what are the equipment needed for iron ore mines

iron ore mining | techniques | metal extraction

Iron ores are rocks and mineral deposits from which clanging iron can be reasonably extracted. The ores are generally prosperous in iron oxides and fluctuate in color ranging from dark grey, bright yellow, deep purple, to even rusty red. The iron by its own is usually found in the structure of magnetite (Fe3O4), hematite (Fe2O3), goethite, limonite or siderite. Hematite is also identified as "natural ore". The nomenclature dates back to the early years of drawing out, when certain hematite ores comprised 66% iron and could be fed reliably into iron edifice blast furnaces. Iron ore is the unrefined substance utilized to formulate pig iron, which is one of the most important untreated materials to compose steel. 98% of the hauled out iron ore is used to produce steel.

Uncontaminated iron ore is almost nameless on the exterior of the Earth apart from the combination of Fe-Ni alloys from meteorites and very atypical forms of unfathomable mantle xenoliths. For that reason, all sources of iron ore are utilized by human diligence take benefit of iron oxide minerals, the chief form which is used in industry is known as hematite.

However, in a number of situations, more substandard iron ore sources have been utilized by manufacturing societies when right of entry to high-grade hematite ore was not obtainable. This has incorporated operation of taconite in the United States, predominantly during World War II, and goethite or bog ore utilized in the times of the American Revolution and the Napoleonic wars. Magnetite is often utilized for the reason that it is magnetic and hence effortlessly progressive from the gangue minerals.

Iron ore mining techniques differ by the type of ore that is being hauled out. There are 4 types of iron ore deposits that is being worked on at present, Based on the mineralogy and geology of the ore deposits.

Deposits of iron ore such as haematite containing iron oxide are found in sedimentary rocks from which the oxygen is removed from the iron oxide in a blast furnace to give iron as a result since iron ores consists of the element iron combined with other elements, mostly oxygen. Haematite and magnetite are the most commonly found iron ore minerals.

The smelting process allows the iron ore to be heated with carbon. The carbon combines with the oxygen and carries it away, leaving behind iron. Blast furnaces are so hot which is why they melt the iron, and drain it off to be poured into moulds to form bars, called ingots.

Iron ore mining can be broadly divided into two categories namely 1) manual mining which is employed in small mines and 2) mechanized mining is suitable for large iron ore mines. Manual mining method is normally limited to float ores and small mines. Mining of reef ore is also being done manually on a small scale. The float ore area is dug up manually with picks, crow bars, and spades, and then the material is manually screened and then stacked up. The waste is thrown back into the pits. The blasted broken ore is manually screened, stacked for the purpose of loading in dumpers for dispatch.

Mechanized mining is executed by the extraction of iron ore from surface deposits. The mining areas require all the operations to be mechanized and mining is exceptionally done through systematic formation of benches by drilling and blasting. The physical processes are followed which then remove impurities and the processed ore is stockpiled and blended to meet product quality requirements and then made available to the customers.

Extracting iron from its ore requires a series of steps to be followed and is considered as the penultimate process in metallurgy. The steps need the ore to be concentrated first, followed by the extraction of the metal from the concentrated ore after which the metal is purified.

