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list of washing machine brands

Synopsis of Major Washing Machine Brands WhirlpoolWhirlpool is a brand of home appliances created by the Whirlpool Corporation. The corporation is listed as a Fortune 500 company with its approximate annual sales figure of $20 billion. As a global manufacturer and marketer of home appliances, the Whirlpool Corporation has around 70 centers all over the globe with over 70,000 employees.The Whirlpool Corporation was first established as the Upton Machine Company in 1911 by Louis, Frederick, and Emory Upton. Its first product was the electric, motor-driven wringer washer. The company merged with the Nineteen Hundred Washer Company in 1929 and was then renamed to Nineteen Hundred Corporation. Finally, in 1950, the company changed its name to the Whirlpool Corporation where it marketed its first top-loading automatic washer under the Whirlpool brand.KenmoreThe Kenmore brand refers to household appliances produced by several home appliance companies like the Whirlpool Corporation, Panasonic, Electrolux, and Mabe Mexico. Kenmore-branded appliances are being sold in the United States by the Sears Holdings Corporation. The brand was first released in 1927 on a sewing machine created under the Sears Corporation. Most Kenmore products now, though, are white goods.Washing machines sold under the Kenmore name are mainly manufactured by the Whirlpool Corporation, Electrolux, and Mabe Mexico, among others. Kenmore white goods are branded into two: the "Elite" line, which features upscale appliances, and the Kenmore Pro line, its professional line of appliances.MaytagMaytag is a brand of major home appliances manufactured under the Maytag Corporation. The corporation was one of the three top home appliances in North America, specializing in a full line of washing machines and dryers, among other products.The first washing machine under this brand was brought out in 1907. It was called the "Pastime" and consisted of a wooden tub, wooden pegs, and a hand-turned dolly. The turning action of the dolly pulled laundry through the water and rubbed the clothes along the corrugated sides of the tub. This machine is able to operate from an external power source through the aid of a pulley.GEGE is the brand of major home appliances of the General Electric Company. The brand is recognized as the fourth most well-known brand in the world, with assets of approximately $49 billion. The brand underwent changes in 2004 under the directive of CEO Jeffrey Immelt. Variations included a new color palette, logo modifications, a new font, and a new slogan"imagination at work," which replaced "we bring good things to life."General Electric was first known as Edison General Electric, which was founded by Thomas Edison in 1890. The company then went on through numerous changes but remained intact as a company. It has introduced competitive appliances like food mixers, vacuum cleaners, air conditioners, and washing machines to American homes.MieleThe Miele brand is a group of high-end domestic appliances produced by the German manufacturer of the same name. Miele, the company, is a family-owned and -managed enterprise. It was established by Carl Miele and Reinhard Zinkann in 1899. Its German motto is "Immer Besser," translated as "Always Better" and "Better and Better."Mieles first products included a tub washing machine under the brand name, "Meteor." The trademark, "Mele" (with a sloping dash for the dot on the "i"), was later used on the machines, marketing paraphernalia, and other printed materials. The simplified "i" was later on identified to be sufficient enough to represent the Miele company.BoschBosch stands as the trademark of a wide range of products manufactured by Robert Bosch GmbH, a German technology-based corporation. The corporation was founded by Robert Bosch in 1886 at Stuttgart, Germany. It manufactures products intended for the business fields of automotive and industrial technology, building technology, and household appliances.Although majority of its products tend to automotives, the corporation has also delved into other markets such as in the laundry appliance industry. Bosch laundry washers are under the production of the BSH Bosch and Siemens Hausgerte GmbH, one of the top three household appliance companies in the world. Its main manufacturing site in North American is a factory located near New Bern, North Carolina.LGLG is the trade name utilized by the Korean electronics conglomerate, the LG Group. The corporation is the third largest conglomerate in South Korea. It was founded by Koo In-Hwoi in 1947 as the Lak-Hui Chemical Industrial Corp. Due to the expansion of the Lak-Hui Corp. in the plastics industry, it set up GoldStar Co., Ltd. In 1958. The two names merged in 1995 to form the abbreviation, "LG," although the acronym also stands for the company tagline, "Lifes Good."The GoldStar Co., Ltd introduced various consumer electronics and household products like laundry washers and dryers. Most of these products were sold under the trade name, "GoldStar," while others were branded as "Lucky." The Lucky products were famous for products like soaps and Hi-Ti laundry detergents.FrigidaireFrigidaire is a registered trademark of consumer and commercial appliances owned by General Motors. The brand was founded under the Guardian Frigerator Company in 1916, where it produced the first self-contained refrigerator. William C. Durant, the initiator of General Motors, invested in the company in 1918; Frigidaire was then adopted by General Motors the following year. The company was maintained by General Motors from 1919 to 1980 before becoming an independent division at Dayton, Ohio.Frigidaire, under General Motors, produced one of the most competitive automatic laundry washing products. Its first product was the Unimatic, produced in the 1930s. This machine was the longest in production; succeeding products include: Pulsamatic, Multimatic, and Rollermatic. When Frigidaire was acquired by White Consolidated, it changed its machine designs to the top-loading outline of Westinghouse products.SamsungSamsung is a trade name under the care of the Samsung Group, a Korean conglomerate rated as the worlds largest based on revenue. The conglomerate has subsidiaries that cater to different portions of the market: Samsung Heavy Industries for the shipbuilding industry, Samsung C&T for construction, and Samsung Electronics for general electronics and home appliances. "Samsung" is the Korean term for "tristar" or "three stars."The corporation started as a small business at Daegu, South Korea in 1938. Its founder, Lee Byung-Chull initiated various innovations into his business, making it grow into the conglomerate that it is today. In 1974, Samsung Heavy Industries merged with Samsung Petrochemical. At that same time, the company produced its first washing machine.HaierHaier is a name adopted by the Haier Group to label its product line of "white goods" and electronics products. Although the company is now penetrating other market areas, its core remains to the household appliances industry with products like air conditioners, washing machines, and refrigerators. The company headquarters is located in Qingdao, Shandong, Peoples Republic of China.The now state-owned enterprise started as a refrigerator factory in the 1920s to serve the Korean market. It was acquired by the government in 1949. As operations pushed forth, the company gradually fell into debt and closed due to bankruptcy. To salvage the company, the Qingdao government appointed Zhang Ruimin as managing director in 1984; it was also named as Qingdao Refrigerator Co. in the same year. The name was then changed to Qingdao Haier Group in 1991, and then settled for Haier Group in 1992.AEGAllgemeine Elektrizitts-Gesellschaft (AEG) is a brand of diverse electrical products licensed to various companies, one of which is the Electrolux Group. The brand, which means "General Electricity Company," was conceived in 1887 by the Deutsche Edison Gesellschaft (DEG) company. DEG, meaning German Edison Company, first created electrical equipment like light bulbs, motors, and generator, among others. The company flourished until after the World War II, where it lost businesses from the eastern parts of Germany. It spiraled downward despite a merger and sales of assets. In 1996, the AEG manufacturing company closed operations.The Electrolux Group bough the AEG brand name in 2005 and patents its products as AEG-Electrolux. The "AEG-Electrolux" brand represents white goods like washing machines and dishwashers.AdmiralAdmiral is a trade name utilized by Whirlpool Corporation to represent its appliances being sold at The Home Depot. The brand had its beginnings with the Continental Radio and Television Corp., established by Ross Siragusa in 1934. It was then a manufacturer of radios and phonographs. It eventually changed its name to Admiral Corp. and was then a major television manufacturer.The company flourished in the consumer electronics industry up until the 1960s. By mid-1970s, Admiral sold several of its segments to other companies as a result of the market invasion of Japanese consumer electronics companies. Various companies acquired Admiral Corp., from Rockwell International, Magic Chef, Maytag, and then finally settling with the Whirlpool Corporation. Under the new manufacturer, the Admiral brand has since been used in various household appliances like dishwashers and washing machines.AmanaAmana is a brand name of a range of household appliances currently owned by the Whirlpool Corporation. The first product to feature the trade name was a walk-in cooler. It has then branched out to other appliances including clothes washers and dryers, countertop ranges, dishwashers, furnaces, and ovens.The brand started with the Amana Corporation, which was founded by George Foerstner in 1934 at Middle Amana, Iowa. The enterprise was then owned by the Amana Society, before being sold to a group of investors in 1950, becoming Amana Refrigeration, Inc. It was then acquired by Raytheon in 1965 and Goodman in 1997 before settling for the Whirlpool Corporation.AskoAsko is a trade name utilized by the Asko Appliances AB. The company was initiated by a Swedish farmer in 1950 at Vara, Sweden with a washing machine as its first product. Its foremost vision was then was to make an energy- and water-efficient machine that met household standards. The company is now an international corporation that branched into other wash-related industries like dishwashing and laundry drying.Askos washing machines are made up of steel, instead of the standard plastic, in order to meet environment-friendly standards. Most of these machines are front-loading, and they use less detergent, energy, and water. They are also compact and designed to save on space.AristonThe Ariston brand name is used by the similarly-named company, now under the Indesit Company. Ariston produces their laundry washers based on the design initiated by M. Hasuike. Their machines wash systems are in a horizontal axis, allowing it to use less water and energy. Their drying features are sensor-controlled, thus avoiding high-heat exposure and over drying of clothes, which can be damaging. The machines come equipped with sound-absorbing materials and a tri-phase motor, both of which reduce operational noise levels.The brand is granted the Woolmark Platinum Care, which is the highest certification awarded by The Woolmark Company. Ariston washing machines come in three distinctions: Silver, Platinum, and Premier Models.BrandtBrandt Appliance is a famous brand of home appliances in Europe, particularly in France. The company was built in 1902 in Paris, France. Brandt merged with Hotchkiss in 1956, thus being labeled as Hotchkiss-Brandt. This company was later renamed to Thomson-Brandt, then finally to the Brandt Group, also known as Groupe Brandt.The washing machines of Brandt come in four models wherein two are in the front-load style and the other two are in the top-load style. Brandt washing machines are noted for its compact size. The machine models usually have an energy efficiency rating of A, which is the highest rating.BekoThe Beko brand name and company is one of the fastest growing producers of white goods in the UK. It is the second largest brand in Turkey, which is its home market. The company has over 40 years of experience in the home appliances industry. In 2001, it formed an allegiance with Arelik A.S. to improve its marketing and sales activities, thus having a more competitive production. Other brands associated with the company include Digifusion, Flavel, and Leisure.Beko washing machines have been given an A+ energy rating, with a range of 1,000 to 1,600 rpm. The prominent features of each washer include a LED indicator that facilitates ease of operation. Each has five function buttons and come with automatic water temperature and spin speed settings.BendixThe Bendix brand under the Bendix Corporation refers to a line of products consisting of