mining equipment examples

list of mining equipment | career trend

According to the Bureau of Labor Statistics, the mining industry consists of five major segments: coal mining, gas and oil extracting, metal ore mining, non-metal mineral mining and supporting activities such as resource transportation. Each segment requires the use of specific equipment, but there are several types of mining equipment that are used throughout the industry. This equipment includes excavators, draglines, drills, roof bolters, continuous miners, longwall miners, rock dusters, shuttle cars and scoops.

Miners traditionally used shovels and steam shovels to break and remove earth, but todays miners rely on excavators. An excavator is a mobile vehicle that moves on tracks or with standard wheels. It features a rotating platform, off of which comes a hinged arm with a bucket or scoop attached to its end for digging.

Draglines are enormous earth moving machines that miners use to drag away dirt and expose underlying coal or mineral deposits. Draglines are some of the largest machines on the planet, and can remove several hundred tons of material in a single pass, according to Kentucky Coal Education.

Miners who extract natural gas and oil commonly rely on drills to reach underground deposits before piping the resources to the surface. Coal and mineral miners also use drills to create extensive series of holes, which they then fill with explosive charges to blast away chunks of earth.

Continuous miners are machines with massive, rotating arrays of teeth, often made from tungsten carbide. Subterranean coal miners use the machines to scrape coal from coal beds. In particularly dangerous situations, workers control robotic continuous miners remotely.

In contrast to continuous miners, longwall miners remove large, rectangular sections of coal instead of scraping coal from a bed bit-by-bit. According to Kentucky Coal Education, continuous miners consist of a series of large cutting shearers and a self-raising hydraulic system that supports the mineshaft ceiling as sections of coal are removed.

Coalminers use electric-powered shuttle cars to transport coal from the coal bed to safer points in the mine. From there, miners can use standard scoops, or haulage vehicles, to drive their loads completely out of the mine. Miners of all types use haulage vehicles for various tasks.

Erik Devaney is a writing professional specializing in health and science topics. His work has been featured on various websites. Devaney attended McGill University, where he earned a Bachelor of Arts in humanistic studies.

new to mining? here are the most common types of mining equipment

Working in the mining industry can be a dangerous place if you dont know what youre doing. Regular training is essential and understanding the machines youre working near or operating plays an important role in all aspects of the industry.

Each type of mining equipment comes with its own set of mining activities. The most common types of mining equipment vary depending whether the work is being carried out above or below ground or mining for gold, metals, coal or crude oil. From drilling machines to excavators, crushing and grinding equipment the mining industry comes complete with all the right tools. New to the job and want to find out what it all means? Heres a few of the industrys most common types of equipment and why theyre important for the job.

Probably one of the most common pieces of mining equipment, drills are an important part of the underground mining operation. Underground mining is carried out when rocks or minerals are located at a fair distance beneath the ground. But then they need to be brought to the surface. Underground specialized mining equipment such as trucks, loaders, diggers etc. are used to excavate the material and are normally hauled to the surface with skips or lifts for further processing. Drilling is normally required to place explosive charges to liberate the minerals from the overburden material. Underground mining techniques have progressed significantly over the past years, including using remote controlled machinery.

Drills assist in creating holes descending underground. If miners are required to work underground, drills can also be used in ensuring the holes are large enough to serve as a portal for miners to enter. Directional drilling is also a type of mining technology where miners will use the tools and certain methods to drill wells.

Blasting tools are an essential part of the mining industry and are used to break down and fracture materials (usually rocks) by use of a calculated amount of explosive to liberate the sought-after product from the waste material. Blasting is also used to remove pockets of unwanted material that are preventing mining machines and personnel to get to the seam containing the materials of interest. Unmanned drill rigs will drill holes at pre-determined depths and positions on a blast face to ensure that a particular size fraction is achieved and that little of the overburden is liberated with the blasting to reduce material handling costs. Once this process has been completed, an excavator is used to recover the blasted rocks and other debris that has been dislodged during the blasting. The material is then conveyed to a central conveying system which will take it directly to the surface or via a skip and hoist system.

For above ground mining, earth movers are utilised regularly to carry loose soil and earth from one location to another. Earth movers play an important role in the mining industry because the equipment is specifically designed to work on large earth-moving and mining projects for a faster and more practical process. Used for digging, pushing and transporting the earth, they require the specialised skills of an operator.

Earth movers are heavy mining equipment that the industry would struggle to survive without and work hand in hand with bulldozers. Earth movers are normally used for removing overburden or waste material, which enables the excavators to remove the material or mineral of interest. Bulldozers are used to move this overburden material around to create a working surface for other equipment such as haul trucks and excavators.

As its name suggests, crushing equipment is used to crush rock and stone. Designed to achieve maximum productivity and high reduction rate, mining crushing equipment can come in a variety of different types for a range of jobs.

Crushing equipment is specially configured to break down the hard rock matter or gravel to a manageable size for transportation or conveying. They are valuable pieces of equipment in the industry because they reduce the costs associated with handling of larger sized material and also ensure efficient liberation of elements of interest in downstream processing of the material. In an opencast or strip mining operation, the run of mine (ROM) material is normally transported to the primary crusher by haul trucks, and in underground mining operations it is conveyed to the primary crusher. Crushing equipment is important to the mining process because it reduces the use of precious excavated resources and eliminates the amount of material on site.

Once the excavator transporter brings the raw material to the crusher for processing, the feeding device feeds the material into the crusher and in return the material is screened and all oversized material is recirculated back to the crusher to ensure correct size fraction is obtained. This weighbelt feeding equipment, usually referred to as Weighfeeders, conveys and controls the feedrate into the crusher to improve crusher efficiency.

Feeding and conveying equipment are necessary to the mining industry to move and control material flow within a mining and processing operation to facilitate efficient operation of equipment and determine operating rates and yields. In some instances secondary crushing is required prior to processing of the material. Once the material is at the correct size, fraction processing can occur which could include, milling, flotation, leaching etc.

Belt scale systems let you monitor production output and inventory, or regulate product loadout, while providing vital information for the effective management and efficient operation of your business. There are elemental crossbelt analyzers that provide real-time quality analysis of critical process streams to facilitate sorting, blending and out-of-seam dilution control. While materials are on the troughed belt conveyor, an automatic sampling system (which could be single or multi-stage) can take a representative sample directly from the moving material stream. (Take a look at this video to see how a sampling system works.) Weighbelt Feeders that convey and control feedrate accurately and reliably can reduce material consumption, help maintain blend consistency, and increase profits.