How is iron extracted from its ore? Iron is concentrated by the process of calcinations. Once it is concentrated, the water and other volatile impurities such as sulfur and carbonates are removed. This concentrated ore is then mixed with limestone (CaCO3) and Coke and fed into the blast furnace from the top. It is in the blast furnace that extraction of iron occurs. The extraction of iron from its ore is a very long and forlorn process that separates the useful components from the waste materials such as slag. What happens in the Blast Furnace? A blast furnace is a gigantic, steel stack lined with refractory brick where the concentrated iron ore, coke, and limestone are dumped from the top, and a blast of hot air is blown into the bottom. The purpose of the Blast Furnace is to reduce the concentrated ore to its liquid metal state. The iron ore, coke and limestone are crushed into small round pieces and mixed and put on a hopper which controls the input. The most common ores of iron are hematite Fe2O3, and magnetite, Fe3O4. These ores can extract iron by heating them with the carbon present in the coke. Heating coal in the absence of air produces coke. Coke is cheap and acts as the heat source and is also the reducing agent for the reaction. Hot air is blown into the bottom of the furnace and heated using the hot waste gases from the top at a temperature of about 2200K. It is important to not waste any heat energy since it is valuable. The coke which is essentially impure carbon burns in the blast of hot air to form carbon dioxide and provides the majority of heat, thus producing a strong exothermic reaction, which is the main source of heat in the furnace. C + O2 ----------------> CO2 Due to high temperatures at the bottom of the furnace, carbon dioxide reacts with carbon to produce carbon monoxide. C + CO ----------------> 2CO This carbon monoxide is the main reducing agent in the furnace. Fe2O3 + 3CO -----------------> 2Fe + 3CO2 In the hotter parts of the furnace, the carbon acts as a reducing agent and thus reduces iron oxide to iron. At these temperatures the product of the reaction is carbon monoxide along with iron. Fe2O3 + 3C -----------------> 2Fe + 3CO The hot temperature of the furnace melts the iron which runs down to the bottom where it can be tapped off. Iron ore isn't pure iron oxide as it also contains some variety of rocky material. Such substances cannot melt at the temperature of the furnace and in due course would end up congesting it. As a solution, the limestone is added to the blast furnace to convert this into slag which shall melt and run to the bottom. The heat of the furnace causes the decomposition of the limestone for producing calcium oxide. CaCO3 ------------> CaO + CO2 Since this requires absorbing heat from the furnace, it is an endothermic reaction that takes place. Therefore it becomes essential to not add too much limestone as it can cause the furnace to cool rapidly. Calcium oxide obtained on decomposition reacts with acidic oxides such as silicon dioxide present in the rock. Being a basic oxide it reacts with silicon dioxide to produce calcium silicate. CaO + SiO2 -------------> CaSiO3 The calcium silicate produced melts and flows down the furnace to form a layer on top of the molten iron from where it can be tapped off every now and then as slag. This slag can be used in road making and as "slag cement" - a final ground slag which can be used in cement, often mixed with Portland cement. The molten iron from the bottom of the furnace can be used as cast iron. Cast iron is flowy in nature when it is in molten state and doesn't contract much when it solidifies and is the major reason why it is useful in making castings. Nevertheless, it is actually impure as it contains about 4% of carbon. The presence of carbon makes it very hard, but also very fragile. When hit hard, it tends to shatter rather than bend or deplete. This cast iron is used for things like manhole covers, cast iron pipes, valves and pump bodies in the water industry, guttering and drainpipes, cylinder blocks in car engines, Aga-type cookers, and very expensive and very heavy cookware. Larger amount of molten iron from the Blast Furnace is used to make varieties of steel. Steel isnt just one substance, but a family of alloys of iron with carbon and several other metals. TOP IRON PRODUCING COUNTRIES: IRON PRODUCTION IN THE WORLD : Studies reveal that Australia and China are known to contribute as the world's largest iron ore mine producers, producing 1.5 billion metric tons and 660 million metric tons, respectively, in the year 2014. In the recent years, Brazil has bagged the second position in major production of iron. Following are other countries like China, India and Russia among the five topmost countries known for contributing towards iron production. Rank Country Usable iron ore production (thousand tonnes) World 2,280,000 1 Australia 880,000 2 Brazil 440,000 3 China 340,000 4 India 190,000 5 Russia 100,000

The most common ores of iron are hematite Fe2O3, and magnetite, Fe3O4. These ores can extract iron by heating them with the carbon present in the coke. Heating coal in the absence of air produces coke. Coke is cheap and acts as the heat source and is also the reducing agent for the reaction. Hot air is blown into the bottom of the furnace and heated using the hot waste gases from the top at a temperature of about 2200K. It is important to not waste any heat energy since it is valuable. The coke which is essentially impure carbon burns in the blast of hot air to form carbon dioxide and provides the majority of heat, thus producing a strong exothermic reaction, which is the main source of heat in the furnace.

In the hotter parts of the furnace, the carbon acts as a reducing agent and thus reduces iron oxide to iron. At these temperatures the product of the reaction is carbon monoxide along with iron.

