most e pensive mine machinery

tin mining equipment | tin processing plant | mining equipment for sale

Our factory JXSC professional in tin mining equipment. We built a complete 10TPH Hard Rock Tin Processing Plants for one of our Zambia clients. The process flow is Crushing --> Screening --> Grinding --> Concentration.

Tin mining equipment Our factory JXSC professional in tin mining equipment. We built a complete 10TPH Hard Rock Tin Processing Plants for one of our Zambia client. The process flow is Crushing --> Screening --> Grinding --> Concentration.

Description: The whole plant consist of 1 set Vibrating feeder, 1 set swing feeder, 1 set Jaw crusher, 1 set fine Jaw crusher, 1 set Vibrating screen, 1 set Ball mill, 1 set Spiral Classifier, 4 sets Conveyor belt, 2 sets Sand pump, 1 set Water pump, 16 sets Classifier box, 24 sets Shaking tables, also include water pipes, interconnecting part for machines, electric cabinets and other supporting accessories.

-- Process of Crushing & Screening & Grinding: Firstly, the rock gold bearing ore will be crushed by Coarse jaw crusher, then feed to Fine jaw crusher, fine crusher is second section as fine crushing process, after this step, the output will feed to vibrating screen separate out bigger particles and smaller particles, big particles (+25mm) return back to Cone crusher for re-crushing, 0-25mm particles go to ball mill to grind super fine size(0.074-0.4mm).

-- Process of Concentration: after grinding, the concentration equipment we used is Shaking Tables, total quantity is 24 sets which divide into two groups, 16 sets for 1st group, 8sets for 2nd group for re-concentration. JXSC Shaking Table is one of our flagship mining equipment with more than 30 years experiences. It enjoys very high, up to 95% high recovery rate which widely used to concentrate tin and other heavy minerals.

Mining Equipment Manufacturers, Our Main Products: Gold Trommel, Gold Wash Plant, Dense Media Separation System, CIP, CIL, Ball Mill, Trommel Scrubber, Shaker Table, Jig Concentrator, Spiral Separator, Slurry Pump, Trommel Screen.

best mining stocks to buy in 2021 | the motley fool

Founded in 1993 by brothers Tom and David Gardner, The Motley Fool helps millions of people attain financial freedom through our website, podcasts, books, newspaper column, radio show, and premium investing services.

Many of these metals and materials are crucial to support the global economy. As a result, they're in high demand during periods of expansion, which drives up prices, boosting miner profitability. However, the opposite happens during an economic recession. That was the case in 2020 when the COVID-19 outbreak ravaged the economy, taking metal and material demand down with it.

Barrick Gold has also made it a priority in recent years to strengthen its balance sheet by selling noncore mines and using the cash to repay debt. As a result, the company has built up a cash-rich balance sheet, which provides it with the financial flexibility to pay a growing dividend and invest in expanding its Tier One mining portfolio. Those factors put the company in a strong position to deliver on its vision of becoming the most valued gold mining business in the world.

BHP Billiton (NYSE:BHP) is a diversified resources company. It operates mining assets in Australia and in North and South America that focus on copper, iron ore, coal, nickel, zinc, and potash. It also has a petroleum business that produces oil and natural gas.

While BHP Group produces several commodities, it aims to be a low-cost producer. It does that by efficiently operating large resource-rich mines and using technology to drive down costs. The company typically operates fully integrated mining assets that extract ore and process it at hubs. BHP Group also uses cutting-edge technology such as autonomous vehicles to reduce costs and improve production efficiency.

BHP Group complements its low-cost operations with a strong balance sheet, which it often bolsters via the sale of higher-cost mines. Those factors provide the company with the financial flexibility to invest in high-return expansion projects throughout the commodity-price cycle. That supports its production and cash flow so that BHP can return value to shareholders via dividends and share repurchases.

Rio Tinto (NYSE:RIO) is a diversified mining company. It's a leading producer of the three most consumed industrial metals -- iron ore, aluminum, and copper -- as well as a variety of other metals and minerals, including boron, salt, diamonds, and titanium.

Like BHP Group, Rio Tinto aims to be a low-cost producer of the metals and minerals it mines. It's able to keep costs down by operating large-scale, integrated mining assets. It also invests in new technologies that reduce costs and increase productivity, such as powering its operations with renewable energy and using autonomous vehicles to transport materials. These characteristics enable Rio Tinto to make money even during weaker market conditions.

Rio Tinto also has a strong balance sheet. The company routinely sells noncore mines so it can reallocate cash to other opportunities, including mine expansions and debt reduction. Because of that, it's also able to return cash to shareholders via dividends and a share repurchase program throughout the market cycle.

I admire the companies outlined above, but you can pick your own great mining stocks to invest in, too! With the right guidance and determination, you can make some excellent investments in this field. Your first step is to learn about the industry.

The mining industry is both highly cyclical (it rises and falls with the overall economy) and capital-intensive, because mines are expensive to build. The sector has gotten itself into trouble in the past by investing lots of money to build new mines during periods of economic growth, only to have them come online right as conditions begin to slow. These moves have saddled companies with mounds of debt that theyve struggled to pay off amid lower pricing for their products. As a result, most mining stocks have underperformed the market over the years.

