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Material Grade for Copper Mine Mill Liners: 1.Cr-Mo Alloy Steel includes: ZG50Cr5Mo, ZG60Cr6Mo, Cr12Mo,etc. Hardness: HRC48 Impact value: 25J. 2.High Cr white iron includes: BTMCr15Mo, BTMCr20Mo, BTMCr26Mo,etc. Hardness: HRC56 Impact value:5J 3.Ni-hard White Iron includes: AS2027 NiCr2-500, AS2027 NiCr1-550, AS2027 NiCr4-500, AS2027 NiCr4-600, AS2027 NiCr4-630AS2027 NiCr2-500, AS2027 NiCr1-550, AS2027 NiCr4-500, AS2027 NiCr4-600, AS2027 NiCr4-630,etc. 4.High Mn Steel includes: ASTM A128 Grade C, Grade D, Grade E-1, Grade E-2, Grade F, Grade B, Grade B-1, Grade B-2, Grade B-3, Grade B-4, Grade A.
Ball Mills What Are These Machines and How Do They Work? Short flash video at bottom of page showing batch ball mill grinding in lab. May have to click on browser "Allow Active X blocked content" to play A Ball Mill grinds material by rotating a cylinder with steel grinding balls, causing the balls to fall back into the cylinder and onto the material to be ground. The rotation is usually between 4 to 20 revolutions per minute, depending upon the diameter of the mill. The larger the diameter, the slower the rotation. If the peripheral speed of the mill is too great, it begins to act like a centrifuge and the balls do not fall back, but stay on the perimeter of the mill. The point where the mill becomes a centrifuge is called the "Critical Speed", and ball mills usually operate at 65% to 75% of the critical speed. Ball Mills are generally used to grind material 1/4 inch and finer, down to the particle size of 20 to 75 microns. To achieve a reasonable efficiency with ball mills, they must be operated in a closed system, with oversize material continuously being recirculated back into the mill to be reduced. Various classifiers, such as screens, spiral classifiers, cyclones and air classifiers are used for classifying the discharge from ball mills. This formula calculates the critical speed of any ball mill. Most ball mills operate most efficiently between 65% and 75% of their critical speed. Photo of a 10 Ft diameter by 32 Ft long ball mill in a Cement Plant. Photo of a series of ball mills in a Copper Plant, grinding the ore for flotation. Image of cut away ball mill, showing material flow through typical ball mill. Flash viedo of Jar Drive and Batch Ball Mill grinding ore for testing Return To Crushing Info Page Contact Us Copyright 1994-2012 Mine-Engineer.Com All Rights Reserved
The Carrapateena Project is located within the highly prospective Olympic Dam copper-gold (Cu-Au) Province. This is a metallogenic belt along the eastern margin of the Gawler Craton in South Australia, which hosts the Prominent Hill Mine, Olympic Dam mine and the Moonta-Wallaroo historic mining district. The Craton comprises variably deformed and metamorphosed sedimentary, volcanic and plutonic rock, spread from the late Archean to Mesoproterozoic, and it has been subdivided into a series of domains the Carrapateena deposit being part of the Olympic Domain. The age of the iron oxide copper gold (IOCG) mineralisation in the Gawler Craton is uncertain, though it is interpreted in the literature to be associated with Mesoproterozoic magmatism of the Hiltaba Suite and the Gawler Range Volcanics. The Carrapateena copper-gold mineral deposit is hosted in a brecciated granite complex, with both bornite and chalcopyrite copper mineralisation present the bornite being a distinct higher grade zone of mineralisation. The vast majority of copper and gold mineralisation within the deposit is hosted by hematite-dominated breccias with moderate mineralisation occurring within hematite altered granite breccias (Eastern Cu domain). Sulphides are the primary copper-bearing minerals in the Carrapateena Breccia Complex. Copper and gold mineralisation is structurally and chemically controlled, with subsequent alteration destroying mineralising structures. The most abundant sulphides are chalcopyrite, pyrite and bornite, and these constitute the majority of sulphides at Carrapateena. The less common sulphides are chalcocite, digenite and covellite, and in smaller amounts sphalerite and galena.Gold mineralisation at the Carrapateena orebody is almost exclusively hosted by hematite altered breccias. Gold grains are usually very small (10 m), and when seen in polished section, are often intimately associated with copper sulphides. Gold grains are commonly a combination of gold and minor silver (electrum).