aeronautical hydraulics, avionics, brake systems, computers, radios, and televisions. The name is also licensed to be of use in a line of washing machines that are not manufactured by the corporation.Vincent Bendix built the Bendix Corporation in 1924 at South Bend, Indiana, United States. Its first products, car and truck brake systems, were supplied to General Motors; the said partnership continued for many decades. In 1929, the enterprise delved into aeronautics, prompting a change in name to Bendix Aviation.Bendix Corporation is not a manufacturer of washing machines. It did, however, allowed the use of its name for washing machines created by Bendix Home Appliances, a South Bend company not connected to Bendix Corporation. Bendix Home Appliances was later acquired by the Avco Manufacturing Corporation.BlombergBlomberg is a trade name for white goods produced by the Turkish household appliances manufacturer, Arelik A.S. The company distributes its products to over 100 countries made in 10 production plants. It has 4,500 branches in Turkey alone, and has 13 international subsidiaries. Arelik A.S. is managed by Ko Holding, the third largest home appliances company in Europe. The company has announced a merger plan with Grundig Elektronik A.S. in February 2009.Arelik A.S. was built in 1955 and created its first product, a washing machine, in 1959. Since then, it delved into other appliance markets like refrigerators, vacuum cleaners, dishwashers, and cooking appliances.CredaThe Creda brand is associated with Hotpoint, the largest producer of kitchen appliances in the UK. Originally, Creda was utilized by a UK manufacturer of washing machines, before being acquired by Hotpoint in 1987. Aside from laundry machines, Creda also produced other white goods like dishwashers and tumble dryers. The company ceased production of laundry washers in 2007 when succeeding washing machines were marketed under the Hotpoint brand.Creda-branded laundry washers are noted for being compact and reasonably priced. Its latest models are mostly freestanding and front-loading. Unlike their competitors, Creda washers do not come with drying features, which accounts for the energy-efficiency of these machines.CrosleyCrosley is an American brand of appliances produced by the Crosley Company. The company was started in the 1920s; its first product then was a radio. The company delved into the automotive industry in 1939 when Powel Crosley, Jr. introduced a compact racing car into the Indianapolis 500. Other appliances, like dishwashers, dryers, refrigerators, and washing machines, were produced later on.Identified Crosley washing machines come in five models: three are front-loading and two are top-loading. One front-loading model is a washer and dryer combo. Notable features of Crosley washers include four to five wash presets, a quiet operation feature, and child safety measures.DysonDyson is a line of vacuum cleaners, utilizing cyclonic separation, manufactured by a company of the same name. This privately-owned British company was founded by James Dyson with initial operations in England; it the moved its production to Malaysia.Although vacuum cleaners are the core products of the company, it has also probed into the washing machine industry by creating the CR01 Contrarotator. This product is the first of its kind with regard to its twin, counter-rotating drums. Each drum spins in opposite directions to provide a more thorough clean. The follow-up to the Contrarotator was the CR02, made available in the Flowcheck and Allergy models.ElectroluxThe Electrolux trade name embodies home and professional appliances crafted by the Sweden-based Electrolux Group. This enterprise is the second largest appliance manufacturer in the world with 40 million products sold to 150 countries annually. Aside from Electrolux, other brand names utilized by the company include AEG, Eureka, Frigidaire, Kelvinator, and Zanussi.The Electrolux business area covers Consumer Durables and Professional Products. The Consumer Durables area consists of appliance products like washers and dryers intend for home use. The Professional Products segment, on the other hand, serves larger businesses and organizations by providing full-service equipment like laundry machines for healthcare institutions.Fisher and PaykelThe Fisher and Paykel (F&P) brand of washing machines are designed to be top of the line washers. F&P washers are equipped with a sensor that detect the fabric of laundry and formulate a wash setting best suits the clothing type. The sensors also detect how soiled a piece of clothing is, to determine the wash setting. Most of the Fisher and Paykel washers are top-loaders with high capacity drums, which allow large quantities of laundry to be loaded. The machines also come with alerts, automatic balance, and water correction features.Fisher and Paykel washers have been notable as efficient for handling delicate and "hand wash only" items. These also possess a feature that removes sand out of clothes, making it suitable for cleaning beach wear.HooverThe Hoover brand name refers to household electronic appliances manufactured by the UK company, Hoover Limited. It started formal operations in 1919; it was renamed to The Hoover European Appliance Group. The group was then acquired by Candy S.p.A. and has since been one of the most trusted brands in the home appliance industry.Hoover laundry washers are noted for durability, performance, and sturdiness. The machines are encased in a hard and strong plastic case. Some machines have internal blocks of concrete for balance. Most Hoover machines are now available as front-loaders, making them energy- and water-savers. There are still models that are freestanding, top-loading, and have an accompanying dryer feature.HotpointThe British brand Hotpoint describes a line of homes appliances and dental supplies manufactured by the Hotpoint Electric Heating Company. The company was procured by the Italian manufacturer, Indesit (Merloni Elettrodomestici) to come up with the brand, Hotpoint-Ariston. General Electric uses the name Hotpoint for its "value" brand.Hotpoint was built in England in 1911, and has since been known to produce refrigerators and washing machines. The washing machine plant is located at Kinmel Park in Bodelwyddan town in Denbighshire, North Wales, UK. It had a joint venture with US manufacturer, General Electric, in 1920 to form the Hotpoint Electric Appliance Company Limited (HEAC). The company underwent other mergers with companies to form The General Electric Company (GEC Croup) and General Domestic Appliances (GDA) in 1929 and 1989, respectively. It settled for Indesit in 2007.HitachiHitachi is a brand of high-technology products and services offered by the Japanese corporation, Hitachi Ltd. The enterprise is the parent company of the Hitachi Group and is a part of the DKB Group of companies.Hitachi was established in 1910 as an electrical repair shop. It is now a leading manufacturer of new technologies in various fields like electronics and home appliances, industrial machinery, information systems, and power plants. Its operations are segmented into seven industries, one of which is in Digital Media and Consumer Products. This division accounts for 13% of company operations with products like air conditioning equipment, refrigerators, and washing machines.Magic ChefMagic Chef is a trade name of appliances under Magic Chef, Inc., now owned by the Whirlpool Corporation. Magic Chef, Inc. started as a tinshop in St. Louis, Missouri founded by John Ringen in the 1850s. The success of Ringens enterprise in 1870 brought in a partnerGeorge August Kahle. Together, they retailed cooking stoves, house wares, and washing machines. Kahle brought in his brothers-in-law, Charles and Louis in 1881 to help establish a stove factory. This brought about the Ringen Stove Company and the Quick Meal Stove Company.The two aforementioned companies became so successful in the 1880s and 1890s that it merged with eight other St. Louis, Chicago, and Cleveland companies in 1901. The result of this merger was the American Stove Company with the trade name, "Magic Chef." The company then changed its name to Magic Chef, Inc. and has since undergone different ownerships until finally settling for the Whirlpool Corporation in 2006.IndesitThe Indesit Company is an Italian company specializing in home appliances. It utilizes three brand names: Hotpoint-Ariston, Scholts, and the more popular, Indesit.Indesit was first known as Industrie Merloni, a balance manufacturer, founded by Aristide Merloni in 1930. The enterprise gradually penetrated the home appliances market, specializing in major and minor home products. When Merloni (the founder) died in 1970, the company split into three independent businesses: Merloni Elettrodomestici, Merloni Termosanitari, and an unidentified engineering division. The Elettrodomestici division acquired its rival, Indesit, in 1985 and was then renamed to Indesit Company in 2005. It has since been one of the top producers of white goods like dishwashers, hobs, and washing machines.RoperRoper is a brand name that represents white goods (dishwashers, washing machines, etc.) produced by the Whirlpool Corporation. The corporation, first known as the Upton Machine Company, was founded in 1911 by Louis, Frederick, and Emory Upton. It cashed in on the laundry washing industry by introducing its electric, motor-driven wringer washer. It was renamed several times, from the Nineteen Hundred Washer Company to the Nineteen Hundred Corporation, then finally, the Whirlpool Corporation.The corporation has acquired various home appliance businesses and trade names since its success in the industry. In 1989, it acquired the German brands, Roper and Bauknecht; in the same year, the corporation surpassed $6 billion in yearly revenue. Whirlpool Corporation is now a Fortune 500 company with annual sales of approximately $20 billion to boast.StaberStaber is the brand of laundry home appliances manufactured by Staber Industries, which is based in Groveport, Ohio. The enterprise currently produces clothes dryers, clothes drying cabinets, and high-efficiency, top loading, horizontal axis washing machines.Staber Industries was established in 1976 by James E. Staber. Its initial operation covered remanufacturing of washing machine transmissions for General Electric, Maytag, and the Whirlpool Corporation. In 1990, the company started to produce its own line of home laundry appliances.Staber washing machines are the only top-loading, horizontal axis washing machines being manufactured in the United States. The wash tub is made of stainless steel with laser-induced perforations, and is hexagonal in shape. The horizontal-axis orientation saves up to 60% of wash water, giving it an Energy Star rating for high efficiency.SiemensThe Siemens brand refers to a diverse range of products and services offered by Europes largest engineering conglomerate, Siemens AG. The company covers three areas, namely: Industry, Energy, and Healthcare.Siemens started as an establishment by Werner von Siemens in 1847, which was then called Telegraphen-Bauanstalt von Siemens & Halske. It operated as a European long-distance telegraph line. The company went into other industries like manufacturing electric trains and light bulbs in 1881, and electron microscopes, radios, and television sets in the 1920s and 30s. After World War II, specifically in the 1650s, Siemens started to produce computers, pacemakers, semiconductor devices, and washing machines in their new headquarters in Bavaria.Zanussi Zanussi is a brand of household appliances once produced by an Italian manufacturer of the same name. The Zanussi enterprise was bought by Electrolux in 1984, initiating the Zanussi-Electrolux line of home products.The Zanussi Company started as a minute workshop in 1916 handled by Antonio Zanussi. The entrepreneurs first operation was the production of home stoves and wood-burning ovens. In 1970, the company penetrated the UK market, selling stoves and ovens under the name, Zoppas. It also embraced the washing machine industry as a maker of laundry washers for Hotpoint. At this time, the washers produced rated excellently among users and engineers. From the 1970s to the 1980s, the company produced washing machines that had induction motors with clutch pulley systems. The company introduced the Jetsystem washing machine range in the early 1980s. It later released the Nexus Tub design, which describes a split tank design. Return From Washing Machine Brand Synopsis to Washing Machine Reviews Return From Washing Machine Brand Synopsis to Washers and Dryers Homepage New! 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Whirlpool is a brand of home appliances created by the Whirlpool Corporation. The corporation is listed as a Fortune 500 company with its approximate annual sales figure of $20 billion. As a global manufacturer and marketer of home appliances, the Whirlpool Corporation has around 70 centers all over the globe with over 70,000 employees.

