In American English, a small piece of stone like this may also be called a rock.She bent down, picked up a rock and threw it into the trees.In both British and American English, a rock is also a large piece of stone that sticks up out of the ground or the sea, or that has broken away from a mountain.
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The family sits on the couch. Homer clicks on the remote control and sends the family to the Stone Age, clicks it again to send them to the Roman Empire, where they watch a gladiator match, and clicks it a final time to return them to the present.
Canada airing: A loon, a Canadian hockey player, John A. MacDonald and a beaver all sit on the Simpsonss couch. O Canada (the national anthem of Canada) plays. The Simpsons rush in and shove them aside, but their guests say nothing. Maggie sucks on a hockey puck.
Stone Breaker Quick Facts Name: Stone Breaker Scientific Name: Phyllanthus niruri Origin China, India and South/Central America Shapes Fruits capsule, very small, globose, smooth Taste Bitter, Astringent, sweet Health benefits Diabetes treatment, Gallstones and Kidney Stones, Anti-cancerous & Treat acute hepatitis B Stone Breaker scientifically known as Phyllanthus niruri with many common names including Stonebreaker, Phyllanthus Plant, Child Pick-a-back, Gulf Leafflower, Black Catnip, Meniran, Chanca Piedra, Shatterstone, Quebra Pedra, Gale Of Wind, Carry Me Seed, Creole Senna and Daun Marisan is a widespread tropical plant commonly found in coastal areas of China, India and South/Central America. It is a relative of the spurges, belonging to the Phyllanthus genus of Family Phyllanthaceae. It has been a traditional mainstay in Ayurvedic medicine for more than two millennia, where it is used for ailments ranging from hiccups to leprosy. It is also a noticeable herb in the Unani system of medicine, which applies it to wounds and sores and uses it for symptoms like jaundice. It gets its common name, stone breaker as well as the Spanish and Portuguese equivalents from its use in treating kidney stones.
Stone breaker is an erect, slender, branched, annual herb that grows about 12 24 inches (30 60 cm) in height. The plant is found growing in degraded moist deciduous, forest plantations, plains, dry fields, roadsides, wastelands, forest margin and scrubby woods. The plant consists of taproot that is slender, wiry and is provided with fine secondary roots. The plant has cylindrical and hairless stem, on that continues, at the level of the leaves insertion, triangular stipules, acuminates and often cordated in the base. It exudes translucent latex when it is cut.
Leaves are simple, alternate, hairless and sub-sessiles, pale green above, with pinnated venation little visible. At the base of the petiole 2 stipulate threadlike reduced, of unequal length and fast blacks. The lamina is elliptic to elongated, long from 8 to 12mm and wide from 3 to 5mm, with round or blunt summit, sometimes briefly apiculated, the base rounded and in entire margin. Two faces are hairless.
Solitary minute flowers are unisexual. Female flowers axillaries in the base of twigs, the male flowers regrouped by 2 4 in the axils of leaves in the top of twigs. Female flowers in peduncle 2 mm long, with 5 sepals. Disc is flattened, small, with 5 lobes. Ovary is spherical surmounted of a short trifid style. Male flowers in hail peduncle, 0,5 mm long, with 5 elliptic sepals and 3 welded stamens.
Fruit is a capsule dehiscent in 3 cells with 2 seeds each. The capsule is globose, depressed, and smooth, 2mm in diameter, that appears to the face lower of twigs. Seeds are wedge-shaped, one concave and two flat sides, beige, 1mm in height.
Although considered a problematic weed for farmers it is a valuable medicinal for herbalists (Oudhia and Tripathi 2002) and holds a reputed position in both Ayurvedic and Unani systems of medicine. Recently it has attracted the attention of researchers, because of its hepato-protective properties. No effective specific therapy is available for viral epatitis but Stone Breaker has shown clinical efficacy in viral Hepatitis B. Its root, leaves, fruits, milky juice, and whole plants are used as medicine.
According to Unani system of medicine herb is stomachic and good for sores and useful in chronic dysentery. Fruits useful for tubercular ulcers, wounds, sores, scabies and ring worm. The fresh root is believed to be an excellent remedy for jaundice. A poultice of the leaves with salt cures scabby affection and without salt applied on bruise and wounds. The milky juice is a good application to offensive sores. The infusion of the root and leaves is a good tonic and diuretic when taken cold in repeated doses. In many parts of India, it is commonly used for the treatment of snake bite. The plant is used as a fish poison. In many parts of India especially in deserts, the roots mixed with Commiphora mukul are given to camels to cure indigestion. The decoction of leaves and stem are used for dyeing cotton black.