The Carrapateena is an underground mine located in the highly prospective Gawler Craton in South Australia, approximately 160km north of Port Augusta. The Carrapateena operation produced first concentrate in December 2019 and currently plans tomine and process a 91MtOre Reserveby the sub-level caving method.Mine acess provide by twin decline, one for access(Tjati Decline) and one for materials handling. The Tjati Decline provides access to each production level.The total Ore Reserve estimate is made up of three separate mining areas of the same deposit:-The SLC is currently being mined from the 4580 RL to the 4305 RL at a rate increasing from 4.25 Mtpato 5 Mtpa.-Block Cave 1 (BC1) extraction level is located on the 3700 RL.-Block Cave 2 (BC2) is a mining block adjacent to BC1, to be mined after the depletion of BC1.- The current mining method of SLC is based on the 2017 Carrapateena Feasibility Study and furtherrefinements since accessing the orebody. The mine is currently in production from its two uppermost level, and production from the orebody to date reflects expectations in terms of mining and milling recovery. If the decision to transition to a block cave mining method is made, the lowest three levels of the SLC will be mined at a declining shut-off value (to as low as $70/tonne on the bottom level 4230 RL), in order to improve overall mine economics. If the mine continues to be mined as an SLC to the bottom of the orebody, the shut-off value strategy will be different. The average grade of the top 10 SLC levels is 1.5% copper and 0.73 g/t gold.In 2020, a Pre-Feasibility Study was completed on an expansion of the Carrapateena asset (the 2020 PFS). This Study identified an alternative for mining the deposit was by block cave mining method. Two mining blocks were identified to be mined one after the other, being BC1 then BC2.Block caving is a mining method that involves the establishment of a stable extraction level using ground support such as rock bolts and cable bolts. An undercut level is mined above the extraction level, and the undercut material is removed through drill and blast. Once the undercut is complete, the extraction level can be mined, and broken ore is removed from draw points on the extraction level. As the ore is removed from the draw points, the rock mass above breaks under stress and moves downwards via gravity, allowing more ore to be removed from draw points on the extraction level. The block cave design at Carrapateena incorporates two blocks called macro blocks Block Cave 1 and Block Cave 2 (BC1 and BC2).The design characteristics of BC1 and BC2 are: Primary access is through a decline access from the portal shared with the SLC Ore is crushed underground and transported to surface using conveyor haulage Cave establishment utilising an advanced undercut sequence Straight-through draw point layout (El Teniente layout) Preconditioning level located 400 m above the extraction level that will be used for preconditioning the rock mass and cave monitoring Average heights of draw of 580 m for BC1 and 280 m for BC2 Maximum capped heights of draw of 600 m for BC1 and 400 m for BC2.
The minerals processing plant is designed to treat of crushed ore to produce a copper-gold flotation concentrate. Ore is primary crushed underground to a product size P80 of 106 mm. The Project FS base case assumes a start-up 4 Mtpa throughput rate increasing to 4.25 Mtpa after ramp-up.The current FS base case now includes a third permanent crusher located five levels below the top of the orebody. This additional permanent crusher removes the PFS requirement for a mobile surface crushing unit for ore mined before the commissioning of the then second permanent crusher. Configuration of the new first permanent crushing station allows crushing/conveying of all material types, which reduces haulage costs and haulage constraints for the mine prior to commissioning of the second crusher.The minerals processing plant will include the following processing stages: Grinding in an SABC (SAG mill, ball mill and pebble crusher) in closed circuit with cyclones producing a grind size P80 of 75 m
Ore Processing The current processing plant at Carrapateena is designed to produce at a rate of 4.25 Mtpa. Debottlenecking studies have been identified to increase the plant capacity to a throughput rate of 5 Mtpa. The current copper concentrator is a standard semi-autogenous, ball mill and flotation circuit. While the block cave is being established, a second process plant will be built using vertical roller mills for comminution and copper flotation, producing a concentrate that will then be transported to port and subsequently to smelters by ships. Metallurgical test work has been completed during the previous studies for Carrapateena. The test work has resulted in adequate metallurgical characterisation of five flotation domains. Copper and gold recoveries for the life of mine average 90% for copper and 66% for gold for the entirety of this reserve statement. Higher recovery is expected for the SLC due to higher grades. The study has identified that dry ........
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Canada is one of the largest mining nations providing a variety of jobs at all levels, but in an industry dominated by men, mining and mineral processing has the least amount of women employed worldwide. Women in Mining Canada (WiM) is looking to change the mining community and promote women in the industry.