cuts. Its a fantastic mill if you spend time cleaning, deburring and scraping the bearing surfaces. I cant stress how poorly these machines were finished. .

The biggest downside to these round column mills is that you lose your positioning when you raise/lower the headstock, as the headstock can rotate freely on the column. Sure, itd be nice to have a Bridgeport, but these benchtop machines are plenty good for hobby use. I got mine on Craigslist for $1000 with a bunch of collets, vises, and tooling.

Any of the round column drill/mills can be improved by filling the column with hydraulic cement. Hydraulic cement swells a little as it cures so it will be very firmly stuck and compressed in the column. The added mass helps dampen vibration and it increases the stiffness of the column so heavier cuts can be made without deflection.

Yes, many (most) homes dont have 3 phase power. But, in the USA at least, most have 240V single phase. It s not that difficult to make pseudo-3ph with capacitors. Also, for less than $300US you can an get an electronic 3ph drive, for example the Hitachi WJ200 for 1HP. Units like this convert, for example, 240V single phase to 240V 3ph. This is a good investment since it allows variable speed, programmability, and inputs for external control.

It is also true that many would not have access to a forklift. But, having moved my Bport and helped several other move theirs (or similar size machines), it can be done safely with a pickup truck, a lever, timber stacks, and pipes.

A curious thing about these converters is that ones that simply make 3 phase from single phase, without any adjustments to tweak and twiddle cost considerably more than the fancy Variable Frequency Drives which can have nearly 100 parameters to adjust and offer addon modules for serial control, modbus, some even have options for Ethernet and various other gee whiz stuff.

Theres a market for a cheap as high grade dirt phase converter that does absolutely nothing other than make proper, clean, 3 phase power from single phase input. No adjustments, no knobs, buttons LED displays etc. Such does exist but you have to pay through the nose and every other orifice to *not get* all the extra stuff.

There are also 110~115 volt 1PH to 220 volt 3PH VFDs but they top out at running a 1 horsepower 3PH motor. One should only be considered for lower power machinery that has weird stuff like a proprietary drive system or two speed motor that would be difficult or impossible to refit with a different motor.

The Chinese-made IGBT 3 phase VFDs put out pretty clean sinusoidal power for the price. Even Allen Bradley and Mitsubishi drives are dirt cheap. Our shop picked up a 10 HP drive by AB (PowerFlex line) at $700 brand new on ebay.

All you need is an old junk 3 phase motor, a couple of caps and a relayyou can make your own simple rotary converter A 2hp 3 phase junkyard motor will easy run a 1hp 3 phase mill. Just double your motor and dont worry, you will only pull whatever load you really have from the net plus whatever the idle current of the motor is.

Ultimately it barely gets used; the work space is too small for many jobs and its built so light that you have to take very light cuts. While CNC helps me ignore the time consumption, it still deters me from ever using it. In hindsight I should have saved up and bought a heavier cast iron machine. Some in the $1000-$1500 range (the Sherline was bought used for $550) offer much more rigidity and healthy increases in work space.

Size definitely matters in this subject. I once asked a wizened retired machinist whether I should buy a 6 inch chuck or 10 chuck for my lathe. His response: Well, you can always chuck small stuff in a big chuck, but you cant chuck big stuff in a small chuck. ;)

Some of the farce of it too is that just because the mill is smaller, doesnt mean it is more accurate not that Ive ran into someone with this conception. The only plus side to the Sherline is I can carry it by hand, but thats also the root problem.

But the reverse is also true: just because something is bigger/heavier doesnt make it more accurate. Some small machines are extremely accurate but, of course, because they are designed to be. Manual watchmaker machines (lathe, mill) can do extremely precise work, precision Swiss-type CNC lathes also can have accuracy almost hard to understand. Some super-precise machines can be carried in one hand but still have m precision.

Between my lathe (a small 710) and my mill, Ive found the lathe to be the much more valuable tool. Even being a dinky 710 it gets a lot of use and Ive often said its the best $500 I ever spent. I could certainly make use of something larger, but it surprised me just how often I needed something concentric and round that couldnt otherwise me done with hand tools.

Wolf, nice score! Ive been eyeing something about that size, but most the ones around here start at about $600 used. For certain I need a longer bed to be more flexible with drill sizes, but even more swing would be welcome.

IF the lathe can use the 10 chuck that is. It have to be designed for the weight/size of the larger chuck or else one can shorten the life-time of the spindle bearings, shorten the life-time of the operator (a.k.a. rapid disassembly of the chuck) or just cause vibrations reducing accuracy.

yeah i have the automation direct GS3 since i wanted sensorless vector drive for my mill, but the GS2 is also a great drive , you can pick up cheap ones on ebay too, and obv there are the chinese ones. i like automation direct because theyre really helpful and knowledge on drives and motors.

Its not (that much) about load, the VFD has relatively high frequency ripple in the output, which tends to cause fairly significant eddy currents where pure 50/60Hz doesnt, these eddy currents then like to go through the bearings, which eats them alive

Biggest problem when adding a VFD to a manual machine is staying aware of the physical gear the machine is in. Dont put it in high gear and try covering all speeds with the dang VFD you will have no torque on the slow speeds and cause yourself issues.

Interesting point as well, you can extend the speed range of a machine with a VFD too, most will allow setting their output freq all the way to 400hz! (really you would never do this but 90hz for a 50% overspeed is usually ok without worry of motor damage).

This isnt universally correct. My VFD has two different connection options. One is for high speed / high horsepower spindles and the other is for low frequency Bridgeport type motors. It works well with both.

Also, you can easily run 3 phase equiptment like 3-phase input VFDs from 1 phase 220v home outlets by derating. Derating is very easy with manual milling heads because most draw very little power in comparison to high speed spindles.

We have a Sharp almost identical to the one in the first picture in our shop at work. It is not the highest quality machine but I certainly love being able to get away from doing CAD or programming work to spend some time making chips. Fun story, I designed and built a working CNC machine on a budget of less than $175 in college to spite a prof who said that I dont possess the technical skill to do that. Fun time

They also claim to be cross platform while only supporting the unspeakable rotten fruit brand and some operating system for which you have to spend half your time struggling with updates every day. No, not for me.

Some small additions: Just a few days ago I saw a pretty extensive video from oxtoolco about judging the quality of a 2nd hand lathe. Much will be the same for a mill. https://www.youtube.com/user/oxtoolco

I dont agree with hackadays view of avoiding 3 phase equipment. VFDs are very cheap nowadays (1.5kW

VFD's also have lot's of internal parameters to adjust. I've adjusted mine on purpose so it has a relatively low torque at low rpm. This is ideal for tapping. I can use my Mill + VFD to tap blind M4 holes. Torque is easily adjusted to stop without breaking the tap when it hits the bottom of the hole. Flip a switch /potmeter and the tap reverses at high rpm. This works (probably) better than those dedicated tappig heads and is a lot cheaper

Lot's of (starting) hackers won't have room for a mill the size in this article. If you want to buy a little table top machine it's very likely a good idea to buy one with a BLDC motor. Also to consider: These small tabletop mills are a lot easier to convert to CNC than the bigger one's.

