dhiki traditional grinding mill in nepal youtube

traditional knowledge,skills and technology and their creative use | notes, videos, qa and tests | grade 9>social studies>development and its infrastructures | kullabs

Nepal is one of the richest cultures in the world. Nepal is known as a non-stop festivals country and living cultural museum in the world. Culture has been called the way of life for an entire society. There are more than hundred cultural practices due to the differences of caste. Hinduism and Buddhism are major religions of Nepal beside that Muslim, Christian, and other religious people also stay in Nepal. With the changing time and pace, culture is practiced by people.

In past,people use local knowledge, skill and technology to survive their lives which are called traditional knowledge, skill and technology. Likewise, bamboo hole to dry out the vegetables (gundruk), use of cow dung as firewood, use of ropes to cross the river , etc.

The importance of traditional acknowledges,skill and technology It preserves our culture,tradition etc It is cheaper and easily available as they're produced locally,etc It completely based on Nepalese originality The pride of ancestor deeds Environmental friendly and durable It is base for using modern technology Cultures,traditions, and technology are being modified as per the changing pace of time.For eg: "Grinding machine" has been modified as "Mill",Tuin has been modified as the cable car,etcBut,our originality should not disappear in the name of change and modernization.

It preserves our culture,tradition etc It is cheaper and easily available as they're produced locally,etc It completely based on Nepalese originality The pride of ancestor deeds Environmental friendly and durable It is base for using modern technology Cultures,traditions, and technology are being modified as per the changing pace of time.For eg: "Grinding machine" has been modified as "Mill",Tuin has been modified as the cable car,etcBut,our originality should not disappear in the name of change and modernization.

Cultures,traditions, and technology are being modified as per the changing pace of time.For eg: "Grinding machine" has been modified as "Mill",Tuin has been modified as the cable car,etcBut,our originality should not disappear in the name of change and modernization.

The skill and technology that people used during the past to make their lives easier and comfortable are known as local technology.For example a rope used for crossing river(Tuin),grinding machine(janto) wooden machine (Dhiki) etc

The local knowledge,skill and technology that people used during the past to make their lives easier and comfortable is known as traditional knowledge,skill and technology.In ancient period,people used a piece of bamboo hole to make dry vegetable (gundruk) or some people buried in a pitch and some people used a pot.

traditional nepali household things which gives nostalgia now. | nepview

The carpet made from hay binding together with a rope is an Awesome carpet used in the local villages of Nepal. Using the local raw materials and blending with local artwork gives the sweet little combination of comfort and local tune. It is also used in bed or as a carpet.

Made from the local shrub plant called Amrisha(local name) is still daily used broom in Nepali society. The flowers with large flower-stems tied together forms the broom. It is used to sweep the floor.

The big wooden basket/carrier made from the cane bamboo is used in local villages of Nepal. Mostly used to carry the household goods like vegetables, water jars, plants and grasses. It is also made by local people using local materials.

The curved iron made knife hasiya is the cutting instrument prevailed in the Nepalese society. Made from the iron by the local ironsmith, it is used to cut grasses for the cattle, vegetables and many more.

Dont get surprised if u see the freshly painted walls and floor of the house with red mud color every morning you wake up. Nepali villages are kept clean and decorated every morning by the women of the house. Waking early and cleaning the house, coloring it called ghar-potnu(house coloring).

Two round and flat stone with hole and handle in the top is the local grinding machine. The grains like of rice and wheat are inserted from the hole of the upper stone plate and rotated with the help of the handle. It grind the substances into floor.

The wooden made see-saw like structure was the traditional wooden rice beater to separate the cover to obtain the rice. A basic load-fulcrum simple machine where at the one end the force is applied by the peson using leg and on the other end the hole is made where the rice is kept.

The refining small edged circular basket made from the cane-bamboo slices are the regular household things still available in Nepali village. It is used to separate the sediments from the grains like stone from rice, etc.

Special Hay made less confy cushion which may be rounded or rectanguler is the chakati use in Nepali society. Sukul is rather longer/larger form of the chakati. First lay down the sukul place, place a normal cushion aver it and enjoy ur meal sitting in lotus postion. Try it once.

The clay made typical nepali pot called haadi is used to fry grains like wheat grains, to make popcorn and many more. Gives different taste of popcorn. The earthen kitchen utensil is also handy to store water, keeping is cool.

local technology | notes, videos, qa and tests | grade 7>occupation, business & technology education>technology | kullabs

The use of knowledge for practical purposes is known as technology. It is simply the practical use of knowledge for solving problems or inventing useful tools. For example, production of food items, medicines and various other equipment and tools such as mobile phones, computers, printers, cameras, etc. Along with development and advancement, the technologies are also getting advanced day by day. Many traditional technologies are being replaced by the modern technologies. For example, typewriters have been replaced by computers.