Flow measurement systems provide continuous, real-time flow measurement of free-falling materials or dense phase, pneumatically conveyed bulk solids, which is important to ensure and maintain product quality and process efficiency.

This article was co-written by Jayde Ferguson, who writes for Direct Mining a leading supplier of premier mining equipment, products and services throughout Australia and the Asia Pacific region. Stephan Nel, Global Product/Applications Manager for Coal & Sinter at Thermo Fisher Scientific, co-wrote and edited the piece as well.

Need a Belt scale system for your bulk material handling? To help you decide which belt scale system is best for your mining operation, weve outlined the options in an easy-to-read belt scale system selection guide so you can decide which belt scale system is right for you. Click on the image, take a look at the chart, and see if it helps you decide.

You make a great point about how drills are a very common piece of mining equipment. Choosing the right kind of drill tip can make a big difference in efficiency. Many drill bits will be tipped with synthetic diamonds to ensure that they are as durable as possible regardless of the rock and substrate involved. Thanks for your post.

It is true that working in the mining industry can be a dangerous place if we dont know about the machinery that are useful in mining industry. I hope your post will help people to know about the most common types of mining equipment and how to use them properly. Thanks

Thanks for the information. This really help to understand the different types of equipment you can expect to see in a mine. Drilling is such an important part to the mining process. Drilling and blasting go hand in hand to help break up the hard ground. After all you can gather the material your mining if you cant get to it.

Understating what type of mining equipment like core boxes, seems like a good place to start for beginners. Theres really now way to do a job properly unless youre familiar with the tools and equipment youll be using. It might also help with improving safety.

I AM ABOUT GOING IN TO MINING BUSINESS , ON MY RESEARCH ON HOW IT IS DONE BROUGHT ME TO THIS ARTICLE KUDOS TO Author Bios FOR THIS WONDERFUL HELP I GOT THROUGH UR POST AM GRATEFUL AND I NEED MORE GUIDE LINE TOWARD STONE MINING I AM CHIDI YOUNG

Good luck to you Chidi. Feel free to visit our Cement/Coal/Minerals Learning Center on our website for educational information, white papers, application notes, ebooks, infographics, etc. https://www.thermofisher.com/us/en/home/industrial/cement-coal-minerals/cement-coal-minerals-learning-center.html

I like how you mentioned that drills are needed in the mining industry because these are going to be used in creating holes descending underground. Its also intriguing to learn that the blasting tools are mainly used to break down and fracture the materials. Well, if I had a mining company, I would make sure to place industrial fans in there because these will provide air stream.

here's how to get started with litecoin mining in 2021

For many, cryptocurrency mining can be a lucrative business opportunity, enabling them to profit off automated work. But for many more, mining is an intimidating concept with little to no education on how to get involved.

Litecoin is a cheaper asset, often considered the digital silver to Bitcoins digital gold. Litecoin transactions are almost 4x faster than Bitcoins on average as well, and with cheaper transaction fees at that. Rewards for mining are also much higher on Litecoin.

That said, pool mining means youre much likely to see a reward, even if you have to split it up with others. Solo mining also means paying much more in electricity fees, and relying entirely on your own setup rather than the power of others as well.

However, if youre seriously wondering can Litecoin make you rich? youll want to consider an ASIC essentially a piece of Litecoin mining hardware that specializes in crypto. Its not too different from a traditional GPU, it just has that special focus.

Then its time to decide on a Litecoin mining software. There are many to choose from, and some are free to get started on if youre just using a GPU or CPU. A piece of Litecoin mining hardware should come with its own unique option.

Some examples of pools include, but are not limited to, Litecoinpool.org, Antpool, and Multipool. Before deciding one, make sure it supports your hardware of choice, as well as pay attention to their fees.

When everything is decided, you need a cryptocurrency wallet to store your Litecoin. Some pools will come with one built-in, but its generally best to use an external wallet like a hardware wallet, or a desktop/mobile one.

As your device mines, any rewards will be automatically deposited into your wallet. When it comes to Litecoin compared to Bitcoin, there are 84 million possible Litecoin, making the asset much more accessible for everyone. On top of this, blocks are processed every two and a half minutes or so on Litecoin, while Bitcoin is ten minutes.

Different companies charge different transaction fees, rates, and have various minimum thresholds. Also, rewards are likely to be cheaper than traditional mining would be. That said, the barrier to entry is much lower than otherwise.

Now youre aware of all of the different ways to mine Litecoin. Hopefully, this guide has helped you out, and you can get started as soon as youre ready. Good luck mining, and remember that getting involved in any cryptocurrency is speculative and may or may not end up profitable. Always be careful!

Max is a cryptocurrency journalist with an affinity for games and emerging technology. After leaving school to start a writing career, he wrote his first article on blockchain and fell down the rabbit hole. Since starting in 2017, Max has worked with multiple blockchain startups and crypto enthusiast spaces, doing his best to educate the world on the nascent technology. Max has been published in various blockchain and crypto related magazines before settling down at BeInCrypto to focus on long-form content.

bitcoin mining definition

Bitcoin mining is performed by high-powered computers that solve complex computational math problems; these problems are so complex that they cannot be solved by hand and are complicated enough to tax even incredibly powerful computers.

The result of bitcoin mining is twofold. First, when computers solve these complex math problems on the bitcoin network, they produce new bitcoin (not unlike when a mining operation extracts gold from the ground). And second, by solving computational math problems, bitcoin miners make the bitcoin payment network trustworthy and secure by verifying its transaction information.

When someone sends bitcoin anywhere, it's called a transaction. Transactions made in-store or online are documented by banks, point-of-sale systems, and physical receipts. Bitcoin miners achieve the same thing by clumping transactions together in blocks and adding them to a public record called the blockchain. Nodes then maintain records of those blocks so that they can be verified into the future.

When bitcoin miners add a new block of transactions to the blockchain, part of their job is to make sure that those transactions are accurate. In particular, bitcoin miners make sure that bitcoin is not being duplicated, a unique quirk of digital currencies called double-spending. With printed currencies, counterfeiting is always an issue. But generally, once you spend $20 at the store, that bill is in the clerks hands. With digital currency, however, it's a different story.

Digital information can be reproduced relatively easily, so with Bitcoin and other digital currencies, there is a risk that a spender can make a copy of their bitcoin and send it to another party while still holding onto the original.

With as many as 300,000 purchases and sales occurring in a single day, verifying each of those transactions can be a lot of work for miners. As compensation for their efforts, miners are awarded bitcoin whenever they add a new block of transactions to the blockchain.

