Fluorite (also called fluorspar) is a halide mineral composed of calcium fluoride, CaF2. It is an isometric mineral with a cubic habit, though octahedral and more complex isometric forms are not uncommon. Fluorite is the main industrial source of fluorine, which is widely used in aerospace, refrigeration, medicine, and anti-corrosion, and fire, electrical, mechanical and nuclear fields. The worlds other major producing of South Africa, Kenya, Mongolia, Russia, the United States, Thailand, Spain and other places.
Fluorite is a colorful mineral, both in visible and ultraviolet light, and the stone has ornamental and lapidary uses. Industrially, fluorite is used as a flux for smelting, and in the production of certain glasses and enamels. The purest grades of fluorite are a source of fluoride for hydrofluoric acidmanufacture, which is the intermediate source of most fluorine-containing fine chemicals. Optically clear transparent fluorite lenses have low dispersion, so lenses made from it exhibit less chromatic aberration, making them valuable in microscopes and telescopes. Fluorite optics is also usable in the far-ultraviolet range where conventional glasses are too absorbent for use.
Fluorite ore crushing process is a system process. The original ore will be translated by vibrating feeder that feeding jaw crusher in primary crushing. After primary crushing, the big fluorite ore will be crushed into 20-50mm. After the primary crushing of fluorite ore is fed into the crushing machine in secondary crushing. After second crushing, the fluorite ore will be crushed into 3-5mm, and 60% - 90% of the total, and a ball mill can enter the two-stage crushing ore grinding operation. The ball mill is generally composed of a closed-loop and spiral classifier, ball mill after grinding the material into the classifier for classification. The qualified fine ore into the next process, coarse ore failed to return a ball mill for grinding.
In crushing equipment market of Kenya, there are mainly three series of crusher that are fluorite jaw crusher, fluorite impact crusher and fluorite cone crusher.Different crusher for different stone resource, more targeted, more efficient, longer the stone crushing machine and spare parts life, days and months multiplying, it can save you really a lot of money.
Fluorite jaw crusher is commonly used as coarse stone crusher for fluorite mining in Kenya. It is mainly used in primary crushing in fluorite crushing plant. SBM can provide large jaw crusher and small jaw crusher for stone quarry, sand making and mine ore processing plant. It is the widely used stone crusher that used in fluorite crushing process. It can crush fluorite stone into small dust with 10 mm. and the capacity can upto250 t/h.
Fluorite Cone Crusher is the fine crushing machine used in fluorite processing plant. After crushing process, fluorite is less than 15mm. SBM manufactures different series of cone crusher which can meet customers different requirements. It also is applied to cement mill, mining, building construction, road &bridge construction, railway construction and metallurgy and some other industries.
Fluorite impact crusher manufactured by SBM with advanced technology. It can be used for intermediate and fine crushing in the second and third grade. Compared with the traditional stone impact crusher, SBMs impact crusher can reach up to 1500 t/h, and it can crush the large ores into standard particles size to meet the sand making plant needs within one stage, which takes the place of the traditional two-stages crushing process.
Base on decades of years R&D experience and thousands of clients production experience, SBM updated our tranditional vibrating feeder and developped the TSW series feeder, which can greatly improve the whole production line capacity.
With low grade ore deposits requiring higher power and higher throughputs than ever before, you need a crusher that can take the impact without compromising on efficiency. With more power and greater capacity, the digitally-enabled TSUV is the worlds most OPEX and CAPEX-efficient gyratory crusher.
Mining has a long history and so do we. Our commitment to optimising the comminution process with quality crushers dates back to the Traylor and Fuller-Traylor gyratory crushers of the early 1900s. Since then, our crushers have continuously withstood the harshest demands of the worlds mines and rock quarries. Through constant improvements in engineering, we have earned our place as a proven and preferred crusher supplier throughout the industry.
The TSUV is our latest generation gyratory crusher, following the successful rollout of our Top Service (TS) and Top Service Ultra Duty (TSU) models. The unique design emphasises safety, easy maintenance and efficient crushing performance.
Unlike other gyratory crushers, which require workers to get in underneath the crusher to perform maintenance tasks a high-risk operation the TS range allows service and maintenance to be carried out from above. The eccentric assembly, bushings and hydraulic piston are easily accessible and removed through the top of the crusher, hence the name Top Service. Not only is this much safer than the bottom service crusher design, it also increases the speed and simplicity of maintenance work, reducing costs and boosting availability.
The Mark V design builds on these strengths and adds even more power, capacity and flexibility. We have re-engineered the entire crusher to deliver advanced crushing efficiency within the same footprint.
Its also safer than ever before. The unique self-aligning main-shaft negates the need for service personnel to be working underneath a heavy suspended load. Previously the 100+ tonne fully-dressed main-shaft had to be guided into the eccentric assembly by hand. With this development the shaft aligns automatically, dramatically reducing risk.
