names of tools and equipments for gold mining

gold mining equipment

911MPE hassmall gold mining equipment for sale andmore specifically mineral processing equipment. Our equipment is best used in small scale extractive metallurgyoperations operated by small miners or hobbyist prospectors and mining fanatics. 911MPE offers gold mining equipment as well as processing equipment applicable to most any base metals: copper, lead, zinc, nickel, tin, tungsten and more. For the relatively small size of equipment offered, sample preparation and metallurgical laboratories can economically buy good alternatives to the usually unaffordable equipment for sale in the classic market place.

911MPE has for target market what mining professionals consider the pilot-plant scale mining operation or artisanal mining operations with a focus around under 500TPD. Metals you can extract include: gold, silver or other of the precious group as well as the classic base metals; copper, lead, zinc, nickel, molybdenum. Much of our ultra-small scale equipment allows you to process from just a few kilo (pounds) per day and work on your passion for a small budget.

You can buy from us mineral processing equipment starting from crushing, grinding, classification, dredging, gravity separation, flotation, pumps, water treatment and smelting. A line of ovens, furnaces and laboratory equipment is also available.

Making a complete list of gold mining equipment starts with defining the type of gold mining you are doing and the budget you have at your disposal. The type of mining relates to hard rock,eluvial, or placer; alluvial deposits. The capital budget you have to invest in buying your equipment with dictate the scale at which you want to mine and influence the long-term operating costs of your mining operation.

Since most of the information online provides lists of gold mining equipment for amateur level mining with equipment like: gold pans, metal detectors, mini sluice box, blue bowl, geologist rock pick, soil scoop, hand screens/classifiers. The items listed just now fall closer to gold prospecting tools and equipment than actual mining.

I will present here what I consider are major equipment lists for 3 types of mining operations. Remember now, a metallurgist is writing. This will not be flawless and since my speciality is process equipment, that is mostly what will be discussed.

Some amateur level gold prospecting equipment such as metal detectors are often classified as mining equipment by small miners/prospectors operating as a hobby. These items include but are not limited to:

list of mining equipment | career trend

According to the Bureau of Labor Statistics, the mining industry consists of five major segments: coal mining, gas and oil extracting, metal ore mining, non-metal mineral mining and supporting activities such as resource transportation. Each segment requires the use of specific equipment, but there are several types of mining equipment that are used throughout the industry. This equipment includes excavators, draglines, drills, roof bolters, continuous miners, longwall miners, rock dusters, shuttle cars and scoops.

Miners traditionally used shovels and steam shovels to break and remove earth, but todays miners rely on excavators. An excavator is a mobile vehicle that moves on tracks or with standard wheels. It features a rotating platform, off of which comes a hinged arm with a bucket or scoop attached to its end for digging.

Draglines are enormous earth moving machines that miners use to drag away dirt and expose underlying coal or mineral deposits. Draglines are some of the largest machines on the planet, and can remove several hundred tons of material in a single pass, according to Kentucky Coal Education.

Miners who extract natural gas and oil commonly rely on drills to reach underground deposits before piping the resources to the surface. Coal and mineral miners also use drills to create extensive series of holes, which they then fill with explosive charges to blast away chunks of earth.

Continuous miners are machines with massive, rotating arrays of teeth, often made from tungsten carbide. Subterranean coal miners use the machines to scrape coal from coal beds. In particularly dangerous situations, workers control robotic continuous miners remotely.

In contrast to continuous miners, longwall miners remove large, rectangular sections of coal instead of scraping coal from a bed bit-by-bit. According to Kentucky Coal Education, continuous miners consist of a series of large cutting shearers and a self-raising hydraulic system that supports the mineshaft ceiling as sections of coal are removed.

Coalminers use electric-powered shuttle cars to transport coal from the coal bed to safer points in the mine. From there, miners can use standard scoops, or haulage vehicles, to drive their loads completely out of the mine. Miners of all types use haulage vehicles for various tasks.

Erik Devaney is a writing professional specializing in health and science topics. His work has been featured on various websites. Devaney attended McGill University, where he earned a Bachelor of Arts in humanistic studies.

what were some of the tools that were used in the gold mines? | synonym

The Gold Rush of the 1840s ended the era of the solitary miner sitting by a stream with pan in hand. Throngs traveled to California hoping to find their fortunes. Tools were soon developed to easily extract gold from rocks and riverbeds. Many of these tools have been found in the original mines above and below ground.