The amount of new bitcoin released with each mined block is called the "block reward." The block reward is halved every 210,000 blocks (or roughly every 4 years). In 2009, it was 50. In 2013, it was 25, in 2018 it was 12.5, and in May of 2020, it was halved to 6.25.

This system will continue until around 2140. At that point, miners will be rewarded with fees for processing transactions that network users will pay. These fees ensure that miners still have the incentive to mine and keep the network going. The idea is that competition for these fees will cause them to remain low after halvings are finished.

These halvings reduce the rate at which new coins are created and, thus, lower the available supply. This can cause some implications for investors, as other assets with low supplylike goldcan have high demand and push prices higher. At this rate of halving, the total number of bitcoin in circulation will reach a limit of 21 million, making the currency entirely finite and potentially more valuable over time.

El Salvador made Bitcoin legal tender on June 9, 2021. It is the first country to do so. The cryptocurrency can be used for any transaction where the business can accept it. The U.S. dollar continues to be El Salvadors primary currency.

In order for bitcoin miners to actually earn bitcoin from verifying transactions, two things have to occur. First, they must verify one megabyte (MB) worth of transactions, which can theoretically be as small as one transaction but are more often several thousand, depending on how much data each transaction stores.

Second, in order to add a block of transactions to the blockchain, miners must solve a complex computational math problem, also called a "proof of work." What they're actually doing is trying to come up with a 64-digit hexadecimal number, called a "hash," that is less than or equal to the target hash. Basically, a miner's computer spits out hashes at different ratesmegahashes per second (MH/s), gigahashes per second (GH/s), or terahashes per second (TH/s)depending on the unit, guessing all possible 64-digit numbers until they arrive at a solution. In other words, it's a gamble.

The difficulty level of the most recent block as of August 2020 is more than 16 trillion. That is, the chance of a computer producing a hash below the target is 1 in 16 trillion. To put that in perspective, you are about 44,500 times more likely to win the Powerball jackpot with a single lottery ticket than you are to pick the correct hash on a single try. Fortunately, mining computer systems spit out many hash possibilities. Nonetheless, mining for bitcoin requires massive amounts of energy and sophisticated computing operations.

The difficulty level is adjusted every 2016 blocks, or roughly every 2 weeks, with the goal of keeping rates of mining constant. That is, the more miners there are competing for a solution, the more difficult the problem will become. The opposite is also true. If computational power is taken off of the network, the difficulty adjusts downward to make mining easier.

Say I tell three friends that I'm thinking of a number between 1 and 100, and I write that number on a piece of paper and seal it in an envelope. My friends don't have to guess the exact number, they just have to be the first person to guess any number that is less than or equal to the number I am thinking of. And there is no limit to how many guesses they get.

Let's say I'm thinking of the number 19. If Friend A guesses 21, they lose because 21>19. If Friend B guesses 16 and Friend C guesses 12, then they've both theoretically arrived at viable answers, because 16<19 and 12<19. There is no 'extra credit' for Friend B, even though B's answer was closer to the target answer of 19.

Now imagine that I pose the 'guess what number I'm thinking of' question, but I'm not asking just three friends, and I'm not thinking of a number between 1 and 100. Rather, I'm asking millions of would-be miners and I'm thinking of a 64-digit hexadecimal number. Now you see that it's going to be extremely hard to guess the right answer.

Because bitcoin mining is essentially guesswork, arriving at the right answer before another miner has almost everything to do with how fast your computer can produce hashes. Just a decade ago, bitcoin mining could be performed competitively on normal desktop computers. Over time, however, miners realized that graphics cards commonly used for video games were more effective and they began to dominate the game. In 2013, bitcoin miners started to use computers designed specifically for mining cryptocurrency as efficiently as possible, called Application-Specific Integrated Circuits (ASIC). These can run from several hundred dollars to tens of thousands but their efficiency in mining Bitcoin is superior.

Today, bitcoin mining is so competitive that it can only be done profitably with the most up-to-date ASICs. When using desktop computers, GPUs, or older models of ASICs, the cost of energy consumption actually exceeds the revenue generated. Even with the newest unit at your disposal, one computer is rarely enough to compete with what miners call "mining pools."

A mining pool is a group of miners who combine their computing power and split the mined bitcoin between participants. A disproportionately large number of blocks are mined by pools rather than by individual miners. Mining pools and companies have represented large percentages of bitcoin's computing power.

Consumers tend to trust printed currencies. Thats because the U.S. dollar is backed by a central bank of the U.S., called the Federal Reserve. In addition to a host of other responsibilities, the Federal Reserve regulates the production of new money, and the federal government prosecutes the use of counterfeit currency.

Even digital payments using the U.S. dollar are backed by a central authority. When you make an online purchase using your debit or credit card, for example, that transaction is processed by a payment processing company (such as Mastercard or Visa). In addition to recording your transaction history, those companies verify that transactions are not fraudulent, which is one reason your debit or credit card may be suspended while traveling.

Bitcoin, on the other hand, is not regulated by a central authority. Instead, bitcoin is backed by millions of computers across the world called nodes. This network of computers performs the same function as the Federal Reserve, Visa, and Mastercard, but with a few key differences. Nodes store information about prior transactions and help to verify their authenticity. Unlike those central authorities, however, bitcoin nodes are spread out across the world and record transaction data in a public list that can be accessed by anyone.

Between 1 in 16 trillion odds, scaling difficulty levels, and the massive network of users verifying transactions, one block of transactions is verified roughly every 10 minutes. But its important to remember that 10 minutes is a goal, not a rule.

The bitcoin network is currently processing just under four transactions per second as of August 2020, with transactions being logged in the blockchain every 10 minutes. For comparison, Visa can process somewhere around 65,000 transactions per second. As the network of bitcoin users continues to grow, however, the number of transactions made in 10 minutes will eventually exceed the number of transactions that can be processed in 10 minutes. At that point, waiting times for transactions will begin and continue to get longer, unless a change is made to the bitcoin protocol.

This issue at the heart of the bitcoin protocol is known as scaling. While bitcoin miners generally agree that something must be done to address scaling, there is less consensus about how to do it. There have been two major solutions proposed to address the scaling problem. Developers have suggested either (1) creating a secondary "off-chain" layer to Bitcoin that would allow for faster transactions that can be verified by the blockchain later, or (2) increasing the number of transactions that each block can store. With less data to verify per block, the Solution 1 would make transactions faster and cheaper for miners. Solution 2 would deal with scaling by allowing for more information to be processed every 10 minutes by increasing block size.

In July 2017, bitcoin miners and mining companies representing roughly 80% to 90% of the networks computing power voted to incorporate a program that would decrease the amount of data needed to verify each block.

