We deliver intelligent, highly-efficient, vertically integrated solutions and services to support our industry's drive toward fully automated solutions, enhancing production performance and optimizing project economics.
With more than 80 years of experience designing production systems and providing trusted brands, TechnipFMC is the leading supplier of systems between the tree and the pipeline for onshore and offshore applications. We are differentiated by our comprehensive portfolio of in-house compact, modular and digital technologies.
Our high-efficiency solutions such as our separation portfolio and measurement technologies, combined with our expertise in modularization, enable our customers to achieve first oil and gas faster with fully optimized and environmental compact solutions. Reducing our customers footprints saves time and costs and ultimately delivers more merchantable oil and gas to the sales pipeline.
Our ability to provide optimized designs creates a smaller footprint, resulting in more options for equipment and systems layout. Our skilled expertise in modularization provides many benefits to our customers, allowing for better use of assets and evolution within the dynamic nature of the oil and gas industry.
We are not just an integrator, we own and understand the technology that make up the systems. We offer a single point of procurement supported by a network of service centers to install, commission and maintain the systems.
TechnipFMC provides industry-leading technology for the separation of oil, gas, sand and water. These solutions are used in challenging environments in surface, topside and subsea applications worldwide. Our family of separation products delivers client success by increasing efficiency and throughput and lowering the footprint of processing facilities with innovative technologies and solutions.
Our compact and efficient separations solutions are designed for upstream and midstream technologies. They are strategically targeted to meet our clients execution models from system solutions to separation vessels.
Our MPM meters are a collection of technologically-advanced innovations that provide a differentiated approach to multiphase measurement. They offer many unique features and patented technology to provide a step change in allocation measurement that allows for continuous surveillance of your wells regardless of your operating conditions.
We supply control components and safety systems designed to safely and efficiently run a production facility. Our systems are based on standard field-proven building blocks and designed for minimal maintenance during life of field operations.
TechnipFMC provides complete skid solutions from design consultation through startup and commissioning. With more than 80 years of experience in custody transfer, we have the know-how to deliver flexible and timely plug-and-play solutions. We provide technical sales consultation, service and inventory close to you and your operation.
The Bradbury Co., Inc. specializes in designing and building customized manufacturing equipment for your unique product, production requirements, and structure configurations. Bradbury's Automated Production Systems offer ease of operation and shorter production time by allowing you to convert coil or sheet metal into finished products in ONE continuous operation.
Subcomponents are automatically positioned and fastened, often eliminating many secondary operations. Automation minimizes the time required to change lengths, widths, punches, and notches. Bradbury meets the demands of JIT production by providing sophisticated communication software.
In this paper, a packing automation system was constructed and a prototype was manufactured to test its performance for the inspection and packing process automation of a screw/bolt production line. The packing automation system is composed of an automated inspection system and an automated packing system. An inspection system using machine vision inspection and the slant method was proposed, developed and applied. The system was also developed and applied as the MICOM system in the PLC system to improve inspection errors due to the delays in the inspection process. The feeder to supply work to the inspection device was proposed, developed and applied as a slide feeder by applying a vertical transfer mechanism. The slide method was designed to minimize friction and thus improve upon the disadvantages of the existing bowl feeder. An automated packing system based on a one-station method for two-sided vinyl automatic packing was proposed, developed and applied. The one-station method maximizes the speed of the packing processes, such as automatic supply, cutting, spreading, charging, closing and sealing, that occur over a short distance. Performance of the system was evaluated by producing a prototype and setting up a packing automation system. The performance test was validated based on the inspection handling speed, transfer speed of the slide feeder, packing speed of the automatic packing system and charging accuracy, verifying the applicability and practicality of the automated system for the screw/bolt production line.
S. Y. Yang, S. M. Jin and S. K. Kwon, Development of inspection system for screw/bolt shape using machine vision, Korea Industrial Complex Corp, Result report of Development Project of Industrial Field Customized (2007) 7178.