The Whirlpool Corporation was first established as the Upton Machine Company in 1911 by Louis, Frederick, and Emory Upton. Its first product was the electric, motor-driven wringer washer. The company merged with the Nineteen Hundred Washer Company in 1929 and was then renamed to Nineteen Hundred Corporation. Finally, in 1950, the company changed its name to the Whirlpool Corporation where it marketed its first top-loading automatic washer under the Whirlpool brand.

The Kenmore brand refers to household appliances produced by several home appliance companies like the Whirlpool Corporation, Panasonic, Electrolux, and Mabe Mexico. Kenmore-branded appliances are being sold in the United States by the Sears Holdings Corporation. The brand was first released in 1927 on a sewing machine created under the Sears Corporation. Most Kenmore products now, though, are white goods.

Washing machines sold under the Kenmore name are mainly manufactured by the Whirlpool Corporation, Electrolux, and Mabe Mexico, among others. Kenmore white goods are branded into two: the "Elite" line, which features upscale appliances, and the Kenmore Pro line, its professional line of appliances.

Maytag is a brand of major home appliances manufactured under the Maytag Corporation. The corporation was one of the three top home appliances in North America, specializing in a full line of washing machines and dryers, among other products.

The first washing machine under this brand was brought out in 1907. It was called the "Pastime" and consisted of a wooden tub, wooden pegs, and a hand-turned dolly. The turning action of the dolly pulled laundry through the water and rubbed the clothes along the corrugated sides of the tub. This machine is able to operate from an external power source through the aid of a pulley.

GE is the brand of major home appliances of the General Electric Company. The brand is recognized as the fourth most well-known brand in the world, with assets of approximately $49 billion. The brand underwent changes in 2004 under the directive of CEO Jeffrey Immelt. Variations included a new color palette, logo modifications, a new font, and a new slogan"imagination at work," which replaced "we bring good things to life."

General Electric was first known as Edison General Electric, which was founded by Thomas Edison in 1890. The company then went on through numerous changes but remained intact as a company. It has introduced competitive appliances like food mixers, vacuum cleaners, air conditioners, and washing machines to American homes.

The Miele brand is a group of high-end domestic appliances produced by the German manufacturer of the same name. Miele, the company, is a family-owned and -managed enterprise. It was established by Carl Miele and Reinhard Zinkann in 1899. Its German motto is "Immer Besser," translated as "Always Better" and "Better and Better."

Mieles first products included a tub washing machine under the brand name, "Meteor." The trademark, "Mele" (with a sloping dash for the dot on the "i"), was later used on the machines, marketing paraphernalia, and other printed materials. The simplified "i" was later on identified to be sufficient enough to represent the Miele company.

Bosch stands as the trademark of a wide range of products manufactured by Robert Bosch GmbH, a German technology-based corporation. The corporation was founded by Robert Bosch in 1886 at Stuttgart, Germany. It manufactures products intended for the business fields of automotive and industrial technology, building technology, and household appliances.

Although majority of its products tend to automotives, the corporation has also delved into other markets such as in the laundry appliance industry. Bosch laundry washers are under the production of the BSH Bosch and Siemens Hausgerte GmbH, one of the top three household appliance companies in the world. Its main manufacturing site in North American is a factory located near New Bern, North Carolina.

LG is the trade name utilized by the Korean electronics conglomerate, the LG Group. The corporation is the third largest conglomerate in South Korea. It was founded by Koo In-Hwoi in 1947 as the Lak-Hui Chemical Industrial Corp. Due to the expansion of the Lak-Hui Corp. in the plastics industry, it set up GoldStar Co., Ltd. In 1958. The two names merged in 1995 to form the abbreviation, "LG," although the acronym also stands for the company tagline, "Lifes Good."

The GoldStar Co., Ltd introduced various consumer electronics and household products like laundry washers and dryers. Most of these products were sold under the trade name, "GoldStar," while others were branded as "Lucky." The Lucky products were famous for products like soaps and Hi-Ti laundry detergents.

Frigidaire is a registered trademark of consumer and commercial appliances owned by General Motors. The brand was founded under the Guardian Frigerator Company in 1916, where it produced the first self-contained refrigerator. William C. Durant, the initiator of General Motors, invested in the company in 1918; Frigidaire was then adopted by General Motors the following year. The company was maintained by General Motors from 1919 to 1980 before becoming an independent division at Dayton, Ohio.

Frigidaire, under General Motors, produced one of the most competitive automatic laundry washing products. Its first product was the Unimatic, produced in the 1930s. This machine was the longest in production; succeeding products include: Pulsamatic, Multimatic, and Rollermatic. When Frigidaire was acquired by White Consolidated, it changed its machine designs to the top-loading outline of Westinghouse products.

Samsung is a trade name under the care of the Samsung Group, a Korean conglomerate rated as the worlds largest based on revenue. The conglomerate has subsidiaries that cater to different portions of the market: Samsung Heavy Industries for the shipbuilding industry, Samsung C&T for construction, and Samsung Electronics for general electronics and home appliances. "Samsung" is the Korean term for "tristar" or "three stars."

The corporation started as a small business at Daegu, South Korea in 1938. Its founder, Lee Byung-Chull initiated various innovations into his business, making it grow into the conglomerate that it is today. In 1974, Samsung Heavy Industries merged with Samsung Petrochemical. At that same time, the company produced its first washing machine.

Haier is a name adopted by the Haier Group to label its product line of "white goods" and electronics products. Although the company is now penetrating other market areas, its core remains to the household appliances industry with products like air conditioners, washing machines, and refrigerators. The company headquarters is located in Qingdao, Shandong, Peoples Republic of China.

The now state-owned enterprise started as a refrigerator factory in the 1920s to serve the Korean market. It was acquired by the government in 1949. As operations pushed forth, the company gradually fell into debt and closed due to bankruptcy. To salvage the company, the Qingdao government appointed Zhang Ruimin as managing director in 1984; it was also named as Qingdao Refrigerator Co. in the same year. The name was then changed to Qingdao Haier Group in 1991, and then settled for Haier Group in 1992.

Allgemeine Elektrizitts-Gesellschaft (AEG) is a brand of diverse electrical products licensed to various companies, one of which is the Electrolux Group. The brand, which means "General Electricity Company," was conceived in 1887 by the Deutsche Edison Gesellschaft (DEG) company. DEG, meaning German Edison Company, first created electrical equipment like light bulbs, motors, and generator, among others. The company flourished until after the World War II, where it lost businesses from the eastern parts of Germany. It spiraled downward despite a merger and sales of assets. In 1996, the AEG manufacturing company closed operations.

Admiral is a trade name utilized by Whirlpool Corporation to represent its appliances being sold at The Home Depot. The brand had its beginnings with the Continental Radio and Television Corp., established by Ross Siragusa in 1934. It was then a manufacturer of radios and phonographs. It eventually changed its name to Admiral Corp. and was then a major television manufacturer.

The company flourished in the consumer electronics industry up until the 1960s. By mid-1970s, Admiral sold several of its segments to other companies as a result of the market invasion of Japanese consumer electronics companies. Various companies acquired Admiral Corp., from Rockwell International, Magic Chef, Maytag, and then finally settling with the Whirlpool Corporation. Under the new manufacturer, the Admiral brand has since been used in various household appliances like dishwashers and washing machines.

Amana is a brand name of a range of household appliances currently owned by the Whirlpool Corporation. The first product to feature the trade name was a walk-in cooler. It has then branched out to other appliances including clothes washers and dryers, countertop ranges, dishwashers, furnaces, and ovens.

The brand started with the Amana Corporation, which was founded by George Foerstner in 1934 at Middle Amana, Iowa. The enterprise was then owned by the Amana Society, before being sold to a group of investors in 1950, becoming Amana Refrigeration, Inc. It was then acquired by Raytheon in 1965 and Goodman in 1997 before settling for the Whirlpool Corporation.

Asko is a trade name utilized by the Asko Appliances AB. The company was initiated by a Swedish farmer in 1950 at Vara, Sweden with a washing machine as its first product. Its foremost vision was then was to make an energy- and water-efficient machine that met household standards. The company is now an international corporation that branched into other wash-related industries like dishwashing and laundry drying.

Askos washing machines are made up of steel, instead of the standard plastic, in order to meet environment-friendly standards. Most of these machines are front-loading, and they use less detergent, energy, and water. They are also compact and designed to save on space.

The Ariston brand name is used by the similarly-named company, now under the Indesit Company. Ariston produces their laundry washers based on the design initiated by M. Hasuike. Their machines wash systems are in a horizontal axis, allowing it to use less water and energy. Their drying features are sensor-controlled, thus avoiding high-heat exposure and over drying of clothes, which can be damaging. The machines come equipped with sound-absorbing materials and a tri-phase motor, both of which reduce operational noise levels.

The brand is granted the Woolmark Platinum Care, which is the highest certification awarded by The Woolmark Company. Ariston washing machines come in three distinctions: Silver, Platinum, and Premier Models.

Brandt Appliance is a famous brand of home appliances in Europe, particularly in France. The company was built in 1902 in Paris, France. Brandt merged with Hotchkiss in 1956, thus being labeled as Hotchkiss-Brandt. This company was later renamed to Thomson-Brandt, then finally to the Brandt Group, also known as Groupe Brandt.

The washing machines of Brandt come in four models wherein two are in the front-load style and the other two are in the top-load style. Brandt washing machines are noted for its compact size. The machine models usually have an energy efficiency rating of A, which is the highest rating.

