[Introduction]: Gold CIL process (carbon in leach) is an efficient method of extracting and recovering gold from its ore. By cyaniding and carbon leaching crushed gold ore slurry simultaneously, CIL process lowers the gold mining operation cost and increases gold recovery rate to 99%, which is the first choice of modern gold mining and gold beneficiation plant.
[Application]: CIL mainly applies for the process of above 1g/t grade gold ore and gold ore with large bearing ore volume: silver, platinum, copper, etc. And CIL has a better performance in extracting these minerals at the same time.
After the crushing and grinding stage, add 9 step-arranged high-efficiency cyanidation leaching tanks into the pulp. Gold pulp cyanidation is carried on the first two leaching tanks, countercurrent adsorption operation is carried on the last six or seven leaching tanks (cyanidation and adding activated carbon simultaneously).
Compared with gold CIP process and other traditional gold extraction processes, Xinhai gold CIL process greatly shortens the cyaniding time, reduces the capital backlog in the gold retention stage. Taking the gold cyanidation plant with processing capacity of 100000 tons per year and gold grade of 7.5 g/t as an example, gold CIL process can save the investment cost of $486000 than the CIP process, reduce the capital backlog of $201700, save and recycle capital of $675100 in advance excluding the cost of activated carbon.
In the adding activated carbon step, add the coconut shell activated carbon (small hole, high activity, wear-resisting and renewable) specially selected by Xinhai mineral processing design institute into the pulp, which can dissolve and adsorb the gold and silver ions then form the gold loaded carbon according to the characteristics of gold and silver adsorption.
Compared with the traditional gold extraction process, Xinhai gold CIL process ensures the gold and silver dissolution and the adsorption of activated carbon synchronously, which will not be affected by the excessive ion concentration, greatly improves the recovery rate of the precious metals (such as silver and copper) in the associated metals , and significantly improves the economic benefits.
Vibrating screen and dewatering screen are the key equipment for the reverse movement of pulp and carbon. Filter press and high frequency dewatering screen developed by Xinhai can effectively reduce the carbon wear on the surface of vibrating screen and in the process of continuous slurry pumping, and reduce the cost, facilitate the maintenance and operation.
Air lifter used in the agitation process can make the slurry carry on small minor-cycle. Compared with other agitation tanks, Xinhai air lifter can reduce the power consumption by 70%, making the solid materials uniformly suspended, the activated carbon less worn, and the gold recovery rate higher, which is an important equipment in a modern cyanide plant.
Xinhai desorption electrolysis system implements high-temperature desorption electrolysis on gold in the gold-loaded carbon through the mixed liquor of sodium cyanide and sodium hydroxide. After wood chips and other sundries are removed by washing machine, and the gold desorption is carried out by Xinhai high-temperature and high-pressure desorption method (150 degrees and 0.5Mpa), which can resolve 99% of gold within 2-6 hours.
The pregnant solution obtained by the desorption of gold-loaded carbon contains higher concentration of gold and silver cyanidation complex ions, while the impurity ions are greatly reduced, which provides an ideal solution for the reduction and recovery of gold from the pregnant solution by electrodeposition. Finally, with Xinhai desorption electrolysis system, the solid gold with high purity can be obtained safely and economically.
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In recent years, reverse logistics (RL) has become a field of importance for all organizations due to growing environmental concerns, legislation, corporate social responsibility and sustainable competitiveness. RL refers to the sequence of activities required to collect the used product from the customers for the purpose of either reuse or repair or re-manufacture or recycle or dispose of it. Perusal of the literature shows that research in the field of RL is in evolving phase and issues pertaining to adoption and implementation, forecasting product returns, outsourcing, RL networks from secondary market perspective, and disposition decisions have not been reviewed extensively. This study attempts to fill the existing gap through literature review on these issues, and outline the future directions for research based on research gap analysis. Total 242 published articles were selected, categorized, analyzed, and gaps in literature were identified to suggest for future research opportunities. The review may be useful for academicians, researchers and practitioners for better understanding of RL and guidance for future research.
For its extensive practical experience, 911 Metallurgisthas a clear understanding of what successful mineral processing engineering is and how to go about achieving it. Your goal is the production of a material that is marketable and returns you and your investors sustainable revenues.
Although improvements to the metallurgical processes have been made over the years the fact is that the unit operations, the machines, those too often called black boxes involved have not evolved or changed much since inception. Ore is reduced in size, chemicals are added and minerals separated and upgraded to produce a marketable product. Much of this process is mechanical and generally mistaken for some dark alchemy.We are the Anti-Alchemists.
Our vast experience has been gained through operation and start-up of both small and large scale mining/metallurgical operations in a range of commodities in thebase metals (Cu, Pb, Zn) and theprecious metals (Au, Ag,)
A solid metallurgist understands, the most important aspect of an operating process is its stability. Simple to say, but generally the most ignored in mineral processing. Linked unit operations require each to be stable, and each contains a different set of variables that have to be contended with. Thanks to some degree of stability: operating changes can be made and evaluated; increases in throughput can be made; and equipment performance improved. The more complicated the processes become, the more difficult it is to achieve and maintain stability. In mineral processing, unlike most processing operations, we have limited control of the main input, the feed ore. In most cases this inherently is variable and usually outside of the processors control.
Because you are too close to your own story, you might not see the forest for the trees and have chaos mistaken for stability. We, you, and your group have been battling plant problems for weeks, you start to accept chaos as a daily state of affair and consider it your new stability.
Each mineral processing plant is different: with varied ore types, mining equipment, and management (operating) philosophy. The evaluation and prioritisation of variables that affect the plant performance is the primary function. Implementing changes within the constraints imposed can be difficult, as resources may be limited.
Invariably the ability to solve problems can be confusing due the large numbers of variables that may impact the processes. In most cases problems are not metallurgical in nature but rather operational and mechanical. Problem solving is a process and in many operations this ability is absent. All too often many changes are made together without a solution resulting, on more confusion. Most plants learn to live or survive their problems, not to solve them.
Our engineering team has a global experience in the mining industry across all facets of the mine life-cycle. Our focus is to add value to your project and company by understanding your needs, employing innovative ideas and applying sound engineering while maintaining an economically driven approach. We have a combination of senior level professionals, experienced project managers, and technical staff to execute projects efficiently. We work in a partnership with our clients to achieve their company goals and operational milestones in a timely and cost effective manner.