The hot temperature of the furnace melts the iron which runs down to the bottom where it can be tapped off. Iron ore isn't pure iron oxide as it also contains some variety of rocky material. Such substances cannot melt at the temperature of the furnace and in due course would end up congesting it. As a solution, the limestone is added to the blast furnace to convert this into slag which shall melt and run to the bottom. The heat of the furnace causes the decomposition of the limestone for producing calcium oxide.

Since this requires absorbing heat from the furnace, it is an endothermic reaction that takes place. Therefore it becomes essential to not add too much limestone as it can cause the furnace to cool rapidly. Calcium oxide obtained on decomposition reacts with acidic oxides such as silicon dioxide present in the rock. Being a basic oxide it reacts with silicon dioxide to produce calcium silicate.

The calcium silicate produced melts and flows down the furnace to form a layer on top of the molten iron from where it can be tapped off every now and then as slag. This slag can be used in road making and as "slag cement" - a final ground slag which can be used in cement, often mixed with Portland cement.

The molten iron from the bottom of the furnace can be used as cast iron. Cast iron is flowy in nature when it is in molten state and doesn't contract much when it solidifies and is the major reason why it is useful in making castings. Nevertheless, it is actually impure as it contains about 4% of carbon. The presence of carbon makes it very hard, but also very fragile. When hit hard, it tends to shatter rather than bend or deplete.

This cast iron is used for things like manhole covers, cast iron pipes, valves and pump bodies in the water industry, guttering and drainpipes, cylinder blocks in car engines, Aga-type cookers, and very expensive and very heavy cookware. Larger amount of molten iron from the Blast Furnace is used to make varieties of steel. Steel isnt just one substance, but a family of alloys of iron with carbon and several other metals.

Studies reveal that Australia and China are known to contribute as the world's largest iron ore mine producers, producing 1.5 billion metric tons and 660 million metric tons, respectively, in the year 2014. In the recent years, Brazil has bagged the second position in major production of iron. Following are other countries like China, India and Russia among the five topmost countries known for contributing towards iron production.

Looking at what the nature has to offer, it conveys a lot of information when it comes to things that it holds in it, within it and on it. With need for minerals and its wide spread application getting widened each day, the stint of its very existence is getting blink and its depreciation in its source which is its over usage is on the high.

literally means extraction .Our Mother Earth has lots of resources deep within her and mining is the method of extracting all these valuable resources from the earth through different means.There are different methods to extract these resources which are found in different forms beneath the earth's surface.

The metal mining was one of the traditions that have been passed on meritoriously over the past years so that we meet our day-to-day needs of the desired material usage starting from the equipments that are ornamental as well as purposeful coordination of information's.

Jadeite is a pyroxene mineral and is one of the two types of pure jade. The other is known as nephrite jade. Jadeite is the rarer of the two jades, and as a result, it is considered to be more precious and valuable. Due to its striking and emerald green color it is also known as "imperial jadeite".

Surface mining is basically employed when deposits of commercially viable minerals or rock are found closer to the surface; that is, where overstrain (surface material covering the valuable deposit) is relatively very less or the material of interest is structurally unsuitable for heavy handling or tunneling.

Underground mining is carried out when the rocks, minerals, or precious stones are located at a distance far beneath the ground to be extracted with surface mining. To facilitate the minerals to be taken out of the mine, the miners construct underground rooms to work in.

Gold is a chemical component with the symbol Au that springs up from the Latin derivative aurum that means shining dawn and with the atomic number 79. It is a very sought-after valuable metal which, for many centuries, has been utilized as wealth. The metal resembles as nuggets or grain like structures in rocks, subversive "veins" and in alluvial deposits. It is one of the currency metals.

Platinum, is a heavy, malleable,ductile, highly inactive, silverish-white transition metal. Platinum is a member of group 10 elements of the periodic table.It is one among the scarce elements found in Earth's crust and has six naturally occurring isotopes. It is also achemical element.

Diamonds and supplementary valuable and semi-precious gemstones are excavated from the earth level via 4 main types on mining. These diamond withdrawal methods vary depending on how the minerals are situated within the earth, the steadiness of the material neighboring the preferred mineral, and the nonessential damage done to the surrounding environment.

iron ore | bhp

Air that has been heated to around 1,200 degrees Celsius is injected into the furnace, creating a flame temperature of 2,000 degrees. This converts the iron ore to molten pig iron and slag.