The Beko brand name and company is one of the fastest growing producers of white goods in the UK. It is the second largest brand in Turkey, which is its home market. The company has over 40 years of experience in the home appliances industry. In 2001, it formed an allegiance with Arelik A.S. to improve its marketing and sales activities, thus having a more competitive production. Other brands associated with the company include Digifusion, Flavel, and Leisure.

Beko washing machines have been given an A+ energy rating, with a range of 1,000 to 1,600 rpm. The prominent features of each washer include a LED indicator that facilitates ease of operation. Each has five function buttons and come with automatic water temperature and spin speed settings.

The Bendix brand under the Bendix Corporation refers to a line of products consisting of aeronautical hydraulics, avionics, brake systems, computers, radios, and televisions. The name is also licensed to be of use in a line of washing machines that are not manufactured by the corporation.

Vincent Bendix built the Bendix Corporation in 1924 at South Bend, Indiana, United States. Its first products, car and truck brake systems, were supplied to General Motors; the said partnership continued for many decades. In 1929, the enterprise delved into aeronautics, prompting a change in name to Bendix Aviation.

Bendix Corporation is not a manufacturer of washing machines. It did, however, allowed the use of its name for washing machines created by Bendix Home Appliances, a South Bend company not connected to Bendix Corporation. Bendix Home Appliances was later acquired by the Avco Manufacturing Corporation.

Blomberg is a trade name for white goods produced by the Turkish household appliances manufacturer, Arelik A.S. The company distributes its products to over 100 countries made in 10 production plants. It has 4,500 branches in Turkey alone, and has 13 international subsidiaries. Arelik A.S. is managed by Ko Holding, the third largest home appliances company in Europe. The company has announced a merger plan with Grundig Elektronik A.S. in February 2009.

Arelik A.S. was built in 1955 and created its first product, a washing machine, in 1959. Since then, it delved into other appliance markets like refrigerators, vacuum cleaners, dishwashers, and cooking appliances.

The Creda brand is associated with Hotpoint, the largest producer of kitchen appliances in the UK. Originally, Creda was utilized by a UK manufacturer of washing machines, before being acquired by Hotpoint in 1987. Aside from laundry machines, Creda also produced other white goods like dishwashers and tumble dryers. The company ceased production of laundry washers in 2007 when succeeding washing machines were marketed under the Hotpoint brand.

Creda-branded laundry washers are noted for being compact and reasonably priced. Its latest models are mostly freestanding and front-loading. Unlike their competitors, Creda washers do not come with drying features, which accounts for the energy-efficiency of these machines.

Crosley is an American brand of appliances produced by the Crosley Company. The company was started in the 1920s; its first product then was a radio. The company delved into the automotive industry in 1939 when Powel Crosley, Jr. introduced a compact racing car into the Indianapolis 500. Other appliances, like dishwashers, dryers, refrigerators, and washing machines, were produced later on.

Identified Crosley washing machines come in five models: three are front-loading and two are top-loading. One front-loading model is a washer and dryer combo. Notable features of Crosley washers include four to five wash presets, a quiet operation feature, and child safety measures.

Dyson is a line of vacuum cleaners, utilizing cyclonic separation, manufactured by a company of the same name. This privately-owned British company was founded by James Dyson with initial operations in England; it the moved its production to Malaysia.

Although vacuum cleaners are the core products of the company, it has also probed into the washing machine industry by creating the CR01 Contrarotator. This product is the first of its kind with regard to its twin, counter-rotating drums. Each drum spins in opposite directions to provide a more thorough clean. The follow-up to the Contrarotator was the CR02, made available in the Flowcheck and Allergy models.

The Electrolux trade name embodies home and professional appliances crafted by the Sweden-based Electrolux Group. This enterprise is the second largest appliance manufacturer in the world with 40 million products sold to 150 countries annually. Aside from Electrolux, other brand names utilized by the company include AEG, Eureka, Frigidaire, Kelvinator, and Zanussi.

The Electrolux business area covers Consumer Durables and Professional Products. The Consumer Durables area consists of appliance products like washers and dryers intend for home use. The Professional Products segment, on the other hand, serves larger businesses and organizations by providing full-service equipment like laundry machines for healthcare institutions.

The Fisher and Paykel (F&P) brand of washing machines are designed to be top of the line washers. F&P washers are equipped with a sensor that detect the fabric of laundry and formulate a wash setting best suits the clothing type. The sensors also detect how soiled a piece of clothing is, to determine the wash setting. Most of the Fisher and Paykel washers are top-loaders with high capacity drums, which allow large quantities of laundry to be loaded. The machines also come with alerts, automatic balance, and water correction features.

Fisher and Paykel washers have been notable as efficient for handling delicate and "hand wash only" items. These also possess a feature that removes sand out of clothes, making it suitable for cleaning beach wear.

The Hoover brand name refers to household electronic appliances manufactured by the UK company, Hoover Limited. It started formal operations in 1919; it was renamed to The Hoover European Appliance Group. The group was then acquired by Candy S.p.A. and has since been one of the most trusted brands in the home appliance industry.

Hoover laundry washers are noted for durability, performance, and sturdiness. The machines are encased in a hard and strong plastic case. Some machines have internal blocks of concrete for balance. Most Hoover machines are now available as front-loaders, making them energy- and water-savers. There are still models that are freestanding, top-loading, and have an accompanying dryer feature.

The British brand Hotpoint describes a line of homes appliances and dental supplies manufactured by the Hotpoint Electric Heating Company. The company was procured by the Italian manufacturer, Indesit (Merloni Elettrodomestici) to come up with the brand, Hotpoint-Ariston. General Electric uses the name Hotpoint for its "value" brand.

Hotpoint was built in England in 1911, and has since been known to produce refrigerators and washing machines. The washing machine plant is located at Kinmel Park in Bodelwyddan town in Denbighshire, North Wales, UK. It had a joint venture with US manufacturer, General Electric, in 1920 to form the Hotpoint Electric Appliance Company Limited (HEAC). The company underwent other mergers with companies to form The General Electric Company (GEC Croup) and General Domestic Appliances (GDA) in 1929 and 1989, respectively. It settled for Indesit in 2007.

Hitachi is a brand of high-technology products and services offered by the Japanese corporation, Hitachi Ltd. The enterprise is the parent company of the Hitachi Group and is a part of the DKB Group of companies.

Hitachi was established in 1910 as an electrical repair shop. It is now a leading manufacturer of new technologies in various fields like electronics and home appliances, industrial machinery, information systems, and power plants. Its operations are segmented into seven industries, one of which is in Digital Media and Consumer Products. This division accounts for 13% of company operations with products like air conditioning equipment, refrigerators, and washing machines.

Magic Chef is a trade name of appliances under Magic Chef, Inc., now owned by the Whirlpool Corporation. Magic Chef, Inc. started as a tinshop in St. Louis, Missouri founded by John Ringen in the 1850s. The success of Ringens enterprise in 1870 brought in a partnerGeorge August Kahle. Together, they retailed cooking stoves, house wares, and washing machines. Kahle brought in his brothers-in-law, Charles and Louis in 1881 to help establish a stove factory. This brought about the Ringen Stove Company and the Quick Meal Stove Company.

The two aforementioned companies became so successful in the 1880s and 1890s that it merged with eight other St. Louis, Chicago, and Cleveland companies in 1901. The result of this merger was the American Stove Company with the trade name, "Magic Chef." The company then changed its name to Magic Chef, Inc. and has since undergone different ownerships until finally settling for the Whirlpool Corporation in 2006.

Indesit was first known as Industrie Merloni, a balance manufacturer, founded by Aristide Merloni in 1930. The enterprise gradually penetrated the home appliances market, specializing in major and minor home products. When Merloni (the founder) died in 1970, the company split into three independent businesses: Merloni Elettrodomestici, Merloni Termosanitari, and an unidentified engineering division. The Elettrodomestici division acquired its rival, Indesit, in 1985 and was then renamed to Indesit Company in 2005. It has since been one of the top producers of white goods like dishwashers, hobs, and washing machines.

Roper is a brand name that represents white goods (dishwashers, washing machines, etc.) produced by the Whirlpool Corporation. The corporation, first known as the Upton Machine Company, was founded in 1911 by Louis, Frederick, and Emory Upton. It cashed in on the laundry washing industry by introducing its electric, motor-driven wringer washer. It was renamed several times, from the Nineteen Hundred Washer Company to the Nineteen Hundred Corporation, then finally, the Whirlpool Corporation.

The corporation has acquired various home appliance businesses and trade names since its success in the industry. In 1989, it acquired the German brands, Roper and Bauknecht; in the same year, the corporation surpassed $6 billion in yearly revenue. Whirlpool Corporation is now a Fortune 500 company with annual sales of approximately $20 billion to boast.

Staber is the brand of laundry home appliances manufactured by Staber Industries, which is based in Groveport, Ohio. The enterprise currently produces clothes dryers, clothes drying cabinets, and high-efficiency, top loading, horizontal axis washing machines.

Staber Industries was established in 1976 by James E. Staber. Its initial operation covered remanufacturing of washing machine transmissions for General Electric, Maytag, and the Whirlpool Corporation. In 1990, the company started to produce its own line of home laundry appliances.

Staber washing machines are the only top-loading, horizontal axis washing machines being manufactured in the United States. The wash tub is made of stainless steel with laser-induced perforations, and is hexagonal in shape. The horizontal-axis orientation saves up to 60% of wash water, giving it an Energy Star rating for high efficiency.

The Siemens brand refers to a diverse range of products and services offered by Europes largest engineering conglomerate, Siemens AG. The company covers three areas, namely: Industry, Energy, and Healthcare.

Siemens started as an establishment by Werner von Siemens in 1847, which was then called Telegraphen-Bauanstalt von Siemens & Halske. It operated as a European long-distance telegraph line. The company went into other industries like manufacturing electric trains and light bulbs in 1881, and electron microscopes, radios, and television sets in the 1920s and 30s. After World War II, specifically in the 1650s, Siemens started to produce computers, pacemakers, semiconductor devices, and washing machines in their new headquarters in Bavaria.

Zanussi is a brand of household appliances once produced by an Italian manufacturer of the same name. The Zanussi enterprise was bought by Electrolux in 1984, initiating the Zanussi-Electrolux line of home products.