Y. S. Kim, S. W. Park, B. H. Lim, T. G. Kim, B. J. Choi, C. Y. Park, M. R. Lee and Y. T. Do, Automatic metal ball inspection system using machine vision, Daegu University, The Journal of Computer & Communication Research (2008) 5(1) 9398.
J. Y. Yoon, Y. C. Lee, D. Y. Pang and S. C. Lee, Surface inspection system of bearing inner/outer race using machine vision, Korean Society Of Precision Engineering 2006 Spring Conference (2006) 309310.
Y. S. Kim, C. S. Jung and S. Y. Yang, Development of automatic packing system of one station for fasteners(I): Optimization design of packing mechanism, Trans. of the Korean Society of Machine Tool Engineers (2011) 20(3) 335341.
Y. S. Kim, C. S. Jung and S. Y. Yang, Development of automatic packing system of one station for fasteners(II): Packing system manufacture and performance test, Trans. of the Korean Society of Machine Tool Engineers (2011) 20(5) 653658.
S. Y. Yang, Y. S. Kim, D. H. Yoon and J. S. Park, The development of automatic packing system of one station-2 side vinyl for screw/bolt, Korea Industrial Complex Corp, Result report of Development Project of Industrial Field Customized (2011) 96104.
I. V. Gaidaichuk and E. V. Yasinski, Visualization of scenes of quadratic objects using line scanning, Journal of Automation and Information Sciences C/C of Avtomatika then Problemy Upravleniia I Informatiki (1998) 30(2-3) 159163.
J. Varis, M. Oksanen, J. Rantala and M. Luukkala, Observations on image formation in the line scanning thermal imaging method, Review of Progress in Quantitative Nondestructive Evaluation (1994) 14(1) 447452.
Young-Man Jeong received his B.S. and M.S. degrees in Automotive Engineering from Ulsan University, Korea in 2008 and 2010, respectively. He is currently in the doctorate course in Ulsan University. His research interests include analysis and design of hydraulic systems, intelligent control, and vehicle mechatronics.
Yong-Seok Kim received his B.S. degree in Mechanical Engineering from Ulsan University, Korea in 2003. He then received his M.S. and Ph.D. degrees in Automotive Engineering from Ulsan University, Korea in 2005 and 2009, respectively. Dr. Kim is currently a post-doctoral and the adjunct instructor at the School of Mechanical Engineering at Ulsan University in Ulsan, Korea. Dr. Kims research interests include concurrent engineering, mechanism design, rapid prototyping and CAD.
Seung-Soo Kim received his B.S. degree in Mechanical Design Engineering from Busan University, Korea in 1987. He received his B.S. and Ph.D. degrees in control system engineering from Busan University, Korea, in 1992 and 1998, respectively. Dr. Kim is professor in the department of Mechatronics Engineering at Dong-Eui University in Busan, Korea. Dr. Kims research interests include the analysis and controller design of dynamic systems, field robot and vehicles mechatronics.
Soon-Yong Yang received his B.S. and M.S. degree in Hydraulic Engineering from Busan University, Korea in 1979 and 1981, respectively. He received his M.S. and Ph.D. degrees in Precision Engineering from Tokyo University, Japan, in 1987 and 1997, respectively. Dr. Yang is a professor in the department of Mechanical Engineering at Ulsan University in Ulsan, Korea. Dr. Yangs research interests include vehicle mechatronics, field robotics and hydraulic engineering.
Jeong, YM., Kim, YS., Kim, SS. et al. Construction of an automation system for the inspection and packing processes of a screw/bolt production line. J Mech Sci Technol 27, 18251834 (2013). https://doi.org/10.1007/s12206-013-0433-z
Automation, application of machines to tasks once performed by human beings or, increasingly, to tasks that would otherwise be impossible. Although the term mechanization is often used to refer to the simple replacement of human labour by machines, automation generally implies the integration of machines into a self-governing system. Automation has revolutionized those areas in which it has been introduced, and there is scarcely an aspect of modern life that has been unaffected by it.