Investors need to focus on mining companies that can weather economic downturns. The two most important characteristics to look for are low production costs and strong balance sheets (i.e., an investment-grade bond rating, lots of cash and borrowing capacity, and manageable debt maturities). By keeping production costs low, a miner should be able to remain profitable during weak periods. And a strong balance sheet will provide it with the financial flexibility to weather an economic storm.

Mining can be a tough business. That's why investors need to focus on miners that can make it through the inevitable downturn, which means having low-cost operations and a strong balance sheet. Those factors will enable a mining company to continue returning value to its investors via dividends and buybacks during tough times, while positioning them to increase shareholder value when conditions improve.

3 best bitcoin mining hardware (2021 updated) - how much can i earn?

Initially, Bitcoin mining was a simple task even home computers could participate in. Today, mining is done by ultra-powerful computers that are designed for that sole purpose. In this post Ill cover the best mining hardware available today.

Before I get into the various miners on the market today, I want to make sure youre familiar with what Bitcoin mining is. If you already know about the purpose of mining and how it integrates with the Bitcoin network, feel free to skip this part.

Miners evolved from using PCs to GPUs (graphics processing unit) and later on to FPGAs (field-programmable gate array) before reaching their current state of ASIC (application-specific integrated circuit) mining.

Today, if you try to mine with anything other than an ASIC miner, youre in for a disappointment. ASICs are built specifically for Bitcoin mining and are therefore the most efficient type of miner out there.

Todays focus is on creating smaller chips for ASIC mining in order to produce more powerful miners. The smaller the chip, the more chips you can put inside a miner, increasing its mining capabilities.

However, since these controversial events and some setbacks and closures, Bitmain has adopted a less aggressive business strategy. Its likely that the bulk of mining equipment today consists of Bitmain miners, based on analysis placing Bitmains share of the ASIC market at 60%70%.

MicroBT or Bit Micro is a relative newcomer to the space but a successful one; they sold 650,000 ASICs in 2019 and are shaping up to be a strong rival to Bitmain and Canaan. They are based in China, specifically the tech production hotspot of Shenzen.

Canaan is the worlds second-largest ASIC producer. The company has a wealth of experience in electronic design and production.Its clear that this veteran industry player has big plans for its future.

Innosilicon is a hardware company with design teams in China and North America, Innosilicon pride themselves on providing low cost, high-performance, fully customizable solutions combined with award winning customer design support.

Their IP can be found in millions of mobile, multimedia and consumer electronic devices such as: tablets, cell phones, HD set-top boxes, TV, cameras, network devices, computing ICs that have achieved leading market shares.

While GMO Internet is mainly engaged in the Internet infrastructure business, it also runs other businesses such as online advertising & media, Internet financial services, mobile entertainment, and of course cryptocurrency.

Ebang mainly engages in R&D, manufacture and sales of fiber optical telecommunication products. The company is also one of the largest ASIC chip manufacturers in their region. Ebang miners carry the Ebit brand.

Bitfury is a veteran Bitcoin hardware and software company formed back in 2011. The company conducts large-scale mining operations on its own and has been known to account for large amountsof the Bitcoin network hashrate.

While you can find a wide variety of miners on the market, its highly recommended to use the latest models out there since they will give you the best return on investment. Heres a short overview of the top miners around.

The MicroBT M30s++ is billed as the new hash king on the companys website. A bold claim but at least at the current time not untrue. Surprisingly, it uses 12 nanometer chips rather than the newer 7 nanometer chips seen in rival miners. It achieves an extraordinary 112 Th/s and is extremely efficient at 31 Joules / TH.

Fighting for the title of best post-halving bitcoin mining hardware is the Antminer S19 Pro, from Bitmain the ASICs veterans. The S19 Pro is a hashing monster that packs a 110 Th/s punch over a 3250W power consumption. With an almost identical price tag, its very hard to conclude which of the above 2 is better, at least on paper.

The T19 range is the latest and greatest from Bitmain. Launched on the 1st of June 2020, this model was designed in an effort to find a middle ground between price tag and hashing power, mainly due to the slow sales of its bigger brother, the Antminer S19 PRO.The T19 delivers 84 TH/s with a power consumption of 3150W, making it a cheaper, less efficient alternative for its bigger brother, the S19 Pro.

This 7nm miner deployed in March 2019 is Bitmains popular and proven miner. The miner can reach 68 Th/s, with a power consumption of around 2680 Watts. It is still able to compete with its newer adversaries if acquired for the right price.

I compared the leading miners against one another in our Bitcoin mining calculator. For electricity costs I used $0.67, which is the average industrial electrical rate in the US. For sake of comparison, the average consumer electricity price for the world is $0.12. This rate gives a better idea of how important low electricity costs are for profitable mining.

Calculations are done according to June 2020 values. The Bitcoin price at the time of calculation was $9500 and the Difficulty was 555. For pool fees I used the standard 2% fee that can be found on most pools.

As can be seen, on paper the S19 Pro shows an advantage over the whatsminer M30s++, with both giving away %63-%67 off their profits for electricity expenses. Both are coming off as profitable, even for consumer electricity rates of $0.10 per KWs, which is impossible to say for any of the competing miners available at the time of writing.

For comparison, for the same mining time period, the Antminer T19 delivers less than a half of the profits of the stronger two miners, for almost the same electricity costs (even though it was released after them).