Then, impurities are removed and alloying elements are added. The steel is then cast, cooled and rolled for use in finished products.

Our Western Australia Iron Ore business in the Pilbara region of Western Australia contains five mines, four processing hubs and two port facilities, all of which are connected by more than 1,000 kilometres of rail infrastructure.

reliable equipment for iron ore mines

Its all about volume. In the iron ore industry, you want the largest possible throughput of iron ore through your processing equipment. Thats why you need the most reliable and proven equipment that never lets you down, even though it handles large tonnages every day of the year.

Whether you need to sustain or increase your throughput, or you are looking to increase the grade, you want the most advanced beneficiation and processing equipment. For more than a century, we have helped advance the productivity of mineral processing operations, and we help you discover the optimal solution in every step from metallurgical testing to full plant design.

Just one hour of unplanned downtime can cost you millions of dollars in lost revenue. To avoid that, you need equipment designed to handle the heavy work combined with the latest technology that allows for remote monitoring and predictive and prescriptive maintenance.

For your bulk material handling, our hundreds of installations around the world has proven the reliability of our equipment. We provide you with a full flowsheet of equipment that has made us the global leader in high-efficiency process systems for iron ore and mineral beneficiation.

With control rooms often being hundreds and even thousands of miles away from the mines, the iron ore industry is leading the way for other commodities into the era of digitalization. And we are right next to you all the way in that journey.

To bring the advantages of digitalization to your mine, we are working with partners all across the world to fully utilise Internet of Things and bring all our equipment online. Among other benefits, this will let you monitor, control and benchmark operational performance remotely, as well as help you plan for maintenance well in advance of a breakdown.

FLSmidth provides sustainable productivity to the global mining and cement industries. We deliver market-leading engineering, equipment and service solutions that enable our customers to improve performance, drive down costs and reduce environmental impact. Our operations span the globe and we are close to 10,200 employees, present in more than 60 countries. In 2020, FLSmidth generated revenue of DKK 16.4 billion. MissionZero is our sustainability ambition towards zero emissions in mining and cement by 2030.

major mines & projects | sishen mine

Sishen mine is host to a large haematite orebody (14km by 3.2km by 400m). Its lump ore is highly valued by steelmakers. Sishens lump to fine ratio is of the order of 60:40, while the global average is 30:70.At Sishen Iron Ore Mine, high-grade hematite ore is extracted from specific stratigraphic units belonging to the Palaeo-Proterozoic (~ 2400 million years (Ma)) Transvaal and (~ 2070 Ma) Olifantshoek Supergroups, respectively.The Superior-type banded iron-formations (BIFs) of the Transvaal Supergroup lithologies were deposited in two related basins, one in an extensive continental shelf environment and the other in an intra-continental sea, both situated on the Kaapvaal craton.The basin, preserved along the western margin of the Kaapvaal craton, is referred to as the Griqualand West basin and hosts the largest known resources of high-grade hematite ore on the Southern African continent.The mine is situated in the Postmasburg-Sishen sub-region, where iron ore and associated lithologies of the Transvaal (locally termed Griqualand West Sequence) and Olifantshoek Supergroups crop out intermittently along a 60 km arcuate belt. The iron ore outcrops define an important regional anticlinal structure known as the Maremane Dome.The Sishen Iron Ore Mine is located at the northern end of the Maremane anticline, with the Beeshoek Mine and new Kolomela Mine, at the southern end.

