briquetting plant cycle

briquette machines, briquette machine plant, briquetting machine manufacturers, biomass briquetting machine suppliers, exporters-rico at rajkot, gujarat, india

RADHE INDUSTRIAL CORPORATION was promoted under strong, dynamic and very well experienced leadership of Mr. Prakash A. Patel the principal of the firm has been actively engaged in this field of biomass briquetting Plant for over one and half decade and have final installation,

The Super-70 model has been launched by us in 1992. Super-70 Briquetting Machine is the best suitable for Medium Production of Briquettes & where raw material availability is medium, made with superior quality parts, unique design to ensure best in-class performance with lowest operating cost and very less maintenance for years.

Unique mechanical design of Whole Body, Die Holder & Cuppy put the Super-70 most energy efficient. Highly sophisticated engineering and State of the art manufacturing process results the world class quality and consistency.

Flash Air Dryer is used for suspension drying of powdery, ground or granulated material such as saw dust, coir pith and baggasse pith which are usually materials with moisture content of 35% or less. In our Flash Air Dryer maximum 20 % is dried in one cycle.

In our dryer, you should first of all feed particle material having moisture content & with the size of 0 to 25 mm in the conveyor. From conveyor, the waste is passed in the Vanes where Hot Air is sucked from Hot Air Kiln. This hot air is having temperature of around 300 C & it is sucked with blower. When the material is contacted with hot air then the moisture is absorbed in the air.

RADHE INDUSTRIAL CORPORATION is a world leader in the design and manufacturing of Briquetting Machine and all types of Briquetting Plants ranging from basic models to full production systems. The founder of the company Mr. Prakash A. Patel has over 25 years of experience in design, build, service and development, which shows in a product which is superior in every way to that offered by our competitors. We can advise or assist your company in the design of a complete Briquette Machine Plant. In most all cases, we can supply the important ancillary equipment related to the Bio Coal Briquette Press, Agro Briquette Plant Project, Biomass Briquetting Equipment and Fuel Briquettes Plant. Let the engineering staff at RICO help you and provide you with best Briquetting Press solutions.

Following 25 years of development i.e. since 1991, we at Radhe Industrial Corporation have managed to establish ourselves as a market leader in Briquette Machines and as a top-notch Biomass Briquetting Plant Manufacturer in India and abroad. Our team at RICO operates worldwide, with an astute awareness of the most up-to-date methodological approaches, enabling us to satisfy the present and future of our esteemed customers.Read More..

"Our vision is to deliver excellent and innovative products and services that make our end client's happier by making profit from Agriculture & Forestry Waste with the best use of it and thus contribute to create a dust free & pollution free environment thereby helping our country and planet..."

life cycle environmental impacts of cornstalk briquette fuel in china - sciencedirect

First detailed LCA on cornstalk biomass briquette fuel (BBF) in China.Provides up-to-date LCI for cornstalk BBF based on full-scale operational data.Results show cornstalk BBF is more environmentally friendly than coal.Cornstalk BBF is also favourable when compared with other biomass solid fuels.

The use of agricultural residues to produce biomass briquette fuel (BBF) can reduce waste of resources and consumption of fossil fuels. We report the first detailed environmental impact assessment of cornstalk-based BBF in China using a cradle-to-grave life cycle assessment (LCA). The LCA study was conducted based on a typical large-scale cornstalk BBF demonstration project in China with an integrated and automated production system. The key life cycle stages such as cornstalk growth, cornstalk transportation, BBF production, transportation and utilisation were investigated. Our results suggest that cornstalk BBF in China is much more environmentally friendly than coal and is favourable when compared with other types of solid fuels produced from different biomass feedstock. For example, the climate change and fossil depletion impacts of cornstalk BBF in China (11gCO2eq./MJ and 2goileq./MJ, respectively) are an order of magnitude lower than those of coal (146gCO2eq./MJ and 26goileq./MJ, respectively). The results of this study can assist policy makers in evaluating the potential benefits of the large scale use of BBF made from agricultural residues.

economic, environmental and social assessment of briquette fuel from agricultural residues in china a study on flat die briquetting using corn stalk - sciencedirect

A fully-operating 2104 t/a corn stalk briquette fuel plant in China is analysed.The plant has net present value of $1.5 million and payback period of 4.4 years.Life cycle GHG emissions are 323 t CO2,e/year or 1kg CO2,e/GJ, much lower than coal.The plant will also have significant social benefits.