Its clear that when it comes to efficiency, the T19 is no match for the other miners on this comparison but keep in mind that the examples above dont include hardware costs. In order to get a clear profit calculation you have to factor that in (the mining calc has a field for that as well).

The reason I dont include prices in this article is because these miners tend to sell out pretty fast, and most of the time people buy them on second hand markets such as eBay or Amazon, so prices can vary a lot.

For example, prices can vary so much that you may get your hands on a T19 for less than a half of the price of an S19 PRO or an M30s++. As you can imagine, this might put things in a different perspective.

Bt-miners is the biggest scam i purchased 2 x S19 pro 110th totaling $26500usd and they sent me 2 x S9. they refused to replace and refund me. Their company is based of china where getting your money back is a nightmare. They pretend to be in usa but found out its just mail forwarding address where they are susbribed to dupe customers. BE AWARE HUGE SCAMMERS

Does anyone have any historical data or can you provide any data regarding the Bitmain S19 miners. We are in the middle of engineering the ventilation system for our pod but we are having trouble obtaining the follwoing information. 1. What is the heat generation of each unit to the surrounding space, which would include radiant heat and fan generated heat through the unit 2. What is the airflow volume of the fans for each unit? 3. Are the fans sized based on an anticipated entering air temperature? If yes, what is that temperature? What is the leaving temperature at full capacity?

Can anyone just explain how to mine a bitcoin without having to outsource? Every site I visit tries to tell you that your rig is not good enough. I am curious how these crooks can say I cant join in on the funwho cares if I dont get a single portion, I am just trying to research how its done.

this is a fascinating learning curve for me. I have Heard so much about Bitcoins, but theres not to many resources for the uninitiated like myself. This could prove to be interesting. Even profitable.

5 best bitcoin mining hardware asic machines (2021 rigs)

Bitcoin mining is competitive. Its not ideal for the average person to mine since Chinas cheap electricity has allowed it to dominate the mining market. If you want bitcoins then you are better off buying bitcoins.

Originally, Bitcoins creator intended for Bitcoin to be mined on CPUs (your laptop or desktop computer). However, Bitcoin miners discovered they could get more hashing power from graphic cards. Graphic cards were then surpassed by ASICs (Application Specific Integrated Circuits).

Efficiency Youll want to buy the most efficient bitcoin mining hardware possible. Right now, this is the Halong Mining Dragonmint T1. Since miners use a large amount of electricity, you want to buy one that converts the most amount of electricity into bitcoins.

Price How much does the bitcoin miner cost? Cheap mining hardware will mine less bitcoins, which is why efficiency and electricity usage are important. The fastest and more efficient mining hardware is going to cost more.

Don't forget to think about your tax obligation on the coins you buy or mine. There are some great tax software suites to make it easy! For instance, we have a great guide on how that software works to pay taxes on Coinbase buys.

Bitcoin is based on blockchain technology, a decentralized platform which takes power away from a central authority and gives it to the average person. Sensitive information is stored on the blockchain rather than large data centers, and is cryptographically secured. A vast amount of people, known as miners, all work together to validate the network, instead of just one person or government.

In the beginning, CPUs were used to solve cryptographic hash functions, until miners discovered that GPUs were far better equipped for mining. As block difficulty increased, miners turned primarily to GPUs.

With stellar performance comes a high price tag the best ASIC chips will run you a few thousand dollars each. Upon creation, Bitcoin blocks were confirmed by the average person using their desktop once ASICs hit the market, things changed.

ASICs rendered GPUs useless. ASIC developers, including Bitmain, granted early access to large mining cartels rather than the average person. Nowadays, a large majority of Bitcoin mining takes place in China where electricity is cheap.

When ASICs hit the market, the blockchains validation process became more centralized as more and more hashing power was consolidated into a handful of mining companies, rather than being spread out amongst many miners. Unfortunately, Bitcoin is no longer as decentralized as it was once intended to be.

Mining difficulty on the Bitcoin network has been steadily rising at a rate of almost 0.5% per day. Combine that with the fact that the block reward was halved in May 2020, and you can see why theres fierce competition between miners to successfully validate blocks and remain profitable.

As you can see, the S19 is actually a great investment. Youll almost recoup your entire initial investment in under a year - if paying full price for the S19 from Bitmain - and easily mine your way into the black if you get a discount on the hardware when purchasing.

The WhatsMiner M30S+ operates best between -5 and 35 degrees Celsius (23-95 Fahrenheit). This is a wider range than the AntMiner S19 series, and the lower temperatures it can operate at means you may see slightly improved efficiency.

While youll spend nearly $3,600 per year on electricity, the WhatsMiner M30S++s 112 TH/2 will make you a profit of $3,611 per year. This means that youll need to mine for a little under a year to recoup your initial investment.

Despite this, you get more hashing power per dollar invested with MicroBTs WhatsMiner offerings. And AntMiners are incredibly sought-after by the biggest miners in the world, making it hard to get your hands on one.