The 12 speed V-belt mill I have is a BF30 equivalent (Taiwanese, bought about 25 years ago). http://www.harborfreight.com/1-1-2-half-horsepower-heavy-duty-milling-drilling-machine-33686.html If you have something like this, PUT A VFD ON IT.

Be warned that milling/lathe/metalworking is a hobby in itself. Buying the best equipment does still not guarantee anything about the product you make on it. check out some hobby metalworking sites to get a grip how to go about these machines.

Thankfully free trade now means you can buy decent used industrial strength equipment from manufacturing businesses going out of business auctions and private salesOften with complete tooling sets and cheaper than you can buy new hobby machines for.

If you have the space Id always recommend going bigger and avoiding the light duty hobby stuff. A cheaply made machine ends up being more costly because you end up buying it two or three times because it either breaks or is under rated for those jobs you want to get done.

We rebuilt a few units, and know the run-out on old machines usually means precision work is difficult. Id often avoid a purchase if we spotted chipped bits, grinder dust, or thick paint where rust should be

I rebuilt the variable speed drive on my 1990 Acra for about $100 in belts and bearings. I shopped around, eBay, Amazon and other sites to find the best prices for name brand pieces. No cheap junk from lowest bidder in Asia.

The old plastic bushings in the sliding half of the split sheave on the motor had broke up and been flung out. Doubleplus ungood annoying because Id just had it all apart and those bushings looked fine, no cracks or wear. Thats what a decade or so of sitting around does to nylon. It goes brittle, even sealed away from light and air inside a pulley bore.

Nope, nuh uh. Turns out that some time in the later 1990s the variable speed belt drive industry decided that a 35mm shaft with a single key for the split sheave on a 3HP motor was obsolete and no manufacturer of parts for these drives would henceforth make any parts for that style of shaft and sheave. *ALL* of the manufacturers went to splined shafts for that power. I had to find some suitable plastic material and turn my own bushings. Works great, should last a very long time since they only do low speed sliding.

Bridgeport has never made a knee mill with more than a 2HP motor, and they used split sheave shafts with a single key. All the parts for *those* are still available, because Bridgeport. Had they made a mill in the early 90s with variable speed and a 3HP motor, then the bushings for a 35mm keyed shaft would still be made, because Bridgeport is Bridgeport and damn near every part for almost every mill made with that name is still available.

if the machine wont take pulley you could take the motor apart and remove the stator (the part with the wire) then dremel out a part of the case and remove the big lump from the shaft and press a pulley onto the shaft and convert an old motor into a jackshaft.

I agree with the poster who said dont dis those combo lathe mills. Ive had one for years and have done amazing stuff on it despite its limitations well worth the $1200 I spent on it. I am just now moving up to separate lathe and mill.

Machining is definitely another world, and every bit as addictive as hacking electronics and software. There is a LOT to learn to do things right (and not get hurt). A book I like a lot (among others and the plethora of online videos from oxtool and tubalcain and others) is Tabletop Machining by Joe Martin of Sherline. I dont own any Sherline equipment, not that that would not be a bad road for some people, but I have learned a lot from this book and value it.

I was planning to get a Sherline lathe after I got my mill and got hooked on all this, but then a full sized lathe came my way and I have no regrets about that. But I use the mill a lot more than the lathe.

Theres talk of horizontal mills, vertical mills, but if your canny you can get hold of a universal one instead. I have a Arno with a 40int taper and 3hp spindle motor, power feeds on all axis. For horizontal mode, slide the over arm forward, put on the supports at the front and set it up. For vertical work, theres a angle drive head that bolts onto the column where the horizontal arbour goes, and that too has 40 int taper in it, so were not talking hobby class cuts here and I have to winch it into place as its a fight getting it on by hand otherwise, although physically its smaller than my bridgeport interact cnc because of how rigid the design is in comparison to a bridgeport, itll take much heavier cuts than the bigger cnc machine. I can literally load it up until the clutch starts to slip or the burning chips get too much to tolerate with my hands on the cranks. It wasnt even big bucks, it was half the price of the manual bridgeports from the j head era when I was looking because huh, whod ever heard of arno. Universal mills also have a table that can be rotated around the cutter to generate gear angles using the horizontal arbour. So you have the advantages of both machines right there in one, with just a bit of time to switch modes.

Ive retrofitted it with a 3 axis dro, best investment ever. I did start making my own out of wixey saw tapes and a home rolled dro, but months became years and then one day my wife said just buy a kit and so I imported a sinpo from the far east. It transforms the machines user friendly-ness, and I can use toolmakers buttons and the markings on the dial just fine thanks, but being able to dial in a bolt circle, and step through it reduces the thinking time and the posibility of making part scrapping mistakes when tired or simply not thinking clearly enough. Also the point about 3ph is valid, a lot of 3ph gear is cheap because not everyone has service or wants the noise of a vfd or generator setup, and generally its better built because its designed for industrial customers to work hard day in and day out 24/7. Im lucky in that my house had 3ph, and I managed to resist the electricity company changing my outdated 3ph supply for a modern monophase one, and now enjoy the advantages it brings.

Oxtool has some good videos as mentioned, and hes also got a book thats worth reading :- Metalworking Sink or Swim: Tips and Tricks for Machinists Theres also machine shop trade secrets, another good book. Invest in some learning before jumping in. Ive had the arno now for 15 years and Im still learning tips and tricks with it, and still developing tooling.

Also, yes you can move without lifting equipment, but you need to have the ability to stop and assess if you are doing something stupid, so if you can snag someone experienced for a machine move and listen to them thats you ahead already. Generally I like to roll things on, slide them along and ease them onto very low trailers, although I remember buying the arno and we had it strapped to a pallet truck and built a ramp out of blocks and sheet to get it in the back of a panel van, so anythings possible if your sensible enough and take your time. If something falls on you, your not going to come out of it well.

If something falls on you, your not going to come out of it well. which is exactly why I didnt recommend that, haha. I think the people who that have the skills to do it without a forklift are going to know that they can anyway.

Chicken and egg though isnt it, how do you get the skills without doing it but being sensible? Pro riggers wont even let you in the premises when its being moved, let alone help along to gain experience. And some stuff is more dangerous than others, wind a mill table right down, take the head off, and skate it along on sheet or bars egyptian style and its a lot easier a move than something nasty like a big radial arm drill. That panel van /machine move was sketchy (in fact the materials we made the ramp from were from behind the back of the sellers garage because I forgot my heavy steel machine ramps and it was a 200 mile journey to go back for them), but the next 3 times I moved it, it was a lot less sketcy. I think forklift unloading can be equally as sketchy, theres always this urge to lift something, I say keep it as close the ground as possible as its got less distance to fall and take your time. I have a backhoe with bucket forks rated at 1t and Id rather unload something I cared about by hand with ramps and comealongs and winches and straps than fork something off with it with its big bouncy agri tyres etc. Maybe learning machine moving should be a subject to itself, but I doubt HaDs lawyers would let it happen for liability reasons :)

Just moving my 600 pound (as I remember right) mill-drill was an adventure. We managed it with 4 guys, an engine hoist and a pickup truck, but there were plenty of opportunities for people to get hurt. It certainly would make sense to hire people with experience and equipment to move something bigger.