The program that miners voted to add to the bitcoin protocol is called a segregated witness, or SegWit. This term is an amalgamation of Segregated, meaning to separate, and Witness, which refers to signatures on a bitcoin transaction. Segregated Witness, then, means to separate transaction signatures from a block and attach them as an extended block. While adding a single program to the bitcoin protocol may not seem like much in the way of a solution, signature data has been estimated to account for up to 65% of the data processed in each block of transactions.

Less than a month later in August 2017, a group of miners and developers initiated a hard fork, leaving the bitcoin network to create a new currency using the same codebase as bitcoin. Although this group agreed with the need for a solution to scaling, they worried that adopting segregated witness technology would not fully address the scaling problem.

Instead, they went with Solution 2. The resulting currency, called bitcoin cash, increased the blocksize to 8 MB in order to accelerate the verification process to allow a performance of around 2 million transactions per day. On August 16, 2020, Bitcoin Cash was valued at about $302 to Bitcoins roughly $11,800.

construction equipment rental business plan [sample template for 2021]

Are you about starting an equipment rental company? If YES, here is a complete sample construction equipment rental business plan template & feasibility report you can use for FREE. Okay, so we have considered all the requirements for starting a construction equipment rental business.

We also took it further byanalyzing and drafting a sample construction equipment rental marketing plan template backed up by actionable guerrilla marketing ideas for heavy equipment rental businesses. So lets proceed to the business planning section.

According to a facts report from the Equipment Leasing Association of America, close to 80% of businesses in the country rented or leased equipment on a daily basis, thereby making the business very lucrative for anyone intending to start the business.

The reason why many businesses are renting equipment is due to the fact that they do not consider it necessary or worthwhile to purchase heavy equipment for use either due to budget constraints or the fact that buying the equipment would be a waste of resources as regards to leasing it.

Due to the fact that this is a capital intensive business, you would need the input of an expert who is knowledgeable in the industry and who would carry out an analysis on your company in relation to your location to help you determine if going into the business would be a wise decision.

If the odds are for you, the consultant would then help draft strategies that would help make your business have an edge over others that you might likely be competing with in the same location or even industry. Asides from getting a business consultant to help you determine if going into the business is worthwhile, writing a business plan is another task you would need to undertake.

The equipment rental industry according to IBIS World has several downstream businesses or industries that are its customers such as railcars, aircrafts, ships and drilling machineries. The revenue from this industry amounts to $38 billion and the projected growth from 2011 to 2015 for this industry was pegged at 4.8%. There are more than 18,000 equipment rental businesses in the united states of America employing more than 78,000 people.

The last economic recession caused a slide in the industrys revenue as few companies rented equipment during this period. However, according to statistics, the downstream sector will strongly drive the industry from 2016 to 2021. Also, it is stated that construction and transportation industries will benefit from this strong projection in the next five years.

The equipment rental industry especially the heavy equipment is heavily fragmented as the four largest players in the industry, according to the industrys 2016 revenue, account for close to 20.2%; other players in the industry operated in specialist markets or in disperse geographical locations. However, as activities have dropped in the construction and transportation industries, it has caused many small players to exit the industry.

As at 2014, the construction equipment rental market globally was valued at over $4 billion and has been anticipated to go over $84 billion by 2022. This is due to the fact that construction activities were on the increase globally, especially as governments were investing in emerging economies.

The rental market for material handling has been anticipated to grow at 13% from 2015 to 2022 due to the fact that focus has been increased on automated production processes so as to efficiently use raw materials, resources and energy.

Demand for advanced machinery with eco-friendly as well as low maintenance features has continually grown and is likely to surge past demand for conventional equipment in the coming years. Also, another thing that responsible for a high adoption of rental products is the fact that consumers now have high purchasing power with a higher preference for rentals.

As at 2014, the earthmoving rental machinery market was valued at over $19 billion and was expected to see a significant growth of more than 12% by 2022. This is due to the fact that emerging economies have increased the demand for heavy equipment.

The equipment rental industry is very capital in nature and businesses in the industry are usually involved in mergers and acquisitions, strategic alliances and joint ventures so as to increase their penetration to their target markets.

Tack Rentals (TR) is a standard and the exclusive go-to equipment rental business based in Atlanta Georgia, USA and intends to rent its equipment to individuals and businesses. We also intend to sell some of our equipment and also become distributors for some major equipment manufacturing companies all over the United States of America.

Our vision as a company is to be the preferred equipment rental company here in Atlanta and also be amongst the top 10 equipment rental businesses in the United States of America by 2025. To ensure that we achieve the following vision and objectives, we intend to ensure that we build the best business structure.

Our equipment rental business is strategically located at Peachtree Street, NE in Atlanta and provides the required convenience for our various customers in easily locating us to make enquiries, buy or rent from us. Also, our online presence makes it quite easy for those who love shopping online to locate us, not only are we located on top of various search engines, we also respond promptly to any online enquiries.

Our equipment are of high quality and are designed to last for as long as possible, this is because we procure these equipment with our customers in mind, and we would want that the equipment they get from us carry out its tasks efficiently.

Our management team is the best that can be found as we carefully sourced for those who not only had an understanding of the industry, but who also believe in our core values and were willing to work to ensure we reached our attained height.

Our customer care teams are very knowledgeable about the trends in the industry and have been trained to understand the wants of our clients and ensure that it is fulfilled. All complaints are speedily attended to and resolved by our able customer care executives.

We know how important is it to garner promotion for a business and so we have drafted effective publicity strategies that will ensure that the business gets the awareness it deserves here in Atlanta as well as all over the United States of America.

Finally, our Chief Executive Officer, Mr. Rocha Taylor is one who has the necessary expertise to ensure that the business attains its goals and objectives as he has more than 10 years experience in the rentals industry and will therefore bring in some strategies that will ensure we come up tops above our various competitors.

Tack Rentals (TR) intends to deal in all sorts of services to its various customers in the target market. Our niche makes it very easy for us to be the exclusive equipment rental business here in Atlanta, Georgia.

However, instead of just providing core services to our customers, we intend to add other services to in order to gain more customers while also creating multiple sources of income. Our aim is to make profit as we legally can and as is permissible under the laws of the United States of America.

Having the right business structure is very important to us as a business, because we know that getting the business structure right will set us on the right path towards attaining success as an organization. It is for this reason that we would sources for and hire only the best employees that will help take our vision from where we are to where we intend to be.

