charcoal briquetting machine price

charcoal briquette machine with low price and high performance | fote machinery

Almost all kinds of biomass material such as coconut shell, tree bars, sawdust, corn cob, rice husk, etc., are the basis to make charcoal briquette but they cannot be pressed directly by charcoal briquette machine.

Then a charcoal briquette machine can press the powder into high quality briquettes that can burn for at least 3 hours long and actually this is 6 times more efficient compared to conventional firewood.

As the rollers continue rotating, powder materials are separated under the effect of elastic force and gravity; as the motor turns constantly, the compression rollers do the periodic rotating and ball forming movement, thus completing the volume production.

Advantege of briquette is that because it's all uniform you get a much more controlled burn out of these charcoal briquettes. For example, it is consistent with how long it's gonna burn and what tempertature it's ganna burn at.

Lump charcoal has different thickness, and it cannot burn evenly, which leads to pop, crackle and a lot of smoke. And the other reason why people like charcoal briquettes is that it provides only heat without other odor taste. Besides, charcoal briquette is the best choice to barbecue.

The mould whose material is 65Mn determines the shapes of the ball. As the main wearing part, the mould is assembled in combination and can be replaced after being worn.Besides, its hardness can reach more than 58 degrees after special heat treatment.

Common ball shapes are round, oval. It can also be customized according to the special needs of customers, such as square, goose-shaped, round, cylindrical, strip, pincushion, rectangle, heart shape and so on.

The applications of the machine includes coal powder, iron powder, coking coal, aluminum powder, iron filings, iron oxide scale, carbon powder, carbon powder, slag, gypsum, tailings, sludge, kaolin, activated carbon, coke and so on.

The materials after being molded by the ball press machine are energy saving, environmentally-friendly and easy to transport, greatly improving the utilization of waste with good economic and social benefits.

The company has been committed to the development of a new series of pressure ball molding products, the main products are dry powder pressure briquette machine, strong pressure briquette machine, low pressure briquette machine, mine powder briquette machine, hydraulic briquette machine, etc.

The charcoal briquette machine adopts the mature and advanced forming mold combined vibration, which can fully exhaust the material within 3-5 seconds to ensure the high density and high strength of the product.

The charcoal briquette machinery can take various materials such as sand, stone, coal, fly ash, coal slag, coal gangue, tailings slag, ceramsite, slag and industrial wastes and construction slag as raw materials to produce new-type materials and briquette products.

As a leading mining machinery manufacturer and exporter in China, we are always here to provide you with high quality products and better services. Welcome to contact us through one of the following ways or visit our company and factories.

Based on the high quality and complete after-sales service, our products have been exported to more than 120 countries and regions. Fote Machinery has been the choice of more than 200,000 customers.

biomass charcoal briquette machine for sale at factory price

The final briquettes produced by this screw press have a carbonized layer on the surface, but they are not completely carbonized. If you are planning to make charcoal briquettes, Carbonization equipment is needed. We have carbonization furnace and kiln for your choice. Feel free to get in touch with us for detailed information.

The main use of this automated and powerful machine is to produce charcoal briquettes from any biomass and wood waste, briquettes that have a wide range of fuel use. The product is completely safe and efficient, which means that the application can even be on the stoves used to cook.

One of the most popular machine in recent years is our GCBC biomass charcoal briquette machine. The machine has a wide range of functions allowing you to control the process of making fuel briquettes. The machine, with an automated temperature regulator, is capable of moisture adjustment. With a wide range of materials that the GCBC briquette machine process, the briquettes' shapes can either turn out to be square, circular, or even hexagonal depending on your preferences, with a hole drilled through the briquettes, about 17mm.

Biomass briquettes made from this biomass briquette machine are a perfection of the coal alternative. They can be further processed into bio-coal or biomass charcoal which is ideal products for BBQ. As research shows, the briquettes have many vital advantages over coal, especially the reduced level of pollution. The briquettes also outmatch the coal alternative in other areas such as the prices and reusability. The production of coal means chopping down of trees and other plants, which is a very poor and improper way of finding energy sources. The briquette alternative, however, is from waste. This comparison should be enough to get everyone on the biomass alternative.

how to make charcoal briquettescomponents and process | fote machinery

Charcoal briquette is a kind of fuel made by charcoal powder. Compared with traditional fuels, charcoal briquettes can not only generate heat continuously but also produce no smoke and odor during combustion.

Therefore, it has been widely used in domestic and industrial applications in recent years and has become the most popular fuel in many countries such as Kenya, the Middle East, Uganda, India, etc.

With the increase of its economic benefits, the charcoal briquettes process has become one of the hottest processing industries. So, what are the ingredients of charcoal briquettes and how to make charcoal briquettes?

The charcoal briquette is mainly composed of two parts, the charcoal which is used to provide heat and the minor ingredients. Charcoal is the product of incomplete combustion of wood or wood raw materials or pyrolysis under the condition of air isolation.

Charcoal accounts for more than 70% of the entire charcoal briquettes. As the combustion material providing heat, the raw materials for charcoal can be various woods, such as beech, birch, hard maple, pecan and oak.

The charcoal is mainly processed by the kiln. In general, the charcoal produced and extinguished in the kiln is called black wood charcoal. It has the advantage of being easy to ignite, but it is easy to explode during burning with a short burning time and much smoke.

While the white wood charcoal can be oxidized and generate white ash after being carbonized, removed from the kiln and quenched with wet sand. Compared with black wood charcoal, it has a harder texture.

The charcoal briquette cannot fully contact with oxygen during the combustion process, so the accelerator is needed to accelerate the combustion. The most suitable accelerator is the nitrate, which can not only provide oxygen to accelerate combustion but also heat during combustion.

By observing the degree of turning white, we can judge the burning degree of the charcoal briquette. In addition, because the white ash is not combustible, it can effectively extend the burning time.

Numerous facts show that starch has the best performance as a binding material. After it's gelatinized, a thick paste can be formed so that the charcoal powder is stuck together to facilitate the later briquette.

After the end of combustion, close the air inlet, and after one to two hours of exhaust, close the exhaust hole. After a two-week cooling period, empty the kiln and crush the carbonized wood (charcoal).

Use a hammer crusher or roller crusher to crush the carbonized wood. Although different types of wood such as bark, dry wood chips, wet wood and so on should be crushed to different sizes, generally they can be crushed into pieces of charcoal to 5mm below to make high-quality charcoal briquettes.