We have tried to calculate the amount of money that the Chinese have invested in mining, we estimate it to be in the hundreds of millions of dollars. Even with free electricity we cannot see how they will ever get this money back. Either they dont know what they are doing, but that is not very likely at this scale or they have some secret advantage that we dont know about. Sam Cole, KNC CEO

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top 10 most profitable crypto coins to mine in 2021

To mine or not to mine? In case you ask yourself such a question, perhaps, you havent find the perfect coin for you yet. Bitcoin is not the only mineable coin that helps you to make a profit. Changelly lists more than 160 coins and we know what we are talking about. Weve prepared a list of 10 most profitable mineable coins that is going to show there is a bunch of great altcoins for profitable mining in 2021.

Miners are now smarter and way more experienced in crypto. They prefer mining the most promising cryptocurrencies only as therere done wasting hash power, time, and investments on new coins with a low trading volume. Nevertheless, there are always a sufficient number of enthusiasts to support a new crypto project by mining or minting blocks and confirming transactions hoping for a future take-off to the Moon.

In this list, we have gathered cryptocurrencies that are widely available for mining: you dont have to build the entire mining farm to start earning. Each coin has tons of potential, so cryptocurrency profitability shouldnt be a big concern.

Grin has unlimited coins, which is certainly attractive for miners. The complexity of mining changes dynamically in accordance with the hash of the network. The coin uses the so-called Cuckoo Cycle concept. On January 16, 2020, Grin met its second hardfork and introduced a new Cuckaroom-29 algorithm. The next hardfork is scheduled on 16th July 2020.

ZCash (ZeroCash) was released in October 2016. Its algorithm allows using mining graphics cards. ZCash is completely anonymous in transactions. It is impossible to track them. Many people really like this feature.

This Bitcoin hardfork appeared in 2018, and already boasts high liquidity. Today, its #55 world cryptocurrency with the market cap over $78 mln. In 2019, developers added a set of new great features (messaging, voting with RVN, better compatibility, mobile wallet with seed phrase).

RavenCoin can be easily exchanged on many different platforms. In its essence, its a P2P blockchain that serves for efficient and fast transfer of assets from one person to another. It focuses on asset transfer on the basis of Ethereum and Bitcoin. Why RavenCoin is recommended for miners? It uses X16R algorithm and KawPoW protocol.

Existing on the market since 2014, Monero has proved to be reliable and viable. Monero provides an exceptional level of anonymity. In 2019, Monero switched the CryptoNote algorithm to a more complex RandomX. Today, its one of the best coins for CPU mining.

The Cryptonote series of algorithm that weve been using for a long time [have] been relatively simple. Pretty easy for someone to just pick up and grab, re-implement and understand. The new RandomX series is definitely a lot more complex [], said the new lead maintainer of Monero, Alexander Blair.

Technically, Ethereum Classic is considered to be an authentic Ethereum blockchain that maintains the original history of the whole Ethereum network. Due to the notorious DAO event in 2016, Ethereum saw two ways of further development of the network. Those developers who followed the Code is Law rule stayed to maintain the proper work of the unaltered network (Ethereum classic). Others preferred to develop Ethereum without dark DAO memories.

In accordance with Ethereum Classic monetary policy, the ETC network reduces the block reward every 5,000,000 blocks. The latest reduction took place in March 2020 and the block reward was cut from 4 ETH to 3.2 ETH. Nevertheless, ETC mining is still profitable.

One of the main reasons to try Bitcoin Gold is stability. Although it didnt grow during 2019, its appeared to be less volatile than other altcoins. The coin has avoided being affected by the bearish trend this year its a good sign.

The best DASH ASIC miner is considered to be Antminer D3 produced by Bitmain. Is it profitable to mine DASH in 2020? It quite is. However, dont forget that the mining profitability depends on the hashrate of your mining device, network difficulty and electricity costs of your region.

The creation of Billy Markus, Dogecoin cryptocurrency was made just for fun, but it suddenly became popular and now is #33 world cryptocurrency with a $219 mln market cap! Like Litecoin, it uses Scrypt protocol, so you dont have to use very expensive machines to add DOGE to your portfolio.

In 2019, Ethereum has managed to get its second place back, and the price of the coin is expected to grow after the reduction of reward from 3 to 2 ETH. As a result, a decrease in supply, if there is demand, usually flows into an increase in value.

JoeTechnologist creator Joe Rachinski claims ETH will cost $ 1,200 by the end of 2019. As we can see in 2020, this prediction didnt work. Still, Nigel Green believes ETH will someday cost $ 2,500. This will be facilitated by increased demand for digital currencies, the popularity of smart contracts and the decentralization of cloud computing.

Bitcoin remains the king of cryptocurrencies with a current dominance index of 64.5% according to CoinMarketCap. A recent survey from a well-known crypto-community influencer @hodlonaut, more than 60% of cryptocurrency holders assign more than 75% of their portfolio to Bitcoin (BTC). It is a brand and has its own unique currency symbol .

Moreover, the 2020 BTC block reward halving is coming soon and will reduce the reward for the mined block from 12.5 to 6.25 bitcoins. A decrease in production, as a basic rule, means an increase in the value of the asset, especially with that constantly growing demand. There is still enough time to start mining some bitcoins.

It is important to understand that despite all the positive aspects, Bitcoin mining remains an extremely competitive market and the situation will only worsen in this sense. Be prepared to invest enough in mining equipment, technical support, and to pay some huge electricity bills.