Description of Mining Method.Sishen Mine is a conventional open pit mining operation applying a pushback deployment strategy. The distinctive mining areas are North Mine (G80 and G50), Middle Mine, Dagbreek, Vliegveld, Far South and Lyleveld. Material is drilled, blasted, loaded by electric and diesel (rope and hydraulic) shovels and hauled by trucks to either the primary crusher, high-grade or low-grade stockpiles or waste dumps. Benches are 12.5 m high. The ore from the opencast pit is transported to the beneficiation plant where it is crushed, screened and beneficiated through dense media separation and Jig technology. Mine design.The practical final pit design is based on the optimal pit shell from the approved 2014 Whittle Optimisation. Through a Strategic redesign programme the pushbacks were optimised for practicality (width), ore exposure and flexibility (available face positions) considering the available pit space. Iron ore mining operations. Mining started in outcrop and shallow ore areas along the north to south strike of the ore body and is generally progressing in a westerly direction along the dip of the ore body, with the mine pit becoming increasingly deeper towards the west. Four types of hard iron ore, namely massive, laminated, conglomerated and brecciate iron ore are mined. Blast hole drilling is a continuous process and blasting is done once a day, typically in the early afternoons between 12h00 and 14h00, at each of the active mining areas within the mine pit. In 2007, Sishen Mine and Khumani Mine received DMR approval to mine the boundary pillar between the Sishen and Khumani mine pits. Once the boundary pillar has been mined, the Sishen and Khumani mine pits will be joined into one. Vliegveld West Satellite Pit (Sishen 543 Prospecting Right Area - 1021/2007 PR). The Vliegveld West satellite pit is situated south of the Dingleton town and is part of the current mining right area. It extends onto the Sishen 543 prospecting right area and has a reserve of 14.7 Mt with an average JIG beneficiated Fe grade of 65.8%. Vliegveld West is mined from 2020 onwards in the lifeof- operation schedule. The Doornvlei Satellite Pit (Gamagara 541 Prospecting Right Area - 319/2006 PR). Doornvlei is situated west of the Dingleton town and has an additional resource of 37.7 Mt with a high average DMS Beneficiated Fe grade of 66.3%. Doornvlei plays an important role to enhance the product grade in the life-of- operation schedule.Parsons Satellite Pit (Sishen 543 Prospecting Right Areas - 1021/2007 PR and Parsons 564 - 320/2006 PR).The Parsons Satellite pit is planned south of the current Sishen pit and has a speculative resource, categorised as a 15.4 Mt deposit, with an average in-situ Fe grade of 64%. The importance of the Parsons Satellite pit is that it can significantly contribute to the production schedule toward the end of the life- of-operation and may develop into a significant production area in the future. The geological confidence in the Parsons deposit needs to be improved by exploration and in-fill drilling.

An additional primary crusher (UPC) will be required for the processing of some of the material as the existing DMS and JIG plant crushers do not have capacity to process all of the additional ROM. A-grade and/or C-grade ore shall be crushed by the existing primary and secondary DMS crushers which have capacity of 26 Mtpa. The UPC will serve to crush additional feed material to the UHDMS and this could include both A-grade, B-grade & C-grade as well as lower grade material. The crushed material from these crushers shall then be delivered to the existing DMS tertiary crushers and the DMS stockpile (see Figure 4-2). The material from the DMS stockpile is fed into the Washing & Screening Plant.