Then a drying process is needed. If the water content exceeds the empirical upper limit, the temperature will rise and the volume will expand suddenly, which is easy to cause an explosion. If the moisture content is too low, it will be difficult to mold. Use a dryer to reduce its moisture content to the level required for briquettes formation by about half (to about 15%).

Briquetting is a key step in charcoal molding. After the raw materials enter the ball press, they will be subjected to three kinds of forces, namely the main driving force of the briquette machine, the friction force and the centripetal force of the wall.

Due to moisture, adhesives, temperature (about 105 F or 40 C) and pressure of the rollers of the briquetting machine, the charcoal briquettes can maintain their shape when they fall from the bottom of the machine.

After production, bag the charcoal briquettes immediately or stored them in silos. Following the above steps, charcoal briquettes will be produced at a production rate of 2200-20,000 pounds (1-9 metric tons) per hour.

According to the content above, it is not so difficult to process charcoal briquettes. But we need to pay attention to many details, such as component ratio, moisture, all of which will directly affect the final quality.

Therefore, the author recommends that the users need to understand and confirm every step and its details of the charcoal briquettes processing ahead. And then choose the reliable supplier for the purchase of the equipment needed in the processing, such as crusher, dryer, briquette machine, etc.

As a leading mining machinery manufacturer and exporter in China, we are always here to provide you with high quality products and better services. Welcome to contact us through one of the following ways or visit our company and factories.

Based on the high quality and complete after-sales service, our products have been exported to more than 120 countries and regions. Fote Machinery has been the choice of more than 200,000 customers.

briquetting machine - biomass briquette machine latest price, manufacturers & suppliers

Taluka Lodhika, Rajkot Plot No. G-1350, Opposite Meera Dairy Products, Near Accurate Industries Behind Signor Polymers Pvt. Ltd., Kishan Gate, Taluka Lodhika, Rajkot - 360021, Dist. Rajkot, Gujarat

bamboo charcoal briquette machine,bamboo charcoal briquette making machine,bamboo charcoal briquette machine price_henan lantian machinery manufacturing co., ltd

Lantian technical team has produced bamboo charcoal briquette machine, and the bamboo charcoal briquette making machine have stable performance and high quality, and the bamboo charcoal briquette mach...

Bamboo is a valuable biomass raw material containing lignin, it has a wide range of uses. It can also be carbonized in our carbonization furnace and pressed into shape with our bamboo charcoal briquette machine. The pressing effect is good and the biomass can be effectively utilized to make full use of it.

Bamboo charcoal briquette making machine consist of 6 parts: main engine, hydraulic pump, hydraulic cylinder, sensor, PLC intelligent control system and mould. When pressing, working principle adopts Pascal principle, pressure and speed can be controlled by plc intelligent control system during pressing, after switched sensor and materials starts to briquetting, mould can be changed according to customers needs. Our bamboo charcoal briquette machine price is just and popular, if you need, we are a good choice for you.

Bamboos are containing lignin, before briquette, they need carbonized by hoisting type carbonization furnace, after carbonized, they need crush by bamboo charcoal crusher machine into charcoal powder, and next, they will add adhesive in binder mixer, and after transfer to bamboo charcoal briquette machine for briquetting, we can changed shape of mould according customers needs, and then, our bamboo charcoal dryer machine can drying them with high quality, after drying, they can pack by bamboo charcoal packing machine for sell and storage.

cereal crop - an overview | sciencedirect topics

Cereal crops will continue to be affected by diseases as no breeding program can develop cultivars with acceptable levels of resistance to all diseases under all conditions. Emphasis on resistance is expected to increase as fungicide use and residues become less acceptable. Molecular biology is providing tools for more accurate diagnostics of pathogens at both species and subspecies levels, some pathogenicity factors have been cloned and their gene products identified. In the host species, resistance genes have been mapped and cloned. Mapping information is being used for marker-assisted selection, aimed at developing resistance gene combinations to provide more durable and effective resistances. Genetic transformation will provide opportunities for transferring resistance genes from species that cannot be hybridized with individual cereal species as well as possibilities for synthesizing new genes in the laboratory. Genetic engineering seems likely to provide resistance to diseases for which adequate and effective resistance is currently not available.

Cereals crops such as rice, wheat, and maize accumulate toxic levels of cadmium (Cd). But Cd accumulation retards plant growth and crop productivity. Therefore, the mitigation of Cd stress and prevention of Cd accumulation in cereals is important. Plant cells sense Cd with the help of transition metal transporters and plasma membrane reductases. Reactive oxygen species (ROS) is the key signaling molecule that responds to Cd. The presence of ROS activates signaling pathways such as MAPK and CDPK kinases, resulting in the phosphorylation of transcription factors such as WRKY. Redox regulators also play an important role in the regulation of Cd stress. Therefore, decreasing the cell ROS level is a key factor in the mitigation of Cd stress. Apart from these, the manipulation of metal chelators, secondary metabolites, and hormones assures Cd tolerance. Agronomic practices also help decrease the accumulation of Cd in crop plants. The agronomic practices that help to control Cd accumulation in cereals are irrigation, soil amendments, fertilizer management, and crop rotation.

Cereal crops provide essential nutrients and energy in the everyday human diet through direct human consumption and also via meat production since they comprise a major livestock feed. According to the Food and Agriculture Organization, total crop production during 2016 reached 2577.85million tons, whereas the production of coarse grains (cereal grains other than wheat and rice used primarily for animal feed or brewing) reached 1330.02million tons (FAO-AMIS, 2017). The term cereals refers to members of the Gramineae family and determines nine species: wheat (Triticum), rye (Secale), barley (Hordeum), oat (Avena), rice (Oryza), millet (Pennisetum), corn (Zea), sorghum (Sorghum), and triticale, which is a hybrid of wheat and rye. The top cereals produced in the world in 2014, ranked on the basis of tonnage (in million tons), are corn (1253.6), rice (paddy, 949.7), wheat (854.9), barley (146.3), oat (23.2), and rye (15.8) (FAOSTAT, 2017).