Stamps were used in California gold mines around 1850. First developed in England and used by Cornish miners, stamps were heavy iron machines used to pound rocks containing gold quartz into a fine dust so the gold ore could be extracted. Small stamps were commonly powered by water wheels while larger ones ran by steam engines.

A rocker, also known as a cradle, separated gold from dirt. This tool consisted of a box for shaking dirt and water back and forth so miners could find gold fragments. A miner would load the rocker with water and soil. Another would rock the box, bucket load after bucket load, to search for signs of precious metal. About 200 buckets of dirt could be "rocked" per day.

Panning for gold was also known as "placer mining." Early miners sat by riverbeds, scooping wet soil into shallow metal pans. They swirled the pans, washing away the dirt to hopefully discover particles of gold. Though more complex equipment was eventually invented, pans were still a useful tool to distinguish gold from dirt.

Riverbeds in remote mountains contained gold-bearing gravel. Hydraulic mining was used to extract this gold from water and gravel. Gigantic floating dredges scooped up the river gravel while hydraulic cannons blasted hillsides and washed them into the streams and rivers. The first hydraulic cannon was invented by Edward Mattison in 1853. Dredges and hydraulic cannons were controversial for their impact on the ecosystems. Legal battles between miners and farmers resulted in environmental controls.

Dan Boone has been writing since 1999. His work has appeared on CaribbeanChannel.com and he wrote for the "Virgin Voice" magazine and its website, Virgin Voices. Boone has a Bachelor of Arts in composition and arranging from Berklee College of Music in Boston. He also holds a certificate in digital-sound engineering from the Trebas Institute in Montreal.

Regardless of how old we are, we never stop learning. Classroom is the educational resource for people of all ages. Whether youre studying times tables or applying to college, Classroom has the answers.

hand tools reinke mining adventures

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mining 101: ultimate list of gold mining equipment - precious metal info

Found in Bulgaria are some of the oldest gold artifacts known to mankind, in the Varna Necropolis, a collection of graves built between 4700 and 4200 BC. This finding, dating back nearly 7000 years, provides evidence of the first civilization to use gold mining equipment. Some archeologists claim the Sakdrisi site in southern Georgia, which dates to roughly 4000 BC, is the worlds first gold mine.

In the 19th century, gold rushes occurred around the globe and people migrated to different regions hoping to strike it rich. The Victorian Gold Rush took place in Victoria, Australia, between 1851 and the late 1860s, and the Second Boer War took place in South Africa between 1899 and 1902. In America, the famous California Gold Rush took place in 1949, and discovery of Nevada's Carlin Trend,North America's largest gold depository,took placein 1961.

Since the beginning of civilization, humans have mined around 6 billions troy ounces of gold. Today, 2.5 percent of all gold production happens in Nevada, making it one of the primary regions on earth. As of 2017, China produced the most gold per year at 429 metric tons, followed by Australia, and then Russia. However, there's still a lot of gold out there, and you can join in the gold mining industry by investing in basic gold mining equipment.

There are two basic steps to gold mining: prospecting and production. "Prospecting" refers to the actual search in a certain area for valuable minerals, and "production," also known as mining, is the physical act of removing the gold from where you found it. Since different equipment exists for prospecting and mining, this article explores, briefly, equipment used for prospecting, and then focuses, primarily, on gold mining equipment.

How do you find gold? In the gold mining industry, theres a lot of value in learning from others who have gone before you. No one ever gets all the gold out of any one location. So, try going to where gold exists in abundance. Consider this: the California Gold Rush only removed a small percentage of the gold thats out there. That's right.

There are areas in California that are still open to recreational prospecting, including the Auburn State Recreation Area and the South Yuba Recreation lands. Once you get your feet wet in an area proven to have gold, you can move on to other areas closer to home. After mastering prospecting and gold-mining techniques, you might even want to look for gold in your own back yard.

Some people say, Gold is where you find it. What this means is you have to learn what to look for. First, understand that the way water moves in rivers and streams determines where gold deposits might settle. Next, you need to learn why gold concentrates in certain areas, and then search those areas.