Sishen Mine is an existing mining operation, operating under an existing mining right (NC 259 MR) and approved Environmental Management Programme (2002, as amended) for the mining and processing of iron ore. The main focus being the beneficiation of A-grade ore (haematite containing >58% iron) by means of Dense Media Separation (DMS). Since 2006, the inclusion of a JIG plant has allowed for B-grade material (haematite containing >48% iron) also to be processed. All other material originating from the run of mine (low grade material) has been placed on site as residue dumps or stockpiles due to the absence of a suitable beneficiation process available to process to the low-grade ore. Ultra-High Dense Media Separation (UHDMS) is a recently proven technology that will allow for the processing of future low-grade material (particularly C-grade material) originating from the ongoing mining operations as run of mine (ROM) as well as some of the low-grade material that has historically been dumped on site due to the lack of available technology. C-grade material refers to lower grade ore types containing between 40% and 48% iron. The C-grade material to be processed will be sourced from the ROM (is part of the hanging and footwall that are already included in the mining sequence) as well as surface stockpiles. Cgrade material arising from the ROM since January 2016 has also been stockpiled separately on some of the waste rock dump areas with the anticipation that it could be processed through the future UHDMS plant. The anticipated ROM of C-grade material is 7-26 Mtpa. DMS Upgrade.The existing DMS Processing Plant at Sishen is to be upgraded to allow for the incorporation of UHDMS which will allow for the co-processing of both high (A-grade) and low (C-grade) grade material. The JIG plant will continue to process the B-grade material and some of the A- grade material due to a revised feed strategy. The current DMS plant comprises the following sections:- Washing & Screening Plant;- A Coarse Drum Plant; - A Medium Drum Plant;- A Coarse Cyclone Plant;- A Fine Cyclone Plant; - An Up-Current Classifier (UCC) Plant.The DMS components at the existing DMS Processing Plant will be converted to UHDMS processes by the replacement of the drums currently used in the beneficiation process with cyclones; and also modifying the existing media density circuits as well as crushing circuits. The following changes are currently envisaged for the existing DMS Plant:- The existing Washing & Screening Plant at the DMS Plant will be modified. This will involve the modification of the screen panel sizes. - The material from the Washing & Screening plant shall be sent to the Quaternary Crushing Plant to crush the material as required by UHDMS technology. - A new oversize conveying system will be erected from the existing Washing & Screening Plant to the existing conveyor feeding the stockpiles ahead of the exiting Quaternary Crushing Plant. - No changes will be made to the Quaternary Crushing Plant. - The crushed material from the Quaternary Crushers shall be sent to the Quaternary Screening plant which will separate the material into three size fractions. The existing Quaternary Screening Plant will be modified to Screen Quaternary oversize material after Quaternary Crushing.- Upgrade of the existing Drum Plant by removing drums and replacing with cyclones. The Drum Plant will be converted to a coarse UHDMS Plant. - Development of a new conveyor from the Quaternary Screening Plant to the existing Drum Plant. - Upgrade of the existing Coarse and Fine Cyclone Plant involving upgrades to specific densification systems. - The existing Coarse Cyclone Plant will be converted to the Fine UHDMS Plant. - The existing Fine Cyclone Plant will be converted to the Superfine UHDMS Plant. - Development of a new conveyor from the Quaternary Screening Plant to the existing Fine Cyclone Plant. - The UCC Plants will be modified to treat grits, if required. - Feeders at the in-pit stockpile will be replaced next to the DMS Tertiary Crushers. - Modification of the product transfer, common lump product and plant discard conveyor. - Two new conveyors at the Discard Transfer Station and a new Discard Emergency Stockpile at the foot of the existing Discard Dump.

iron ore extraction techniques - sciencedirect

Iron ore reserves are normally found within a few meters from the ground surface, and most of the major mines of the world are operating an opencut system, which requires little sophistication, except in terms of the equipment used and the quantities needed to be mined for operations to be cost-effective. This chapter will look at case studies that define how mining of ore is conducted today. Examples of mining sites are described from the major mining areas of the Pilbara in Western Australia and Minas Gerais in Brazil. The deep mining of iron ore is unusual in the modern era, but in northern Sweden, ore is mined from considerable depth largely aided by the application of automation and remote control equipment. Kiruna has been chosen as the example for a more detailed review of underground techniques. However, in order to provide an historical context of the early smaller scale of iron ore mining, the chapter begins by examining two examples of historic underground mining in the United Kingdom, these being the underground mining of iron ore in Cleveland and also the Frodingham Ironstone of North Lincolnshire.

metal and iron ore mining | mcr safety

The Iron Age began around 1200 BC, ending the Bronze Age that preceded it and paving the way to mans mastery of metal. Individuals during this period began extracting iron ore to forge tools and weapons. The reason revolves around Iron being one of the most abundant metals found on earth.

Iron makes up 98% of earths core and 5% of earths crust. Iron today is the core component in steel, allowing us to build buildings, cars, ships, and weapons. In fact, we even eat Iron! Check out the nutrition facts of cereal to the right.

US iron mining is most prevalent in Minnesota and Michigan. The majority of the mining found for these operations is Surface Mining.This form of mining is when minerals are directly removed from the ground surface area. It is also commonly known as open cast mining, making up the majority of metal ore mining. More than 95% of all non-metallic minerals involved this type of mining.

Operate equipment to control chemical changes or reactions in the processing of industrial product. There are roughly around 930 of these workers found in Metal mining. You will find these workers detecting equipment leaks and drawing samples of products. Common Job titles for this position are Multiskill Operator, Production Operator, and Spray Dry Operator.

Perform tasks involving physical labor at construction sites. Mining examples include earth drillers, blasters and explosives workers, derrick operators, and mining machine operators. There are roughly around 12,000 of these workers found in Metal mining. You will find these workers using hand tools, repairing drilling equipment, and transporting materials. Common Job titles for this position are Mining Technician, Helper, Laborer, Post Framer, and Construction Worker.