We know how important it is to have the right management team that not only understands the core values of the company but also have the right knowledge and expertise to enable the company achieve its goals and objectives. We are willing to pay all our employees well and also ensure that they are adequately trained so that they are able to handle the various responsibilities that would be assigned to them through our different sales and products offering.

The training would also give them enhanced skills as well as increase their productivity for the overall benefit of the company. Therefore, below is the business structure we intend to build at Tack Rentals (TR);

The SWOT (Strength, Weakness, Opportunities and Threats) analysis is usually a method that is used to evaluate the chances of a business survival. It is a necessary tool used to help the business understand and also carry out the best decisions on behalf of the organization.

In conducting a thorough analysis on our chances in the equipment rental business, we hired a reputable business consultant here in Atlanta who understands the business thoroughly and would evaluate our strengths and opportunities and use it to determine if they were worth more than our threats and weaknesses.

We have several strengths in our advantage and one of such is that we have competent employees that know how to handle our customers and also how to anticipate their needs, which is what our customers love most about us. Also, the fact that we can be found online and are actually responsive to enquiries and requests is one of our strengths.

Our brand is widely recognized in Atlanta which has led to more customers for us. Finally, our Chief Executive Officer, Mr. Rocha Taylor, has over 10 years experience in the equipment rental industry which is of a huge benefit to the business.

The fact that many businesses are into equipment rentals is a huge weakness for us as this would mean we would need to intensify efforts to get a good share of the target market that is already saturated. We however have strategies in place that would enable us make a huge impression on the public.

The opportunities that abound to us in this industry stem from companies that will be looking to rent our equipment on a long term basis, thereby causing an increase in our revenue. There are also loads of people looking for advices on what equipment is best for use and whether they should rent or buy; these are opportunities we intend to use to our full advantage.

The threats we are likely to experience in this industry are from the arrival of new competitors who might be looking to grab a share of our target market by offering cheaper prices than what we were offering. Also, another threat we are likely to face is in having an economic downturn which will affect the rate customers lend equipment from us.

The equipment rental business is one that has always been in demand and this is due to the fact that even though several individuals and companies require the use of heavy machinery to carry out certain tasks, they do not want to buy or have the means to buy such equipment.

Also, some of the heavy equipment are used few times by the end users and so there is no need to waste money purchasing these equipment only to use them once or a few times, hence the need to rent the equipment from rental companies. However, any entrepreneur looking to go into this business must ensure that they think up innovative ways at earning money and staying on top of competition.

Equipment rental companies these days do not only rent out equipment, they are also involved in the sales of heavy and light equipment. Others also become distributors of some of this heavy equipment for equipment manufacturing companies. This is so that they can gain a huge share of the target market, and keep generating revenue that would give them a healthy bottom line.

The use of the internet has made things quite easy for equipment rental companies, as most have built websites that has Search Engine Optimization (SEO) so that they could be amongst the top searches for customers who searched for equipment rental companies online.

There is also the trend of using online directories or paying Google so as to be able to appear in different forums, websites and blogs that register for Googles Adsense. Asides this, owners of this kind of business always network with manufacturing companies as well as other stakeholders in the industry to help increase awareness about them.

There are all sorts of people who make rent equipment for several purposes; this means that we cannot restrict our customers to a certain group as we have a huge target market to cater to here in Atlanta, Georgia. Asides from having a large number of potential customers, we are also strategically located here in Atlanta, and have also chosen several other strategic locations in which to create awareness about Tack Rentals (TR).

However to help us get a better perspective of our target market, we have carried out a market research that will not only help us understand their demands, but will also help us see what they would be expecting from us. We therefore are in the equipment rental business to cater to the following group of individuals and industries according to our market research:

Every business that intends to make profit knows that it is likely to have competitors and so it would be wise for such a business to set out competitive strategies that would ensure that it has an edge over its competitors either in the same location or in the whole industry. With this, Tack Rentals (TR) has several competitive strategies which it intends to deploy against its competitors in the industry.

Our intention of being amongst the top ten equipment rentals in the United States of America and the only exclusive go-to equipment rental company here in Atlanta, Georgia means that we fully intend to deploy several strategies to ensure that we achieve this objectives, whilst maintaining a healthy bottom line.

Our different equipment are of high quality and so would not give our customers any hitches once they are being rented out. Not only do we stock the best equipment, we also ensure that our equipment are given a thorough inspection before and after use by our highly competent maintenance team.

Our customers would have the option of using our support personnel whenever they lease our equipment, this is so that any hitches that crop up during the use of our equipment would not only be speedily resolved but also recorded accurately for use by the company for future purposes.

Lastly, we offer the best customer care, the type that cannot be found anywhere in other similar start-ups in the industry. Our customer care executives are deeply knowledgeable about trends in the industry and are highly trained to handle our different types of customers no matter their temperaments.

Tack Rentals (TR) is an established company in Atlanta, Georgia whose aim is to offer several services to its customers based within its target location. We intend to give our customers several niche services that will ensure that they do not have to patronize our competitors, and that will also earn us income from various sources.

The equipment rental business is such that will always grow especially as most businesses in America cannot go without leasing one or several equipment every day. Our strategic location in Atlanta Georgia has made us quite optimistic of generating revenue and making profit from the second year of operation and from which we can then grow and expand our business from there.

We conducted a critical analysis of our chances in the equipment leasing industry based on data and information that was gathered from several similar start-ups in the industry and based on our location as well. It is from this critical analysis that we were able to come up with the sales projections.

N.B: The above sales projections were carried out based on several facts and information from the industry. The above projections are based on the facts that there will be no change in the factors listed above. However, should any change occur either positively or negatively, it is likely to have an impact increase or decrease in the projected sales figures.

Even though the equipment rental business is a lucrative one, there are still several businesses within this industry collapsing and all because they did not carry out adequate marketing. Marketing is the process by which businesses research on and identify their target market so as to be able to draft the necessary strategies that would be effective on the identified target market.

Marketing is the major source by which a business makes its revenue to sustain and eventually expand it. Therefore, we have conducted a thorough marketing research on our target market and have identified several ways we would attract customers to our equipment rentals business.

To aid us in carrying out this market research, we sourced for the services of a reputable marketing consultant who is knowledgeable in this field to help us look over our market research and not only review it but also draft the right strategies that would see us standing out in our marketing campaigns.

Empowered to work with the hired marketing consultant is out marketing team, who understanding our corporate core values and foundation have to ensure that each marketing strategy promotes the company positively to existing and potential customers while also generating the intended revenue for the company.

We do not also intend to dismiss the importance of technology as we intend to incorporate it into our marketing strategies. We are fully aware of the power of the internet and will deploy all means to ensure that we maintain a strong online presence that will be helpful when marketing our equipment rental business.