The Zanussi Company started as a minute workshop in 1916 handled by Antonio Zanussi. The entrepreneurs first operation was the production of home stoves and wood-burning ovens. In 1970, the company penetrated the UK market, selling stoves and ovens under the name, Zoppas. It also embraced the washing machine industry as a maker of laundry washers for Hotpoint. At this time, the washers produced rated excellently among users and engineers. From the 1970s to the 1980s, the company produced washing machines that had induction motors with clutch pulley systems. The company introduced the Jetsystem washing machine range in the early 1980s. It later released the Nexus Tub design, which describes a split tank design. Return From Washing Machine Brand Synopsis to Washing Machine Reviews Return From Washing Machine Brand Synopsis to Washers and Dryers Homepage New! CommentsHave your say about what you just read! Leave me a comment in the box below.

how to sand hardwood floors (with pictures) - wikihow

This article was co-authored by Jacob Pischer. Jacob Pischer is a Home Improvement Specialist and the Owner of Helpful Badger, a home repair service in Portland, OR. With over four years of experience, Jacob specializes in a variety of handyman services including pressure washing, cleaning gutters, repairing drywall, fixing leaky plumbing fixtures, and repairing broken doors. Jacob studied at Madison Area Technical College and has a background in real estate investment. There are 12 references cited in this article, which can be found at the bottom of the page. This article has been viewed 183,444 times.

Many people dream of having stunning wooden flooring in their homes, which may mean restoring the hardwood flooring they currently have. You'll need to sand the flooring as part of this project, but it is more time consuming and difficult than most people expect. Leave yourself plenty of time to sand, as a rush job is physically exhausting and risks damaging your floor.

To sand hardwood floors, start by renting a drum sander and installing a coarse grit sandpaper onto the sander, which will remove any noticeable damage or old finish from your floors. Then, sand the entire area at the same angle, moving constantly as you work. When you get to a wall, move the sander back to your starting point and slightly to the side, overlapping your first pass. Repeat this process until the entire area is sanded. After your initial sanding, switch to a medium grit sandpaper to get a smooth surface. To learn how to sand the rooms edges, keep reading! Did this summary help you?YesNo

history of the washing machine

Together with the refrigerator, the washing machine is the commonest domestic appliance to be found in households the world over. The history of the washing machine goes back to the earliest civilizations, as people tried to find the best ways to wash their clothes, first in streams of running water and then in ever more sophisticated wash-houses and tanks.

The washing machine meets a basic need: to wash clothes and household linen. And it is this daily necessity, with the associated desire to render the washing process less laborious and more hygienic, which has brought about the impressive array of inventions with which we are familiar nowadays.

Washing linen by hand is one of the most laborious household chores that exists.Washerwomenused to wash linen with soap by the edge of a stream or river, or else in a fountain or awash-house. They rubbed the cloth on stones or wooden planks, adding sand if necessary, so as to remove stains and encrusted dirt. Then they would twist it, before hitting it with a wooden beater, to remove as much water as possible.

Over the years, washerwomen improved their techniques by using a variety of natural detergents. The Gauls usedbirch cindersfor better cleaning of material, a process which dates back to 2800 years B.C. The cinders used in the earliest washing powders were replaced much later on by soda crystals.

The Romans, on the other hand, built public laundries (fullonicaein Latin, i.e. fulling mills). Fullers grass, imported from Syria, being too expensive, the Romans usedfermented human urineto bleach linen, with its high concentration of ammonia. The urine was poured into a tank and the fuller (or fuller woman) took care of fulling the cloth: treading on the sheets and clothes to clean them.

The emperor Vespasianis still famous today for having imposed a tax on urine collection. When his son, Titus, complained to him about this, Vespasian shoved the first receipts from this tax under Titus nose and asked him whether they smelt bad. Titus replied that they did not and from this conversation was born the proverbPecunia non olet: money has no smell. Centuries later, the earliest public toilets were named Vespasians.

Amongst the working professions which arose during the nineteenth century, you could also findwashers, laundrywomen, pressers and even bleachers. These women were employed in laundries or else worked on their own account.

Before the arrival of wash-houses and other areas set aside for washing, villagers had to draw dirty water which was a source of infection. The proliferation of wash-houses playeda major role in terms of public health and hygiene, at a time when cholera, smallpox and typhoid fever used to ravage populations.

Wash-houses were covered areas laid out to facilitate the work of laundrywomen. Such establishments were even a sign of wealth and it was possible to judge the level of prosperity of a village by the number of public wash-houses.

Wash-houses also playedan important social role: women from all over the village met there at least once a week (except for very senior ones) and would exchange local news. The wash-house became a talking house and it was not unusual to hear the women singing, as a means of lightening their daily chores and passing the time.

We owe the invention of the washing machine toJacob Christian Schffer(1767). 30 years later, an American, Nathaniel Briggs, obtained the first patent for a washing machine. It involved pouring hot water into a tank, turning a lever to wash the clothes and then wringing them between two rollers. The tank was then drained using a tap.

It was only in 1930 that themachines became automatic. Pressure switches, thermostats and timers were included in the new models. From the 1980s onwards, advances in the field of electronics meant washing machines became reactive and ecological:

Nowadays, washing machines are connected to the internet and may haveintegrated Wi-Fifor deferred startup of washing programs, for instance during off-peak times when electricity costs are at their lowest.Some models work without detergent, thanks to electrolysis, which separates the positive and negative ions.Some machines will soon be equipped with touch screens, following the example of the models presented by American leader in the field, Speed Queen.

Until the 18th century, washing was done at the municipal washhouse with the help of a beater and a brush, a little soap and some ashes. In many cases, you had to go to the next village to wash laundry occasionally.Washing was a challenging task and a luxury.But this would change thanks to the initiative of a few outstanding inventors and entrepreneurs. A look back at the incredible journey of an appliance which is now part of our daily lives.

Holder of degrees in philosophy and theology, member of many learned societies, including the Academy of Science in Paris, Jacob Christian Schffer prepared a botany manual for pharmacists and physicians, designed a new ornithological classification methods and carried out important work in mycology, and entomology as well as experiments involving optics and electricity. In 1786, Goethe personally visited this great scholars curiosity cabinet.

French manufacturer Flandria launched the Barboteuse. Thanks to these manual washing machines, household linen could be washed at home, in much more comfortable conditions than were available in the laundries.

First, the laundry had to be boiled in a washing machine. The laundry was often pre-treated using wood ash (naturally rich in potash, they acted as detergent and disguised odors). The laundry was then put in the machine, then the wheel was turned: the back-and-forth movement churned the laundry in both directions, then the dirty water was drained away via a lip in the gutter

An American engineer, Alva John Fisher, is generally considered to be the inventor of the first electric machine. But at least one patent was filed before his, for a model electric machine. However, the identity of the inventor remains unknown to this day. Wooden tanks were replaced by metal ones.

The Hurley Electric Laundry Equipment Company launched Thor, the first electric washing machine to go on the market using the Alva J. Fisher prototype (patented in 1910): the drum was powered by an electric motor. On the early models, this engine was not watertight and short-circuits occurred frequently: the machine was therefore potentially dangerous. In addition, the machine did not wring out the linen.

Joe Barlow and John Seeling founded Barlow & Seeling Manufacturing, later Speed Queen, today world leader in industrial laundry and laundromats, recognized for the amazing durability of its professional washing machines.

Working for the Bendix Aviation Corporation, American John Chamberlain invented a multifunctional machine which could wash, rinse and spin in a single cycle. A patent was filed the same year for this model, which is considered the first automatic washing machine.

To support the war effort, Speed Queen interrupted production of professional washing machines. The USA did, however, allow manufacturers to continue their research and development activities on machine automation.

But automatic washing machines, still an innovation in the early 50s, were expensive and, to begin with, were mostly restricted to laundromats. Very few households were able to afford them. Laundromats grew in number across all major US and European cities during the 50s and 60s.

Models continued to improve, integrating centrifugal force to wring the laundry and incorporating programed washing cycles (a washing program for each type of laundry; the wool cycle only arrived in 1997).

Nowadays washing machines offer dozens of wash cycles and water levels, programmable before or during washing. Speed Queen professional washing machines for industrial laundries (hotels, hospitals, communal residences ) and laundromats are at the forefront in terms of performance.

The laundry industry is changing, as customers increasingly expect a truly premium experience. With the introduction of Quantum Touch controls, Speed Queen has reimagined the laundry experience. From advanced functionalities to the clean, full-color display with step-by-step instructions.

detailed history of the washing machine - home stratosphere

It's really interesting how the washing machine as we know it came to be. From washboards to rudimentary automatic machines to today's sophisticated models, learn the history of this helpful appliance.

The modern washing machine is not even 200 years old yet since it was only invented in the 1850s. Previously, people cleaned their clothes by rubbing them with abrasive sand or pounding them on rocks. The Romans, for instance, invented the crude soap made of ash and fat from animal scarifies.

During the colonial times, the most common way of cleaning clothes was boiling them in a pot and then laying them on a flat board before beating them with a paddle. While most people associate it with pioneer life, the metal board was not invented until 1833. Before this period, washboards were made wholly of wood. Up to the civil war, laundry was done communally near springs, rivers, and other water bodies.

The latest market data shows that the UK alone consumes over 2.6 million washing machines a year. If the numbers extend to Europe, it could be 21 million washing machines per year. With more people buying washing machines, its expected that over 30 percent of the entire worlds population will own washing machines by the year 2025.

The earliest manual washing machines were operated by the human hand on the washboard. The washing machine cleaned by rubbing clothes between two ribbed surfaces. Although this machine was patented in 1846 in the US, it survived up to 1927. By mid-1800s, the United States was experiencing industrial revolution and as the industry grew and the nation expanded westward, the urban population increased. People had more ways of making money and the middle class ventured to come up with energy-saving devices. Some people, therefore, claim to have invented some form of the manual washing machine.

Two Americans, Hamilton Smith, and James Kings received patents for similar devices in 1858 and 1851 respectively. Historians claim that these devices were the first modern washers. However, other societies, including the Shaker community, improved their devices using technology. From 1850, the shakers built and marketed large wooden washers, designed to work on a small scale. One of their most popular devices was featured at the Centennial Exposition in Philadelphia in 1976. Meanwhile, mechanizing laundry work raised many queries. For instance, most people questioned how the invention would affect the poorest of the women who relied on washing clothes for a living.

One of the first innovations of washing machines was the use of technology in the form of a rotating drum. These early designs primarily consisted of a rotating drum washer. Although the technology was simple, it was a significant milestone in the history of washing machines, and it was used until the 19th century when steam water came in.