Cereal processing represents an important part of the food production chain, but the contribution of cereals to the nonfood sector should not be overlooked. Milling represents the principal procedure in the cereal industry and is classified in two categories: dry and wet, while each has its own characteristics. Dry milling separates the outer fibrous materials and germ, which are considered by-products of the grain endosperm. Dry milling can also refer to pearling, which is an abrasive technique that gradually removes the seed coat (testa and pericarp), aleurone and subaleurone layers, and the germ to obtain polished grain (rice, oat, and barley) and by-products with high concentration of bioactive compounds. On the other hand, wet milling is mainly used for the production of starch and gluten, having as coproducts steep solids (rich in nutrients valuable for the pharmaceutical industry), germ (intended for the oil-crushing industry), and bran. Malting is a process intended for the production of beer and other alcoholic beverages when fermentable sugars and starch of the grain (most usually barley) are consumed by enzymes, leaving behind spent grain.

Cereal crops are mostly grasses cultivated for their edible seeds (actually a fruit called a caryopsis). Cereal grains are grown in greater quantities worldwide than any other type of crop and provide more food energy to the human race than any other crop (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Grains). Wheat and rice are the most important crops worldwide as they account for over 50% of the world's cereal production. In the UK, wheat is the cereal most commonly used for the manufacture of food products, although many other types of cereals (e.g. maize and barley) are used. The starchy carbohydrates which are provided by cereals are essential in human nutrition. Rice is a staple diet for half the world's population, the remaining half cultivating the other cereals pending on climate and soil (http://www.geocities.com/napavalley/6454/cereals.html). Nowadays, cereals provide a very significant proportion of both human and animal diets despite the fact that most grains are, to a greater or lesser extent, deficient in a number of essential nutrients. A primary problem is the low level of essential amino acids such as lysine, methionine and threonine in the major cereal storage proteins (http://www.agrsci.dk/afdelinger/forskningsafdelinger/gbi/grupper/molekylaer_genetik_og_bioteknologi/cereals).

The seven principal cereals grown in the world are wheat, maize, rice, barley, oats, rye and sorghum. Wheat became very popular because of the bread produced. In Europe, rye was very popular for bread-making. Barley was also introduced from Europe and was commonly grown for its high food value for both animals and humans. Oats had a lower food value than barley but they grow well in the damper climate (http://www.face-online.org.uk/resources/factsheets/discovering/cereals.doc).

Wheat (Triticum spp.) is a grass cultivated worldwide. Wheat is usually ground to flour which is used to produce a wide range of products. The type of flour produced differs according to the rate of extraction. Wheat grain is a staple food used to make flour, livestock feed and for fermentation to make alcohol. Wheat can be fermented to make beer (http://www.nutrition.org.uk/upload/Cereals%20pdf.pdf). The husk can be separated and ground into bran. Wheat is also planted as a forage crop for livestock and the straw can be used as a ruminant feed component or construction material (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Wheat).

Maize (or corn, Zea mays) is a cereal grain that was domesticated in Mesoamerica. It is called corn in the USA, Canada and Australia, but in other countries that term may refer to other cereal grains (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Maize). Hybrid maize is favored by farmers over conventional varieties for its high grain yield. It may be processed to make many different ingredients (e.g. high fructose corn syrup which can be used as an alternative to sucrose derived from sugar cane and sugar beet) and food products. Its germ is rich in oil and can be refined to produce corn oil (http://www.nutrition.org.uk/upload/Cereals%20pdf.pdf). Finally, maize is one of the first crops for which genetically modified varieties make up a significant proportion of the total harvest.

Rice is a dietary staple of more than half of the world's human population (most of Asia and Latin America), making it the most consumed cereal grain. Rice cultivation is well suited to countries and regions with low labor costs and high rainfall, as it is very labor-intensive to cultivate and requires plenty of water for irrigation. However, it can be grown practically anywhere, even on steep hillsides. Rice is the world's third largest crop, behind maize (corn) and wheat (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Rice). Brown rice has its outer husk removed and white rice is milled and polished further to remove the bran and germ.

Barley (Hordeum vulgare) is a major food and animal feed crop, a member of the grass family Poaceae (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Barley). Barley is mainly sold as pearl barley, which is the whole grain with its husk removed. It is also used in bread (as flour) and ground as porridge in some countries (http://www.nutrition.org.uk/upload/Cereals%20pdf.pdf). Barley is used mainly for malting. Malting is the process where the barley grain is germinated thus producing enzymes which convert its starch reserves to sugars, mainly maltose. In animal feed compositions based on barley grain, industrially derived lysine and threonine are added to obtain a balanced nutritional diet. However, the essential amino acids must be added at additional cost. Other non-essential amino acids, such as glutamine and proline, are present in excess in the major storage proteins and create a different problem. These amino acids, when digested by the animal, release non-utilizable nitrogen. This nitrogen is excreted in the urine, creating a significant environmental load, especially on and around pig farms (http://www.agrsci.dk/afdelinger/ forskningsafdelinger/gbi/grupper/molekylaer_genetik_og_bioteknologi/cereals). In 2004, barley ranked fourth in area of cultivation of cereal crops in the world (570 000 km2) FAOSTAT (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Barley).

Oat (Avena sativa) is a species of cereal grain and the seeds of this plant. It is used for food for people and as fodder for animals, especially poultry and horses. Oat straw is used as animal bedding and sometimes as animal feed. Oat straw is also used in corn dolly making and it is the favorite filling for home-made lace pillows (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Oat).

Rye is also a crop that has declined in popularity and today is no longer grown on a substantial level. Previously grown as a poor alternative to wheat, its main function was as a fodder crop. The increased production of barley has reduced its importance (http://www.face-online.org.uk/resources/factsheets/discovering/cereals.doc). Rye contains a low amount of gluten, thus producing breads with low volume and a dense texture.

The aim of this chapter is to make a comparative and critical presentation of all cereals waste treatment methods in an attempt to disclose the most effective and low cost methods. The treatment methodologies of wheat, corn, rice, barley and oat wastes are summarized in Tables 10.110.5.