Biomass can be relatively easily stored and transported compared with other types of renewable energy sources. Crop straw can be converted into densified solid biofuel via briquette fuel technology to expand its possible applications and enhance its utilisation efficiency. However, the potential economic, environmental and social impacts of crop straw briquette fuel need to be assessed before its large-scale use. This paper provides a comprehensive evaluation of these impacts for a fully-operating 2104 t/a corn stalk briquette fuel plant in China. The results show that with a life time of 15 years, a purchase price of 150 RMB/t for corn stalk and the current sales price of 400 RMB/t for briquette fuel, the plant has a net present value of 9.6 million RMB or 1.5 million USD, an internal rate of return of 36% and a short investment payback period of 4.4 years. The life cycle greenhouse gas emissions are found to be 323 t CO2,e/year or 1kg CO2,e/GJ, much lower than that of coal. Additionally, the process reduces pollution by decreasing the amount of corn stalk that is discarded or burnt directly in the field. In terms of social impacts, the use of corn stalk briquetting fuel plant is expected to play an important role in increasing local residents' income, improving rural ecological environments, alleviating energy shortages, guaranteeing energy security, and promoting socialism new rural reconstruction.

life cycle assessment of biomass densification systems - sciencedirect

Wide variations were observed among existing LCA studies.Most of the energy use and greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions were attributed to transportation, drying and densification.There is a need for more transparent reporting and analysis of uncertainty in the LCA modelling.

Several recent life cycle assessments (LCA) of biomass densification have been carried out. This paper reviews data from 19 sources with 48 case scenarios to assess the current status of LCA of biomass densification. It describes the specific units in a reference gate-to-gate LCA in relation to the existing studies, and summarises key differences between them. Finally, it provides a qualitative analysis of the associated sources of uncertainty.

Existing LCA studies of biomass densification were found to provide insufficient and inconsistent information for full transparency and comparability, due to different choices in system boundary, functional unit, allocation procedure, densification technology and biomass residues. Most of the reviewed studies attributed most of the energy use and greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions to transportation, drying and densification. The energy and GHG emissions of the gate-to-gate densification system were highly sensitive to the technology, feed material used in densification and scale of production.

Apart from one study with zero energy consumption as a result of the use of manual operations, the normalised values of energy consumption for the reviewed studies ranged from 20 to 900kJMJ1. Neglecting three outlier values, GHG emissions as mass of CO2-eq for the reviewed studies ranged from 600tMJ1 to 50gMJ1. Similar variations in result and outlier cases have beesn reported for other bioenergy processes, by other authors. Assuming that the biggest impact of densification processes is on transport fuel use, and based on 5 studies that reported densification ratios, the net energy and GHG emissions savings resulting from densification ranged from 200 to 1000kJMJ1 and 9 to 50 CO2-eq (g MJ1), respectively. On this basis, it can be concluded that biomass densification is a worthwhile addition to the biomass energy conversion system.

briquetting plant, briquetting machine, biomass briquetting plant, india

Guru Kirpa Engineering Works is manufacturer of Briquetting Machine, Briquetting Plant, briquetting industry, briquette machinery, briquetting factory, briquette, plant and machineries, plant machinery, biomass, biomass briquetting plant, briquette machines, plant manufacturers, plant manufacturer, plant suppliers, briquette-machine, briquetting machinery, biomass briquette, briquetting machine, green energy, manufacture, india, energy, agriculture at Sriganganagar in Rajasthan in India.