The term automation was coined in the automobile industry about 1946 to describe the increased use of automatic devices and controls in mechanized production lines. The origin of the word is attributed to D.S. Harder, an engineering manager at the Ford Motor Company at the time. The term is used widely in a manufacturing context, but it is also applied outside manufacturing in connection with a variety of systems in which there is a significant substitution of mechanical, electrical, or computerized action for human effort and intelligence.
In general usage, automation can be defined as a technology concerned with performing a process by means of programmed commands combined with automatic feedback control to ensure proper execution of the instructions. The resulting system is capable of operating without human intervention. The development of this technology has become increasingly dependent on the use of computers and computer-related technologies. Consequently, automated systems have become increasingly sophisticated and complex. Advanced systems represent a level of capability and performance that surpass in many ways the abilities of humans to accomplish the same activities.
Automation technology has matured to a point where a number of other technologies have developed from it and have achieved a recognition and status of their own. Robotics is one of these technologies; it is a specialized branch of automation in which the automated machine possesses certain anthropomorphic, or humanlike, characteristics. The most typical humanlike characteristic of a modern industrial robot is its powered mechanical arm. The robots arm can be programmed to move through a sequence of motions to perform useful tasks, such as loading and unloading parts at a production machine or making a sequence of spot-welds on the sheet-metal parts of an automobile body during assembly. As these examples suggest, industrial robots are typically used to replace human workers in factory operations.
This article covers the fundamentals of automation, including its historical development, principles and theory of operation, applications in manufacturing and in some of the services and industries important in daily life, and impact on the individual as well as society in general. The article also reviews the development and technology of robotics as a significant topic within automation. For related topics, see computer science and information processing.
The technology of automation has evolved from the related field of mechanization, which had its beginnings in the Industrial Revolution. Mechanization refers to the replacement of human (or animal) power with mechanical power of some form. The driving force behind mechanization has been humankinds propensity to create tools and mechanical devices. Some of the important historical developments in mechanization and automation leading to modern automated systems are described here.
The first tools made of stone represented prehistoric mans attempts to direct his own physical strength under the control of human intelligence. Thousands of years were undoubtedly required for the development of simple mechanical devices and machines such as the wheel, the lever, and the pulley, by which the power of human muscle could be magnified. The next extension was the development of powered machines that did not require human strength to operate. Examples of these machines include waterwheels, windmills, and simple steam-driven devices. More than 2,000 years ago the Chinese developed trip-hammers powered by flowing water and waterwheels. The early Greeks experimented with simple reaction motors powered by steam. The mechanical clock, representing a rather complex assembly with its own built-in power source (a weight), was developed about 1335 in Europe. Windmills, with mechanisms for automatically turning the sails, were developed during the Middle Ages in Europe and the Middle East. The steam engine represented a major advance in the development of powered machines and marked the beginning of the Industrial Revolution. During the two centuries since the introduction of the Watt steam engine, powered engines and machines have been devised that obtain their energy from steam, electricity, and chemical, mechanical, and nuclear sources.
Each new development in the history of powered machines has brought with it an increased requirement for control devices to harness the power of the machine. The earliest steam engines required a person to open and close the valves, first to admit steam into the piston chamber and then to exhaust it. Later a slide valve mechanism was devised to automatically accomplish these functions. The only need of the human operator was then to regulate the amount of steam that controlled the engines speed and power. This requirement for human attention in the operation of the steam engine was eliminated by the flying-ball governor. Invented by James Watt in England, this device consisted of a weighted ball on a hinged arm, mechanically coupled to the output shaft of the engine. As the rotational speed of the shaft increased, centrifugal force caused the weighted ball to be moved outward. This motion controlled a valve that reduced the steam being fed to the engine, thus slowing the engine. The flying-ball governor remains an elegant early example of a negative feedback control system, in which the increasing output of the system is used to decrease the activity of the system.
Negative feedback is widely used as a means of automatic control to achieve a constant operating level for a system. A common example of a feedback control system is the thermostat used in modern buildings to control room temperature. In this device, a decrease in room temperature causes an electrical switch to close, thus turning on the heating unit. As room temperature rises, the switch opens and the heat supply is turned off. The thermostat can be set to turn on the heating unit at any particular set point.