10 U of peroxidase per mg of straw decreased the amount of phenolic H units from 31% in control to 3% in treated straw, that of G units from 40 to 4% and completely removed the small amount of phenolic S units present in wheat straw 2 The same tendency to decrease lignin phenolic content was observed when lower enzyme doses were used

The ratio between the conversion and the heating time varies from a maximum of 1050 (low temperatures) to a minimum of 65 (high temperatures) with the corresponding solid mass fraction at the beginning of the true isothermal stage equal to 0.99 and 0.75

The effect of moisture content of the briquettes was managed through control over machine and mixture factor. The expression of water during briquette formation and compaction depends upon the draining quality of the feed mixture

Though the milled, steam and the NaOH treated straw had different Ce values, they had similar dye removal (54%, 56% and 53%, respectively) after 102 h of contact time while the control-substrate removed only 26% of the dyes

The sensitivity of the natural abundance tracer technique to characterize their fate in soil improves during composting, as a more homogeneous C isotope signature develops, in addition to the relatively large amounts of stable C applied in composts

The ratio between the conversion and heating time varied from a maximum of about 1050 (low temperatures) to a minimum of about 65 (high temperatures) with the corresponding solid mass fraction at the beginning of the true isothermal stage equal to 0.99 and 0.75

Comparison of physical characterizations of the carbon products with those of commercial activated carbons indicated that the activated carbons prepared from agricultural waste corn cob by using a cleaner process is an available route for the biomass utilization and bioresource recycling

Since product yield in fermentation-based biomass conversion processes is proportional to the structural carbohydrate content of the feedstock, timing of stover collection and the proportion of anatomical fractions collected affect the quality of corn stover as fermentation feedstock

The two types of biodiesel appeared to have equal performance and irrespective of the raw material used for their production, their addition to the marine diesel fuel improved the particulate matter, unburnt hydrocarbons, nitrogen oxide and carbon monoxide emissions

Corn stover removal would reduce soil organic carbon accumulation rates, but cultivation of winter cover crops, even with corn stover removal, could increase organic carbon accumulation rates because of increased carbon inputs from winter cover crops

Bioremediation that includes anaerobic fermentations of wastes to produce methane and hydrogen, the genetics of methanogenesis and in situ remediation of contaminated aquifer systems, landfill leachates and industrial effluents

Transport of corn stover in multiple pipelines offers the opportunity to develop a large ethanol fermentation plant, avoiding some of the diseconomies of scale that arise from smaller plants whose capacities are limited by issues of truck congestion

The high water content in the pyrolysis liquid product may be due to the high moisture content in the feeding biomasses and the release of volatile organic products during the preparation of condensed liquid sample

Results for the subtreatments showed that shielded stubble had significantly higher concentrations of K and Cl than exposed stubble and loose straw, suggesting that the thatching effect of straw did reduce leaching rate

After heating the rice husk in N2 or air, the impurity content was lower than that in acid-leached sample, indicating that the metals were also probably carried out from the volatiles during thermal decomposition

The data showed that: i) the energy cascade is about 49% for liquid fuel and about 86% for all products, ii) the thermal energy contained in the charcoal is more than the energy consumed by electric heating

A combination of grinding (10 mm length), heating (110C) and ammonia treatment (2%) resulted in the highest biogas yield, 0.47 lggl VS-fed, which is 17.5% higher than the biogas yield of untreated whole straw

The higher heating value of the gas obtained at this fluidization velocity and equivalence ratio (3.095.03MJ/Nm3) compared very well with published data from air-blown biomass gasifiers of similar scale of operation

Though the milled, steam and the NaOH treated straw had different Ce values they had similar dye removal (54%, 56% and 53%, respectively) after 102 h of contact time while the control-substrate removed only 26% of the dyes

Cereal crops, including wheat, maize, rice, barley and sorghum, have a global cropping area of almost 700 million hectares and together supply approximately 50% of the world's caloric intake (Dunwell, 2014). However, by the year 2050, the world population is expected to grow to almost 10 billion (FAO, 2017), and although it has been suggested that there could theoretically be enough food for everyone if agricultural production remains stable, it is increasingly apparent that this will not be the case. In fact, over 800 million people are already chronically hungry and 2 billion are afflicted with micronutrient deficiencies (FAO, 2017; FAO etal., 2017). One must also take into consideration water scarcity and climate change, as well as a reduction in inputs due to increasing costs of fertilizers and/or new regulatory restrictions on their use. Each of these factors alone will reduce cereal yield output. Furthermore, urbanization and degradation of arable land are also on the rise, which means increasing agricultural production through significant expansion of growing areas will not be feasible (Bruinsma, 2009). Thus, without substantial increases in food production, the gap between production and demand will continue to escalate. It has been projected that in a scenario of modest economic growth, it will be necessary to double food production by 2050 in order to address food insecurity and meet increased demand (Fraser etal., 2016). As such, there is a push towards increasing grain yield per unit area of land within the context of climate change.

While there is a general consensus that developing food systems with the capacity to sustainably feed almost 10 billion people will prove immensely challenging, as of yet, polarized debates continue regarding what might be the best strategy to address this predicament. Although demands for food are growing, an increasing proportion of grain is being diverted to fuel production. Corn is the main crop used for biofuel production despite the fact that it is exceedingly difficult to bring the net energy required to generate fuel from corn below that of the fuel produced ( Gallagher et al. 2016). Up until 2002, less than 10% of corn harvested in the United States, the world's largest corn producer, was used for biofuels. From 2007 to 2009 the amount of corn used per annum for biofuels doubled, and since then the amount of corn diverted to ethanol production for biofuels exceeds 100 million metric tons annually, representing 35%43% of the total US corn production (Fig.1). Meanwhile, the amount of grain needed to fill a single tank (25-gallon) of a sport utility vehicle could feed one person over an entire year (Earth Policy Institute). It should also be considered that while global grain production has increased during this period, so has the world population. In addition to food diverted into fuel, approximately one-third of food produced globally goes to waste prior to consumption (FAO, 2011). Therefore, there are numerous avenues for meeting future food demand, including reducing excessive food waste and tackling the food vs. fuel debate, as well as enhancing equity and distribution. Success will likely require an integrated approach (Fraser etal., 2016), but one essential component of an integrated strategy will undoubtedly necessitate the generation of new cereal cultivars with improved yields across environments, as well as enhanced quality.

A steady increase in cereal yields has been achieved over the last 50 years, due to a variety of factors, including expansion of unexploited agriculturally suitable soils, irrigation, and increased application of chemical fertilizers, as well as the development of higher yielding cultivars through conventional breeding approaches. However, there is evidence that yields of wheat, rice and irrigated maize have been plateauing in recent years, with global annual increases at approximately 1% since the 1990s, which is a substantial reduction from the 1960s and a worrying trend in the present climate (FAO, 2017). Therefore, technological innovations in molecular breeding techniques, which have the potential to increase the pace and precision of cereal improvement, and can also provide avenues to expand the gene pool, offer promise in terms of further boosting crop productivity over the coming decades. In this chapter, we will describe innovations to breeding technologies that can be exploited to target yield increases and grain quality improvements of cereals under evolving environmental conditions.