By the way, if you have a pretty moderate amount of mining power, you can increase your crypto mining profitability by joining a mining pool (mine together with others and share profit). Here are platforms allowing for it:

Is crypto mining worth it? Absolutely yes, if you calculate all investments and earnings beforehand and make up a thorough plan. Your budget should correspond with what youre going to mine. The more popular and expensive a cryptocurrency is, the more powerful equipment is required.

While all that is tue I have managed to build a couple of rigs out of these playing cards so go verify my low-cost rig build information. RTX 2060 6GB Out of all of the newer RTX sequence, NVIDIA has managed to release recently this one is the most effective on power. This mannequin allows customers to freely explore the ability of process mining and let course of discovery lead to process optimization. Now the workforce is ready to dive into the details of deciding on the fijtting course of mining software to match business targetss and safeguard investment. Following the identical tradition, the companys three mining rigs H2U Miner, H4U Miner, and Rack Equipped with 5 x H4U are now roviding customers a guaranteed return on their investment inside just one month. This prevents a user feom spending the identical bitcoin twice; it solves the double spend downside. It consists of a sure variety of coins of the identical forex that the user rakes plus commissions that the consumer wwas able to confirm inside the framework of this mining.

I cant get how people make profits on mining altcoins. Teach me how to do it lol I mine bitcoins only, but things are getting harder fewer and fewer opportunities to earn smth. Anyway, thanks for the post. Mind removing ETN, its not mined anymore.

I still didnt get how mining cheap coins can be profitable. Taking into consideration all equipment and electricity costs, absence of the ability to withdraw or to exchange those altcoins normally, its just wasting time. Better mine Ethereum coins or Bitcoin (until its halving, lol)

Ukraine seems to be the best Europe country to bitcoins mining! Cheap electricity no mining restrictions and very loyal government policy regarding digital and crypto sphere. I see big perspectives for mining digital coins here

Mining altcoins is overwhelming. One should own millions of $$$ to make a worth profit of bitcoins mining, and cheap coins mining brings cheap profit. Short- and middle-term investments are the most profitable, i mean if you know the field..

mining 101: ultimate list of gold mining equipment - precious metal info

Found in Bulgaria are some of the oldest gold artifacts known to mankind, in the Varna Necropolis, a collection of graves built between 4700 and 4200 BC. This finding, dating back nearly 7000 years, provides evidence of the first civilization to use gold mining equipment. Some archeologists claim the Sakdrisi site in southern Georgia, which dates to roughly 4000 BC, is the worlds first gold mine.

In the 19th century, gold rushes occurred around the globe and people migrated to different regions hoping to strike it rich. The Victorian Gold Rush took place in Victoria, Australia, between 1851 and the late 1860s, and the Second Boer War took place in South Africa between 1899 and 1902. In America, the famous California Gold Rush took place in 1949, and discovery of Nevada's Carlin Trend,North America's largest gold depository,took placein 1961.

Since the beginning of civilization, humans have mined around 6 billions troy ounces of gold. Today, 2.5 percent of all gold production happens in Nevada, making it one of the primary regions on earth. As of 2017, China produced the most gold per year at 429 metric tons, followed by Australia, and then Russia. However, there's still a lot of gold out there, and you can join in the gold mining industry by investing in basic gold mining equipment.

There are two basic steps to gold mining: prospecting and production. "Prospecting" refers to the actual search in a certain area for valuable minerals, and "production," also known as mining, is the physical act of removing the gold from where you found it. Since different equipment exists for prospecting and mining, this article explores, briefly, equipment used for prospecting, and then focuses, primarily, on gold mining equipment.

How do you find gold? In the gold mining industry, theres a lot of value in learning from others who have gone before you. No one ever gets all the gold out of any one location. So, try going to where gold exists in abundance. Consider this: the California Gold Rush only removed a small percentage of the gold thats out there. That's right.

There are areas in California that are still open to recreational prospecting, including the Auburn State Recreation Area and the South Yuba Recreation lands. Once you get your feet wet in an area proven to have gold, you can move on to other areas closer to home. After mastering prospecting and gold-mining techniques, you might even want to look for gold in your own back yard.

Some people say, Gold is where you find it. What this means is you have to learn what to look for. First, understand that the way water moves in rivers and streams determines where gold deposits might settle. Next, you need to learn why gold concentrates in certain areas, and then search those areas.

Once youve selected a specific waterway for mining, youll want to pick specific points to search. Since it is impractical to search the entire stream or river, there are ways to read a waterway to determine the most likely places to find gold. The following describes how to find those places.

The first thing to know is gold is heavy. Its about 19 times heavier than the same amount of water and 6 times heavier than solid material found in streams and rivers. So, anything that slows the movement of water is likely to trap gold deposits. Things that slow down moving water are:

Water on the downriver side of obstacles will move slower, and this is where heavier gold will settle. When looking at a chosen waterway, begin by searching for natural dams where gold may have collected. Another place that collects heavier objects in a waterway is inside bends, places where water naturally slows down. Heavy objects will often form a bar at these points, and the upside of a bar inside bends is a great place to look for gold.

Once gold has settled in a stream, over time, it works its way down layers of soil and settles in bedrock. A great location for gold is in the material coating bedrock under a stream. Choose a location on the inside a bend where there is an obstruction and then dig to the bedrock. Sifting the soil coating bedrock, usually, will produce gold.