Publicity and advertising is a very important aspect for any business that intends to play an active role in generating revenue whilst also creating the necessary awareness it needs for its brand. Due to this it is very essential that we carefully draft our publicity strategies that would project our image positively to our customers existing and potential.

We have also hired a brand strategist who is quite knowledgeable about the industry and knows which strategies would likely be beneficial to us in the short and long run, to help look over our strategies and help to modify or draft new ones that we would implement in ensuring that Tack Rentals (TR) is not only known here in Atlanta but in other surrounding cities as well.

We know how important pricing is to a company and so we intend to take our pricing strategy very seriously when it comes to setting the rates and prices for our customers. We would give our customers an affordable price or rates for our equipment, and will ensure that the price given fetches us a good margin that will cover not only our overhead but our running costs as well.

However, in order to attract customers to our business and make them loyal to us, we intend to reduce our rates during the first few months (3 months) of business. The rates would not however be lowered to the point that they affect our business negatively, we would only be running on low margins. We would however raise our prices later so as to conform to what is obtainable in the rental industry.

The days where there were only one or two ways by which customers could pay for services or a product is long gone as there are several available platforms available to suit the different needs of the customers. At Tack Rentals (TR), we are a business that understands that our customers might have different preferences and so we have different payment options available.

The equipment rental business is a capital intensive business especially if one intends to set up a business that is of a certain standard. In generating start-up capital for our equipment rental business, it should be noted that the bulk of the capital would go into purchasing these heavy equipment, while the other heavy spending will be on paying employee salaries and bills.

From the above analysis, we would need the sum of $1,100,000 in order to not only start but successfully run our equipment rental business here in Atlanta, Georgia. It should be noted that the bulk of the capital will go into buying the heavy equipment that would be rented out to various customers as well as payment employee salaries and lease and furnish the facility we intend to use for our business.

Tack Rentals (TR) is owned by businessman Mr. Rocha Taylor, who has over 10 years experience in the industry. In seeking for funds to start this business, Mr. Rocha intends to source for funds from different sources including the bank and external investors, so that his business can start off successfully.

N.B: Mr. Rocha Taylor was able to generate $100,000 from the sale of personal stock and properties. The bank in which Mr. Rocha Taylor approached for a loan of $500,000 has given approval after verifying his documents. The loan from the bank will be repayable in 7 years with a 3% interest rate.

Mr. Taylor has additionally approached a private investor for the sum of $500,000 in return for 3% equity; the deal is nearly being done as both parties are waiting for the lawyers to fine-tune the agreement.

A business that has no sustainability and expansion strategies has no future, and so because we have established our business not only to make profit but have a future as well, we intend to ensure that we implement our sustainability employee competence, customers loyalty and expansion reinvestment strategies to our advantage.

One first aim of sustaining our business is to ensure that we employ those who are very competent and have a good understanding of how to run the business. In a bid to ensure that the business runs smoothly, we intend to pay our employees well exactly what is obtainable in the industry for start-ups such as ours, and ensure we provide them with a great welfare package.

We intend to share our profits with our management team especially those who have shown a great commitment and zeal for at least a 3 year period; and we also intend to provide incentives by promoting lower end staff after conducting periodical performance appraisals.

Retaining our customers is such a big deal for us and we intend to ensure we deploy all the strategies that will make our customers stick to us. We intend to offer them excellent customer care, by always listening and attending promptly to their complaints and also responding to whatever enquiries they might have. We will also reward loyal customers by providing discounts every now.

Having a healthy bottom line is important and so we would ensure that we re-invest part of our profit back into the company so that we do not need to source for external sources to fund our company all the time. We believe that once we apply these strategies, we would be able to not only sustain but also expand our equipment rental business as well.

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what is strip mining? (with pictures)

Strip mining is a type of surface mining which involves the removal of a thin layer of material known as an overburden to access buried deposits of useful minerals. This type of mining is only effective in areas where mineral deposits are very close to the surface, making it feasible to quickly and easily remove the overburden to get to them. Classically, strip mining is used to mine tar sand and coal. This technique is also referred to as open cast, open cut, or stripping.

In this technique, the first step is the removal of trees, shrubs, and structures on the area to be mined, a process which is usually accomplished with heavy duty bulldozers. Next, holes are drilled for the placement of explosives, which will loosen the overburden so that it can be removed by earthmoving equipment. Some of the largest industrial equipment in the world is utilized in strip mining, with the overburden being piled next to the site or hauled away for disposal, depending on how the mine is being handled. Once exposed, the minerals can be extracted.

In many cases, mining operations work a little like mowing the lawn: one row at a time. When this technique is used, mined strips are used to hold the removed overburden from the neighboring row, so that it does not have to be hauled off site. This technique also makes it easier to control stability and conditions at the mine, as only a small segment is being actively worked at any given time.

Area strip mining is designed for relatively flat areas of ground which can be worked quickly and easily. The main concern in flat areas tends to be containment and proper disposal of overburden, to keep the site under control. In contour strip mining, strips are dug out around the contours of a mountain, and miners must be more careful to avoid collapses and other problems which can cause injuries or deaths.

As one might imagine from the description, strip mining can be extremely disruptive. The unwanted overburden often consists of nutrient rich topsoil which may have been built up over centuries, and when the overburden is carelessly disposed of, this constitutes an enormous waste. Even when the overburden is replaced, it can take decades or longer for plant and animal life in the area to recover. Pollution can also become an issue, depending on what is being mined and whether it is being processed on site.

Ever since she began contributing to the site several years ago, Mary has embraced the exciting challenge of being a InfoBloom researcher and writer. Mary has a liberal arts degree from Goddard College and spends her free time reading, cooking, and exploring the great outdoors.

Ever since she began contributing to the site several years ago, Mary has embraced the exciting challenge of being a InfoBloom researcher and writer. Mary has a liberal arts degree from Goddard College and spends her free time reading, cooking, and exploring the great outdoors.

I enjoyed your article on strip mining. I have a new release on Amazon that highlights the extents families will go to protect their land from strip mining that kinda goes hand i hand with your article. "Murder Seen through the Eyes of a Child" is a story about three young boys growing up and getting into all kinds of mischief as they watch and witness a terrible tragedy unfold. They live in a time period when corruption is rampant in law enforcement and corporations. These individuals will resort to almost anything to fatten their banks accounts even if that means destroying people and the land they own to achieve their goals. This book runs the complete gambit of emotions. You will find yourself laughing and then rooting for the underdog as you feel drawn to the Mountain people.