One of the catalysts of Americas industrial progress is Thomas Edisons work in electricity. Until the late 1800s, commercial washing machines were driven by belts and steams while home washing machines were hand powered. With the introduction of Thor, all this changed in 1908. Invented by Alva J. Fisher, this machine was marketed by Hurley Machine Company. It was a drum type washing machine whose brand is still used today.

As Thor transformed the laundry business, other companies focused on the consumer markets. Among these companies was Maytag Corporation that started by producing farm implements, but gradually introduced a wooden washing machine in 1907. It soon only focused on manufacturing washing machines. Another well-known company, the Whirlpool Corporation, began the production of electric motor-driven wringer washers in 1911.

Bendix Home Appliances was the first company to introduce automatic machines in 1937 after getting a patent. From its mechanical detail and appearance, the machine was not like the automatic washers of today. Although it included most of todays features, it did not have any drum suspension. Hence, it had to be anchored on the floor. It was a costly machine since it was built using expensive equipment. For instance, the drum speed was facilitated by a heavy duty 2-speed gearbox. The timer was also very pricey because the small electric motors were costly to produce.

Earlier on, automatic machines were usually linked to the water supply through temporary slip-on connectors. Later on, there were permanent connections to both the cold and hot water supplies. Most modern front loading machines now only have a cold water connection but rely on internal heaters to raise the water temperatures.

Washing machines affected the labor process of washing clothes, which the society viewed to be a womans work. The machine is believed to have been the force behind the improvement of womens positions in the society. According to a publication in an Italian newspaper, the washing machine has done a lot in the liberation of women, even more than abortion rights and contraceptive pills. A study done by the University of Montreal in Canada also revealed the same. Hans Rosling, a Swedish scientist, also pointed out that the washing machine has dramatically influenced womens household roles; making it the greatest invention in the world. Some also argue that the washing machine is one of the best labor-saving technologies the world has since it does not decrease employment.

According to Frances Finnegan, washing machines have also boosted the economic viability of some parts of the world. Before the advent of these machines, laundry was done at watercourses, and those who specialize in washing clothes are slowly adapting to the technology. Many laundry businesses have come up since people are getting busier day by day and they do not have time to wash clothes. Moreover, some fabrics are too thick, and they are better cleaned with a commercial washing machine.

The wringers consisted of two cylinders that squeezed water out of the clothes. However, the wringer would not totally dry the clothes. It would just squeeze them from dripping wet to damp. In the electric age, wringers were controlled by a motor. They thus required a lot of labor to feed through each piece of clothing. Wringers were also notorious for injuring the fingers. The job done by the wringer was later on replaced by the spinning process where clothes were spun in the drum at a very high speed inside a perforated container. This idea of applying centrifugal force to dry the clothes was invented before the electricity but electricity made it easier.

The manufacture of washing machines encompassed some technological challenges. These difficulties included finding a suitable motor, discovering a method of transferring power and finding a suitable motor with enough initial torque. Protecting orators from shock was also a significant challenge. During the power transfer, some machines were belt driven; some were chain driven, while others used gears and shafts. To overcome the resistance while starting the machine, fractional horsepower motor which would not overheat or burn up during the startup was used to prevent electric shocks.

Consumers needed a machine that would clean without destroying clothes. In this light, if the original scrubbing machines were used, the machines had to run at different speeds depending on the texture of the clothes. To overcome this, machines that sloshed water through the clothing were invented. Either the baffle placed inside the tab moved, or the tab ran. Early washing machines had a rusty, heavy cast iron installed inside the tab lid. The reduction of the gears and the introduction of the metal tub was, therefore, a significant improvement. By 1920, this kind of wood tub was no longer being developed.

The other development was a clock timing device embedded on the machine to facilitate the operation for a predicted period. The operator no longer needed to continually monitor the machine. By early 1950, many companies were manufacturing machines with a spin-free feature to replace the wringer which caused accidents involving the hands and the fingers. In 1957, a washing machine was developed and fitted with five buttons to control rinse temperature, wash temperature, spin speed, and agitation speed.

Modern washing machines can be categorized into two major types; the front loader and the top loader. Top loaders come with a vertical cylinder and clothes are loaded into the machine from the top. These machines have an agitator at the top to provide the motion required. On the other hand, front loaders have a horizontal cylinder which resembles a drum. Hence, clothes are loaded through the door in front. To wash the clothes, the paddle and the drums move the clothes around. The combination of gravity and motion force the water through the clothes during the cleaning process.

Nowadays, it is tough to deal without a washing machine since with tighter schedules; there is an increasing pile of dirty shirts, socks, and pants. Choosing a washing machine could be taxing but when it comes to comparing modern washing machines, the front loaders are the best since they provide a more thorough and vigorous wash, use less energy and less water. They are also kinder on the clothes. Nonetheless, even though they save a lot of time and are efficient, just like any other technological and electrical appliances, the modern washing machines are likely to break down. They, therefore, need maintenance from time to time. This may include replacing the water horses, cleaning the machine and adding a drip pan beneath the machine.

Although it may not be the most exciting purchase, its essential to carry out enough research before buying a washing machine. You need to buy one thats not too loud for your living space and one that is big enough to meet your needs. Washing machines with bigger interiors are more flexible, and they can handle bulky items such as sleeping bags and comforters. If you mostly wear delicate fabrics, you should consider a washing machine with cycles to stimulate hand washing. With prices ranging from $250 to $1000, it is important to carefully consider the machines specs. Before choosing one, you need to examine the power and the performance and know what constitutes a good and bad washing experience. Also, you should analyze factors such as such as capacity, design, and range of other programs. A good washing machine should be able to tackle stains such as oil, red wine among others.

13 faults and solutions for sand washing machine | fote machinery

The sand washing machine is one of the washing equipment especially designed for artificial sand and natural sand. In general, there are two kinds of the sand washing machine: spiral sand washing machine and wheel type sand washing machine.

It can remove the impurities that covered in the surface of sand and aggregate and destroy the vapor layer wrapped around the sand particles, so as to high-efficiently clean and dry the sand and aggregate.

During the operation process, users will inevitably encounter a variety of faults. Fote Heavy Machinery shares some solutions to the common faults of the sand washing machine, hoping you can get help.

As a leading mining machinery manufacturer and exporter in China, we are always here to provide you with high quality products and better services. Welcome to contact us through one of the following ways or visit our company and factories.

Based on the high quality and complete after-sales service, our products have been exported to more than 120 countries and regions. Fote Machinery has been the choice of more than 200,000 customers.

sand washing machine at best price in india

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saving women's lives

In Grandmother's estimation, if there was a perfume called "scent of satisfaction, "its fragrance would be that of a huge pile of just-finished laundry. Indeed it was satisfying to have the chore of Mondays done, and to be able to sit down, have a cup of tea and just relax for a bit. During her tenured term of doing laundry, from about 1890 to 1950, Grandma had spanned the (Washing Machine) age, during which a great majority of the innovation in laundry devices was made. Before the late 1800's there were relatively few factory-made laundry devices which had multiple moving parts. Since 1950, few notable changes have occurred in the way washing is done.

With modern plumbing we no longer have to heat the water on the old cook stove, pour it in the washer and rinse tubs, then after the wash, haul it outside. In rural areas, before REA electrical distribution services became available, the farmer would usually have to stay around the house for awhile on Monday morning to get the old kick-start, 2-cycle gasoline washing machine engine running. Many of this older, and experienced generation can produce evidence, in the form of scars, which attest to past dangers of using a wringer washing machine.

Technology has taken us a fair way from the rock, used to pound the clothes at the river bank, to the modern rectangular shaped white box with appropriate buttons for permanent press and delicate fabrics. What would grandma have thought if she were given the choice of "delicate" or "permanent press"? Certainly the pair of bib-overalls that had been on granddad for the past week, or two, would not have fit within either category. The marvelous way of how we got from the rock to the big white box has gone almost unnoticed. There is little literature on the subject, nor is there any comprehensive museum display of the evolution of the washing machine. Except for Maytag, there has been minimal corporate interest in maintaining historical archives. The Jasper County museum, Newton, Iowa houses an excellent collection of Maytag washing machines along with some 20 other washers produced by local manufacturers.

Washing machines do not have the allure of other old mechanical relics such as cars, tractors, internal combustion engines or gasoline pumps, where, for each, there are literally hundreds of proud and enthusiastic collectors. With rare exception, antique dealers avoid washing machines like the plague. At least one contemporary antique columnist has claimed washing machines to be little more than "junque". Could it be that the washing machine is "antiquities'' ugly duckling"?

The reader will, I hope, agree that the "almost-antiseptic" washing machines of today don't have nearly the charm nor the character, albeit hazardous character, of those our grandmothers used. Our presentation herein is focused on the elegant washing machines which were powered either with gasoline engines or electric motors and were in use from 1900-1935. In 1920 there were over 1300 companies producing washers, and it is feasible here to show only a sampling of the myriad designs and shapes produced. Selected for illustration, are about 5% of the machines in my "hobby museum" located in Eaton, Colorado. Indeed, there is a lot more to see.

Prior to 1900 most washing machines were "people powered" . There were, however, some attempts to ease "women's work" with the use of water, steam or animal power to drive the washing machine. With the advent of the internal combustion engine and especially the electric motor along with electric distribution systems, powered washing machines began to proliferate.

Among the early electric powered machines to be mass produced was the Thor washer of Fig. 1. Features of this machine, made by the Hurley Machine Company of Chicago, (ca. 1908), include a wooden drum into which the clothes are put to be tumble washed. The drum turns 8 revolutions in one direction, then reverses. A control on the lower left side of the machine engages the clutch to start the rotation. A lever, on the top right side, provides forward and reverse control for the chain driven wringer. At the time when this machine was manufactured, safety releases for wringers were not yet perfected. And, since most electric machines did not have on-off switches, if a finger or some other part of the anatomy were caught in the wringer one would have to grab the electric cord and yank it out of the outlet. Some cords had a terminal which could be screwed into a light socket, and even with vigorous yanking you could not have easily stopped the wringer from swallowing your entire arm. One day, I was explaining to a group how dangerous the machines could be. A lady leaned over and shyly demonstrated the 2-inch diameter scar on the top of her head. As a young girl, she had been helping her mother do the laundry when the wringer caught one of her long braids and proceeded to scalp her!