Stone breaker has a long history in traditional herbal medicine in every tropical country it is found in. For hundreds of years Stone Breaker has been used as an herbal remedy to kidney stones, viral infections, liver disorders, bacterial infections, and many other ailments. In more recent years, however, Stone Breaker has been shown in modern medicine to cure or treat multiple disorders. Listed below are few of the health benefits of using Stone Breaker herb:
Stone Breaker also known asBhumi Amla has been used by the indigenous peoples of the Amazon for generations to support the elimination of gallstones and kidney stones. In Ayurvedic medicine, Stone Breaker is thought to hold the most promise against kidney stone formation. Although long-term randomized clinical trials are essential to confirm therapeutic properties, some preliminary studies suggest Stone Breaker may discourage in the gallbladder and kidneys and, indeed, have potential to provide defense against kidney stones.
According to research conducted by International Brazilian Journal of Urology suggest the preventive effect of Stone Breaker herb in stone formation or elimination. The plant Stone Breaker (Phyllanthus niruri) contains potential agent to prevent and/or to treat Urolithiasis. The review is based on data from the literature and on the results obtained by our group from either in vivo/in vitro experiments or clinical studies. Stone Breaker has been shown to interfere with many stages of stone formation, reducing crystals aggregation, modifying their structure and composition as well as altering the interaction of the crystals with tubular cells leading to reduced subsequent endocytosis. Other beneficial effects of Stone Breaker may be related to ureteral relaxation, helping to eliminate calculi or to clear fragments following lithotripsy, or also to a putative reduction of the excretion of urinary crystallization promoters such as calcium. No side effects of renal, cardiovascular, neurological or toxic effects have been detected during these studies. (1)
Stone Breaker (Chanca piedra) is also known for its traditional use against parasites, bacterial, viral and fungal infection. This Stone Breaker use was also supported by a few medical publications. Research found this herb is beneficial in treating chickenpox, vaginal yeast infections and pulmonary tuberculosis.
Another study that tested Stone Breaker antibacterial activity, found it to be effective against H. pylori (Helicobacter pylori) bacteria, without affecting beneficial lactic acid bacteria. The significance of this finding is that unlike antibiotics that kill both good and bad bacteria, this herb was able to selectively fight H. pylori without killing the good bacteria.
Store Breaker also showed significant antibacterial activity against the pathogenic bacteria Bacillus pumilus, Staphylococcus aureus, Bacillus subtilis, Micrococcus luteus, Escherichia coli and Klebsiella pneumonia as well as antifungal activity against candida albicans. (1), (2), (3)
Stone Breaker (Phyllanthus niruri) displays evidence of anti-diabetic activity. Research conducted by Dr. Charles Okoli and his associates, used lab rats for test. Diabetic rats were treated with aerial extracts of Stone Breaker and as a result the rats blood glucose levels decreased, as well as their glucose absorption and storage. While its not know for sure if Stone Breaker caused these results, these findings suggest the lowered blood glucose levels were caused by the aerial extracts of Store Breaker. As a result, Stone Breaker is known to be anti-diabetic.
Phyllanthus niruri (Stone Breaker) and other phyllanthus species help prevent the metastasis of some lung and breast cancers. Research showed that the polyphenols in this herb help prevent the invasion, migration, and adhesion of cancer cells.
Stone Breaker has a known traditional use for inflammation and pain. Multiple published research have shown Stone Breaker contains anti-inflammatory effect for ulcer protection, ulcerative colitis and relieving sore throat pain due to tonsil inflammation. (4), (5), (6)
Water extracts of Stone Breaker are selectively toxic to some types of harmful organisms, without affecting beneficial organisms. The Universidad de la Repblica researched 28 plant and algae species for activity against harmful organisms. Researchers noted that the most interesting activity was observed in Stone Breaker. This observation and conclusion was duplicated by researchers at the University of Malaysia.
In a 2010 study, 60 people with the condition received either a placebo or a product made of seven herbal medicines including 100 milligrams of Stone Breaker (phyllanthus niruri). The herbal medicine group experienced faster recovery than the placebo group. However, they reported side effects like upper abdominal pain and diarrhea. Stone Breaker herb may not help chronic hepatitis B, though.
Stone Breaker has been evaluated for antioxidant activity and its response to high blood pressure and high blood sugar. The high phenolic content of Stone Breaker has shown antioxidant activity, which has been found to support balanced blood sugar and normal blood pressure This has created excitement about the potential of Stone Breaker during times of distress. In one study researchers noted that Stone Breaker engages an enhanced antioxidant defense system.