Cereal crops generate by-products of processing during food and fuel productions, which in general are abundant and inexpensive. However, there is a need to design new applications to these materials to produce high added-value goods (Chen etal.,2012). Generally, proteins and polysaccharides based films show excellent oxygen barrier properties at low to intermediate RH, as well as fairly good mechanical properties. However, their barrier against water vapor is poor due to their hydrophilic nature (Lee etal.,2008).

Wheat proteins are most commonly divided into gluten proteins (generally about 80% to 85% of total wheat protein) and a heterogeneous group of nongluten proteins (generally about 15% to 20% of total wheat protein) (Veraverbeke and Delcour,2002). Mascheroni etal. (2010a) investigated a delivery system based on a wheat gluten film matrix reinforced by montmorillonite fillers (5%) and carvacrol as antimicrobial agent. Montmorillonite fillers were clearly efficient to retain and protected the antimicrobial active agent during the processing stage. Authors attributed this effect to the intercalation of active compound between the clay layers. In another study, Mascheroni etal. (2011) applied the same films to coat paper packages and evaluated their antimicrobial activity against Escherichia coli. A reduction of 5.1 log(N/N0) on E. coli growth and that the minimum inhibitory concentration of carvacrol released from the packages was reached after 8h at 20C and 100% of RH were observed.

Zein is a prolamine type protein present in corn, insoluble in water and a major by-product of cornstarch production and of bioethanol industry. Zein films can be used as carriers of compounds with antioxidant activity for a controlled release of active packaging applications for foodstuff (Arcan and Yemeniciolu,2011; Forato etal.,2013; Park etal.,2012). Arcan and Yemeniciolu (2011) proposed the use of different phenolic acids [gallic acid (GAc), p-hydroxy benzoic acid (HBA), or ferulic acids (FA)] or flavonoids [catechin (CAT), flavone (FLA), or quercetin (QU)] to eliminate zeins classical brittleness and flexibility problems zein. Films were plasticized by incorporation of GA, CAT, FA, and HBA at 3mg/cm2 showing elongations between 135% and 189%, while FLA and QU caused no considerable effect on film elongation.

Another source of protein to form edible and/or biodegradable films is sunflowers seeds. These proteins can be extracted not only from seeds, as they are also present in the residual cake produced in the oil extraction. Salgado etal. (2010) produced films of sunflower protein and observed that films were mainly stabilized by hydrogen and disulfide bonds, and to a lesser extent by hydrophobic and ionic interactions. The content of residual phenolic compounds in the isolates modified the color and opacity of the films and conferred them antioxidant properties of potential usefulness for preserving oxidation-sensitive products. It has been reported that phenolic compounds, such as chlorogenic acid, are present in sunflower isolates, thus this is an interesting characteristic of sunflower films, since they would be naturally acting as carriers of antioxidant compounds.

A strategy to produce protein films with higher practical applicability is to develop bilayer films with a common commercial polymer. Gonzlez and Igarzabal (2013) developed a bilayer film of soy protein isolate (SPI) and poly(lactic acid) (PLA) by casting method. Natamycin (0.33%w/w of SPI) was incorporated into SPI/PLA (60:40w/w) films as an antimicrobial agent. Natamycin, also known as pimaricin, is a polyene macrolide produced by Streptomyces natalensis and it is widely utilized in the food industry to prevent yeasts and moulds (Oll Resa etal.,2013). The behavior of sliced tomato and apple covered by the different films produced, was visually evaluated by the authors in comparison with a polypropylene commercial bag (Fig.3.1) with evident effects. After 34days the appearance of mold was more marked for all packages except for that containing natamycin. The tomato slice packaged into natamycin containing package presented a high water loss, but no molds could be found. In the case of the apple slice, mold appeared in the commercial polypropylene bag on day 26, however it was not found in other coatings. On day 34, the growth of mold could be noticed in the commercial packaging and in the SPI/PLA control film.

Figure 3.1. Visual Analysis of Foodstuffs Behavior Coated With a Commercial Polypropylene, SPI/PLA 60/40 Film Without Active Agent, and SPI/PLA 60/40 Film Containing Natamycin (Gonzlez and Igarzabal,2013).

Cereal crops are mostly glycophytes that cannot withstand salinity stress, although they might vary in their tolerance level. On the other hand, halophytes utilize high salt conditions for their benefit and can grow in soil with substantial amounts of salt. In the prevailing climate change conditions, sea level rise due to increased thermal expansion has resulted in the intrusion of salt into agricultural lands adjacent to coastal areas. Therefore, food shortages, particularly for vulnerable farmers living in coastal areas, is inevitable. Despite being a glycophyte, rice (Oryza sativa) has cultivars within that have adapted to the saline soils of coastal areas, but produce very low yields. Since these cultivars can survive salt stress and even produce some grains, they have the potential to be donors of salt-tolerance traits in breeding approaches for producing salt-tolerant and high-yielding rice in combination with commercial cultivars. So, several strategies are being adopted to develop salt-tolerant cereals with high yields as well as other economically important crops. Two main strategies that are being utilized are marker-assisted selection (MAS) followed by backcross breeding (MABC) and transgenic approaches by overexpressing a desired gene, which is usually regulatory in nature (Wilson et al., 2005).

Markers are like a flag in the genome that helps locate certain regions that are inherited from the parents to the progenies. This linked inheritance is due to the markers and the region of interest (ROI) being so close together with respect to their position in the genome, that meiotic recombination between them does not occur during generation advancement. Where conventional breeding often takes about 1015 years to select the best plants for releasing a stable new variety, MAS-based precision breeding needs less than half that time by tracking and selecting plants with the desired loci by using linked markers. Advancement in sequencing technologies has led to a sufficiently large repertoire of SNP markers to allow accurate quantitative trait loci (QTL) identification and introgression for precision breeding. Large-scale sequencing of important crops and their natural variants have also provided enough SNP sequence information to conduct genome-wide association mapping. Any identified associations between the SNPs and tolerance phenotypes can be validated by QTL mapping and then incorporated into fine-tuned breeding programs. Genome sequences and improved bioinformatics may also enable cross-matching of target sequences with known QTLs in association mapping programs. Another strategy referred to as marker-assisted backcrossing (MABC) ensures that the background parental high-yielding quality is preserved in addition to the desired trait from the donor.