Another important development in the history of automation was the Jacquard loom (see photograph ), which demonstrated the concept of a programmable machine. About 1801 the French inventor Joseph-Marie Jacquard devised an automatic loom capable of producing complex patterns in textiles by controlling the motions of many shuttles of different coloured threads. The selection of the different patterns was determined by a program contained in steel cards in which holes were punched. These cards were the ancestors of the paper cards and tapes that control modern automatic machines. The concept of programming a machine was further developed later in the 19th century when Charles Babbage, an English mathematician, proposed a complex, mechanical analytical engine that could perform arithmetic and data processing. Although Babbage was never able to complete it, this device was the precursor of the modern digital computer. See computers.
Numerous exhibitors will present alternatives to conventional assembly line production with stationary conveyor technology, for example driverless transport systems and, of course, cobots for human-robot collaboration applications.
The automobile industry is undergoing substantial changes. The discussion about drive technology of the future is in full swing. Some manufacturers are betting on electromobility, while others are more likely to use it as a transition technology.
In addition, new generations of diesel engines with highly effective filter technology have significantly lower emissions than their predecessors. Other future drive alternatives are synthetic fuels, hydrogen and fuel cells.
How does this scenario affect highly automated automotive production? What does this mean for robotics and automation technology providers? In other words, what does automobile production of the future look like?
Sustainable, Industry 4.0-compatible solutions are in demand that support vehicle manufacturers, Tier 1 suppliers and system suppliers around the world in the implementation of state-of-the-art manufacturing structures.
The first steps were already taken years ago in bodyshell construction. The robots used there not only weld, rivet and bond, but they also hold and transport the bodyshells while their machine colleagues process them.
According to Albrecht Reimold, head of production at the company, the assembly line has been virtually abolished there. Instead, the vehicles move through production on driverless transport systems, also called autonomous guided vehicles (AGVs), and consequently are completed step by step.
This increases flexibility considerably. The speed of the AGVs is just as variable as the time they spend at the assembly stations; in theory, the vehicles do not all have to take the same route through production. In addition, several models or derivatives can be produced without problems on one and the same line.
In the most consistent form of implementation, the products that are manufactured automatically control the assembly stations that are currently available on autonomous transport systems. Algorithms and artificial intelligence support planning and make decision-making more efficient.
Companies that strategically pursue this goal can actively leverage changes in products and processes to gain a competitive advantage as well as adapt faster to changing market requirements and general conditions.
Exoskeletons and cobots will physically relieve burdens of employees. The biggest development leap is to be expected in the area of cobots. Established robot manufacturers already presented groundbreaking solutions at automatica 2018 and lots more further developments will be shown in 2020.
Collaborative robots have long since become customary in actual practice, such as at Opel in Eisenach: A cobot from the Danish manufacturer Universal Robots screws air-conditioning compressors to engine blocks there.
Immediately next to the employees, without a separating safety fence, the robot tightens three screws every two minutes to exactly 22 Newton meters while its human colleagues continue to carry out the less stressful upstream and downstream work.
Another example: Together with BMW in Dingolfing, Kuka has created robot solution facilitating work for employees who lift bevel gears weighing up to 5.5 kg and fit them into front axle transmissions with millimeter accuracy.
They used to do this manually, but today the sensitive robot colleague LBR iiwa assists them. It is suspended on a slender steel construction and manages without external sensors, because a joint torque sensor system is active in its seven axes.
In times of increasing number of variants, it is a clear competitive advantage to be able to adapt production optimally to required capacity utilization, for example with the help of flexible HRC units.