Yeah, I had some potential suicides help me with something stupid stupid heavy one time, and did a safety briefing beforehand, emphasising and having them repeat it back, that if it started to topple, get the F out of the way. Anyway, all goes well until we get it to this bench which is supposedly rated to half a ton, and this beast were dealing with is about 800lb, we touch it down lightly with the A frame, honestly just kiss it down, but as soon as we let the straps go slack, one leg of the bench buckles, goes right under, and dumbnuts takes a pace forward to try and HUG the oddly shaped, sharply edged, hunk of metal that is topple sliding towards him, this is I am sure at least 2 seconds after everyone started screaming shes going, look out! anyway, I get a hand to his belt and yank, and he kinda pirouettes around it, came off a bit like a judo throw if you know what I mean, thankfully, he didnt manage to get his arms fully around for it to land on, but he did try to hip check it, and got a slight gash on his thigh.

Ive owned both a Sieg X1 micro-mill (which weighs a hundred pounds soaking wet) and its slightly-bigger brother the X2, and both of them got used for plenty of 6061 and some steel on occasion. The X1 is probably a bad choice if youre working on anything much over a couple inches but it was a lot faster than a file, and the X2 is significantly more capable.

If a refrigerator-sized machine that costs a few grand is no big deal for you then by all means get a Bridgeport, but if you need to make some RC, gun, or robot parts and the small import machines are the best you can do in terms of cash or space, theyre nothing to be ashamed of. Most of the tooling you buy and all of the skills you learn will work fine on a larger/better machine, and theyre usually easy to resell when you decide to do that.

I purchased a cheap Chinese lathe/mill/drill from ShopTask. The process of honing the gibs, aligning EVERYTHING, and changing out the motor and belts for a variable speed 3 phase motor controlled by a single phase converter REALLY taught me a lot about how these things work and the importance of always checking alignment.

Do yourself a favor and purchase some alignment tools like dial indicators with magnetic stands to measure table/spindle alignment and travel. Buy some blank drill rod, clamp it in the spindle and measure the spindle alignment relative to the table. I had to shim my head to align it properly. BUY a DRO if you dont have one. Just do it.

If you are converting to CNC, use the handle dials and the DRO in conjunction to measure backlash ALL the way in X, Y, and Z axis. If it changes when you move the table to the extremes, you probably want to replace the acme/ball screws before you convert.

Feeds and speeds are 33% of the work. 1/3 of your energy goes into measuring, marking, and alignment. The other third goes into the setup. The setup is the work mounting process which needs to be just as rigid as the machine or you have wasted a lot of time and money.

The reality of Asian Iron is there are a few machine tool manufacturers in Taiwan and China who constantly clone each others and European and American machines. Then American importers, or foreign companies that sell here, do a bit of a round robin on who sells what. When Grizzly decides to stop selling their G0731, some other company will have the manufacturer paint them a different color and put their name on it.

A nice thing about Grizzly is they have manuals online for just about everything theyve ever sold. I found out that my Frejoth 1340 metal lathe *was* sold by Grizzly as the G4016. Everyone else who sold that exact same lathe used some variation on 1340, that being the max swing and length between centers. But Grizzly? Noooo. They come up with apparently random model numbers that have nothing to do with any aspect of the machine.

If youve had a yearning for a Hardinge HLV-H lathe, there are now some clones of it with features Hardinge never had a thought of while they were producing that design. Theres one with an electronic gearbox with infinitely variable spindle to lead screw speed ratio, plus of course fixed ratios for threading. Not cheap, not at all, but still a lot lower price than the last of the model Hardinge made new, which had a six figure price.

South Bend has been a division of Grizzly for a while. Those lathes are made in Taiwan by one of the common clone machine foundries, but theyre one that takes extra care with manufacturing. The South Bend lathes are based on common Asian models but with significant differences to make them unique. In the case of the discontinued 8K, a much altered version of the common as crud 820 and 920 clones of the Emco Compact 8, they didnt change the worst parts. It got a beefier bed and completely different headstock. The quick change gearbox and apron were clearly based on the venerable Workshop 9 items. But they went and left the slides and saddle unchanged. The cross slide has a very narrow dovetail and the 8K even used the same flimsy ring with two bolts in T-slots hold down for the toolpost. To make things worse, the drive to the gearbox was via cogged belts instead of being all metal gearing. At the points where making the design better mattered most, they fell on their faces. Tis no wonder it was a poor seller and ended up being clearanced at $1500. South Bend also offers an HLV-H clone but YIPES the price.

Mention could have been made of the difference between a knee mill and a bed mill. A knee mill moves the table up and down while the head remains at a fixed elevation. A bed mill has the table stay as a fixed elevation while the head moves up and down.

The round column drill/mills are a sort of bed mill, but with the round column where the head height cant be changed without losing sideways position, they have a big disadvantage. Smaller benchtop mills tend to be the bed type, with many of them having square or rectangular columns or rails.

Knee mills have come to be mostly clones of the Bridgeport J head model. Theyre the VW Beetle of milling machines. Bridgeport produced the Series II mill, better than the J in every possible way, but like the Super Beetle, it didnt stick around long, and like VW, Bridgeport went back to making the antique design dating back to the 1930s.

The closest youll come to a benchtop knee mill is currently a Grizzly G0728 (G0729 with power feed). Thats the same head as on the G0802 and G0730 (and the other variants from Grizzly) which have taller columns for more knee travel. Far as I have been able to find, every company that has ever sold that mill style has had it with the three different column heights with different bases to put them all close to the same overall height. If youre shopping for a mill in that size class, get the G0730 or same with another name, with the tallest column because you *will* need all that knee travel someday.

I took my bp interact 2hp motor up to 200% speed on one occasion. We were in the next room shifting speed remote in case the frame exploded and the noises coming out the workshop were a bit scary. So be fairly careful how far you overdrive it. Also you may overheat it if you run it very slow with the vfd, as the fan cooling is done off the main spindle. If you are going to do this, its best to have a small motor to drive the head motor cooling fan so it runs full speed even when the main motor is lugging away at low rpms. I kept my backgear in the interact and rigged a microswitch up to the gearshift knob so the cnc control (linuxcnc) knows which gear it is in, knows which way to spin the motor for spindle forward and displays the correct rpm on the screen. If you want more rpm than the gear supports it prompts for it.

Whatever you do, dont buy any old iron if you find it for a good price. I did, but I have a weakness for war machines (just ask me about a certian Prat and Whitney lathe ). Just kidding, I bought a no-name WWII Granite State jig boring machine. It is built with the principles of a jig boring machine without the accurate measuring bits that define a jig boring machine, but it sure is rigid.