It is quite difficult to find the exact boundary line between traditional and modern technology. Here are some of the differences between traditional and modern technologies: Traditional Technology Modern Technology In order to dig the field, the plough was used. In order to dig the field, the tractor is used. For the presentation of work, the overhead projector was used. For the presentation of work, the multimedia projector is used. In order to type and draft letters and documents, the typewriter was used. In order to type and draft letters and documents, computers, keyboards, and printers are used. For photography, film camera was used. For photography, digital camera is used. For the purpose of taking images for health, traditional X-ray machine was used. For the purpose of taking images for health, modern CT scans and MRI are used. Interrelation between Traditional and Modern Technologies Modern technologies are the outcomes of the advancement of the traditional technologies. As the time passes, the new innovations replaced the older ones based on the existing concept of knowledge and ideas. Modern technologies are the new innovation to the old technologies. In this way, modern technologies are not applicable if traditional technologies didnt exist. For example, if we compare the televisions before 10-15 years and now, we find vast differences between them. The televisions at that time used to be very heavy with black and white screen and antennas were required in order to operate it. But now, the TVs are found in many shapes and sizes with various specifications. In the market, we can find the traditional televisions with improved and additional features. Safe Use of Equipment We have heard in the news that many accidents are caused while using household equipment and machinery. While using equipment (such as kitchen appliances, farm machinery and equipment, electronic communication equipment etc.), there are certain things to be considered which are as follows: Appropriate userThere are various types of equipment that are easy to use as well as dangerous to use. The equipment such as televisions, mobile phones, irons, etc. can be easily and safely handled by the users but the equipment such as drillers, special computer-based machines, etc. are to be used by the respective professionals only. Study of manuals and guidelinesThe manuals and guidelines help the user to handle the equipment in the right manner. So, it is strongly recommended for the users to study the manuals and guidelines as it also suggests the special safety measures. Use of common senseOne should use their common sense while operating any kind of equipment. For example, we should be intelligent enough that we should turn off the switch before fixing the problems of electrical equipment. Use of accessoriesVarious accessories such as gloves, masks, eyeglasses, aprons, helmets, etc. are required for safety in order to handle certain equipment. Understand the functionsOne should understand the functions of the devices, its parts, and its buttons clearly. Misunderstanding and random use of buttons may damage the equipment. AlertnessWhile using the equipment, one should be very careful and alert. A small carelessness or mistake may cause a huge loss. Away from childrenMost of the equipment should be kept away from the reach of children. Children do not have proper ideas to use that equipment. This may damage the equipment as well as may harm the children. Some Local Technologies and Mechanism Plough Source: commons.wikimedia.orgFig: PloughA plough is a farming tool that works with the power of ox, bull or buffalo. It helps to dig the soil in fields so that seeds can be planted. It is pulled by bull or ox or buffalo, and the spur at the bottom of the plough makes the furrow across the field. Watermill Source: www.pinterest.comFig: WatermillWatermill is an engine that works under the principle of transformation of kinetic energy to mechanical energy. It uses a water wheel or turbine to operate a mechanical process such as flour or lumber production, metal shaping etc. The flowing water is passed down in force directly to the turbine connected with the mill. The grains in feeder container fall down uniformly to the hole in rotating disc automatically with the vibration caused because of motion. Water pump (Dhiki pump) Source: photo.netFig: Water hand pumpWater pumps are operated with the help of human power. They are used to regulate the flow of water through the vehicles' cooling system. They are also used in the rural areas of the Terai region for the purpose of irrigation as well as for drinking water.They aremechanical devices that move fluid or gas by pressure. They cause water to circulate. Oilseed crushing device (Kol) Oilseed crushing device is a traditional technology of Nepal that is used to crush the oilseeds like mustard, sesame, etc. It is known as "Kol" and "Ghani" in Nepal and India respectively. It mainly consists of three parts: First part: The first part is a wooden mortar fixed on the ground. It has a scooped circular pit at its centre and an outlet to exit the oil after crushing. Second part: The second part is a wooden pestle whose curved end is inscribed in the circular pit of mortar and another end is fixed to an angular rotator which can freely move around the mortar. Third part: The third part is the angular rotator itself, one end of which carries a Y-shaped structure to move around the mortar and the other is fixed to the upper end of the pestle.