Featuring very rudimentary gearing, the machine (maker unknown), of Fig 2., was among the first produced to have forward and reverse action for the powered wringer. A safety feature is provided by the lever on the lid of the tub as it disengages the clutch, thereby stopping the agitator when the lid is opened. Before I found it, this machine had been sitting outside behind Tom Coffee's hardware store in Vienna, Missouri for some 50 years. Besides being half buried, it had a tree, 8" in diameter, growing up through its angle iron frame. I yet believe Tom had been waiting all those years for some one like me to come along and saw down that old unwanted tree.

The Red Electric, Fig. 3, is somewhat unusual, as its dolly, (or "milk stool" or "udder") type agitator is powered via a shaft through the bottom of the tub. Most machines of this early 1900's vintage have the agitator powered from above, through the lid of the tub. This machine had been used by one of the mining families of Leadville, Colorado.

November 12, 1909 is the last patent date shown on the Judd rocker washing machine of Fig 4. Rocker-type machines became popular in the early 1920's and over twenty companies produced them. The Judd washer with no wringer safety release, a number of unshielded gears and pulleys along with a top-mounted electric motor with non-insulated terminals, and no hint of electrical grounding, would have, at least today, surely made some consumer safety group sit up and take notice.

The Meadows belt driven machine of Fig. 5, produced in Pontiac Illinois, has been painted its original color with the exception of the wooden tub, which had also been bright yellow. A stationary gasoline ("hit and miss") engine would have been used to power this machine. The washing machine along with the engine belted to it would have been operated outdoors or in a separate wash house. Although, some back porches were equipped with line shafts having a number of different pulley sizes, like blacksmith shops, whereby appliances like cream separators, butter churns as well as washing machines could be belt driven by an engine located outside the house. A pair of foot pedals at each end of the Meadows machine serve as forward and reverse controls for the wringer. The wringer is mounted on a frame which slides along a track allowing the wringer to be positioned either at the wash tub or at the rinse tub.

The "electric motor washer", Fig. 6, was in the early line of powered models manufactured by the Nineteen Hundred Corporation, This 1900 company finally evolved into the present Whirlpool Corporation. This machine features a fixed agitator and an oscillating wooden tub. A single lever on the wringer post serves as the sole control for this machine. In one position the tub oscillates while in the other, the wringer turns. This is a rare example whereby the wringer, on a powered machine, is allowed to rotate only in a single direction. Imprinted on the side of the wringer is the phrase "SAVES WOMEN'S LIVES". What a wonderfully gallant thought!

The double tub Women's Friend machine, shown in Fig. 7, could be either electric or gasoline powered. Double tub machines, such as this, were made to decrease the time required to do the laundry. They were especially popular in those families having more than several children. The drive mechanisms for the agitators are reminiscent of the pitman rods used in hay mowers. Grease cups on the tub lids provided lubrication for the agitator shafts. Can you imagine keeping the white shirts white as bits of grease find there way into the wash tub?

The Prima wooden tub rocker, Fig. 8, produced in Duluth, Minnesota has "Nevercrush" boldly embossed on its cast aluminum framed wringer. A decal, on the side of the wringer, pictures fingers which are "never crushed." A freely swinging lever, when pushed, allows the wringer rollers to separate just far enough to pull the fingers out should they be caught. If , however, you weren't quick enough your whole arm would feed into the wringer and your elbow would surely be mangled, since no further range of release was provided.

The Troy machine, Fig. 9, was manufactured in Troy, New York. The wooden tub of this machine rotates and the clothes are tumbled as they wash. The single control positions the belt, connected to the driving source of power, either to be on the drive (inner) pulley or on the idler (outer) pulley. With about 250 pounds of gears and pulleys as large as those for a tractor, the Troy company made a machine which would certainly withstand much abuse. Can you imagine children playing around this machine while it's operating?

The Horton Company, of Fort Wayne, Indiana, produced the electric machine of Fig. 10. This machine features a powered wringer which could be swung around its post to allow positioning over external rinse tubs. The wringer also has a safety release. Being one of the Horton company's first electric models there seemed to be less than total confidence in electric power. Note the lever by which the machine can also be hand operated. An advertising pamphlet attests to the importance of this machine. "A Horton Washer will add many years to your life. It will save your health-- keep the wrinkles out of your face--keep you youthful".

The Daylight Company of Minneapolis produced the majestic looking machine of Fig. 11. The agitator consists of a single large cone nearly the diameter of the tub. By means of a thoroughly complicated arrangement of gears, chains, pulleys and belts, the arms on either side of the tub are made to pulsate up and down pushing and pulling the agitator and causing huge tidal waves inside the tub. This machine would stand a good chance of winning first place in a Rube Goldberg contest. At first use of this machine, the ladies surely must have had wide and amazed eyes.

Perhaps the most remarkable machine, for its time, was the Laun-Dry-Ette, Fig 12, made by the Home Specialty Company of Cleveland, Ohio. Note the absence of a wringer. During the wash mode, by means of a simple mechanism, twin cups, comprising the agitator, are pulled up and down and in addition, given a twisting motion. When the wash is done the operator disengages the clutch (made of steel and leather) and then pushes down on the foot pedal, thereby raising the basket, containing the clothes, out of the water. By again engaging the clutch the basket is caused to spin and the water is extracted from the clothes, reminiscent of the automatic machines today. One of the models of this machine, in my collection, has as its last patent date, December 26, 1905. Somewhat surprising, since spin dry automatic machines were not in common usage until after World War II.

The Locomotive washer,(Brantford Washing Machine Company, Brantford, Canada) Fig. 13, realizes agitation by the sloshing action inside the tub as it is pushed back and forth. The copper tub has three wheels on its bottom and acts as a trolley rolling on the triple track system below it. Mounted below the tub is a natural gas burner allowing the water to be heated in the tub. No pilot light or automatic shut-off system was provided. Consequently if the flame were to be blown out, sparks from the brushes on the electric motor might well explode you and your happy home!

The Geyser of Fig. 14 has a very unique system of agitation. The shaft of the motor, mounted directly beneath the tub, extends into the tub and is connected to a steel propeller. Clothes are put into a free-wheeling basket and are tumbled or otherwise jostled by the turbulence created by the propeller turning at 1750 RPM! Although, in the 1920's, there were a large number of companies producing an even larger number of different machines, only one firm, the Lovell Manufacturing Company, of Erie, Pennsylvania made most of the wringers for these machines. Sometimes the Lovell wringer is identified by the name, Anchor Brand, along with the picture of an anchor. Apparently the Lovell's safety release, patented May 15, 1915, proved to be a best seller. The Geyser machine has on it a Lovell wringer common to a number of other machines pictured herein. The American Wringer Company of New York, sometimes under the name of Horse Shoe Brand, also produced wringers for a number of different washing machine manufacturers.

The present day Speed Queen company evolved from the Barlow and Seelig Company, Ripon Wisconsin, producers of the Big 3 washing machine of Fig. 15. Inverted cones were used as agitators in each of the tubs. A rinse tub would ordinarily be located on a stand behind each of twin wash tubs. The swinging wringer could then be positioned to direct clothes into any of the tubs. Although the washer was originally equipped with shields for the mechanisms on top of the lids, they were probably soon removed by the owner so that lubrication was more convenient. Also it became more convenient for fingers to be smashed.

Produced by the American Gas Machine Company of Albert Lea, Minnesota, this machine has a rectangular shaped copper tub completely encased in a splendid wooden box. The black lettering on the left side of the decal indicates water levels for desired load sizes.

The Almetal Manufacturing Company of St. Louis, Missouri advertised the machine of Fig. 17, for use as a fruit and vegetable canner as well as for a washing machine. At the bottom of the copper tub is a natural gas burner which allows the water to be brought to a boil right in the tub. The machine features an "elevator" arrangement whereby the clothes are lifted out of the water as the lid is opened. While used in the canning mode the inverted cone agitator is removed and up to 32 quart jars may be put into the tub for cold-pack processing. Advertising literature indicated, "if men had to do the washing, every house would have an Almetal". It is believed that this is the only model produced by this firm.

The Hart-Paar tractor company of Charles City, Iowa made the unique washer of Fig. 18. To my knowledge, this was the only model produced by the company and indeed it has some unusual features. Two inverted cups, attached to the lid, alternately go up and down to effect the agitation or washing action. While washing, the entire tub is rotated by the 1/4 hp electric motor turning a large gear attached to the under side of the tub. A gas burner under the tub allows the water to be heated before, and during, the time washing is being done.

Most common of the pre 1935 washing machines is the gray square tub Maytag and there are several Maytag models which look very similar to the one of Fig. 19. That is except for the butter churn and meat grinder optional attachments shown in the photograph. Ordinarily the wringer would be in place of the meat grinder and the agitator in place of the butter churn. Using the same drive and clutch mechanism as for the wringer resulted in a very powerful grinder which has forward and reverse capability.

Of all the washing machine manufacturers doing business in 1920, only two are yet producing washing machines using the original company name, Maytag and Dexter. Currently the Dexter company, of Fairfield, Iowa, produces washing machines used primarily by Laundromats.

Like many machines of this era it came equipped with an attached folding shelf on which the rinse tubs were put. Rot resistant woods like white cedar and cypress were used to make many of the wooden tubs for machines like the Dexter. When these woods become dry they shrink causing the tubs to leak. For that reason the makers would put instructions to the effect that the tubs should be soaked long and well before use....

The only venture into the washing machine market made by the Delco-Light Company of Dayton, Ohio is illustrated by the machine of Fig. 21. Two models of this machine were produced, one for 32 volt DC power and the other for 110 volts. Even for a rocker the Delco is unusual because it has one motor to power the rocking tub and another to power the wringer. Rather than using mechanical means to achieve the oscillatory motion of the tub, it is done electrically. The universal type motor has 3 brushes and two of these are alternately lifted off the commutator by a rod connected to a cam on the axle of the tub. Being offset from one another, the alternate lifting of brushes causes the motor to reverse. Because of this continued reversing of the motor, it is imagined that much electric sparking resulted and brushes as well as commutators surely had to be repaired often. I once corresponded with the Delco-Light Company but no one there seems to remember the firm ever making such a machine.