Anyway, heres the trick to buying an old iron mill: make sure you can get a common taper. Dont buy anything that uses B&S-7 taper (or really, B&S-any_taper for that matter). You wont find any tooling for reasonable prices besides crappy (but functional) collets from The Little Machine Shop or a B&S-7 to ER-32 adapter from e-Baie.

As someone who has used a Grizzily G8689 (Sieg x2 clone) against 7075, 6061 and wood I highly recommend starting with a tiny machine so that you make your big mistakes on a tiny scale. I did some really dumb things when I was new with that mill and they probably would have cost me dearly if I did them on a huge Bridgeport.

I second that. I bought a large Enco mill with only 2-axis CNC. It was very accurate and sturdy, but weighted over 2500 pounds. When I sold it on Craigslist, the buyer rolled it on pipes like the Egyptinas did with ppyramid rocks and we carefuly nudege it to my driveway where a tow truck picked it up and placed it on his truck bed. Loved the mill, but rarely used it. I now have a custom Sieg mill that can mill out 12x12x12 and does a great job for what I need to do. It runs on a PC and is dirty simple to use. Start with that, then work your way up, as your interest and needs dictate.

Ultimately it barely gets used; the work space is too small for many jobs and its built so light that you have to take very light cuts. While CNC helps me ignore the time consumption, it still deters me from ever using

I just want to point out re: 3 phase power; 3 phase generally means you have some very hefty power requirements. As such, most power companies will run 3 phase to your location for free, as theyre expecting big electric bills in the future off that 3 phase line. So, dont let the lack of 3 phase in, particularly a commercial setting, limit you on what you buy. Residential you might find a little harder to convince the power company that youre going to make it worth their while, of course.

I liked how detailed the explanation for when to buy a new or used milling machine. Being aware of red flags can save both you and your wallet from making not making the best investment. I imagine that what youre planning to use it for will also have an influence as well.

Thank you for all this great information about choosing a milling machine. One thing that really stood out to me is that you say to make sure that you choose a machine that will fit your space. It would be nice to know that it wont take up too much room in the end.

Thanks for pointing out how people should consider getting milling machines with big and rigid frames so that it can drill a hole into solid steel without any problems. My dad is looking to get into the hobby of designing model aircraft dioramas. He thinks he needs a milling machine, so this tip can certainly help him pick a heavy duty one.

When it comes to selecting whether or not to buy machinery that has a spindle, its usually better to get it used since the machine has already been used a lot of times and has proven themselves rather worthy when it comes to proper spindle usage. Another thing to consider is that the spindles spin smoothly as well as sounding good when you run themand shaking it a few times before testing them out is a good idea to see if its properly attached or no. Now that I know how to discern a machine spindle, the best thing I would be able to do with it is to use it carefully since its expensive and should make the cost back that I used for buying it!

It was great that you say to make sure that you choose a machine that will fit your space. My uncle has been thinking of buying a milling machine because his partner closed down his shop. Sins the nearly has space for his own machines, I will recommend him finding a supplier that will work with him with grew cutting solutions. https://www.chickasawmachine.com/services

I like what you said about getting a milling machine with a heavy frame. My boss wants to get some milling done in the coming months. Ill share this information with her so that she can look into her options for getting the right machine.

I can imagine that a business could really benefit from getting the right equipment and help make them more effective so that they can sell more products and do more work. It was interesting to learn about how a vertical mill can take a little longer to do a job but they can be better with versatility and make sure that the cuts can be made on all axes.

2018 season robots battlebots

Robot info Builder info Robot: Axe Backwards Builder: Kurt Durjan Type: Drum spinner Job: Execute the vision. Team: KurTrox Robotix Kurt Durjan, Abra Durjan, Garrett Durjan, Hector Marini, Kevin Read, Grant Pitcher, Taiowa Donovan, Dominic Read Years competing: Rookie on BB, Rookie on FMB-China, 17 years in the sport of combat robotics. Hometown: Palm City,

Robot info Builder info Robot: Bale Spear Builder: Earl Pancoast III Type: Poker Job: Builder and driver Team: Forge & Farm Combat Robots Earl Pancoast III, Kenny Blades,Joe Filigno, Kyle Singer, Alexander Grant, Matt Bradway Years competing: 4 years Hometown: Salem, NJ Favorite tool: Millrite mill Sponsors: Favorite robot: Johnny 5 Website: facebook.com/Bale-Spear-Battlebots-290080538189843/ Interesting fact:

Robot info Builder info Robot: Basilisk Builder: Lucas Sloan Type: Flipper Job: 3D Wizard Team: MBSrobotics Lucas Sloan, Pierre Blanchard, Emily Ahlf Years competing: 3 years Hometown: Edmonton, Canada Favorite tool: Lasers! Sponsors: Formlabs Karma Machining & Manufacturing MadeBySloan Special Metal Fabricating Favorite robot: GLaDOS Website: MBSrobotics.com facebook.com/MBSrobotics instagram.com/MBSrobotics Interesting fact: Basilisk likes to selfie

Robot info Builder info Robot: Battle Royale With Cheese Builder: Miles Pekala Type: Bar spinner (horizontal) Job: Robotics Engineer Team: Poor Life Choices Miles Pekala, Jen Herchenroeder, Jordan Bunker, Lindsay Oliver, Jim Burke, Charles Wittington, Brice Farrell, Jeremy Ashinghurst, Angela Rothbaum Years competing: 1 year Hometown: Oakland, CA Favorite tool: Welder/Plasma Cutter Sponsors: Digikey Imgur

Robot info Builder info Robot: Bite Force Builder: Paul Ventimiglia Type: Bar spinner (vertical) Job: Mechanical Designer / Robotics Engineer Team: APTYX Designs Teena Liu, Jeremiah Jinno, Cory McBride, Travis Covington, Rob Masek Years competing: 18 years Hometown: Mountain View, CA Favorite tool: Haas VF2SS, Lincoln Power Mig 256, WERA Zyklop Sockets Sponsors: VEX Robotics

Robot info Builder info Robot: Blacksmith Builder: Al Kindle Type: Hammer Job: Electro-Mechanical Technician Team: Half Fast Astronaut Al Kindle, Alan Young, John Wolan, James Iocca Years competing: 23 years Hometown: Edison, NJ Favorite tool: Band Saw Sponsors: Nuclear Blast Records NPC Robotics Kloeckner Metals Maxamps.com jetprecision.com Favorite robot: Maximillian Website: facebook.com/teamhfa twitter.com/blacksmithbot instagram.com/blacksmithbattlebot Interesting

Robot info Builder info Robot: Bombshell Builder: Michael Jeffries Type: Disc spinner (vertical) Job: Research Technologist Team: Chaos Corps Michael Jeffries, Julie Simancek, Brandon Davis, Matthew Carroll, Brittany Carroll, Dan Hammer, Jason Brown, Jamie Price, Chris Williamson, Randy Farmer Years competing: 100+ years combined experience Hometown: Atlanta, GA Favorite tool: Angle Grinder, for any situation