"Murder Seen through the Eyes of a Child" is a story about three young boys growing up and getting into all kinds of mischief as they watch and witness a terrible tragedy unfold. They live in a time period when corruption is rampant in law enforcement and corporations. These individuals will resort to almost anything to fatten their banks accounts even if that means destroying people and the land they own to achieve their goals. This book runs the complete gambit of emotions. You will find yourself laughing and then rooting for the underdog as you feel drawn to the Mountain people.

"Murder Seen through the Eyes of a Child" is a story about three young boys growing up and getting into all kinds of mischief as they watch and witness a terrible tragedy unfold. They live in a time period when corruption is rampant in law enforcement and corporations. These individuals will resort to almost anything to fatten their banks accounts even if that means destroying people and the land they own to achieve their goals. This book runs the complete gambit of emotions. You will find yourself laughing and then rooting for the underdog as you feel drawn to the Mountain people.

@ 2:to satisfy the basic needs required for a human to live in this day to day life like all metal related objects starting from automobiles, minerals for chemical purpose etc., we need the [email protected] 5: yes, you are right. we are stupid, but think without these resources is it possible to survive? i would say use the resources but to the required level considering all safety measures!

gold mining equipment

911MPE hassmall gold mining equipment for sale andmore specifically mineral processing equipment. Our equipment is best used in small scale extractive metallurgyoperations operated by small miners or hobbyist prospectors and mining fanatics. 911MPE offers gold mining equipment as well as processing equipment applicable to most any base metals: copper, lead, zinc, nickel, tin, tungsten and more. For the relatively small size of equipment offered, sample preparation and metallurgical laboratories can economically buy good alternatives to the usually unaffordable equipment for sale in the classic market place.

911MPE has for target market what mining professionals consider the pilot-plant scale mining operation or artisanal mining operations with a focus around under 500TPD. Metals you can extract include: gold, silver or other of the precious group as well as the classic base metals; copper, lead, zinc, nickel, molybdenum. Much of our ultra-small scale equipment allows you to process from just a few kilo (pounds) per day and work on your passion for a small budget.

You can buy from us mineral processing equipment starting from crushing, grinding, classification, dredging, gravity separation, flotation, pumps, water treatment and smelting. A line of ovens, furnaces and laboratory equipment is also available.

Making a complete list of gold mining equipment starts with defining the type of gold mining you are doing and the budget you have at your disposal. The type of mining relates to hard rock,eluvial, or placer; alluvial deposits. The capital budget you have to invest in buying your equipment with dictate the scale at which you want to mine and influence the long-term operating costs of your mining operation.

Since most of the information online provides lists of gold mining equipment for amateur level mining with equipment like: gold pans, metal detectors, mini sluice box, blue bowl, geologist rock pick, soil scoop, hand screens/classifiers. The items listed just now fall closer to gold prospecting tools and equipment than actual mining.

I will present here what I consider are major equipment lists for 3 types of mining operations. Remember now, a metallurgist is writing. This will not be flawless and since my speciality is process equipment, that is mostly what will be discussed.

Some amateur level gold prospecting equipment such as metal detectors are often classified as mining equipment by small miners/prospectors operating as a hobby. These items include but are not limited to:

common types of surface mining equipment sand & gravel basics | msha university

Since nearly half of the open pit surface mines in the U.S. produce sand and gravel (aggregate), lots of questions tend to come up about the equipment used in that type of mining. As you can imagine, it takes a range of both mobile and stationary equipment to run a sand and gravel operation. So in this article, well categorize the most common surface mining equipment based on what functions they perform at a sand and gravel mine.

Of course, we could simply list the specific pieces of equipment with some pretty pictures. But its very important to understand not only what equipment youre likely to find at a surface mine, but also what functions that equipment performs and why its critical to mining operations. So, well go into some detail on each piece of equipment and where it fits into the mining process, and then follow up with some common hazards and safety tips.

Keep in mind that many of these items have multiple purposes, performing a range of functions throughout the mine. While we may mention some equipment in more than one category, our focus is on their primary functions.

Dozers These are heavy, track-mounted vehicles with a wide forward-facing pusher blade at the front. While the blade is somewhat adjustable and can raise and lower, its used in a nearly vertical position to push mined material and dislodge layers of overburden.

Backhoes Backhoes can be wheel or track-mounted with an articulated boom and an inward-facing bucket for digging and scaling jobs. This type of equipment can range in size and is often used throughout the mine for a variety of digging functions.

Graders / Scrapers These are long, low, articulated, wheel-mounted vehicles primarily used during overburden removal and road building. Grading scrapers employ a low blade to level areas, such as roads, by scraping and collecting material from high spots and depositing material in low spots.

Skid Steers These are small, often wheel-mounted (but can be track-mounted) vehicles with lifting arms and a variety of attachments that perform a range of activities throughout the mine. This type of vehicle distributes power to left and right wheels independently, making it capable of a zero-radius turn and allowing it to operate in small spaces. Skid steers are valuable for use in small-scale construction and earth-moving functions, operating similar to small dozers and front end loaders.

Front End Loaders (Loaders) Loaders are the workhorses of the surface mining industry, capable of excavating large volumes of material very quickly. These wheel-mounted vehicles can have rigid or articulated frames with a wide, deep forward-facing bucket at the front which can be hydraulically raised and lowered. Loaders commonly scoop large volumes of material into the bucket, move the material toward a haul truck, raise the bucket overhead, and dump the material into the bed of the truck.

Power Shovels These are very large, track-mounted digging machines with a forward facing bucket operated by cables (wire ropes rather than hydraulics) and supported by a stick and boom configuration. Power shovels are capable of excavating large volumes material in the bucket (or dipper), pivoting and lifting the dipper over an awaiting haul truck, and releasing the dipper door at he back of the dipper to dump material into the truck bed.

Bucket Wheel Excavators (BWEs) Enormous track-mounted excavators, these machines are some of the largest excavators in the world. They operate by scooping material from a pit wall with forward-facing buckets mounted to a continuously upward rotating wheel.

As the wheel rotates upward, the buckets collect material from the pit wall. As the wheel rotates upward, gravity allows the material in each bucket to successively empty onto an overland conveyor that transports the mined material to the processing plant.

Draglines With a structure similar to a crane, draglines employ a boom and hoist mechanism with a cable system that extends (casts) and retracts (drags) a large inward-facing bucket to collect and scoop material. The bucket is cast outward and dragged toward the equipment, collecting material along the way. When full, the bucket is lifted and positioned over a waiting haul truck for transport to the processing plant.