Learn to delay the excitement of seeing gold for the first time and you will have more gold-filled dirt to take home with you. Once you get better at choosing locations, and especially if you find a proven location, its best to spend your time digging and removing dirt, rather than sifting and cleaning it on site. Delay celebrating and get as much dirt as possible to take home. Once you get home, sift and clean the gold youve found.

Another great place to look for gold is in tall grass growing above an inside bend. Grass acts like a sieve and the largest gold pieces end up at the roots of grass. They often call this kind of gold oat gold. The pieces might be smaller than gold found in other places, but there could be a lot.

If you want to invest a little in your endeavor, you can purchase a metal detector designed to find gold. This gold mining equipment can cut down on the time spend hunting, but a mid-level detector can cost about $600.

When considering getting involved in gold prospecting and mining, make sure you learn and follow the rules. There are certain places where prospecting is legal and others where it is not. Many prospecting clubs exist and joining one can help ensure you are following rules. For examples, most sites require that you refill any holes you have dug, and that you do not destroy local plant life. Learn the rules before you head out with your gold mining equipment.

Once youve finished prospecting and have a location where you know there is gold, you will need gold mining equipment. What you use will depend on the size of your operation. If you are working in the gold industry, you will have industrial gold mining equipment. If you are mining on your own as a hobby, youll need smaller, personal gold mining equipment. Lets look at both.

If you want to use industrial mining equipment, make sure you have the proper training. If working for a business, they should provide needed training. However, if you purchased industrial gold mining equipment for a personal claim, be certain you know what you are doing. Safety should always come first.

Miners use drills for underground mining to create access holes for descending underground, or to place explosive charges to bring material to the surface. The drill miners choose depends on how and what is being mined.

Blasting tools create an explosion to blast away chunks of material to access minerals. Blasting can also remove chunks of unwanted materials that are keeping other machines or people from getting to a seam of wanted materials. In underground and open pit mines, miners use both drilling and blasting tools, often together. They use drills to place blasting tools at the right depth and in the right place.

Earth-moving machines move around large amounts of materials. They might haul material after blasting, move other materials allowing access to seams of minerals, dig underground mines, or get down to the bedrock where minerals might exist.

Crushing equipment moves materials around an underground mine. Miners use this equipment to keep the flow of materials going at an efficient rate, and to save money. It is easier to remove crushed rocks rather than heavy chunks, so crushing equipment saves time and effort.

A sluice box is a way to sift through raw material more quickly. Essentially, its automated panning. These machines used to be large and heavy in the early days of panning, but are now lightweight and easier to use. If youre serious about mining, they are worth checking out.

A higher quality sluice box, high banker boxes have a water pump allowing more material to move through faster. These boxes recycle water so you dont have to rely on water flow in the river. They recover more gold than basic models.

If you arent going into the professional gold mining industry, but are looking for a hobby or a part-time job to bring in a little extra money, consider joining a mining club to help you once you begin your prospecting journey. The club will help you learn about personal gold mining equipment, but, for now, lets take a quick look at what you will need.

There are lots of different sizes, colors, and options in gold pans. Essentially, a 14-inch plastic pan is the best size, by far. Color does not matter, however gold shows up better in black. Black sand shows up better in blue or green. There are many new kinds of pans, but a basic pan with sharp, undercut riffles is all you need. Make sure the bottom of the pan is as wide as possible to catch more gold.

You will need a place to store the gold you find. All you need is a waterproof container you can close tightly, such as a 35mm film container. You can purchase containers on the internet, specifically made for holding gold.

The last thing to consider is investing in Gold Lab, a personal system that recovers gold from the concentrate you have refined. A good gold panner can get most of the gold from refined dirt, but a Gold Lab kit will allow you to further refine and recover 100% of your gold.

Once you have your equipment, its time to get in the river to pan for gold. This simple technique mimics what the river does naturally. You recover material, or dirt and place it in the pan, from a river location where you think there might be gold. Then, you shake it in a left-to-right motion underwater to sweep away light materials while causing heavier materials to go to the bottom of the pan.

Take the pan with the riffles on the far side and shake it, vigorously, left and right. This breaks up materials sending heavier items to the bottom. Do not slosh water out of the pan. If you need to, repeat the previous step and break up larger chunks again.

Continue shaking the pan back and forth and keep removing the top layer of lighter materials until you are down to only the heaviest materials, such as coins, BBs, old bullets, buckshot, nails, garnets, black iron rocks and black sand. You should now be able to see gold in the pan when shaking and tilting it forward slightly.

Use a magnet to remove black sand and other metal objects. Keep removing things until only gold remains. Remove the larger gold pieces and save any leftover concentrate. Let it sit for a while so you can recover any remaining pieces of gold that settle.

If you have enjoy the outdoors, and have just a little ambition, you can make a hobby out of gold prospecting and mining. All you need are basic tools that as your gold mining equipment and the willingness to do a little research. Once you decide where to go, or join a mining club to help you find locations, pack up your tools and prospect. It may take practice at panning before you find anything, but once you do, youll love the feeling of satisfaction and discovery. If you find you enjoy the hobby, invest in semi-professional gold mining equipment and see if you can up the amount you discover. Even if you only discover a few flakes, prospecting can be a great way to make new friends, learn about the gold industry, and understand a little about gold prospectors of old. Its an inexpensive hobby, so grab basic gold mining equipment and get started today.