Robot info Builder info Robot: Bronco Builder: Reason Bradley, Alexander Rose Type: Launcher Job: Driver, co-driver Team: Inertia Labs Reason Bradley, Alexander Rose, Christopher Daniel, Scoutt Balchowsky Years competing: 22 years Hometown: Sausalito, CA Favorite tool: Pirahna Ironworker Sponsors: Vex Robotics Autodesk Ninja Paintball Stompump Favorite robot: Rat Thing from the novel Snow Crash Website:

Robot info Builder info Robot: Brutus Builder: Adam Bercu Type: Disc spinner (vertical) Job: Entrepreneur Team: Team Brutus Adam Bercu, Amanda Fowler, Luis Rosende, Ben Striegal Years competing: 15 years Hometown: Somerville, MA Favorite tool: TIG welder Sponsors: Autodesk FLIR Equals Zero Designs NPC Robotics Favorite robot: Marvin the paranoid android Website: facebook.com/brutusbattlebot Interesting fact:

Robot info Builder info Robot: Captain Shrederator Builder: Brian Nave Type: Full-Body Spinner Job: Retired Electrical Engineer Team: Team LOGICOM Brian Nave, Nicholas Nave, Michael Nave, Joe Johnson, Brian Hauch Years competing: 20 years Hometown: Ormond Beach, FL Favorite tool: 3D Printer Sponsors: Battle Beach, LLC Ameritech Favorite robot: Data Website: Teamlogicom.com battlebeach.com Interesting fact:

Robot info Builder info Robot: Chomp Builder: Zoe Stephenson Type: Pneumatic hammer and flamethrower Job: Mechanical Engineer Team: The Machine Corps Zoe Stephenson, Jascha Little, Dimitar Vassilev, Robbie Bennett, Jo Balme Years competing: 2 years Hometown: Seattle, WA Favorite tool: Waterjet and hammer, of course Sponsors: Applied Invention LLC Hannover Fairs USA Favorite robot: Opportunity,

Robot info Builder info Robot: Deviled Egg Builder: Zak Hassanein Type: Drum spinner Job: Fabricator, Driver Team: Recoil Robotics Zak Hassanein, Sydney Crump, Shannon OHare, Kathy OHare, Stephen Jacobson, Ryan Hasty Years competing: 1 year Hometown: Vallejo, CA Favorite tool: My hands Sponsors: ameriDroid Obtainium Works Favorite robot: Robbie the Robot Website: obtainiumworks.net/battlebots2018 Interesting fact:

Robot info Builder info Robot: Double Dutch Builder: Kevin Lung Type: Bar spinner (horizontal) Job: Lead Mechanical Engineer at Moog Space and Defense. Team: Iron LungFish Robotics Kevin Lung, Emmet Lung, Dave Rhodes, Michael Rhodes, Frank Mueller Years competing: 4 with a 16 year hiatus before now Hometown: Wadsworth, IL Favorite tool: Automatic Center Punch

Robot info Builder info Robot: Double Jeopardy Builder: Evan Woolley Type: Shooter Job: Attorney in the Intellectual Property Litigation Practice Group at Alston & Bird Team: Team Double Trouble Evan Woolley (Captain, Driver, Lead Designer), Bryce Woolley (Trigger Man, Creative Genius), Bill Woolley (Co-Lead Designer, Safety Guy) Years competing: 17 years of robots, but BattleBots

Robot info Builder info Robot: DUCK! Builder: Hal Rucker Type: Lifter Job: Inventor Team: Team Black & Blue Hal Rucker, Hannah Rucker, Kathy Rucker Years competing: 16 years Hometown: Hillsborough, CA Favorite tool: X-Acto Knife Sponsors: Protolabs Favorite robot: Rosie Website: facebook.com/BlackandBlueRobotics halrucker.com Interesting fact: DUCK! features a unibody chassis milled out of one large

Robot info Builder info Robot: End Game Builder: Jack Barker Type: Disc spinner (vertical) Job: Software Engineer Team: OYES Robotics Jack Barker, Steven Barker, Russell Barker, Nick Mabey, Griffin Tabor Years competing: Rookie Hometown: Auckland, New Zealand Favorite tool: Hot glue gun Sponsors: University of Auckland Faculty of Engineering Vista Entertainment Solutions MGM Controllers Favorite

Robot info Builder info Robot: Free Shipping Builder: Gary Gin Type: Lifter Job: Design Specialist at the Jacobs Institute for Design Innovation, UC Berkeley Team: Team Special Delivery Gary Gin, Chris Gin, Eric Gin, Jim Yeh, Forrest Yeh, Roland Saekow Years competing: 17 years Hometown: Oakland, CA Favorite tool: Machinists scribe, waterjet cutter Sponsors: Kooart

Robot info Builder info Robot: Gamma 9 Builder: Curtis Nemeth Type: Grappler Job: Driver, minister of disinformation Team: Gamma Brigade Curtis Nemeth, Mike Okerman, Mike Blummer, Dick Blummer Years competing: 24 years Hometown: Westminster, CA Favorite tool: Intimidation Sponsors: Favorite robot: Hal 9000 Website: gammabrigade.com/ facebook.com/Gamma-9-BattleBots- 93441 Interesting fact: We do not follow the 3 laws

Robot info Builder info Robot: Gemini Builder: Ace Shelander Type: Disc spinner (horizontal) Job: Mechanical Engineer (PE) Team: Gemini Ace Shelander, Matt Walliser, Andrew Kloface, Lilibel de la Puente Years competing: 2 years Hometown: Santa Monica, CA Favorite tool: Brains: all other tools are useless without it Sponsors: Beaker & Wrench Favorite robot: Data from

Robot info Builder info Robot: Gigabyte Builder: Brent Rieker Type: Shell Spinner Job: Machinist Team: Robotic Death Company John Mladenik, Carl Lewis, Mark Liu, Greg Rasche, Mike Lindberg, Jonathon Argueta Years competing: 3 years Hometown: Escondido, CA Favorite tool: Milling Machine Sponsors: MaxAmps Favorite robot: Minataur Website: roboticdeathcompany.com Interesting fact: The team was split into

Robot info Builder info Robot: HUGE Builder: Jonathan Schultz Type: Bar spinner (vertical) Job: Hydrogen Fuel Cell Development Engineer Team: Team HUGE Jonathan Schultz, Peter Lombardo, Maddie Thumma, Garrett Santoline, Alex Horne Years competing: 2 years Hometown: South Windsor, CT Favorite tool: Energy Drinks Sponsors: Mouser Electronics Favorite robot: Bender Website: facebook.com/BattleBotsHuge Interesting fact: Jonathans

Robot info Builder info Robot: HyperShock Builder: Will Bales Type: Drum spinner Job: Medical Device R&D Engineer Team: Shenanigans & Co. Will Bales, Tyler Bond, Alex Mattaway, Isaac Lubarsky, Kyle Awner Years competing: 13 years Hometown: Miami, FL Favorite tool: Milwaukee M18 FUEL Cordless Deep Cut Band Saw Sponsors: K1 RaceGear MWL Engineering ThunderPower RC