To offer even greater potential to optimise performance, the TSUV is digitally enabled giving you more control over operations and availability. This is a game-changer. The ability to make fine adjustments to wear compensation, track equipment trends and instantly detect crusher obstructions will enable increased uptime, optimum equipment life and a significantly reduced risk of un-planned downtime. Additionally, our integrated control system incorporates all the required safety and interlock features to keep your operators safe.
By optimising the liners and maximising uptime, as well as achieving higher throughput and greater energy efficiency, the TSUV achieves the lowest cost per metric tonne in operation of any crusher on the market and gives you the lowest total cost of ownership.
You have the option to connect your TSUV to our digital ecosystem, giving you the benefits of both our technologies and our experience. We offer a range of services geared towards maintaining asset health and optimising performance, many of which can be carried out remotely, saving both time and money.
The TSUVs advanced control system gives you a 24/7 view of performance metrics, enabling you to increase reliability. And, with further condition monitoring feedback and controls, you can get proactive about maintenance, minimising the risk of unplanned downtime.
Tracking and trending operating parameters enables you to continually adjust and optimise performance for the maximum return with minimum waste. The control system has built-in trending, historical data, alarms and events, stored locally for six months. The KPIs dashboard is clear and easy to interpret, enabling you to visualise performance levels at any given time at the touch of a button and with our mobile app, SiteConnect, you dont even have to be onsite to check on your crusher.
Standard gyratory crushers require personnel to get beneath the crusher, a confined and hazardous workspace where they are at considerable risk. We remain the only vendor to offer a fully Top Service crusher and the TSUV takes this commitment to safety a step further with the creation of the self-aligning main-shaft. Now there is absolutely no need for service personnel to work under the crusher.
Weve also worked hard to streamline performance and optimise operating conditions to minimise the need for maintenance, as well as implementing automated solutions to reduce manual interventions where possible. All of these things combine to give you simpler maintenance that reduces planned downtime by up to 74% compared to previous generation models.
As ore grade decreases and the industry seeks to crush ever harder material, crushers have to rise to the challenge. You need the kind of hard-wearing, durable system that can manage ore with a BCWi into the 50s without succumbing to failure.
Every part of the Mark V has been strengthened and improved to give you greater crushing efficiency and a low total cost of ownership (TCO). Weve instilled all our knowhow and process experience into the design to bring you:
Optimised speed Weve optimised eccentric speeds to ensure maximum throughput without incurring excessive wear rates. This is a finely balanced equation, based on extensive R&D work, which together with the new service and operational features, gives you the lowest possible cost per tonne of material processed. Enlarged feed opening For those customers with slabby or blocky materials, we have introduced extended topshells to give you larger feed openings. These are optional for all machines in the TSUV range.
Integrated controls Our advanced control system includes KPI dashboards, built-in trending, power and PSD wear compensation, automatic lowering of the mantle and camera/laser detection of oversize boulders and bridging. These are significant developments that will enable you to increase reliability and reduce the risk of an unscheduled stop.
FLSmidth provides sustainable productivity to the global mining and cement industries. We deliver market-leading engineering, equipment and service solutions that enable our customers to improve performance, drive down costs and reduce environmental impact. Our operations span the globe and we are close to 10,200 employees, present in more than 60 countries. In 2020, FLSmidth generated revenue of DKK 16.4 billion. MissionZero is our sustainability ambition towards zero emissions in mining and cement by 2030.
Energy optimal control strategy of a VSI crushing process is modeled.Potential of a daily energy cost saving of about 49.7% is shown.Potential of a daily energy saving of about 15.3% is shown.Most of energy cost saving is due to the optimal load shifting under time-of-use tariff.Energy saving is due to the operation of the process at the boundary of the admissible region.
This paper presents an optimal control model to improve the operation energy efficiency of a vertical shaft impact (VSI) crushing process. The optimal control model takes the energy cost as the performance index to be minimized by accounting for the time-of-use tariff and process constraints such as storage capacity of the VSI crusher hopper, capacity of the main storage system, flow rate limits, cascade ratio setting, production requirement and product quality requirement. The control variables in the developed model are the belt conveyor feed rate, the material feed rate into the VSI crusher rotor, the bi-flow or cascade feed rate and the rotor tip speed of the crusher. These four control variables are optimally coordinated in order to improve the operation energy efficiency of the VSI crushing process. Simulation results based on a crushing process in a coal-fired power plant demonstrate a potential of a daily energy cost saving of about 49.7% and energy saving of about 15.3% in a high-demand season weekday.
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Ore beneficiation equipment, sand making equipment, crushing equipment and powder grinding equipment, which are widely used in various industries such as metallurgy, mine, chemistry, building material, coal, refractory and ceramics.