911MPE has for target market what mining professionals consider the pilot-plant scale mining operation or artisanal mining operations with a focus around under 500TPD. Metals you can extract include: gold, silver or other of the precious group as well as the classic base metals; copper, lead, zinc, nickel, molybdenum. Much of our ultra-small scale equipment allows you to process from just a few kilo (pounds) per day and work on your passion for a small budget.

miner | elite dangerous wiki | fandom

Miner Risk Medium Reward High Time Investment Large Suggested Ships Krait MkII Keelback Cobra MkIII Asp Explorer Type-6 Transporter Adder Python Anaconda Imperial Cutter Type-9 Heavy Federal Corvette Suggested Ship Upgrades Mining Laser Refinery Cargo Racks Collector Limpets Prospector Limpets Abrasion Blaster Pulse Wave Analyser Seismic Charge Launcher Sub-surface Displacement Missile Miners extract metals, minerals, and other resources from asteroids and sell them for profit. Mining involves traveling to sites such as pristine planetary rings, identifying resource-rich asteroids, and using specialized Hardpoint modules to extract and collect their resources.

To mine, pilots require three optional internal modules: a Refinery to refine collected resources into Commodities for sale, one or more Cargo Racks to carry the refined Commodities, and one or more Mining Lasers, Abrasion Blasters, Sub-surface Displacement Missiles, or Seismic Charge Launchers. The Detailed Surface Scanner, Prospector Limpet, and Pulse Wave Analyser can also be equipped to more easily locate ideal mining sites and valuable asteroids, and the Collector Limpet can be used to more efficiently gather raw resources. Miners who choose to delve inhabited systems rather than uncharted ones can purchase system data from Universal Cartographics or scan a Navigation Beacon in order to determine the quality of a system's asteroid clusters or planetary rings.

Some miners prefer small, nimble ships for mining, as they are better at maneuvering around asteroids, in tight asteroid belts and rings at higher velocities. However others prefer larger ships such as the Python, Imperial Clipper, Federal Corvette, Imperial Cutter and the Anaconda, which are not as maneuverable, but can equip all the beneficial Limpet Controllers and carry a large number of limpets for their use, while still having room for cargo and shields, increasing efficiency. Additionally, the larger ships are better at defending themselves from pirates while mining, though such threats can generally be avoided in the uncharted systems beyond human habitation centers.

An ideal mining ship requires at least one Class 2 hardpoint to fit larger mining tools for more efficient or profitable mining, and enough optional internal slots to hold a Refinery, a Collector Limpet Controller, a Prospector Limpet Controller, a Detailed Surface Scanner, and at least one Cargo Rack. Mobility is also an important factor, due to needing to find more specific asteroids, and aiming certain mining tools. At least 4 hardpoints, with one medium, are required to hold one of every mining tool. A Fighter Hangar is also recommended, as it lets a ship defend against pirates while its hardpoints are replaced with mining tools.

Mining is currently possible at asteroid belts or planetary rings (including icy as of 2.1/1.6), although it is the most profitable in a Pristine Metallic area. They can be targeted and flown to in supercruise, just like any destination within a system. Marked extraction sites can only be seen at ranges of 1kls or closer. Asteroids in planetary rings can also be mined from - RES are common places for NPC miners to congregate in, but pirates will also spawn here.

Mining is not limited to extraction sites, which is much safer since there is virtually no NPCs spawning outside them. Flying at any part of a ring system at less than 1Mm/s will result in a safe drop approximately 7km away from the ring. It is important, however, to identify the metallic rings before attempting this. When you have arrived, you will see a number (from a handful to many dozens) of asteroids, which you can then mine. A good starting spot for mining are systems with industrial economies.

Elite Dangerous: Beyond Chapter Four (3.3) introduced new aspects to mining: using new tools and exploration mechanics, miners can investigate rings to locate the best spots to start their mining sessions, and then the best specific asteroids to probe and excavate for rewards.

Currently there's one type of asteroid with a distinct shape and size that can be detonated. It's a medium sized rock, roundish "teardrop" in shape -or a pointy edge on one side and a fat bottom on the other. With the Pulse Wave Analyser it should always show a bright, brilliant yellow glow even as you approach it. There are fissures on the surface. Use the Seismic Charge Launcher to place Seismic Charges within the fissures. Then explode it to reveal valuable minerals.

Make sure to bind a Mining Laser (preferably in its own firing group) just like you would do with any other weapon in the game. Fly within range (being 500 m) of the asteroid and blast away with the Mining Laser. You have to hold down the trigger for a while (depending on the quality of Mining Laser you have bought) before a fragment chips off.

Select the fragment of rock as a target. They are quite small and hard to detect visually but do show up as white contacts on your radar. When selected, you get details of the contents of the fragment, e.g. Bauxite (9.7%) Coltan (21.2%). Note that the mineral name which shows up first in the HUD doesn't necessarily represent the most valuable mineral! The mineral content is how much of a ton of cargo can be extracted from the fragment. E.g. if you scoop and process three 35% Indite shards you end up with 1 ton of Indite. Fragments range in mineral content from ~5% to ~65%. Asteroids contain 1 to 3 different minerals while fragments from the asteroids contain up to 2 of those minerals.