Robot info Builder info Robot: Hypothermia Builder: Michael Fuzzy Mauldin Type: Lifter Job: Fuzzy lives on a ranch in Texas where he raises cows, modifies Jeeps, and builds fighting robots. Team: Team Toad Michael Fuzzy Mauldin, Kay Mauldin, Tony Woodward, Jon Bennett Years competing: 18 years Hometown: Liberty Hill, TX Favorite tool: MIG welder Sponsors:

Robot info Builder info Robot: Icewave Builder: Marc DeVidts Type: Bar spinner (horizontal) Job: CTO at Double Robotics Team: Team Icewave Marc DeVidts, Angela Bamblett, Alex Espinosa Years competing: 16 years Hometown: Burlingame, CA Favorite tool: CNC Mill Sponsors: Solidworks Double Robotics Big Blue Saw Favorite robot: Data (from Star Trek) Website: teamicewave.com facebook.com/teamicewave twitter.com/teamicewave

Robot info Builder info Robot: Kraken Builder: Matt Spurk Type: Crusher Job: Rocket Scientist Team: CE Robots Matt Spurk (Captain/Driver/Designer), Sara Spurk (Fabricator/Accountant), Cayden Spurk (Fabricator/Button Pusher), Ethan Spurk (Fabricator/Button Pusher) Stephen Spurk (Welder/Electrical), Michael Spurk (Fabricator/Manufacturer), Peggy Spurk (Fabricator/Runner), Wesley Wood (Fabricator/Assembler) Years competing: 15 years, 1st time at BattleBots Hometown: Titusville, FL Favorite

Robot info Builder info Robot: Lock Jaw Builder: Donald Hutson Type: Disc spinner (vertical) Job: Design, Fabricator and Pilot Team: Mutant Robots Donald Hutson, Dawn Alley Levy, Paul Ferrell, Johnny Medina, Walter Maksimow, Alex Kosarev Years competing: 22 years Hometown: San Diego, CA Favorite tool: Fiber Laser Sponsors: Modal AI, Solidworks, Spectrum, Stratasys, VEX Robotics,

Robot info Builder info Robot: Lucky Builder: Mark Demers Type: Pneumatic Modular (4 Bar/Laucher) Job: Technical Sales & Marketing Professional, Part Time Roboticist Team: Lucky Canucky Mark Demers, Kurtis Wanner, Robert Frankovich, Andrew Burghgraef, Ben Hei, Matt Bailey, Dave Solomon, Jeff Hayashida, Tim Bayne, Jerome Johnson, Reza Kazemi Years competing: 18 years Hometown: Ottawa, Canada

Robot info Builder info Robot: Mecha Rampage Builder: Christian Carlberg Type: Bar spinner (horizontal) Job: Builder Team: C2 Robotics Christian Carlberg, Mike Ballard, Jessica Carlberg, Carissa Carlberg, Coen Carlberg, Riesen Carlberg Years competing: 9 years Hometown: San Luis Obispo, CA Favorite tool: Waterjet Sponsors: Suitable Technologies Favorite robot: Maximilian Website: facebook.com/TeamC2Robotics Interesting fact: Mecha Rampage

Robot info Builder info Robot: Minotaur Builder: Marco Antonio Meggiolaro Type: Drum spinner Job: Professor of Mechanical Engineering at PUC-Rio (Pontifical Catholic University of Rio de Janeiro) Team: RioBotz Marco Antonio Meggiolaro (Captain), Daniel Freitas (Driver), Gabriel Barsi (Electronics), Carlos Junior (Electronics), Rodrigo Almeida (Fabricator), Rodrigo Nogueira (Fabricator), Lohan Marins (Assembly) Years competing: 15 years

Robot info Builder info Robot: Mohawk Builder: Maxwell Bales Type: Fire Attack Piercer Job: Driver, Organizer Team: Euclid Robotics Maxwell Bales, Greg Bales, Connie Ryan, Kat Cochran, Tom Bales, Korey Kline Years competing: 13 years Hometown: Miami, FL Favorite tool: LASERS! Sponsors: MWL Engineering, Syntheon, Euclid Labs Favorite robot: Scorch from Titanfall Website: facebook.com/MohawkRobot/ Interesting

Robot info Builder info Robot: Monsoon Builder: Tom Brewster Type: Bar spinner (vertical) Job: QA Test Analyst (Video Games) Team: Team Monsoon Tom Brewster, Sarah Asplin, Sam Griffin, Tim Rackley Years competing: 18 months Hometown: Turvey, United Kingdom Favorite tool: Angle Grinder Sponsors: K-Cut Ltd Favorite robot: Marvin Website: teammonsoon.co.uk facebook.com/MonsoonBattleBot twitter.com/MonsoonRobot facebook.com/teamtauron instagram.com/teamtauron Interesting

Robot info Builder info Robot: Overhaul Builder: Charles Guan Type: Grappler Job: Independent Consultant Team: Equals Zero Robotics Charles Guan, Cynthia Lu, Paige Reiter, Alex Bush, Fangzhou Yu Years competing: 15 years Hometown: Cambridge, MA Favorite tool: Abrasive waterjet Sponsors: HobbyKing Markforged SSAB Equals Zero Designs Banebots Favorite robot: Drossel von Flgel Website: facebook.com/EqualsZeroRobotics Interesting

Robot info Builder info Robot: Parallax Builder: Luke Bittenbinder Type: Drum spinner Job: Mech Engineering Student Team: Aberrant Robotics Luke Bittenbinder, JT Atkinson, Sam Mills Years competing: Rookie Hometown: Northampton, United Kingdom Favorite tool: Angle grinder Sponsors: MAHLE Favorite robot: Data Website: facebook.com/ParallaxBattlebot Interesting fact: Sam and JT had never met in person prior to

Robot info Builder info Robot: Petunia Builder: Mischa de Graaf Type: Crusher Job: Modelmaker Team: P.C.P Ysbrand Otjes, Ralph van de Langenberg Years competing: More than 15 years, but first time Battlebots Hometown: Anna Paulowna, Netherlands Favorite tool: Dremel Sponsors: Hannover Fairs USA Favorite robot: Cain (from RoboCop 2) Website: teampcp.nl fb.me/teampcpnl Interesting fact: The

Robot info Builder info Robot: Predator Builder: Craig Danby Type: Grappler Job: Freelance mechanical design engineer Team: Team Danby Corinne Tuney, Chris Danby, Rory Mangles, Craig Danby Years competing: 20 years, Battlebots Rookie Hometown: Knightdale, NC Favorite tool: Solidworks Sponsors: CATS Orderfox Plan Snap Chester Machine Tools Hardox Favorite robot: MechaGodzilla Website: facebook.com/teamdanby twitter.com/teamDanby instagram.com/cmdanby