Guru Kirpa Engineering Works was promoted under strong, dynamic and very well experienced leadership of R. C. Jagota, the principal of firm has been actively engaged in the field for over two decade and have successful in installation and functioning of plant with a huge list of satisfied clients. From the initial R&D through production to final installation, Guru Kirpa engineering works focus is on the customer. The only true measure of our own Success is the degree to which we are able to contribute to the excellence of our customers needs through manufacturing easy to operate superior technological product through economical and cost effective practices.

Company has engaged large team of well experienced engineers and supervisors to keep constant watch on each and every stage of production.

Company has installed its own 2 plants to carry out research and development for continuous upgraded on and improve to the product. By running companys own Briquetting Plant we get more and more experience that.. implement all the necessary actions to remove each and every bottle neck in the machine. As a responsible manufacturer all our supplied plant are running very successfully in several organized sectors located all over India.

cradle to grave life cycle assessment of lebanese biomass briquettes - sciencedirect

The bioenergy sector is showing a recent development in Lebanon, a Mediterranean country, where the valorization of forestry and agricultural waste through briquetting consists one of the mostly applied and targeted applications. This study aims at analyzing the life cycle environmental impacts of biomass briquettes produced from olive pruning residues and used for heating purposes in traditional Lebanese stoves. The biomass briquettes are mainly introduced as a replacement for the light fossil fuels widespread used in similar stoves for the same purpose. Consequently, this paper also extends the literature-found comparison of the consumption phases between biomass briquettes and light fossil fuels to a comparative gate-to-gate LCA of these products. For the briquette itself, the results indicate that the consumption life cycle stage is the one that contributes to the most to all damage categories. Its contribution is 61%, 94%, 80% and 79% of the total contribution to Human Health, Ecosystem quality, Climate change, and Resources damage categories respectively. When compared to light fossil fuels, biomass briquettes present overall better environmental results with exceptions for Non-carcinogens (6.28E-04kg C2H3Cleq), Aquatic ecotoxicity (1.01E-02kg TEG water), Terrestrial ecotoxicity (5.04E-02kg TEG soil), and Land occupation (9.37E-03 impact categories. This overall outcome is mainly linked to the fact that biomass briquettes are used as a replacement to traditionally adopted energy sources while reducing burning activities in the field. Moreover, sensitivity and uncertainty analyses are also conducted to verify the robustness of the results.

a life cycle assessment of energy recovery using briquette from wastewater grown microalgae biomass - sciencedirect

Environmental impacts of microalgae biomass briquette were obtained.The environment was stressed on terrestrial ecotoxicity, by CO2 supplementation.The net energy of the process was negative due to drying.Optimizing biomass drying improved energy and environmental performance.Microalgae biomass briquettes to replace coal benefit the environment.

Microalgae biomass (MB) is a promising source of renewable energy, especially when the cultivation is associated with wastewater treatment. However, microalgae wastewater technologies still have much to improve. Additionally, microalgae biomass valorization routes need to be optimized to be a sustainable and feasible source of green bioenergy. Thus, this paper aimed to evaluate the environmental impacts of the production of briquettes from MB, cultivated during domestic wastewater treatment. Also, it was evaluated how much the drying of the MB affected the life cycle and the environment. Improvements in the life cycle to mitigate the environmental impacts of this energy route were proposed. Cradle-to-gate modeling was applied to obtain a life cycle assessment (LCA) from cultivation to the valorization of MB, through its transformation into a solid biofuel. With LCA, it was possible to identify which technical aspect of the process needs to be optimized so that environmental sustainability can be achieved. Two scenarios were compared, one with the microalgae growth in a high-rate algal pond (HRAP) (scenario 1) and the other in a hybrid reactor, formed by a HRAP and a biofilm reactor (BR) (scenario 2). LCA highlighted the electric power mix, representing, on average, 60% of the total environmental impacts in both scenarios. The valorization of MB in briquettes needs to consume less energy to offset its yield. The environment suffered pressure in freshwater eutrophication, due to the release of 3.1E-05 and 3.9E-05kg of phosphorus equivalent; in fossil resources scarcity, with the extraction of 1.4E-02 and 4.5E-02kg of oil equivalent; and in climate change, by the emission of 1.0E-01 and 1.9E-01kg of carbon dioxide (CO2) equivalent, in scenarios 1 and 2, respectively. Scenario 1 was highly damaging to terrestrial ecotoxicity, with the release of 3.5E-01kg of 1,4 Dichlorobenzene, coming from the CO2 used in MB growth. This category was the one that most negatively pressured the environment, differing from scenario 2, in which this input was not required. This was the only impact category in which scenario 2 had a better environmental performance when compared to scenario 1. Cotton, required in scenario 2, represented up to 87% of emissions in some of the evaluated categories. Despite the impacts that occurred in the two modeled scenarios, the environmental gains due to the use of wastewater for microalgae growth, replacing the synthetic cultivation medium, stood out. In the sensitivity analysis, two alternative scenarios were proposed: (i) electricity consumption for drying has been reduced, due to the natural decrease of MB humidity, and (ii) MB briquettes were considered a substitute for coal briquettes. Results indicated that pressures on climate change and fossil resource scarcity were eliminated in both scenarios and this also occurred for freshwater eutrophication in scenario 2. This paper contributes to the improvement and development of converting MB routes into more sustainable products, causing less pressure on the environment. Also, the study contributes to filling a gap in the literature, discussing methods and technologies to be improved, and consequently making microalgae biotechnology environmentally feasible and a potential renewable energy alternative.