Operate mining machines that rip coal, metal and nonmetal ores, rock, stone, or sand from the mine face and load it onto conveyors or into shuttle cars. There are roughly around 3,600 of these workers found in Metal mining. You will find these workers assisting in construction activities, checking the roof stability and cleaning equipment. Common Job titles for this position are Bore Mine Operator, Miner Operator, and Continuous Miners.

Install, maintain, and repair electrical wiring, equipment, and fixtures. Around 1,100 of this occupation in Metal mining. You will find these workers connecting wires to breakers and transformers, making dielectric and FR safety gear important. Common Job titles for this position are Industrial Electrician, Journeyman Electrician and Wireman, and Maintenance Electrician.

Place and detonate explosives to demolish structures or to loosen, remove, or displace earth, rock, or other materials. May perform specialized handling, storage, and accounting procedures. Includes seismograph shooters. There are around 1,000 of these working in Mining. You will find these workers placing explosive charges in holes and shoveling drill cuttings. Common Job titles for this position are Blaster, Explosive Technician, and Powderman.

Help craft workers by supplying equipment, cleaning areas, and repair drilling equipment. Extraction craft workers are earth drillers, blasters and explosives workers, derrick operators, and mining machine operators. There are around 8,400 of these workers. Common Job titles for this position are Blasting Helper, Miner Helper, and Driller Helper.

Operate or tend heating equipment other than basic metal, plastic, or food processing equipment. There are around 1,000 of these working in Mining. You will find these workers handling, moving objects and clearing equipment jams. Common Job titles for this position are Dry Kiln Operator, Dryer Feeder, and Overn Operator.

Repair overhaul mobile mechanical, hydraulic, and pneumatic equipment. Examples of this equipment includes cranes, bulldozers, graders, and conveyors. There are around 2,100 of these workers found in Quarries. You will find these working replacing worn parts and reassembling heaving equipment with tools. Common Job titles for this position are Heavy Equipment Technician, Field Mechanic, and Mobile Heavy Equipment Mechanic.

Lubricates machines, changes parts, and performs machinery maintenance. Mining employs a little over 3,700 of these workers in Metal mining. You will find these workers cleaning machine and machine parts. Cleaning solvents, oil and metalworking fluids are a definite concern for these workers. Common Job titles for this position are Lubricator, Maintenance Man, and Oiler.

Worker activities include repairing, installing, and adjusting industrial machinery. There are around 2,400 of this occupation working in Metal mining. You will find these workers cutting and welding metal to repair broken metal parts. Job titles for this position are Fixer, Industrial and Master Mechanic.

Operate machines designed to cut, shape and form metal. There are roughly 1,100 employees found for this occupation. You will find this worker fabricating metal products, lifting heavy material and working with their hands. Common job titles for this position are sheet metal worker and welder. Be sure to check out our Metal Fabrication industry educational page.

Keep machines, mechanical equipment, or the structure of an establishment in repair. There are around 3,000 of this occupation found in Metal mining. You will find these workers pipe fitting, repairing equipment, and repairing buildings. Job titles for this position are Maintenance Worker, Maintenance Mechanic, and Facilities Manager.

Repair, or overhaul mobile equipment, such as cranes, bulldozers, graders, and conveyors, used in construction, logging, and surface mining. There are roughly around 2,100 of these workers found in Metal mining. You will find these workers replacing worn parts and reassembling equipment using hand tools. Common Job titles for this position are Heavy Equipment Technician, Field Mechanic, and Equipment Mechanic.

Operate continuous flow / vat-type equipment; filter presses; shaker screens; centrifuges; scrubbing towers; and batch stills. There are roughly around 930 of these workers found in Metal mining. You will find these workers pouring unrefined material into machines. Common Job titles for this position are Machine Tender and Plant Operator

Help operate welding, soldering or brazing machines that weld, braze, or heat treat metal products. The mining industry employs around 500 of these workers in Metal mining. You will find these workers adding material to work pieces, joining metalcomponents, and annealing finished work pieces. Common Job titles for this position are Fabricator, Mig Welder, Spot Welder, Fitter-Welder, and Braze Operators.