Robot info Builder info Robot: Reality Builder: Tim Bouwens Type: Drum spinner Job: Mechanical Engineer Team: Team Bonx, MSR, Kodox, Tie-Rip Tim Bouwens, Stef van Itterzon, Jeroen van Lieverloo , Jeroen van der Loo, Dennis Martens Years competing: 18 years Hometown: Tilburg, The Netherlands Favorite tool: Anything CNC Sponsors: Segula Technologies Additive Industries Favorite robot:

Robot info Builder info Robot: Red Devil Builder: Ravi Baboolal Type: Grappler Job: Process Engineer Team: All Black Robotics Ravi Baboolal, Logan Prizrenac, Antoine Trabulsi, Julia Chernushevich Years competing: 15 years Hometown: Spanish Fork, UT Favorite tool: Plasma Torch Sponsors: Roboteq DemTool Revolution 3D Printers Tormach GarageSmart Favorite robot: Johnny 5 Website: facebook.com/LycanBattlebot Interesting fact:

Robot info Builder info Robot: ROTATOR Builder: Victor Soto Type: Disc spinner (horizontal) Job: Designer, Builder, Driver Team: Team Revolution Carl Gayle, Radu Iorgulescu, Goran Kadribasic, Shawn Kroll, Kadija McAnuff, Roberto Montane, Gary Nguyen, Mark Palm, Tim Perez, Jordan Sangerman, Dave Sinclair, Victor Soto Years competing: 16 years Hometown: Doral, FL Favorite tool: Lathe Sponsors:

Robot info Builder info Robot: SawBlaze Builder: Jamison Go Type: Saw bot/flamethrower Job: R&D Engineer Team: Team SawBlaze Lucy Du, John Mayo, Chris Merian, Joao Ramos, Alex Hattori, Mason Massie Years competing: 14 years Hometown: Cambridge, MA Favorite tool: Orbital Sander Sponsors: VEX Robotics Desktop Metal Massachusetts Institute of Technology Harmonic Drive MaxAmps Hacker Brushless

Robot info Builder info Robot: Sharkoprion Builder: Edward D. Robinson Type: Disc spinner (vertical) Job: Successfully Retired Sword Swallower Team: Team Blaze Edward D. Robinson, John Hoffman Years competing: 17 years Hometown: Poway, CA Favorite tool: Angle Grinder Sponsors: Gauntlet Props & Puzzles Novo Engineering Favorite robot: Mechadon Website: facebook.com/sharkoprion Interesting fact: 85% scrap Art

Robot info Builder info Robot: Skorpios Builder: Orion Beach Type: Saw & Grappler Job: Robot Designer Team: Offbeat Robotics Orion Beach, Diana Tarlson, Micah Leibowitz, Max Maruszewski, Dan Chatterton Years competing: 14 years Hometown: Santa Rosa, CA Favorite tool: Sub-compact brushless drill Sponsors: Bot Bash Van Bebber Bros., Inc. Favorite robot: Cylon Centurion Website: facebook.com/SkorpiosBattleBot

Robot info Builder info Robot: Son of Whyachi (aka SOW) Builder: Luke Ewert Type: Caged 3 arm spinner (horizontal) Job: Engineer at Westar LLC Team: Team Whyachi Robotics Luke Ewert, Reese Ewert, Richard Stuplich Years competing: 16 years Hometown: Dorchester, WI Favorite tool: WaterJet Sponsors: Vex Robotics UdderGun MaxAmps Favorite robot: Bender Website: teamwhyachi.com facebook.com/Whyachi

Robot info Builder info Robot: SubZero Builder: Jerry Clarkin Type: Launcher Job: Builder, designer, welder etc Team: Team Hammertime Jerry Clarkin, Chris Feiock, Logan Davis, Brady Davis, Reggie Wilson Years competing: 17 years Hometown: Malvern, PA Favorite tool: TIG welder Sponsors: Motion Controls Favorite robot: Tobor Website: teamhammertime.com facebook.com/SubZero2018 Interesting fact: Origin of SubZero name:

Robot info Builder info Robot: Tantrum Builder: Aren Hill Type: Flipper Job: Mechanical Engineer working with Surgical Robots Team: Seems Reasonable Aren Hill, Sean Doherty, Alex Grant, Erica Chin, Jason Weihman, Brian Silverman, Ginger Schmidt, Years competing: Rookie Hometown: Mountain View, CA Favorite tool: CNC Mill for the first time, Portaband to fix it Sponsors:

Robot info Builder info Robot: The Four Horsemen Builder: Ian Watts Type: Bar spinner (horizontal) Job: Driver Team: The Four Horsemen Ian Watts, Sam Watts, Ryan Pratt, Ann Gribble. Years competing: 19 years Hometown: Lewes, United Kingdom Favorite tool: 2lb Lump Hammer Sponsors: Favorite robot: Robbie Website: teambigbro.co.uk Interesting fact: I once got stuck 30m

Robot info Builder info Robot: Tombstone Builder: Ray Billings Type: Bar spinner (horizontal) Job: Designer, Builder, and Driver Team: Hardcore Robotics Ray Billings, Rick Russ, Justin Billings Years competing: 17 years Hometown: Placerville, CA Favorite tool: Tormach PCNC 1100 Milling Machine Sponsors: Tormach Inc. VEX Robotics NPC Robotics Keysight Technologies Favorite robot: GORT Website: hardcorerobotics.com/

Robot info Builder info Robot: Ultimo Destructo Builder: Sean Irvin Type: Swiss Army Bot- flipper, hammer, vertical spinner, horizontal spinner, kitchen sink Job: Robotics Engineer. Sean designs military EoD robots for Harris Corporation. These robots are used in theater to save human life by identifying, neutralizing, and removing IEDs. Team: Carnage Robotics Sean Irvin, Don

Robot info Builder info Robot: Valkyrie Builder: Leanne Cushing Type: Disc spinner (horizontal) Job: Organizer of Chaos, Engineering Lead Team: Questionable Designs Leanne Cushing, Frederick Moore, Alex Crease, Brooks Willis Years competing: Rookie Hometown: Cambridge, MA Favorite tool: Any/all rotary tools Sponsors: Markforged Domovi Hannover Fairs USA Favorite robot: Bender Website: questionabledesign.xyz facebook.com/valkyriebattlebot instagram.com/valkyriebattlebot twitter.com/ValkyrieQD

Robot info Builder info Robot: Vanquish Builder: Jack Tweedy Type: Lifter Job: Engineering Apprentice Team: Team Nebula Jack Tweedy, Roderick Lamb Years competing: 7 years Hometown: Kent, United Kingdom Favorite tool: Sledgehammer Sponsors: Favorite robot: Marvin (Hitchikers Guide To The Galaxy) Website: facebook.com/teamnebularobotics/ Interesting fact: Vanquish is Jacks first solo heavyweight build and was designed

Robot info Builder info Robot: WAR Hawk Builder: Rob Farrow Type: Disc spinner (vertical) Job: User Researcher Team: Western Allied Robotics Rob Farrow, Rob Purdy, Kevin Milczewski, Josh Beavers, Emmanuel Carrillo, Martin Mason Years competing: 18 years Hometown: Seattle, WA Favorite tool: Computer Sponsors: BotKits.com RobotCombatEvents.com Favorite robot: Robby the Robot Website: facebook.com/WarHawkBB Interesting fact:

Robot info Builder info Robot: Warhead Builder: Simon Scott Type: Disc spinner (horizontal) Job: Engineer Team: Team Warhead Simon Scott, Ian Lewis, Van the Man Years competing: 20 years Hometown: Poole, United Kingdom Favorite tool: Bridgeport Mill Sponsors: Optipower, C & M Mould Tools, Scorpion Motors Sparkpost Fundpdx Favorite robot: Robbie the Robot Website: facebook.com/WarheadRobot/

Robot info Builder info Robot: Warrior Dragon Builder: Clint Ewert Type: Kinetic Ring Spinning Flipper Job: Mechanical Engineer Team: Team Whyachi Warrior Dragon Clint Ewert, Jake Ewert, Korbin Ewert Years competing: 16 years Hometown: Dorchester, WI Favorite tool: WaterJet and CAD Sponsors: Team Whyachi Uddergun Vex Robotics Max Amps Favorite robot: Bender from Futurama Website:

Robot info Builder info Robot: Whiplash Builder: Jeff Vasquez Type: Articulated Lifter / Vertical Disc Spinner Job: Senior Engineering Technician at Meggitt Control Systems Team: Fast Electric Robots Jeff Vasquez (Team Captain), Matthew Vasquez (CAD Designer, Builder, Driver), Jason Vasquez (Co-designer, Builder), Debbie Vasquez (Team Manager) Years competing: 18 Years Hometown: Newbury Park, CA Favorite

Robot info Builder info Robot: Witch Doctor Builder: Andrea Suarez Type: Disc spinner (vertical) Job: Medical device engineer Team: Team Witch Doctor Andrea Suarez, Mike Gellatly, Paul Grata, Christian Chiriboga, Steven Sharp, Katherine Sharp, Jennifer Villa Years competing: 15 years Hometown: Miami Springs, FL Favorite tool: Yetis Portable Bandsaw Sponsors: VEX Robotics Kalamazoo Waterjet SMT

Robot info Builder info Robot: Yeti Builder: Greg Gibson Type: Drum spinner Job: Hydrographic Surveyor Team: Team Yeti Greg Gibson, James Arluck, Joe Sena Years competing: 16 years Hometown: Wasilla, AK Favorite tool: BFH Sponsors: eTrac Inc P1 Hobbies Favorite robot: FemBot #3 Website: facebook.com/YetiBattleBot Interesting fact: We recently learned that Alaska is, in fact,

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bridgeport series i milling machine - penn tool co., inc

For more than 60 years, the Bridgeport Series I Standard Mill - the original, all-purpose mill - has been the "real thing" in milling, drilling, and boring for metalworking shops throughout the world. Today, the Series I Standard continues to fulfill the industry's need for an accurate, reliable, and versatile mill.

The Series I Standard features an innovative airflow cooling design that uses no external fans to prolong bearing life and prevent expansion from heat build-up. A full range of accessories are available, including optional chrome-plated ways and gibs to ensure that the machine will last a lifetime.

Satisfaction Guaranteed - If for any reason our products do not meet your expectations, return them. Complete refund or credit will be issued for unused and unmarked items returned within 10 days of receipt. Defective items will be either replaced or repaired.

Price Protection - Penn Tool Co will NOT BE UNDERSOLD. You will not see our advertised products at a lower price or we will refund or credit the difference. All claims must be made within 30 days of purchase. Proof of claim is required.

*Todays most Technologically Advanced Tools necessary to meet demanding production and quality control requirements.*Competitively priced. Penn Tool Coprides itself on keeping our price low without sacrificing quality.*Prompt courteous service. Our customer service representatives are fully trained. Product knowledge and commitment to customer service guarantees that your order is processed the same day you place it.Even with customer service and price protection at the top of our complete customer satisfaction list, we know you want more. Our extensive inventory is yet another way to keep you satisfied. Our large selection of inventory lets us fill your order immediately and at a completion rate that is extremely high in our industry.

products hardinge

Hardinge has become a leader in grinding solutions with product lines like Kellenberger, Voumard, Hauser USACH and more. With offerings across the capability spectrum, let Hardinge be your partner for all your grinding needs.

By the use of most modern manufacturing means next generation technology is being created, which can meet the customers technical and economical requirements today and tomorrow. Wherever highly accurate grinding is required, Kellenberger precision grinding machines are in use

Voumard has been a leader in innovative ID/OD machines that can support small batch and production environments. Its product offerings represent multi-purpose, flexible and universal solutions for your ID/OD grinding requirements.

Hauser multi-axis jig grinding machines are specially developed for applications requiring complex double curvature profiles where very high standards of surface finish and accuracy are essential. Hauser machines are ideal for super-finished applications where accuracy must not be compromised.

Our focus is to address the demands of companies looking for a partner to help them find solutions to todays challenging, high precision grinding applications and automation projects. When a custom grinding solution is what you require, Usach can be your partner.

For over 100 years, Hardinge lathes have been and will continue to be a standard for quality, longevity and capability. Whether it is high volume production or holding tight tolerances, Hardinge can provide you with the right CNC lathe solution every time.

Our Gang Plate/Gang Turret line of CNC lathes gives you not only the productivity you demand for lean manufacturing but also the Hardinge-exclusive patented interchangeable tool top plate to dramatically reduce setup and cycle times.

Through our Bridgeport brand of vertical machining centers, Hardinge continues to set the milling standard around the globe. Our milling machines are designed to achieve maximum capacity and performance in a variety of industries and manufacturing environments.

The Bridgeport Series 1 Standard Mill the original, all-purpose mill has been the real thing in milling, drilling, and boring for metalworking shops throughout the world. Today, the Series I Standard continues to fulfill the industrys need for an accurate, reliable, and versatile mill.

We have various product offerings of 3 Axis capable CNC mills that can fit a variety of manufacturing requirements. We have a product portfolio that satisfies versatility, performance, or production needs.

An investment in Bridgeports latest generation of 5-Axis vertical machining centers will bring instant and positive results. Our unrivalled technology coupled with an unswerving commitment to improving our customers productivity and business performance have contributed to a large, and loyal, customer base.

Hardinge and its reputable portfolio of products, resources, knowledge and experience are ready to tackle your next machining challenge. As the only machine tool OEM provider offering turning, milling, grinding, workholding and custom manufacturing solutions, Hardinge is ideally positioned to provide you with an innovative, cost-effective custom solutions that meets your needs.

The diverse products we offer enable us to support a variety of market applications in industries including aerospace, agricultural, automotive, construction, consumer products, defense, energy, medical, technology, transportation and more.

Hardinge Inc. is a leading international provider of advanced metal-cutting solutions. We provide a full spectrum of highly reliable CNC turning, milling, and grinding machines as well as technologically advanced workholding and machine tool accessories.