Filed Under: Features, Manufacturing Tagged With: assembly, automatica, automation, automobile, automotive, flexible, future, manufacturers, production, robot, robots, solutions, systems, technology, transport
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In the sand-casting production line, the automated mold-making machine costs $120/hr and is tended by hourly personnel at a rate of $45/hr. The match-plate patterns used in the mold-making machine are fabricated at a cost of $600 each and can be used for 2500 molds/pattern before wearing out. Although the mold sand is recycled, the average cost of new sand per mold is figured at $0.12. The cost of energy to heat the molten metal for pouring = $0.06/casting and the hourly cost rate of the pouring line, including heating crucibles = $33/hr. The hourly rate of the three workers who operate the pouring line = $60. The buffer storage system used for cooling the castings has a cost rate = $40/hr. Finally, the cost of the two workers in the break-away area = $38/hr. The cost rate of the break-away area is negligible. Each complete casting produced on the line weighs 4.3 kg; this includes the weight of the gating and riser system, which is 1.8 kg and is recycled. Cost of the casting metal = $1.55/kg. The production rate of the line, with pouring as the bottleneck operation in the sequence, is 164 castings/hr. Determine the total hourly cost to operate the line.
Sand making production line is also called sand and stone production line. And the sand production line is a kind of special equipment for producing construction sand and stone. The sand making machine for sale is often needed in many fields, and this processing line can meet the requirements of simultaneous production of stone and artificial sand.
Compared with traditional sand making machine, Aimixs sand manufacturing process can save 50% energy. The sand manufacturing plant can crush rock, sand, gravel and other materials into various size in accord with the requirement of construction sand. Sand made by sand production line has uniform size and high compression strength, and this kind of sand is much more in line with the construction requirements than the sand processed by the ordinary hammer sand crusher machine.
Firstly, the feeding system. The system send raw material to sand crusher and sand screening machine. According to crush and screen process, feeding equipment includes vibrating feeder and other types of feeding machines.
Secondly, the crushing system. The system is the heart of the whole set of sand processing equipment. The work of sand crushing plant system is to crush different varieties of ore raw materials into the required size of the finished product. A complete stone production line includes many crushers. These crushing machines have different functions, and complete the crushing operation together.
Thirdly, the screening and transporting system. The system screens the ore which are crushed by crushing machinery. In the compound sand and stone production line, sand and stone need to be separated, and the separated material needs to be transported to the respective site. The sand screening equipment used in this process is generally a linear vibrating screen or other sand sieve machine.
When sand making production line is working, large pieces of stone stored in the silo are transported by the vibrating feeder into the jaw crusher for crushing coarsely. The belt conveyor delivers the coarsely crushed materials into the cone crusher (or impact crusher) for crushing. And then the belt conveyor carries the crushed materials to the vibrating screen for screening. The finished sands(materials above the sieve) are transported by the belt conveyor to the sand washing machine for washing, and then they are sent to the finished product stack with belt conveyor. Large particles stone(materials under the sieve material) are delivered by the belt conveyor to the vertical mobile impact crusher (sand making machine) for crushing finely. Finely crushed stones will be sent by the belt conveyor again into the vibrating screen for screening. In this way, closed loops are formed. This is how do you make sand with a sand processing line.
Aimixs rock sand manufacturing process line adopts the most advanced technology, and it has reliable performance, reasonable design, easy operation, high efficiency and other characteristics. Moreover, its Production capacity is from 50t/h to 500t/h, and the finished product size can be graded on the basis of users different needs. There are three major performance advantages of Sand processing line:
Firstly, our sand making machine for salehas more convenient maintenance method. Compared with other production line, its maintenance is simple. The wearing parts adopt the high-strength and wear-resistant material, which has small consumption and long service life. Aimixs sand making machine price is reasonable and can bring customers considerable economic benefits.
Thirdly, it has wider application range. It is successfully used to crush limestone, basalt stone, granite, pebble and other rocks. The finished product can fully meet the GB14685-2001 standard. And the sand making processing line provides highway, railway, water conservancy, concrete mixing plant and other industries high quality aggregates.
Sand washing machine, also known as stone washing machine, is mainly used to remove sand products impurities (such as dust). Because sand washing machine for sale usually adopts water washing method, we call it sand washing machine. Among them, most machines are used to clean machine-made sand, so it is also known as stone washing machine.