Once youve selected a specific waterway for mining, youll want to pick specific points to search. Since it is impractical to search the entire stream or river, there are ways to read a waterway to determine the most likely places to find gold. The following describes how to find those places.

The first thing to know is gold is heavy. Its about 19 times heavier than the same amount of water and 6 times heavier than solid material found in streams and rivers. So, anything that slows the movement of water is likely to trap gold deposits. Things that slow down moving water are:

Water on the downriver side of obstacles will move slower, and this is where heavier gold will settle. When looking at a chosen waterway, begin by searching for natural dams where gold may have collected. Another place that collects heavier objects in a waterway is inside bends, places where water naturally slows down. Heavy objects will often form a bar at these points, and the upside of a bar inside bends is a great place to look for gold.

Once gold has settled in a stream, over time, it works its way down layers of soil and settles in bedrock. A great location for gold is in the material coating bedrock under a stream. Choose a location on the inside a bend where there is an obstruction and then dig to the bedrock. Sifting the soil coating bedrock, usually, will produce gold.

Learn to delay the excitement of seeing gold for the first time and you will have more gold-filled dirt to take home with you. Once you get better at choosing locations, and especially if you find a proven location, its best to spend your time digging and removing dirt, rather than sifting and cleaning it on site. Delay celebrating and get as much dirt as possible to take home. Once you get home, sift and clean the gold youve found.

Another great place to look for gold is in tall grass growing above an inside bend. Grass acts like a sieve and the largest gold pieces end up at the roots of grass. They often call this kind of gold oat gold. The pieces might be smaller than gold found in other places, but there could be a lot.

If you want to invest a little in your endeavor, you can purchase a metal detector designed to find gold. This gold mining equipment can cut down on the time spend hunting, but a mid-level detector can cost about $600.

When considering getting involved in gold prospecting and mining, make sure you learn and follow the rules. There are certain places where prospecting is legal and others where it is not. Many prospecting clubs exist and joining one can help ensure you are following rules. For examples, most sites require that you refill any holes you have dug, and that you do not destroy local plant life. Learn the rules before you head out with your gold mining equipment.

Once youve finished prospecting and have a location where you know there is gold, you will need gold mining equipment. What you use will depend on the size of your operation. If you are working in the gold industry, you will have industrial gold mining equipment. If you are mining on your own as a hobby, youll need smaller, personal gold mining equipment. Lets look at both.

If you want to use industrial mining equipment, make sure you have the proper training. If working for a business, they should provide needed training. However, if you purchased industrial gold mining equipment for a personal claim, be certain you know what you are doing. Safety should always come first.

Miners use drills for underground mining to create access holes for descending underground, or to place explosive charges to bring material to the surface. The drill miners choose depends on how and what is being mined.

Blasting tools create an explosion to blast away chunks of material to access minerals. Blasting can also remove chunks of unwanted materials that are keeping other machines or people from getting to a seam of wanted materials. In underground and open pit mines, miners use both drilling and blasting tools, often together. They use drills to place blasting tools at the right depth and in the right place.

Earth-moving machines move around large amounts of materials. They might haul material after blasting, move other materials allowing access to seams of minerals, dig underground mines, or get down to the bedrock where minerals might exist.

Crushing equipment moves materials around an underground mine. Miners use this equipment to keep the flow of materials going at an efficient rate, and to save money. It is easier to remove crushed rocks rather than heavy chunks, so crushing equipment saves time and effort.

A sluice box is a way to sift through raw material more quickly. Essentially, its automated panning. These machines used to be large and heavy in the early days of panning, but are now lightweight and easier to use. If youre serious about mining, they are worth checking out.

A higher quality sluice box, high banker boxes have a water pump allowing more material to move through faster. These boxes recycle water so you dont have to rely on water flow in the river. They recover more gold than basic models.

If you arent going into the professional gold mining industry, but are looking for a hobby or a part-time job to bring in a little extra money, consider joining a mining club to help you once you begin your prospecting journey. The club will help you learn about personal gold mining equipment, but, for now, lets take a quick look at what you will need.

There are lots of different sizes, colors, and options in gold pans. Essentially, a 14-inch plastic pan is the best size, by far. Color does not matter, however gold shows up better in black. Black sand shows up better in blue or green. There are many new kinds of pans, but a basic pan with sharp, undercut riffles is all you need. Make sure the bottom of the pan is as wide as possible to catch more gold.