briquetting plant, buy, plant rate, rate, briquetting machine, biomass briquetting plant

We are leading manufacturer and exporters of Biomass Briquetting Plant at Sriganganagar in Rajasthan, India. Our Briquetting Machines are exceptionally strong and low maintenance. Our plant rates are very reasonable compare to others.

This plant is simple and compact and can be setup almost anywhere. The machines are designed to run 24 hours a day and, if the material to be briquette is fed automatically into the hopper, then no operating personnel are required.

Our Briquetting Machine is strong and robust. We delivered fully assembled and ready for immediate connection. It has reliability and longevity associated with hydraulic machines. Our machine produce high quality evenly shaped briquettes in a unique closed end die system. The hydraulic system is controlled by a P.I.C. (programmable logic controller) which keeps all the rams in the correct sequence and optimizes the motor power by operating a sequence of valves to reduce the oil flow as the pressure increases on each cycle.

Our qualified and experienced engineers test every part before assembled in the machine and quality control department take final test before deliver it to party.

aluminium cycle: machining, briquetting, melting - ruf briquetting case study

Aluminium chips are produced throughout the entire product creation process; during the surface treatment of cast bolts and rolling ingots, during profile, plate and sheet production as well as the machining of components. Depending on whether they are produced by milling, turning, grinding or sawing, the chips, which are often wet, vary in form and properties; wool-like, spiral, rough, fine etc. What they all have in common is: they will be re-melted, whether in a Remelter or a Refiner. This phase describes both: The end and the new beginning of the eternal Aluminium-Recycling-Cycle.

But what are the key considerations in detail? Loose chips have a large volume at low weight; so they display low bulk weight, typically lying between 140 to 250 kg/m3. This effects significant costs for storage as well as transport, both internally and externally.

In order to react against this, the chips must be pressed. This is where the applied technology is of high importance. RUFs machines can compress to a level of 2,200 to 2,400 kg/m3 (and in individual cases these figures may be exceeded) when required. As a comparison: the density of solid aluminium lies, on average, at 2,700 kg/m3.

Chips are created in Rolling mills through the milling off of the casting surface. So-called edge trimming shavings are also created during the machining of sheets, coils or foils. Briquetting applies for either form. When the company has an affiliated melting works, the pressed aluminium will be conveyed directly there (highest added value). Otherwise they will be stored and sold on the scrap market.

On account of the high density when compared to loose chips, storage and transport costs are reduced by the use of briquettes. Furthermore, briquettes achieve higher sales revenue because they are better suited to the melting process.

Pressing plants produce chips primarily through reprofiling and sawing of casted round bolts as well as finished extruded sections. As very few of these types of companies are affiliated with a melting works, storage and transport costs are extra significant.