On the basis of different appearances and working principles, it can be divided into spiral sand washing machine, drum sand washing machine, water wheel sand washing machine, and vibration sand washing machine.
Aimixs sand washing plant for sale has so many structure characteristics. Firstly, it has simple structure and stable operation. Secondly, it is suitable for all kinds of working environment. And the service life is relatively long. Thirdly, the washing materials have less consumption. Its washing efficiency is high and the sand washing machine can fully meet all the requirements of high-grade materials.
However, there are not all the informations about sand washing plants. As one of sand washing plant manufacturers, Aimixs sand washing machine price is very reasonable. Besides, we have more detailed information about the related products. You can contact us for sand sieving machine price, sand crusher machine price or other details.
We suggest that you buy sand machine from professional sand plant manufacturers. Aimix Group, a professional sand plant supplier, can produce all kinds of sand maker machines and the related equipment, such as: sand washing plant, sand washing equipment, and sand screening plant. Aimixs crush sand plant not only has high quality, but also has cheap price. Our equipments are directly sold by factory, so you dont need to worry about the price!
All kinds of sand making machine for sale and stone jaw crusher machines for sale all can be customized according to users actual needs. If you still have questions about sanding machine for sale, please send us an email. We will show you more detailed information, such as: sand making machine video, more information about sand screening machine for sale and so on. If you want to purchase, welcome to visit our factory at any time.We will always provide you high quality equipment and professional service!
LPR Global is a factory automation solutions provider focusing on manufacturing and supplyingautomated assembly production and testing linesfor automotiveparts manufacturing. Project experience includes auto frame assembly lines, engine sub assembly line, regulator auto locking and inspection line, chassis pallet automatic transfer line, rotor transfer device assembly lines, GDI pumps assembly lines, oil pumpassembly, andpower steering systems inspection machinery.
LPR Global supplies assembly and production lines to automotive parts manufacturing companies worldwide. Our clients rely on our automated assembly lines to maximize plant productivity andimproving quality by automating critical stepsin the parts assembly process. Current client portfolio members include global companies in the automotive industry such as Bosch, TRW, Valeo, Motonic, and PHA Edscha, Hyundai Automobile, TATA Daewoo-Ssangyong Motor, Renault Samsung Motors.
If your operators and engineers prefer to work with manual or semi automated lines, we can manufacture them to meet your needs. However, we highly recommend you to take a look at our cost effective automated assembly lines to increase efficiency and productivity at your site.
Automotive engine oil pumps play the critical role in determining the efficiency, performance, and the life of the engines. We understand the importance of precisely assembled engine pumps and we design our automated oil pumps assembly lines to meet high industry standards and your specific requirements.
Our power steering rack assembly line is fully automated and requires minimum maintenance. Trusted by market leading Tier 1 automotive parts manufacturers such as TRW and Valeo, our power steering system assembly line experience includes:
Our engineering team is located in South Korea to fully support your needs, our technical and after-sales support partners are located in 7 countries, including USA, Canada, Germany, and Poland. With our extensive experience in automated automotive parts manufacturing and factory automation, we can identifyyour needs and develop a efficient line for assembling high quality parts.
Do you have multiple stations that you would like to integrate as a factory automation assembly line? We can help you turn the existing manual lines to automated lines. From robotic cell integration to complete line integration, we will provide you with the full support, including design, manufacturing, technical support and after sales support.
We offer production and installation of synchronized guided vehicles for such applications as muffler mounting process in automobile assembly line, input automation, sub module for engine auto pallet, panorama sunroof auto pallet, hood assembly auto pallet.
Baker Hughes knows that sand production is tough on equipment, and on your investment. So we take a holistic approach to sand control that starts with understanding your reservoir, ending with a solution that addresses the unique challenges of each well. With a broad portfolio of sand screens,multizonestimulation systems, and gravel-pack tools, we can help you effectively connect to the reservoir, ensure maximum conductivity, and enhance recovery. From introducing the first inflow control device to pioneering the first conformable sand management solution, we lead the industry in sand control technology. And, we will continue to innovate so you can maximize sand-free production and improve your recovery factors.