You will need a place to store the gold you find. All you need is a waterproof container you can close tightly, such as a 35mm film container. You can purchase containers on the internet, specifically made for holding gold.

The last thing to consider is investing in Gold Lab, a personal system that recovers gold from the concentrate you have refined. A good gold panner can get most of the gold from refined dirt, but a Gold Lab kit will allow you to further refine and recover 100% of your gold.

Once you have your equipment, its time to get in the river to pan for gold. This simple technique mimics what the river does naturally. You recover material, or dirt and place it in the pan, from a river location where you think there might be gold. Then, you shake it in a left-to-right motion underwater to sweep away light materials while causing heavier materials to go to the bottom of the pan.

Take the pan with the riffles on the far side and shake it, vigorously, left and right. This breaks up materials sending heavier items to the bottom. Do not slosh water out of the pan. If you need to, repeat the previous step and break up larger chunks again.

Continue shaking the pan back and forth and keep removing the top layer of lighter materials until you are down to only the heaviest materials, such as coins, BBs, old bullets, buckshot, nails, garnets, black iron rocks and black sand. You should now be able to see gold in the pan when shaking and tilting it forward slightly.

Use a magnet to remove black sand and other metal objects. Keep removing things until only gold remains. Remove the larger gold pieces and save any leftover concentrate. Let it sit for a while so you can recover any remaining pieces of gold that settle.

If you have enjoy the outdoors, and have just a little ambition, you can make a hobby out of gold prospecting and mining. All you need are basic tools that as your gold mining equipment and the willingness to do a little research. Once you decide where to go, or join a mining club to help you find locations, pack up your tools and prospect. It may take practice at panning before you find anything, but once you do, youll love the feeling of satisfaction and discovery. If you find you enjoy the hobby, invest in semi-professional gold mining equipment and see if you can up the amount you discover. Even if you only discover a few flakes, prospecting can be a great way to make new friends, learn about the gold industry, and understand a little about gold prospectors of old. Its an inexpensive hobby, so grab basic gold mining equipment and get started today.

911MPE has for target market what mining professionals consider the pilot-plant scale mining operation or artisanal mining operations with a focus around under 500TPD. Metals you can extract include: gold, silver or other of the precious group as well as the classic base metals; copper, lead, zinc, nickel, molybdenum. Much of our ultra-small scale equipment allows you to process from just a few kilo (pounds) per day and work on your passion for a small budget.

the most important gold prospecting tools

Gold pans: Most people immediately think of the gold pan as the most important tool for gold prospecting. However, a brain is required to operate it, select the right location on the stream, get permission to enter the land and decide that the land has potential. Without a well-prepared brain, the gold pan will not find very much.

The high price of gold has inspired thousands of people to become amateur prospectors. Many of them are spending their weekends or vacations in search of the yellow metal. High gold prices have also fueled a surge in the sales of gold pans, portable dredges, metal detectors and other gold prospecting tools.

Anyone who buys these tools will not be instantly equipped to find gold. The only thing that these tools will do is help you recover the gold once you are a few feet or a few inches away from it. Getting to that location - finding gold - requires a more important tool - a human brain that has been adequately prepared with the proper types of knowledge.

Here is a brief summary of the types of knowledge listed above. These summaries are brief because a complete presentation for each type of knowledge would contain enough information for at least one college-level course.

Gold Maps and Books: Books and maps that you can use to find gold have been published for many parts of the United States. These are a great starting point for anyone who wants to find gold. All of the publications above, and many more, as well as gold prospecting tools, are available in the Geology.com Store.

The United States has been more heavily prospected for gold than most other nations on this planet. Millions of people have been mustered to the search for gold during several gold rushes in various parts of the country.

The term "gold rush" makes most people think of locations such as California, Alaska, and Colorado. However, gold rushes have also occurred in states such as North Carolina and Georgia. It is a pretty safe bet that almost any stream in the United States has been panned for gold at least once. In the most famous gold locations much of the sediment has been through gold pans, sluices or dredges multiple times.

States that have reported commercial gold production recently or in the past include Alabama, Alaska, Arizona, California, Colorado, Georgia, Idaho, Maryland, Michigan, Montana, Nevada, New Mexico, North Carolina, Oregon, Pennsylvania, South Carolina, South Dakota, Tennessee, Utah, Virginia, Washington, and Wyoming.