Traditional Technology Modern Technology In order to dig the field, the plough was used. In order to dig the field, the tractor is used. For the presentation of work, the overhead projector was used. For the presentation of work, the multimedia projector is used. In order to type and draft letters and documents, the typewriter was used. In order to type and draft letters and documents, computers, keyboards, and printers are used. For photography, film camera was used. For photography, digital camera is used. For the purpose of taking images for health, traditional X-ray machine was used. For the purpose of taking images for health, modern CT scans and MRI are used. Interrelation between Traditional and Modern Technologies Modern technologies are the outcomes of the advancement of the traditional technologies. As the time passes, the new innovations replaced the older ones based on the existing concept of knowledge and ideas. Modern technologies are the new innovation to the old technologies. In this way, modern technologies are not applicable if traditional technologies didnt exist. For example, if we compare the televisions before 10-15 years and now, we find vast differences between them. The televisions at that time used to be very heavy with black and white screen and antennas were required in order to operate it. But now, the TVs are found in many shapes and sizes with various specifications. In the market, we can find the traditional televisions with improved and additional features. Safe Use of Equipment We have heard in the news that many accidents are caused while using household equipment and machinery. While using equipment (such as kitchen appliances, farm machinery and equipment, electronic communication equipment etc.), there are certain things to be considered which are as follows: Appropriate userThere are various types of equipment that are easy to use as well as dangerous to use. The equipment such as televisions, mobile phones, irons, etc. can be easily and safely handled by the users but the equipment such as drillers, special computer-based machines, etc. are to be used by the respective professionals only. Study of manuals and guidelinesThe manuals and guidelines help the user to handle the equipment in the right manner. So, it is strongly recommended for the users to study the manuals and guidelines as it also suggests the special safety measures. Use of common senseOne should use their common sense while operating any kind of equipment. For example, we should be intelligent enough that we should turn off the switch before fixing the problems of electrical equipment. Use of accessoriesVarious accessories such as gloves, masks, eyeglasses, aprons, helmets, etc. are required for safety in order to handle certain equipment. Understand the functionsOne should understand the functions of the devices, its parts, and its buttons clearly. Misunderstanding and random use of buttons may damage the equipment. AlertnessWhile using the equipment, one should be very careful and alert. A small carelessness or mistake may cause a huge loss. Away from childrenMost of the equipment should be kept away from the reach of children. Children do not have proper ideas to use that equipment. This may damage the equipment as well as may harm the children. Some Local Technologies and Mechanism Plough Source: commons.wikimedia.orgFig: PloughA plough is a farming tool that works with the power of ox, bull or buffalo. It helps to dig the soil in fields so that seeds can be planted. It is pulled by bull or ox or buffalo, and the spur at the bottom of the plough makes the furrow across the field. Watermill Source: www.pinterest.comFig: WatermillWatermill is an engine that works under the principle of transformation of kinetic energy to mechanical energy. It uses a water wheel or turbine to operate a mechanical process such as flour or lumber production, metal shaping etc. The flowing water is passed down in force directly to the turbine connected with the mill. The grains in feeder container fall down uniformly to the hole in rotating disc automatically with the vibration caused because of motion. Water pump (Dhiki pump) Source: photo.netFig: Water hand pumpWater pumps are operated with the help of human power. They are used to regulate the flow of water through the vehicles' cooling system. They are also used in the rural areas of the Terai region for the purpose of irrigation as well as for drinking water.They aremechanical devices that move fluid or gas by pressure. They cause water to circulate. Oilseed crushing device (Kol) Oilseed crushing device is a traditional technology of Nepal that is used to crush the oilseeds like mustard, sesame, etc. It is known as "Kol" and "Ghani" in Nepal and India respectively. It mainly consists of three parts: First part: The first part is a wooden mortar fixed on the ground. It has a scooped circular pit at its centre and an outlet to exit the oil after crushing. Second part: The second part is a wooden pestle whose curved end is inscribed in the circular pit of mortar and another end is fixed to an angular rotator which can freely move around the mortar. Third part: The third part is the angular rotator itself, one end of which carries a Y-shaped structure to move around the mortar and the other is fixed to the upper end of the pestle.

Modern technologies are the outcomes of the advancement of the traditional technologies. As the time passes, the new innovations replaced the older ones based on the existing concept of knowledge and ideas. Modern technologies are the new innovation to the old technologies. In this way, modern technologies are not applicable if traditional technologies didnt exist. For example, if we compare the televisions before 10-15 years and now, we find vast differences between them. The televisions at that time used to be very heavy with black and white screen and antennas were required in order to operate it. But now, the TVs are found in many shapes and sizes with various specifications. In the market, we can find the traditional televisions with improved and additional features.