Use hand-welding, flame-cutting, hand soldering, and brazing equipment to weld/join metal components, fill holes, indentations, or seams of fabricated metal products. There are around 500 of these workers employed in Metal mining. You will find these workers welding components in flat, vertical or overhead positions. Common Job titles for this position are Maintenance Welder, Mig Welder, and Welder/Fabricator.

Numerous mining injuries occur from working around low roofs, confined spaces, shoveling, lifting, and climbing. We have highly abrasive gloves for this very reason.

Impact in confined spaces, impact from crush and other mining equipment, heavy tool handling, falling rocks, tire changing, using grinding equipment and loading materials can all be hard on the back of a workers hands.

Mining underground and tearing into the earth is just a little dirty at times. Mining coveralls for underground mines and raingear for outdoor surface mining are absolute necessities.

Dirt and dust are virtually in all mining environments. Drilling, blasting, and dust generated from hauling trucks are create a ton of dust. It is known as one of the top on-the-job health risks of mining.

Mine sites use a lot of heavy trucks, hydraulics, conveyors, bulldozers and equipment. Mechanics need excellent abrasive grip and many times require back-of-hand protection.

Breaking up rock, drilling, and mining the earth creates flying particles. Grinding residues are present too. Check out eyewear designed for this exact scenario.

Many workers drive equipment in mining operations. Many mining fatalities occur due to Haul-Truck accidents. Drivers should not even second-guess wearing premier leather driver gloves.

By submitting this form I consent for MCR Safety to contact me for business and marketing purposes at the phone and/or email I provided via physical and/or automated methods. I understand I have the option to opt-out at any time. Visit www.mcrsafety.com/privacy for MCR Safety's privacy policy

MCR Safety manufactures and supplies Personal Protective Equipment (PPE). Simply put, WE PROTECT PEOPLE! We are known world-wide for our extensive product line depth surrounding gloves, glasses, and garments spanning across numerous industries. We offer the total package of safety gear encompassing industrial gloves, safety glasses, protective garments, welding gear, industrial boots, Flame Resistant (FR) gear, face shields, and much more. From a glove standpoint alone, MCR Safety manufacturers and supplies over 1,000 different style gloves. Here are some of the many reasons MCR Safety is your go to source for PPE:

MCR Safety is recognized as a global manufacturer stretching across six countries, with both distribution and manufacturing facilities. Our core competency and specialty is manufacturing and supplying protective gloves, glasses, and garments. The information shown and provided on MCR Safetys website, its safety articles, industry resource pages, highlighted hazards and safety equipment should be used only as a general reference tool and guide. The end user is solely responsible for determining the suitability of any product selection for a particular application. MCR Safety makes no guarantee or warranty (expressed or implied) of our products performance or protection for particular applications.

Can we get to know each other? We'd like to get to know you better to allow us to ensure we provide you with the best service possible. If you already have a login, please log in and you'll get immediate access!

By submitting this form I consent for MCR Safety to contact me for marketing purposes at the email I provided via manual and/or automated methods. I understand I have the option to opt-out at any time. Visit www.mcrsafety.com/privacy for MCR Safety's privacy policy.

vale to use unmanned equipment to help shut down two dams

Note: When you select a default region you will be directed to the MiningWeekly.com home page of your choice whenever you visit miningweekly.com. This setting is controlled by cookies and should your cookies be re-set you will then be directed to the regional edition associated with the geographic location of our IP address. Should your cookies be reset then you may again use the drop-down menu to select a default region.

Note: Search is limited to the most recent 250 articles. To access earlier articles, click Advanced Search and set an earlier date range.To search for a term containing the '&' symbol, click Advanced Search and use the 'search headings' and/or 'in first paragraph' options.

Brazilian miner Vale will use unmanned equipment for the removal of iron-ore mining waste to help shut down two dams at imminent risk of collapse in Minas Gerais state, according to a securities filing on Monday.

The announcement comes two years and four months after the collapse of a tailings dam at its mine in the town of Brumadinho that killed roughly 270 people, in one of the world's worst mining disasters.

Edited by: Reuters EMAIL THIS ARTICLE SAVE THIS ARTICLE To subscribe email [email protected] or click here To advertise email [email protected] or click here