Static General Knowledge is the integral part of all the Government exams like SSC Exams, IBPS Exams and other competition exams. If you are preparing for any government exam, then knowing about the Important Hydro Electric, Thermal and Nuclear Power Plants in India will help you to score well in the exam.
India is a land of beautiful dams and power plants. A power plant is basically an industrial location that is utilized for the generation and distribution of power. There are three types of power plants in India- Hydro Electric power plants, Thermal power plants, Nuclear Power plants. So, lets know about these power plants in detail.
Hydropower is one of the oldest and widely used renewable sources of energy. India is the 7th largest producer of hydroelectric power in the world and also ranks 3rd worldwide by its total number of dams.
The flow of water where dam is constructed should be sufficient to fill the dam. There is a large amount of loss of water from dam due to evaporation. The flow of river water should be able to accommodate this loss of water without affecting the production of electricity from the hydroelectric power plant.
Thermal power is the largest source of power in India. There are different types of Thermal power plants based on the fuel used to generate the steam such as coal, gas, and Diesel. About 65% of electricity consumed in India are generated by thermal power plants.
The main factors which are responsible for location of thermal power stations are proximity to water supply for coolants, proximity to raw materials, major cities for efficient power transmissions and better connectivity depending upon power consumption.
Nuclear Power is the fourth largest sources of energy after thermal, hydroelectric and renewable sources of energy. As of 2016, India has 21 nuclear reactors in 7 Nuclear Power plants. Some Nuclear Power plants are under construction and some are planned projects which will be implemented in future.
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