We have heard in the news that many accidents are caused while using household equipment and machinery. While using equipment (such as kitchen appliances, farm machinery and equipment, electronic communication equipment etc.), there are certain things to be considered which are as follows:

A plough is a farming tool that works with the power of ox, bull or buffalo. It helps to dig the soil in fields so that seeds can be planted. It is pulled by bull or ox or buffalo, and the spur at the bottom of the plough makes the furrow across the field.

Watermill is an engine that works under the principle of transformation of kinetic energy to mechanical energy. It uses a water wheel or turbine to operate a mechanical process such as flour or lumber production, metal shaping etc. The flowing water is passed down in force directly to the turbine connected with the mill. The grains in feeder container fall down uniformly to the hole in rotating disc automatically with the vibration caused because of motion.

Water pumps are operated with the help of human power. They are used to regulate the flow of water through the vehicles' cooling system. They are also used in the rural areas of the Terai region for the purpose of irrigation as well as for drinking water.They aremechanical devices that move fluid or gas by pressure. They cause water to circulate.

Oilseed crushing device is a traditional technology of Nepal that is used to crush the oilseeds like mustard, sesame, etc. It is known as "Kol" and "Ghani" in Nepal and India respectively. It mainly consists of three parts:

The use of knowledge for practical purposes is known as technology. It is simply the practical use of knowledge for solving problems or inventing useful tools. For example, production of food items, medicines and various other equipment and tools such as mobile phones, computers, printers, cameras, etc. Along with the development, we can also observe the technological advancement day by day. Many traditional technologies are being replaced by the modern technologies. For example, film camera has been replaced by a digital camera.

Modern technologies are the outcomes of the advancement of traditional technologies. With the passage of time, the new technologies replace the older ones based on the existing concept of knowledge and ideas. Modern technologies are the new innovation in the old technologies. In this way, modern technologies are not applicable if traditional technologies didnt exist. For example, if we compare the televisions before 10-15 years and now, we find vast differences between them. The televisions at that time used to be very heavy with black and white screen and antennas were needed in order to operate them. But now, the TVs are found in many shapes and sizes with various specifications. In the market, we can find the traditional televisions with improved and additional features.

Oilseed crushing device is a traditional technology of Nepal that is used to crush the oilseeds like mustard, sesame, etc. It is known as "Kol" and "Ghani" in Nepal and India respectively. It mainly consists of three parts:

We have heard in the news that many accidents are caused while using household equipment and machineries. While using equipment (such as kitchen appliances, farm machinery and equipment, electronic communication equipmentetc.), there are certain things to be considered which are as follows:

A plough is a farming tool that works with the power of ox, bull or buffalo. It helps to dig the soil in fields so that seeds can be planted. It is pulled by bull, ox or buffalo, and the spur at the bottom of the plough makes the furrow across the field.

Watermill is an engine that works under the principle of transformation of kinetic energy to mechanical energy. It uses a water wheel or turbine to operate a mechanical process such as flour or lumber production, metal shaping etc. The flowing water is passed down in force directly to the turbine connected with the mill. The grains in feeder container fall down uniformly to the hole in rotating disc automatically with the vibration caused because of motion.

Water pumps are operated with the help of human power. They are used to regulate the flow of water through the vehicles' cooling system. They are also used in the rural areas of the Terai region for the purpose of irrigation as well as for drinking water. They are mechanical devices that move fluid or gas by pressure. Theycausewater to circulate.

Oilseed crushing device is a traditional technology of Nepal that is used to crush the oilseeds like mustard, sesame, etc. It is known as "Kol" and "Ghani" in Nepal and India respectively. It mainly consists of three parts:

Water pumps are operated with the help of human power. They are used to regulate the flow of water through the vehicles' cooling system. They are also used in the rural areas of the Terai region for the purpose of irrigation as well as for drinking water.They aremechanical devices that move fluid or gas by pressure. They cause water to circulate.

Watermill is an engine that works under the principle of transformation of kinetic energy to mechanical energy. It uses a water wheel or turbine to operate a mechanical process such as flour or lumber production, metal shaping etc. The flowing water is passed down in force directly to the turbine connected with the mill. The grains in feeder container fall down uniformly to the hole in rotating disc automatically with the vibration caused because of motion.