The state geological survey in most states with commercial gold production has prepared introductory and technical information about the gold deposits and mining history. The United States Geological Survey has prepared detailed maps and reports for most of the major gold mining areas and has prepared many general interest publications about gold. There are also lots of prospecting guides and maps written for amateur prospectors.

Floods Move and Redistribute Gold: Photograph of a bridge over the South Yuba River at Highway 49 after a heavy rain on January 9, 2017. The flow rate is about 25,000 cubic feet per second - over 40 times the normal rate. This type of flooding picks up gold and moves it into streams. This type of flooding reworks existing stream sediments and uncovers gold. Public domain photo by Kelly M. Grow of the California Department of Water Resources.

Every time it rains hard enough to produce runoff, sediment is washed down hillsides and into streams. That puts "new gold" into streams. During every big flood, sediments in a stream bed are picked up, moved downstream and redeposited. This moves difficult-to-find gold to a new location, where it might be easily found.

In 2017, record flooding in California thoroughly reworked streams in many parts of the state and washed lots of "new gold" into stream channels. Now a lot of people are excited about finding that "new gold". Read some field reports.

Finders Keepers? Much more valuable than a common pebble - if you are caught removing this without permission from almost any property that you do not own, and in some cases even a property that you do own, it could result in criminal or civil problems. Learn about the Legal Aspects of Gold Prospecting. Image copyright iStockphoto / Luftklick.

Most of the land in the United States is off-limits for prospecting. Much of it is privately owned by individuals, corporations, institutions and trusts. Do not prospect on these lands unless you have contacted the owner and obtained explicit permission.

Explicit permission includes but is not limited to: (A) where you intend to prospect; (B) when you intend to prospect; (C) what methods you intend to use and any surface or subsurface disturbance that will result; (D) what you intend to remove from the property; (E) how anything found will be reported to and shared with the landowner. Getting these permissions is not a "courtesy" - they are a requirement. Prospecting on private property without them could result in your arrest for trespassing, vandalism or theft.

In most states, county-level governments maintain maps of property ownership that you can consult to get ownership and boundary information. Property ownership is usually public information and many local governments make it very easy for you to access it. Sometimes you can find this information online or purchase copies of the official land ownership documents. Some local governments have not invested in making this information easy to use or in keeping it current. If you decide to use this information you will probably need a good bit of mapping skill to transfer property boundaries to maps or GPS devices for easy use in the field. Good luck!

When you determine who owns a tract of land, be aware that the person who owns the surface might not own or control any minerals that are present. The mineral rights to a surface parcel are often sold or leased to someone else. So, be sure that you find out who owns the surface and who controls any minerals.

A few owners of mineral-bearing lands have opened them for "fee mining." These property owners will allow you to prospect and keep what you find if you pay them a fee before you begin or pay a fee based upon what you remove. These can be great places for a beginner to learn because prospecting there is often easy, and many of the experienced people there enjoy sharing what they know. You can learn a lot and make some great friends. These places can be a lot of fun if you are courteous to others and obey the owner's rules.

Land that is not under private ownership is usually owned by federal, state and local governments. These lands are often off-limits to prospectors because they are being preserved as a park or conservation area. Before you go prospecting on government-owned lands you should contact the agency in charge of that land and obtain explicit permissions similar to what was described for private lands above. Removing a rock or digging on these lands can get you in a lot more trouble than on private property. Here is a quote from a Bureau of Land Management publication.

The Bureau of Land Management is responsible for 700 million acres of mineral estate lands, mostly in the western United States. A lot of commercial and recreational prospecting takes place on BLM lands. The agency is a good place to start in determining where you can legally look for gold on public land. Start by contacting the BLM state office near the location where you want to prospect. A list of their offices is in the accompanying table.

Finally, before you go into the field it is a good idea to have a map that clearly marks the boundaries of the land you are permitted to prospect. Or you might load the property boundaries into a GPS unit. Property boundaries are often unmarked in the field, and keeping track of your location while prospecting in thick vegetation or on flat open land can be challenging.

Whenever you decide to enter public or private land and begin prospecting, it is your responsibility to know the local prospecting, land use, and environmental regulations that will apply to your actions at that specific location. Sometimes permits are needed, the methods that you use can be regulated, and there can be environmental regulations that prevent you from digging, disturbing streams, and using equipment or vehicles. Some of these have no relationship to gold prospecting, but it is still your responsibility to know and obey them.