Consumer nonpreference and nonacceptance of food from genetically modified plants containing single transgenes and the polygenic nature of salinity tolerance traits have shifted the focus from the former toward QTL mapping, QTL cloning, and MAS. Markers can be designed for multiple QTLs as well. The full complement of genes that are differentially regulated can be captured by technologies such as microarray or RNAseq. With sequencing information available for major crops as well as their related genotypes, the specific loci responsible for salinity tolerance can be narrowed down. Adaptation of statistical models during recombinant inbred line (RIL) production and selection has allowed mapping using the F2:3 population without the need to wait for homozygous progenies to be produced. The integration of SNP genotyping information and expression variation by mapping expression QTLs (eQTL) as well as genome-wide association studies (GWAS) has added a deeper level of precision. The latter facilitates identification of specific and targeted regions in the genome. This in turn makes the practice of laborious and expensive fine mapping redundant.

The goals of some of the emerging technologies are to combine the MAB and transgenic approaches to incorporate significant regions of the genome responsible for the desired traits and to pyramid genes to get high-yielding salt-tolerant varieties. A list of salt-tolerant varieties released in Bangladesh, India, and the Philippines has been provided by Ismail and Horie (2017). To date, about 32 salt-tolerant high-yielding rice varieties with good grain quality have been developed and released for farmers (Aala and Gregorio, 2019). These varieties were developed using conventional breeding tools and took 1015 years for varietal release, where the salt-tolerant donors were mainly Pokkali or Nonabokra. Numerous studies have identified salinity-tolerant QTLs. Of those, Saltol (derived from Pokkali) and SKC1 (derived from Nona bokra) came into the limelight and later, SKC1 was found to be associated with shoot potassium concentration, controlled by OsHKT1;5, which resides in the Saltol region. A study of the genes in the Saltol region has identified clusters of genes involved in salinity tolerance (Walia et al., 2005; Nutan et al., 2017). Interestingly, breeding lines from Pokkali were also found to have the SKC1 locus and were reported to have high shoot potassium and low Na+/K+ ratios (Thomson et al., 2010). They also reported that a high level of salt tolerance could only be achieved with multiple QTLs. More divergent salt-tolerance donors with wider genetic bases therefore need to be identified for more efficient MAS-based breeding programs. Due to the lack of precision breeding, the varieties already released show low to moderate tolerance and some of them possess undesired traits such as shattering, long awn, poor grain quality, etc. Pyramiding multiple QTL loci from multiple developmental stages along with information on the underlying phenotype and the gene expression pattern upon which it is based or eQTLs can narrow down specific regions for precise selection and introgression of multiple salt-tolerance traits in a high-yielding background.

Major cereal crops namely rice (Oryza sativa L.), maize (Zea mays, L.), wheat (Triticum aestivum L.), barley (Hordeum vulgare L.), oats (Avena sativa L.), and sorghum (Sorghum bicolor, L.) are important agronomic crops for food security. The United States is one of the largest cereal exporters in the world. Cereal crops are produced in nearly every part of the United States; they are the largest US crops in terms of value and harvested area. Cereal productions have varying differences in yields and cropping practices of regional climatic differences. This chapter provides an overview of US cereal production and highlights major differences in production practices that impact environmental sustainability. Cereal cropping is characterized by broadcast seeding or seeding in a row or seedbed on a moist to wet soil and fertilized based on plant's nutrient requirements, soil test results, and climatic conditions. Nitrogen is a critical nutrient for maximum grain yields and slight deficiencies could cause a yield penalty. Methane is largely emitted from flooded rice fields and contributes to the increase in greenhouse gas emission. This review provides information necessary to develop research goals toward addressing yield gaps and efficient crop management practices.

charcoal briquette machine - manufacturers, suppliers & exporters

Charcoal Briquette MachineCharcoal briquette machines are high performance machines that are widely used for making uniform sized briquettes from a combination of traditional charcoal, coal and other ingredients. These machines range from small and simple that are operated in a single room to complex ones that span several meters of floor space. Apart from the initial costs, these machines are pretty inexpensive to run, thus providing incremental savings over long periods of time.Charcoal was always a desirable fuel because it produced hot and virtually smokeless fire for long periods. Apart from the aforementioned virtues of charcoal, charcoal briquettes provided further benefits such as minimal ash content, higher heat output etc. As a result, charcoal briquettes gradually became popular amongst people, whether it be for domestic cooking or industrial heating. This has fueled an increase in demand for charcoal briquette machines across the world.Parts of Charcoal Briquette MachineThe major parts of charcoal briquette machines are as follows:Command shelfControl panelBriquette evacuating systemA tank where all raw materials are storedElectric motorOil filterOil tankRollersDrying machineFeatures of Charcoal Briquette MachinesThese have enhanced safety features for the operator. Also, the noise level of these machines is very low, ensuring no hearing problems for people working nearby.The machines are resistant to moisture and abrasionCharcoal briquette machines have optimal tolerance to impacts and shocksThe machines are easy to operate and require minimal maintenanceThese work flawlessly in all weather conditionsApplication Areas of Briquettes Produced by Charcoal Briquette MachinesHeating productive processes such as tobacco curing, tea drying, poultry rearing etcWater heating in householdsFiring ceramics and clay wares like pottery, bricks, improved cook stoves etcGasifiersPowering boilers for the generation of steam

Charcoal Briquette MachineCharcoal briquette machines are high performance machines that are widely used for making uniform sized briquettes from a combination of traditional charcoal, coal and other ingredients. These machines range from small and simple that are operated in a single room to complex ones that span several meters of floor space. Apart from the initial costs, these machines are pretty inexpensive to run, thus providing incremental savings over long periods of time.Charcoal was always a desirable fuel because it produced hot and virtually smokeless fire for long periods. Apart from the aforementioned virtues of charcoal, charcoal briquettes provided further benefits such as minimal ash content, higher heat output etc. As a result, charcoal briquettes gradually became popular amongst people, whether it be for domestic cooking or industrial heating. This has fueled an increase in demand for charcoal briquette machines across the world.Parts of Charcoal Briquette MachineThe major parts of charcoal briquette machines are as follows:Command shelfControl panelBriquette evacuating systemA tank where all raw materials are storedElectric motorOil filterOil tankRollersDrying machineFeatures of Charcoal Briquette MachinesThese have enhanced safety features for the operator. Also, the noise level of these machines is very low, ensuring no hearing problems for people working nearby.The machines are resistant to moisture and abrasionCharcoal briquette machines have optimal tolerance to impacts and shocksThe machines are easy to operate and require minimal maintenanceThese work flawlessly in all weather conditionsApplication Areas of Briquettes Produced by Charcoal Briquette MachinesHeating productive processes such as tobacco curing, tea drying, poultry rearing etcWater heating in householdsFiring ceramics and clay wares like pottery, bricks, improved cook stoves etcGasifiersPowering boilers for the generation of steam

charcoal machine & production line for making all kinds of charcoal 2021

Charcoal making machine ( production line ) is a series of machines that mainly going through the wood crusher to pulverize the raw materials into sawdust with a diameter less than 5mm, after drying by the airflow type of sawdust dryer or rotary type of sawdust dryer to reduce the moisture, and then use the briquette machine to shape the material, and then put into the carbonization furnace for carbonization.