Dredges Often mounted on floating platforms, dredges perform excavation in bodies of water, commonly rivers, canals, and harbors. Dredges can operate by suction or by mechanical digging devices, such as a dragline. They move sediments, shell, and other material from the bottom of the body of water to deposit it on land or for transport via barge.

Haul Trucks These are large trucks with beds that can be raised to dump transported material, often from the pit to a stockpile or processing facility. They can range widely in haul capacities from 40 tons to nearly 500 tons.

Overland Conveyors Designed to move high volumes, these powerful conveyors may run for miles to transport mined material to the processing facility or to move finished sand and gravel products to rail cars or barge shipping. Theyre often uncovered, but may be covered in regions where rainfall can either adversely affect the material or add unwanted weight to a finished product.

Bins and Hoppers Bins and hoppers are types of containers that accumulate and release material to help manage the flow of material. Material from a loader or conveyor typically enters the open-topped bin or hopper from above, where it can accumulate and be dispensed from the bottom at a controlled rate onto another conveyor.

Processing mined material at a sand and gravel mine is primarily a cleaning, filtering, and sorting process. Material is cleaned of debris, screened and separated size, and stockpiled by material type and dimension.

Grizzlies A grizzly is the first stage in the screening process, prohibiting oversized rocks and boulders in mined material from entering the processing plant. The grizzly is a set of slanted parallel bars placed a few inches apart. Boulders and rocks too large to pass between the bars will slide down and away from the grizzly. Material rejected by the grizzly may be either crushed or used for other landscaping or erosion control purposes.

Screens (Washing and Sorting) A series of heavy-duty, gravity fed screening decks of successively decreasing opening sizes are used to separate and sort mined material. As material is fed into the series of screens from the top, each set of screens allows smaller material to pass through to the next screen. Screens may also vibrate forcefully to facilitate material separation and include an array of water sprayers to wash sand, mud, and clay off the stones.

Crushers Crushers do exactly what they sound like they do. They crush oversized stone to specific sizes for a variety of uses. The two main types are jaw and cone crushers that reduce rock size in different mechanical processes.

Stack Conveyors At an aggregate (sand and gravel) mine, processed material is typically stored as inventory in stockpiles, large piles of individually sized and graded stone, gravel, and sand. Stockpiles can range greatly in size from 15 to more than 75 feet in height.

While stack conveyors rise high above a pile to deposit sorted material onto its stockpile by material type and dimensions, dozers and loaders may operate on or around the pile to ensure stability. Dozers may operate on large piles, pushing and distributing material to manage the piles slopes from above. And loaders may manage the base of the pile to remove overhangs or other potentially dangers conditions to avoid a unexpected slide or collapse.

After material is fully processed, it can be shipped to customers in a variety of ways. It may satisfy orders for an individual commodity, a mix of commodities, or even as part of another finished product, such as concrete in situations where a concrete batch plant may be located onsite.

Over-the-road Trucks Common tractor-trailer trucks that operate on civilian roads and highways may pick up and haul materials to regional customers. These open-topped aggregate trailers may be loaded by front end loader or conveyor to an average capacity of about 25 tons.

Railcars Finished product may be transported by railcar at mines with a rail spur (a secondary rail track that leads to an onsite loading area). Each individual railcar can transport a capacity of about 110 tons of material.

Barges Large volumes of commodities may be shipped to customers via barges for mines with shipping waterway access. Barges are commonly loaded with material transported by overland conveyor from stockpiles at other locations on the mine site. Each barge is capable of transporting about 1,500 tons of material.

Mix Trucks (Concrete) When a concrete batch plant (or ready-mix plant) is located onsite, sand and gravel may be used in specific formulations to create concrete to meet a broad range of customer construction needs. Sand and gravel is mixed with cement to produce concrete for transport in mix trucks for local use. Mix trucks transport on average about 8 cubic yards or 16.2 tons of concrete each and must deliver the finished concrete customers within about 1.5hrs.

Generators Often diesel-powered, onsite backup generators are stationary power plants designed to provide sufficient power to keep critical processing equipment and lighting operational during a power outage.

Fuel Tanks With a broad range of equipment and vehicles that run on liquid fuel, mines often have onsite gasoline and diesel fuel tanks for accessible refueling. Fuel tank sizes can range from 500 to 30,000 gallons, depending upon the need.

Water Trucks Water trucks are typically rigid body trucks with a tank mounded on the back and a spray system that may distribute water in front of and behind the truck as it drives. Water trucks perform an important role in reducing airborne silica dust, which can cause long-term and potentially fatal respiratory diseases. Truck tank capacities can vary from 2,000 to 6,400 gallon.

Personnel Transport Vehicles (Light Trucks) Pickup trucks and other vehicles may be used onsite to transport miners and other personnel to areas where work or inspection is needed at the mine. Because mining terrain can vary greatly, its common that wheel chocks are used in every situation when the vehicle is left unattended.

Forklifts Also referred to as powered industrial trucks (PITs), forklifts can come in a very broad range of configurations. Regardless of their design, their primarily used for lifting, transporting, and placing heavy loads at relatively low heights over short distances. Forklifts can be designed for hard surfaces, such as concrete shop floors, or rough terrain and may be powered by gasoline, diesel fuel, propane, or electricity.

Mobile Equipment / Blind Spots Injuries and fatalities from material handing and powered haulage is very common at surface mines. Mobile mining equipment is often very large and very loud. Drivers may operate the equipment within enclosed cabins with limited visibility and no ability to audibly communicate with pedestrians without use of a radio.

Hydraulics / Block and Crib When hydraulic equipment such as forklifts, loaders, or dozers are being maintained or repaired, its extremely important to ensure that hydraulic components are blocked or cribbed to ensure that they cannot move unexpectedly if hydraulic pressures is suddenly lost.

Machine Motions and Actions A range of hazards are present at a mine site in and around equipment that may expose miners to machine motions and actions. Here are some examples of machine hazards and safety tips so you can avoid having fingers, hands, or limbs pinched, crushed, severed, or drawn into mining equipment.

With a background that spans technical writing, instructional design, marketing, publishing, and business development, Bjorn has been turning highly technical and complicated material into easy-to-understand training content for a couple decades. Since 2008, Bjorn has been writing MSHA eLearning courses and helping mine operators and mining contractors comply with Part 46 surface miner training regulations. He's written and overseen development of many hours of online content for MSHA Part 46 new miner and annual refresher training. So when miners, mine operators, and mining contractors have questions about regulations and compliant documentation for Part 46 training, he's happy to help.