Traditional Chinese medicine has always mentioned Stone Breaker (Xiao Fan Hun) as an herb that supports liver health. The Department of Chemistry at Bose Institute in India conducted an animal research that investigated the liver protecting action of Stone Breaker against acetaminophen toxicity. Results showed that a protein in Stone Breaker protects liver tissues against oxidative stress, probably by increasing antioxidant defenses. Study results from the Patel Institute of Pharmaceutical Education and Research suggest compounds in Stone Breaker may be a valuable component to a multi-herb, liver-support formulation.
Dewo machinery can provides complete set of crushing and screening line, including Hydraulic Cone Crusher, Jaw Crusher, Impact Crusher, Vertical Shaft Impact Crusher (Sand Making Machine), fixed and movable rock crushing line, but also provides turnkey project for cement production line, ore beneficiation production line and drying production line. Dewo Machinery can provide high quality products, as well as customized optimized technical proposal and one station after- sales service.
The FAE Land Clearing line is designed and built to speed up and facilitate any type of agricultural/forestry work.Designed to last over time, FAE agricultural and forestry machinery, whether it is a forestry mulcher, a forestry tiller, a stone crusher, a stump cutter or a multifunction head, allow industry professionals to perform any reclamation work and land preparation, being certain of ...
Chanca Piedra 2 Ounce, Kidney Stone Dissolver Support, Natural Organic Liquid Extract, Phyllanthus Niruri - Kidney Stone Crusher Support, Made in USA 4.3 out of 5 stars 491 $20.88 $ 20 . 88 ($10.44/Fl Oz) $24.97 $24.97
China Mobile Cone Stone Crusher Manufacturer. Cone crusher mobile crushing plant is developed by our company introduced a new rock crushing equipment, greatly expanding the crushing, crushing operations domain concepts. It is designed to provide customers with simple, efficient, low-cost operation of the project hardware. 2015-08-12
The crushing plants of the MOBICAT series are used for the precrushing of almost all natural rock and in recycling. However, the output of the MOBICAT crushing plants is determined not only by the jaw crusher alone - in fact, the optimal interaction of all components plays a decisive role. The focus is increasingly on cost and environmental awareness, availability of the plants, versatility, and quality of the final product.
The mobile cone crushers MOBICONE are used in medium-hard to hard and abrasive natural rock, as well as for raw materials processing in mining applications. The cone crushers deliver excellent cubic final grains in the secondary and tertiary crushing stages. The MOBICONE plants are available in different sizes and versions and for different applications. The cone crusher is suitable mainly in the linking with primary crushers and screening plants.
The mobile MOBIREX impact crushers are used in soft to medium-hard natural stone and in recycling. The performance of the plants is impressive not just in terms of pure volume reduction. The focus today is on cost and environmental awareness, availability, versatility and, above all, the quality of the end-product to be achieved. The MOBIREX plants crush stone so efficiently that the grain shape, grain size distribution and cleanness comply with the strict standards for concrete and asphalt aggregates.
The mobile screening plants MOBISCREEN are used for screening almost all types of natural rock and in recycling. The classifying and coarse screens are available in a double- or triple-deck version, with hydraulic or diesel-electric drives. The applications of the MOBISCREEN plants are diverse. There is a variety of appropriate screen media available for obtaining different grain sizes and for different feed material.
The mobile stackers MOBIBELT are used to improve tipping onto conical or kidney-shaped stockpiles. The direct material transport from the crushing or screening plant to the dedicated stockpile means that additional material movements with the wheel loader can be avoided. This reduces operating costs, increases operational reliability and efficiency.
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Sepadi, M.M.; Chadyiwa, M.; Nkosi, V. Platinum Mine Workers Exposure to Dust Particles Emitted at Mine Waste Rock Crusher Plants in Limpopo, South Africa. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2020, 17, 655. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17020655
Sepadi MM, Chadyiwa M, Nkosi V. Platinum Mine Workers Exposure to Dust Particles Emitted at Mine Waste Rock Crusher Plants in Limpopo, South Africa. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2020; 17(2):655. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17020655
Sepadi, Maasago M., Martha Chadyiwa, and Vusumuzi Nkosi. 2020. "Platinum Mine Workers Exposure to Dust Particles Emitted at Mine Waste Rock Crusher Plants in Limpopo, South Africa" International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 17, no. 2: 655. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17020655