This series of biomass carbonizing machines can process wood branches, sawdust, rice husk, coconut shells, straw, bamboo, plan kernel shells, and other waste biomass materials into charcoal. And the charcoal products can be hookah or shisha charcoal, barbecue charcoal, honeycomb coal, and various types of charcoal briquettes.

As the professional manufacturer and supplier for biomass charcoal machines, the Shuliy factory can customize the charcoal plants and provide overall processing solutions for domestic and abroad customers with preferential prices.

Industrial charcoal processing equipment is essential for the modernization of charcoal production. Different specifications of charcoal production lines and charcoal processing solutions have improved production efficiency for thousands of charcoal processors and created considerable benefits.

The charcoal production line is a general term for a series of charcoal and coal processing equipment. By designing the performance and configuration of these charcoal making machines, we can produce various types of natural charcoal, lump charcoal, round shisha charcoal(30mm,33mm, 40mm), cube hookah coal(25*25mm), barbecue charcoal, honeycomb coal, hexagonal charcoal, etc.

Charcoal machines usually include single charcoal machines and complete processing lines. Regardless of the scale of charcoal plants opened by charcoal processors, they usually need to use a certain number of charcoal machines to complete the production.

For example, sawdust making machine, sawdust dryer, pini kay briquette machine, lump charcoal powder grinder, charcoal & coal briquettes forming machine, coal & charcoal briquettes dryer machine, etc. They all play an important role in the process of charcoal production.

Charcoal machine production line is a variety of charcoal equipment combination of short. The main equipment of the charcoal machine production line includes a crusher, dryer, briquette machine, and carbonization furnace.

The raw materials for making charcoal can be sawdust, rice husk, fruit shell, straw, logs, branches, scraps, and other biomass materials. The humidity of the raw material should be less than 12%. The production area of the charcoal making machine production line needs to be more than 50 square meters, the height needs to be more than 4 meters.

Natural lump charcoal: all kinds of woodblocks, log sections, small branches, and straw. Such as oak, hardwoods, beech, pine, elm, bamboo, cotton stalk, etc. Many agricultural and forestry wastes, such as straw, corn stalks, peanut husks, corn cobs, rice husks, palm kernel shells, coconut husks, etc. can also be used as raw materials for charcoal processing.

The type of wood crusher can be selected according to the raw material size and humidity to be carbonized. The dryer and the sawdust briquette machine, are the dedicated machinery to produce machine-made charcoal. According to the raw material, dry humidity, and production requirements, the dryer can be divided into airflow dryer machines and rotary dryer machines.

These two kinds of dryers have the advantages of automatic feeding, the smoke outlet is not channeling material, the outlet is not spraying material. The briquette machine capable of automatically controlling temperature is able to adjust the compactness of the biomass rods at any time to further ensure the quality of the rods. The charcoal produced by charcoal machine production equipment is of big density, small size, good flammability, can replace firewood and coal burning.

Basic output charcoal making machine is a variety of charcoal equipment combination of short. The main equipment of the charcoal briquettes production line includes the crusher, dryer, briquette machine, and carbonization furnace.

The machine-made charcoal produced by the charcoal production line gradually replace people's original kiln burning charcoal, let people's production costs greatly reduced, production profits greatly doubled. The charcoal processing plant is a variety of charcoal equipment combination of short. The main equipment of the Charcoal production line includes a crusher, dryer, sawdust briquette machine, and carbonization furnace. Charcoal production line of raw materials can be sawdust, rice husk, fruit shell, straw, logs, branches, scraps, and other materials. The humidity of the raw material should be less than 12%. The production area of the Charcoal production line needs to be more than 50 square meters, the height needs to be more than 4 meters.

The charcoal production line is a series of machines that mainly going through the sawdust crusher to pulverize the raw materials into 10mm particles, after drying by the dryer, and then use the sawdust briquette machine to shape the material, and then put into the carbonization furnace for carbonization.

The dryer and the sawdust briquette machine, are the dedicated machinery to produce machine-made charcoal. According to the raw material, dry humidity, and production requirements, the dryer can be divided into airflow dryer machines and rotary dryer machines.

These two kinds of dryers have the advantages of automatic feeding, the smoke outlet is not channeling material, the outlet is not spraying material. The sawdust briquette machine capable of automatically controlling temperature is able to adjust the compactness of the rod at any time to further ensure the quality of the rod.

Charcoal making machine can turn waste into treasure, make full use of all available agricultural and forest resources, through the sawdust briquette machines high temperature and high pressure made into the machine-made rod, and then the machine-made bar is transformed into smokeless, tasteless, and non-toxic machine-made charcoal rod by the equipment of the carbonizing furnace.

Machine-made charcoal is widely used in agriculture, industry, environmental protection, smelting, civil life, and other categories. With people's increasing demand for charcoal, the automatic charcoal production line which can be used for efficient production is becoming more and more popular.

General charcoal machine production line is composed of a series of basic charcoal making equipment such as crusher, dryer, sawdust briquette machine, and carbonization furnace, such a production line often need at least 3-5 people for charcoal production.

On the basis of the original equipment, the automatic charcoal making line added some special equipment such as screw feeder, rotary screen, distributor, and net belt conveyor, fully realized automatic production of charcoal.

In recent years, the development of the environmental protection industry is more and more rapid, environmental-friendly charcoal production industry has gradually caused social attention, machine-made charcoal is also more and more favored by the majority of market users. The increased demand for machine-made charcoal makes the charcoal machine equipment and charcoal production process of the charcoal making machine for sale constantly innovative development. Charcoal production line which can produce medium-output and high-quality machine-made charcoal has become an urgent demand in the market.