A watermill is an engine that works under the principle of transformation of kinetic energy to mechanical energy. It uses a water wheel or turbine to operate a mechanical process such as flour or lumber production, metal shaping etc.

theki and madani - the traditional butter making process in nepal - imartnepal

With thousand-year-old cultures and diverse ancient regimes, Nepali lifestyles have always been fascinating. Time is changing so in Nepal, in recent times Nepali lifestyle had seen a gigantic shift with the intervention of modern routines in upbringing.

These days traditional equipment and devices we used on daily basis are being replaced by modern technology. In Kathmandu valley, local technologies persist in making statue and pottery. Whereas in the Hilly region, carpet, plague, water grind mill are the prevailing technology. The shift is overwhelming as well as saddening at the same time. Why? Well! Because this change has caused the old Nepali values to lose luster and at the same time has allowed coming face to face with the boons of having a contemporary way of life.

This is one good thing, however, we really miss that wonderful traditional stuff which was part and parcel of our childhood. These are directly connected to the lifestyle of every Nepali. Being an agricultural country many technologies are in practice for many years in Nepal.

Butter making process is an art and science. Its not magic, but the experience of churning cream to obtain soft, smooth, fresh, butter is magical! Born in Nepal, it is instilled in us that milk, cream, butter, yogurt, buttermilk are the part of our life, and good for health.

Theki is the biggest of all devices used in churning butter and is the basic foundational device used. Cylindrical in shape at the body, it has a narrow neck while the mouth is a spreading fan-like structure. It is most commonly made up of darigitho wood. It is usually used to store milk fat and make butter out of it which can later be cooked to make the clarified butter also known as ghee and also make buttered milk. The Theki is only a vessel, whereas the Madani is like a thick stick with turbines at one end.

To make all these products we first need to keep the Theki and Madani near a pillar so that Madani can be tied very loosely (in fact right parallel to the pillar). The Madani is then wrapped around spirally by another rope in such a manner that when you pull one side the other gets smaller (if that makes sense just like a hand exercise). The curd accumulated over a period of few days is brought and collected in the Theki.

The Madani is then kept inside the Theki with milk fat in it. Slowly the person starts to rotate the Madani until the butter separates from the curd. As there are turbines present it works like a mixer grinder and separates the fat and the buttered milk. The addition of hot water in the middle of the process can fasten the process.

This chum-staff moves in alternate rotational movements caused by the pulling of a leather strap which is wound around the axle of the beater. The fat floats on the top which are collected both ready to eat or make clarified butter and the buttered milk remains at the bottom are usually sour but thoroughly enjoyed by everyone.

Butter is not rinsed, but it is immediately heated to make butter oil. Butter melts immediately and will start to bubble when it is heated. A clear, liquid butter oil is formed when the bubbling stops. It is said that butter oil can keep for several years at room temperature. It has become a valuable seasoning used to flavor dishes. As in whole, butter churning is an important part of Nepalese livelihood. Not only a part of a day to day activity, but it is also a component of the traditional culture and identity of Nepalese society.

Theki in Nepal is considered sacred, it is not washed with other utensils and people generally do not touch a Theki while they are eating or with the same hand with which you have had non- vegetarian food. The reason for that is once the butter is extracted, it is offered to God over a burning heap of coal, which releases a nice buttery aroma purifying the whole house.

This characteristic of the milk processing technique transcending the framework of ethnic groups and shared in a region. Some people might never know how much calories are burned to Make Ghee/Butter by this process. Later, this cream is collected and eaten by mixing with rice or Htsampa (Htsampa refers to roasted barley flour).

Theki and Madani now are turning out to be an antique household item; very few houses in the villages have it. We dont think people living in the cities own it anymore. If you are planning to acquire one then we strongly recommend you do so. If you dont intend to use it at all or would want to use it occasionally, it will make for a good antique showpiece in your living room or any other part of your house.

Cylindrical in shape at the body.It has a narrow neak while the mouth is a spreading fan like structure It is most commonly made up of Darigitho(Nepali:Darigitho) wood,so commonly called as Daar ko Theki in Rural areas of Nepal,Rhododendron(IN Nepali:Guraas) is also used.Theki is locally made by people from wood & is usually used to store Milk fat(Taar),make butter(i,e NAUNE GHYO)out of it,which can later be cooked to make the clarified butter also known as ghee &also make buttered Milk(i.e MOHI), The "Theki" is only a vessel,where as the "Madani" is like a thick stick with turbines at one end. PS: 1 Mana = 0.56 liter

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