Another factor above all in achieving higher sales revenues is that Stamping/pressing plants dispose of single origin chips with a clearly defined composition. This means they can be used as alloying additions during the melting process, which is very much in-demand in the melting plants as it means they have to purchase less, very expensive, alloying elements and aggregates.

Machining companies are to be found in many branches like e.g. in the Automobile industry, Aerospace and Mechanical engineering. Handling chips is daily business for these companies, and it has the association of a waste product of machining. The advantages of briquetting regarding storage and transport costs also exist here, just like the optimisation of sales revenues, because of the volume reduction of the chips after

RUFs systems are equipped with an integrated catchment device for fluids. This ensures that your storage area remains clean, which is very much in alignment with orderly production processes and environmental protection in practice. Personnel costs are reduced and work safety levels are increased when the machine works automatically and only the conveyance of chips or briquettes requires service personnel.

Remelters and Refiners are smelters, which are differentiated by e.g. the products they manufacture. Remelters mostly produce wrought alloys as wire, bolts and rolling ingots. Refiners produce casting alloys in the form of ingots. Both utilise chips, amongst others. The difference between using loose chips or briquetted aluminium for remelting is, in both cases, significant.

Because under the effect of flames, the light material burns-off very quickly instead of melting. And as the relation between surface area and density is particularly big with chips, a lot of material is lost through this burn-off. Moreover, the large exposed aluminium surface area of the chips mean a high tendency to oxide formation. This leads to further losses in the melting furnace in the form of dross.

A further problem factor in the melting of aluminium: when the liquid metal comes into direct contact with other liquids such as cooling lubricants, an almost explosive reaction takes place. Therefore, the factor of residual moisture is important.

Loose chips often have a moisture content of 20 per cent and more. If they are not briquetted, the chips must go through a centrifuge and further drying systems in order to remove the residual moisture. In contrast briquetting is significantly more economically effective, especially when high quality systems are used. An appropriately high pressing power reduces the moisture content down to between three and five per cent. If the briquettes are subsequently stored in a dry place, this reduces to values fewer than two per cent. And the briquettes can be safely and efficiently melted.

Because of burn-off and oxidation, loose chips cannot be used in some melting furnaces or only after very cost intensive treatment. The melting process of loose chips in a rotary drum furnace requires the addition of salt. The inherent problem here is: the left over salt slag has to be disposed of or undergo re-treatment, which is very expensive.

Hearth type melting furnaces can also be equipped with so-called Vortex-installations, which can be operated with electromagnetic or mechanical pumps. This leads to the chips being stirred into the molten mass. This functions pretty well, but it requires a lot of effort. And apart from the purchase costs, the installation needs space, regular maintenance and there are also extra personnel and operating costs involved, particularly due to the high wear factor.

Independent of which furnace technology is implemented, the melting process functions at its best with highly compressed briquettes. What is decisive is the density of the briquettes, which lies between 2,200 and 2,400 kg/m3.

The density of liquid aluminium is, on average, around 2.350 kg/m3, depending on the alloy. Therefore the briquettes hardly float at all, which means burn-off and oxide formation are reduced to the minimum. This is the reason why Refiners generally report a yield at least two per cent higher. Some have confirmed five to seven per cent more metal yield.

Whether Rolling mill, pressing plant, Machining company or smelters; what is decisive is always using a needs based, high quality briquetting system. RUF has an appropriately large range of systems with customised automation and further accessories. Moreover, the numerous users of RUF systems confirm the high level of robustness, reduced maintenance costs as well as reliable service. This means ROI is achieved often within one or two years.

As a leading innovator, the Bavarian company invests regularly in the optimisation of its systems and cooperates with research institutions and universities. Furthermore, RUF works intensively together with their customers. RUF offers the companies the opportunity to test the briquetting of their own chips in in-house test systems and/or they rent them briquetting machines. This is a basis for RUF engineers to optimise system solutions for individual cases and it is a way of introducing new areas of application.

RUF briquetting systems: innovative, individual, international. Being a machine builder and the market leader in the field of briquetting, the Ruf GmbH & Co. KG has successfully been specialising in the development and production ofbriquetting ...