To collect with a cargo scoop, first, engage your scoop (just like you would with your landing gear or hardpoints), then fly slowly towards the target. Upon engaging the Cargo Scoop you will find that a blue box will have appeared on the lower left of your HUD. On there you should, if pointing at the rock, see an icon in the cross-hairs (the box). Continue to fly slowly towards the rock while holding the rock in the middle of the cargo scoop's cross-hairs until you have successfully acquired it.

Asteroid fragments are more difficult to scoop than regular cargo, as their movement is more complex (not to mention the fact that you want to avoid hitting an asteroid while you're focused on scooping!) For this reason, it's advisable to use very slow speeds of 15 m/s while scooping. Furthermore, fragments will "decay" over time, meaning they slowly lose integrity until they disappear, so do not mine more than you can collect!

To collect with a collector limpet controller you must purchase limpets ahead of time in any munitions store (the place you buy your ammo). Collector limpets have 2 modes: quick single-collection and autonomous area-collection. For mining, the area-collection mode is optimal. Limpets must bound to a fire group like a weapon.

To activate a limpet in area mode, be sure that no cargo or fragment is targeted. This is important as activating a limpet with a collectible item targeted will activate the limpet in single-collection mode. Once in area mode, the limpet will automatically collect any fragments a specific distance from you based on the class and rating of the controller. While this happens you can continue with other actions such as fragmenting, refining, and monitoring your surroundings. Use collector drones with caution near spinning asteroids, since their basic AI doesn't account for the movement of the asteroid. You can equip multiple collector drone limpet controls assuming you have enough internal compartments.

Once a fragment enters your cargo hold, it will be deposited in the refinery. It can be accessed on the right panel under cargo tab, then there is a refinery tab on the left column. The first bin is the depositing bin, where you will find your fragment. New minerals will attempt to drop into the refinery bins below. Depending on class your refinery will have between 1 and 10 of these bins.

Items that appear in the depositing bin will automatically "stack" into the refinery bins below if a refinery bin that already contains that mineral exists. It will also drop into empty bins automatically. If no bin is available, you will have to vent your refinery (see next paragraph). This will happen until the bin reaches 100% at which point it will be emptied, the leftover mineral will remain in the depositing bin, and 1 ton of cargo (one unit of whatever mineral you have collected) appears in your cargo hold. Once your cargo hold is full, you can return to a station and sell your goods.

You also have the option to "vent" the contents of your refinery. This is useful if you have a nearly-full refinery of bauxite and you find an asteroid with gold (or whatever else you prioritize). When no bin is available, minerals will not leave the depositing bin and will block it from accepting new fragments. When this happens you must either vent a refinery bin to free up space or vent the mineral from the depositing bin. NOTE: Doing this will destroy the mineral and you will not be able to recover it.

The value of a mineral is scaled to the supply/demand meaning that selling minerals where there are many other players selling the same mineral will result in a smaller profit per ton as demand for that item is low with so many suppliers. Systems that are both refinery economies and have an asteroid field will tend to give you a lower price compared to what you would get if you were to travel somewhere more distant to the source (source being asteroid fields). Also, checking the bulletin board is very important, since mining mission rewards can reach hundreds of thousands of credits. The most sought-after minerals in missions are painite, osmium and platinum.

Styx is an excellent example of where we see a massive drop in prices. It has both mining equipment for sale, is very close to the spawn point for new players, has mineable asteroid fields and is a refinery economy (means it will have a constant demand for minerals to refine), it is therefore going to be very popular to sell minerals there which is going to lead to a price drop due to a saturated market.

Keep in mind that carrying valuable resources around attracts pirates and other players may also try to rob you. With mining lasers attached you will be less effective at defending yourself so don't lug rare metals around too long.

This is a table displaying the approximate market prices for mined minerals, metals, and chemicals. Most high value minerals, including Void Opals and Alexandrite, are gemstones that can only be obtained via core mining, while some such as Painite and Low Temperature Diamonds can be mined with lasers. Market prices for mined commodities vary depending on the economy type of a station and its level of demand for a specific good.

This is a rough guide to which materials are available to mine. Materials cannot be sold for credits, but are used by Engineers and Technology Brokers and can be exchanged for powerful modifications and modules.

Miners are a popular target for piracy, and pirates can often be found lurking around planetary rings in inhabited systems, where they will attempt to scan any ship that arrives in their vicinity. If a scanned ship is carrying anything other than limpets, they will attack and try to seize its cargo. The danger posed by pirates can be prepared for in the following ways:

Multiple ships or a Wing can cooperate to mine more efficiently by specializing each ship's loadout. For example, one pilot can fly a speedy, low-mass ship such as the Asp Scout equipped only with Seismic Charge Launcher, Abrasion Blasters, and prospector limpets while the second pilot can fly a larger ship such as the Anaconda with ample cargo space, collector limpets, and a Refinery.[2]

The miner ship should crack a suitable deep core asteroid, then use the Abrasion Blaster on any surface deposits. While the refinery ship collects and refines the ore, the miner ship can move on and locate another deep core asteroid with its prospector limpets. This process can be repeated until a ship runs out of cargo space, limpets, or ammunition. Cooperating pilots can then return to a station to split the cargo; take care to avoid jettisoning cargo for this purpose within a station's jurisdiction to avoid penalties for littering.[2]