Charcoal production line according to the raw material and production demand can be very flexibly collocated. Shuliy machinery can also provide customers with a reasonable and efficient charcoal production line equipment scheme free of charge according to the requirements of customers. Shuliy machinery based on many years of charcoal machine production and sales experience and reasonable adoption of many customers from different countries use experience and feedback suggestions, sorted out the basic medium charcoal production line for customersreference and selection.

At present, the most conventional charcoal processing technology is mainly divided into two types: 1. Sawdust briquettes making first, then carbonizing. 2. Raw materials carbonizing first, then briquetting. Based on the current charcoal production process, our factory has designed the following charcoal production lines that are most popular in the market.

Our factory designed sawdust charcoal production lines with output of 2-3t/d, 4-5t/d, and 8-10t/d according to the needs of many domestic and foreign customers. The main factors affecting the output of charcoal are the configuration of the production line and the choice of the machine model.

The process of charcoal briquettes plant generally starts with the carbonization of raw materials. Then, the charred coconut shell charcoal and rice husk charcoal will be crushed and stirred (with a certain proportion of binder) to make briquettes.

And we will use different charcoal briquettes molding machines to press the carbon powder into different shapes and sizes. The charcoal briquettes production line usually includes a continuous carbonization furnace, charcoal crusher, wheel grinder mixer, briquettes extruder, briquettes dryer, etc.

Note: the main equipment in this project is the briquettes extruder machine. By changing with different extruding molds, we can customize the briquettes' shapes. Besides, we always match the charcoal extruder with charcoal cutting devices to determine the briquettes' sizes and lengths.

Note: the shisha charcoal press machine is very important for this plant, which can determine the specifications of the hookah charcoal you made. Its press molds can also be exchanged to make both cube and round shisha charcoal. The common size of square shisha charcoal is 20*20mm, 25*25mm. And the round hookah coal is 30mm, 33mm, 35mm, 40mm.

Note: the ball press machine is the key equipment in this production line. Raw materials for this machine can be charcoal powder and coal powder. And its press molds can be changed for making BBQ charcoal with various shapes and sizes. The output of the barbecue charcoal processing line can be customized between 1-20t/h.

Note: the honeycomb coal forming machine is the main machine in this plant. The raw materials can be charcoal powder, coal powder, rat poison powder, candle fluid, etc. The common shapes of the finished product are mainly honeycomb, square, and hexagon. The honeycomb coal machine is currently very popular in Uganda, Congo, Afghanistan, Vietnam, and other countries.

The medium-output charcoal production line is based on the basic output charcoal production line, the reasonable configuration of some convenient and efficient supporting equipment. Such as a screw feeding machine, which can achieve the continuous transmission of materials, saving production time.

Replacing the commonly used airflow dryer machine with a large rotary dryer machine can achieve a better drying effect and improve the drying speed of materials. In the process of rod-forming, 5 sawdust briquette machines are used to work at the same time, and the efficiency of the sawdust briquette machine is increased exponentially.

Which can save the time to accumulate finished briquettes, realize continuous carbonization of the carbonizing furnace, improve work efficiency, and greatly increase the output of machine-made charcoal.

Most of the foreign customers who order this medium-output charcoal production line value the potential of the charcoal consumption market in their hometown or even country, followed by the rich raw material market and high rate of return on investment. Most Shuliy customers who purchased the medium-output charcoal production line said: the medium-output charcoal production line has a short payback period, low cost, high production efficiency, and economic benefits.

The output of charcoal making is unable to set the upper limit, no matter how much output of charcoal production line you need, we can give you the best advice! As long as you provide the raw materials and production requirements, we Shuliy machinery is fully capable of providing you with a customized version of the charcoal making plan according to your investment budget.

Reading your article was really helpful for my own business. Especially i was confused before reading this article whether to buy charcoal machine or not. Now I am quite clear. Very well written and worth reading this article.

Shuliy Machinery not only provides high-quality machines but also provides comprehensive after-sales service. We have been focusing on the charcoal machinery industry for nearly 20 years and have rich experience in designing and manufacturing large and medium-sized charcoal machines to meet the needs of various customers. At the same time, according to the requirements of customers, we can provide services such as plant construction plan, market analysis, and best product formula. learn more >>>

professional agro-waste charcoal briquette machine for bbq charcoal briquettes

Charcoal Briquette Machine Introduction Charcoal briquettes are made of all kinds of agro-wastes and forest residues. If there are abundant biomass resource available, you can consider starting a charcoal briquette plant. Charcoal briquettes have wide application both in industrial and home use featured with high density, small volume & good combustibility. Our professional salesman can give you suggestions to choose the most suitable type.

Raw Materials & Charcoal Briquettes The most common materials are coconut shell, sawdust, woodchips, bamboo shavings, tree bark, chestnut shell, cotton stalk, sesame stalk, corn stalk, sunflower stalk, soybean stalk, rice husk, sugarcane bagasse, corncob, etc. The material diameter must be less than 6mm and moisture is about 10%. The raw material piled density is 60-350 kg/m, while the briquettes piled density is 1100-1400kg/m. We can easily draw a conclusion that the briquettes density has greatly improved, so the combustion value also improves 30%-40%. After carbonization, the charcoal briquettes calorific value is 7000-8500 kilocalories. The burning time is 200 min/kg and carbon content is 75%-85%.

Charcoal Briquetting Working principle Briquetting is a process that biomass is compressed under high pressure and high temperature. The self bonding of biomass to form a briquette involves the thermo plastic flow of the biomass. The lignin content that occurs naturally in biomass is liberated under high pressure and temperature. Lignin serves as the glue in the briquetting process, thus binding, compressing the biomass to form into high density briquettes.

Charcoal Briquette Press Features 1. Charcoal briquette machine adopts oil-immersed alloy structure. The screw impulsing axis adopts wear-resistant material and precisely cast. 2. All types of our charcoal briquetting machines are featured with high output, little energy consumption and compact structure.

The charcoal briquette plant should be built far from residential areas . Power supply source is 380V. Abundant water resource is necessary for the in case fire. Make sure to have enough space to store the raw material and end-products. The most important is to make sure there are rich raw material nearby.

A small charcoal briquetting plant area is about 120 -180 with simple construction. The charcoal briquetting machines use three-phase power supply, so youd better lay lines first. There are two choices for the carbonization: Kiln Carbonization and Carbonization Furnace. If you use the former method, pre-construction of the kiln carbonization is needed.