A good place to begin is to determine the government agency responsible for administering the land that you would like to use and contact them for information. They can often provide all of the information that you need or refer you to the proper location.

Some of these areas allow prospectors to "stake a claim" that gives them temporary rights to work on a limited piece of land. If you find a valuable location you will probably want to stake a claim. It is also a good idea to learn how claims are marked so you can steer clear of them. The penalties for jumping an angry prospector's claim are unpredictable!

Gold occurs in two basic deposit types: lode gold and placer gold. A knowledge of how these types of deposits form and where they occur is essential for finding gold. Knowledge will multiply your chances of success. There are many books, websites, and government reports that describe gold deposits and how to look for them.

A knowledge of prospecting methods is also essential. If you are on a stream that contains placer gold but you don't know how to pan then you will miss the gold right under your feet. Learning about the types of tools available and how to use them is essential for success. Again, there are many books, websites, and government reports that describe these methods.

gold prospecting equipment at kellyco | gold panning supplies

Having the right gold prospecting equipment will change your entire approach to this fun hobby. With the right equipment, your chances of finding this precious metal is much greater than having the bare minimum. With several key items included in any gold panning kit, being aware of the best items to have within your budget will help ensure you have a successful gold prospecting hunt.

With a wide range of gold prospecting equipment for sale, you certainly dont want to be wasting money purchasing the wrong items. At Kellyco, we have you covered for every circumstance and any budget. As a result, there are a number of different items that we believe should form the basis of any treasure hunter kit.

This hobby doesnt need an individual to have a wide range of mining equipment. Instead, gold prospecting can be easily achieved on a small budget while still enjoying the exciting experience of gold panning.

Looking through the pages of gold prospecting equipment, you may feel confused as to what is worth spending your money on. However, we feel that there are some key items that should form the basis of any gold prospecting kits.

The exact items will depend on how serious you want to take gold prospecting. If you love the idea of dredging rivers or streams to see how much gold you can uncover, then we have the equipment that you will need to do just that. Also, if the idea of some gentle gold panning or metal detecting is more up your street, then we have you covered as well.

First, if you love the idea of covering rivers and streams to uncover any gold that may lie in the water or bed, then a dredger would be important. This item comes with a motor, sluice, classifier, and suction hose to bring up the material from the bottom and to then be sorted through.

At Kellyco, we stock each individual component that would be required to either establish your dredging kit or to replace items that may be tired or require updating. From a wide array of suction hoses to attach to your power jet, to a variety of engines with different HP, our team of gold prospecting experts will be able to advise you on the best equipment to purchase for your bounty hunting adventures.

Of course, for those who are beginners with gold prospecting there are more inexpensive ways to build your kit. A simple gold panning kit costs very little and yet it is a wonderful way for someone to be introduced to the joys of gold panning. But, if you want to invest some extra money, then there are several items that should be on any list.

First, you need to consider if you wish to use a water sluice or a drywasher. As the name suggests, a drywasher uses alternative methods in that it focuses on air to separate the gold from other debris. Also, having a range of classifying meshes to hand can help you quickly sort through debris and be left with pure gold at the end of it all.

Of course, you may be drawn to the idea of gold prospecting with a metal detector, and that is an area where we certainly excel. With several options available, we have several gold detectors and search coils from manufacturers such as Whites, Nokta Makro, and Fisher.

However, dont break your budget on a gold detector, there are several cheap gold detectors at great quality. With every type of gold detector, no matter the budget, you will be able to distinguish between rocks, debris, other metals, and the gold itself. It does most of the hard work for you allowing you to simply enjoy the act of uncovering the gold.

For those just starting out with gold prospecting, we also have a number of kits that can be used as a way of an introduction. From the Minelab gold panning kit complete with a riffle pan and classifier, to Garrett producing their own sets, some of the biggest names in the industry understand exactly what you need when searching for gold panning equipment.

We know that you may have a number of questions surrounding what to buy and whether or not certain items are worthy of the investment. If this sounds like you, then make life easier for yourself by giving us a call here at Kellyco. A member of our team of expert detectorists will be happy to advise you on the best items to purchase that will allow you to get started with gold prospecting.