Several companies produced small, apartment sized washers most of which would not accommodate anything like a pair of overalls. Three of these " Dainties" washers are the Boyer-Schultz, the Hamilton Beach and the Little Giant, shown left to right in Fig. 22. The Boyer-Schultz machine is comprised of a cast aluminum pot mounted on a motorized base. The action of this machine resembles a hula dancer as the pot oscillates and goes up and down. Still in business but not producing washing machines is the Hamilton Beach Company that produced the portable machine which uses a quite ordinary copper boiler as the tub. Bolted to the top of the lid is a small electric motor and gear housing. Inside the tub are two inverted cones that are alternately driven up and down. Although I have not seen them, Hamilton Beach must have made other small appliances to be used along with the motor, since it can be easily removed from the washer and it has its own footed stand. The Little Giant Washing Machine Company of Chicago produced the small machine having the tilted tub. The action of this machine is captivating, as it resembles an amusement park tilt-a-whirl. Made to wash only "dainty" things it looks and sounds as if it would do a magnificent job of washing.

The Thor of Fig. 23a. has perhaps the most artistic of agitators, Fig. 23b. Along with the hands, somewhat reminiscent of Australian Aboriginal art work, is imprinted the phrase "hand gentleness-machine speed". In operation the agitator wobbles around in one direction for about 10 seconds, then automatically stops and then wobbles back in the opposite direction. A gentleman ,who was a Thor salesman in the 1930's, told me that it was popular to paint the finger nails red while the machine was on the dealer's showroom floor.

Perhaps the strangest of all is another Thor machine shown in Fig. 24. Beneath this ordinary looking porcelain washing machine is mounted a 4-cylinder air compressor driven by the same electric motor that powers the agitator. Instead of using a wringer, the large gadget resembling a giant clam extracts water from the clothes. The wet clothes are put in the bottom half of the shell and then the lid is shut and sealed like that of a pressure cooker. As air from the compressor is pumped into the top of the clam shell, a large diaphragm literally presses the water out of the clothes and lets it run down into the tub below. The gentleman, from whom I purchased this wondrous thing, said that it was used also to extract juice from grapes for making wine.

All of the machines pictured, with the exceptions of the "clam shell" Thor and the Maytag with the meat grinder, have been revived. I use the word revive, in lieu of restore, as these machines are not put back to their exact original condition. Each washer was completely dismantled, cleaned, sand blasted, repainted and reassembled. The condition of many machines, as they are found, is, as the antique columnist put it, "little more than junque". Many machines are either completely rusted, covered with decades of hardened grease or have fallen apart to be in several pieces. Of my 608 machines, I have only about a dozen which were found in "museum quality" condition. When painting, original colors were often used on metal parts whenever identification was possible. I do not usually, however, repaint wooden tubs, but instead, refinish them with oil. All but 4 of my 460 revived machines are in working condition. The four are awaiting parts which were either missing or broken beyond repair. It is unfortunate we do not yet have video capability within this magazine,[coming soon!, Dave] so you could more appreciate the inventiveness put into these truly magnificent and dynamic works of art and technology.

Among the larger manufacturers producing powered washing machines prior to 1935 and which have not been mentioned above are: Altrorfer Bros. Co. (ABC), Apex, Automatic, Barton, Birtman, Blackstone, Bluffton, Boss, Brammer, Clarinda, Coffield, Conlon, Crystal, Easy (Syracuse Washing Machine Corp.), Eden, Fairbanks-Morse, Federal, Frantz, Gainaday, Graybar, Grinnell, Haag, Maxwells, Meadows, One Minute, Puffard-Hubbard, Savage, Voss, Westinghouse, White Lily, Woodrow and Zenith (Hirschy).Most of the washer companies were located in the midwest with Iowa, Illinois and Indiana hosting a majority of the firms.

Some of these early washers would seem to have worked better than others. Indeed some seem to have provided more frustration, or perhaps entertainment, than good laundry service. Our government would not allow us to use a single one of these now, lest we lose too many essential parts of our bodies. On the other hand this magnificent parade may remind us how truly ingenious our forebears were.

5 most commonly used sand washing machines: their working principle and characteristics - eastman rock crusher

The sand washing machine is a kind of sand washing equipment used for sand (artificial sand, natural sand), which can make the sand cleaner and higher quality. It is widely used in sand quarries, mines, building materials, transportation, chemicals, water conservancy Concrete mixing station, and other industries.

At present, there are various types of sand washing machines in the domestic market. The most common ones are spiral sand washing machine, wheel sand washing machine, drum sand washing machine, vibration sand washing machine, bucket sand washing machine, etc.

The spiral sand washing machine uses the buoyancy of water to classify feeding materials. It functioned with the principle that the specific gravity of solid particles is different, so the speed of sedimentation in the liquid is different.

The spiral sand washing machine needs to be arranged obliquely while using. The lower part of the sink is surrounded by a three-sided weir to form a sedimentation tank. The screw head is submerged in the sedimentation tank. The screw is driven by the motor through the reducer to continuously rotate, and the cleaning water is fed into the perforated plate at the bottom of the sedimentation tank.

The motor drives the impeller to rotate slowly after deceleration by the V-belt, reducer, and gear. The sand and gravel enter through the feeding trough, roll under the impeller, and grind each other to remove impurities covering the surface of the gravel and destroy the water vapor that covers the sand. Layer to facilitate dehydration.

At the same time, add water to form a strong water flow, timely takeaway impurities and foreign objects with small specific gravity, and discharge them from the overflow tank. The clean sand and gravel are taken away by the blades, and finally, the gravel is poured into the discharge chute from the rotating impeller to complete the cleaning effect of the gravel.

Because the transmission part of the wheel sand washing machine is isolated from water and sand, its failure rate is much lower than that of the sand washing equipment commonly used in the current market, which is a good choice to choose.

It is also called a roller stone washing machine. While working, the motor drives the reducer. The large and small gears drive the cleaning cylinder to rotate at a low speed. The aggregate containing mud and stone powder is fed from the feed port and enters the rotating drum.

It is constantly brought up and dropped. The cleaned aggregate is sieved and dewatered at the discharge end and then discharged, and the wastewater containing sludge flows out through the perforated baffle at the discharge or feed end.

Its working process can be summarized as raw material storage, transportation, cleaning, finished material transportation, sewage sedimentation, and reuse. The drum sand washing machine requires a large amount of water while the production volume is also large.

This machine is composed of upper eccentric block, circular vibration, motor and other structures. The motor is connected to the screen box to vibrate to work, and then automatically separate and clean. The vibrating sand washing machine is mainly used for the construction of high-standard projects such as highways, railways, bridges, tunnels, etc.

It is special equipment used to clean sand and gravel. It is suitable for the washing of fine-grained and coarse-grained materials, but it is relatively less used in the industry, its output is high, but the price is relatively high.

During the mixing process, the sand will be deposited in a larger proportion, and the soil and impurities with a small specific gravity will be taken away by the water flow as wastewater. The sand at the bottom of the water is picked up while the bucket is agitated, and the muddy water is cleaned through the water control hole, and transported out through the conveyor belt to form a hill pile, or into the next stage of sand cleaning machine.

In summary, among these 5 types of sand washing equipment, wheel sand washer and spiral sand washer are the most widely used, accounting for about 80%-85% of the market, and both have double-wheel and double-helical structures, which makes the output increased doubly.

sand processing equipment manufacturer-lzzg

As an innovative mining equipment manufacturing company, LZZG provides customers with professional equipment that meets their needs. We have rich manufacturing experience, reasonable production line process configuration plan and perfect modern inspection system. In Longzhong, you can not only get high quality with guaranteed quality Products, you can get customized and efficient configuration solutions. At present, sand washing and sewage treatment systems, dry tailings discharge systems, and sand production lines have been spread across domestic provinces and many countries.

sand washing machine - eastman rock crusher

In the production of artificial sand, or processing natural sand, sand washing machines are widely used. Those washing equipment help wash and separate the soil or other impurities in sand (artificial sand, natural sand) and gravel aggregate.

The sand after being cleaned by the sand washer will get a more cleaner and pretty looks and achieve a better quality, thats make the sand reach the quality request and help sold with a higher price in the market, so the sand washer has gradually become an important equipment of the artificial sand production line.

When sand washing machine working, the impellors run slowly with the sand washer motor after decelerated by the decelerator, gears wheel and belt. The sand and stone flow into washing tank from feeding launder grinds with each other and rolls with the impellor slowly, the impurities covered in sand is washing out.At the same time, the washing water will take some wastes and impurities away from washing tank also. The washed sand and stone is lifted up by impellor. When it rolls up slowly, the water begins to drop through the meshes and fall back in the washing tank, the water can be fully used. Finally, the clean sand and stone goes out of the washing tank and the washing process is over.

The use of hyrocyclones in sand washing machines is the most efficiency method for sand washing process, because it lets to recovery sand without losing fines.When working, the waste water pruduced during the washing process is extracted by slurry pump, and feeding into hydrocyclone, then the 0.074-3mm fine sand will be recycled in the cyclone.

Coarse sand (3-10mm) and fine sand (0.074-3mm) are feed onto polyurathane screen panels for dewatering, after dewatering process the water content is in 8-12% and those sands can be conveyed, piled up or transported.

Our washing machine has powerful washing capabilities:Typically, our wheel sand washing machine has a capacity of 15-200 tph, and our spiral sand washing machine has a more powerful washing ability with a capacity of 70-350 tph.Whats more, you can contact our engineer to get fully customized with the number of impellers or screws and the length to increase the max capacity.

From the actual production situation, Spiral sand washer has a more powerful washing ability, which can wash larger gravel with serious mud impurities effectively . So, it is often equipped in large-scale sand production lines.

For our wheel-type sand washer, our data shows the loss of fine sand and stone powder is small, and the water consumption during sand washing is less. And our strict test shows the gradation and fineness modulus of the washed sand can meet the standard requirements;Compared with wheel sand washers, spiral sand washers lose more fine sand during cleaning, and our experimental data also proves that the sand cleaned by spiral sand washer is more clean.

However, when choosing sand washers, users should consider the composition of sand and gravel, expected production capacity, factory site conditions and other factors, and choose the most suitable machines for their requirements.

Yes, our sand maker is fully customizable. Our customers can freely choose to increase the number of washing wheels according to the conditions of sand and gravel. Whats more, If the clay content of sand and gravel is high or the output need to be increased, our spiral sand washer can also increase the length of the auger shaft or use double helix side by side, also it can also be divided into single screw sand washer and double screw sand washer. You can contact us for a full customize for your situations.

While the price of spiral sand washer is relatively higher, which belongs to the type of high-grade and Large-output sand washer. And the detail price can vary from your customized, so please contact our sales for more information.